Ischiocrural Strength May Be a Better Prognostic Marker Than Quadriceps Strength in COPD
We present the results of a retrospective study with longitudinal follow-up of 60 patients with severe COPD followed for 7  years. During follow-up 22 patients died, mainly of respiratory cause. We have observed that the strength of knee flexor muscles (ischiocrural) and dominant handgrip were independent predictors of mortality in severe COPD patients. However, knee extensor strength (quadriceps) was not an independen t predictor of mortality. This is the first study which highlights the importance of knee flexor musculature as a prognostic factor in COPD. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 21, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Imaging Features of Chronic Bronchitis with Preserved Ratio and Impaired Spirometry (PRISm)
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to investigate the quantitative chest tomographic features of chronic bronchitis with preserved ratio and impaired spirometry (PRISm), including airway wall area, emphysema index, and lung capacity.MethodsAn observational, cross-sectional study of 343 patients at the Ninth Hospital of Xi ’an Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University between October 2014 and September 2017. The patients were divided into three groups: 77 cases of chronic bronchitis with normal lung function (forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity) (FEV1/FVC > &thi...
Source: Lung - September 14, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Free Desmosine is a Sensitive Marker of Smoke-Induced Emphysema
AbstractPurposeWhile the elastin-specific crosslinks, desmosine and isodesmosine (DID), are increased in blood, urine, and sputum of patients with clinically documented pulmonary emphysema, the usefulness of DID in detecting early lung injury remains untested. To this end, our laboratory has measured DID in a hamster model of smoke-induced emphysema, involving only minimal alveolar wall damage.MethodsAnimals were either treated with cigarette smoke for 2  h/day, 5 days/week, or exposed only to room air (controls) for a period of 3 months. DID levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and whole lungs were dete...
Source: Lung - September 14, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy: Where Are We Now? Five Years of a Single-Center Experience
ConclusionENB is a safe procedure with a similar diagnostic yield in the real-life and research setting. Bronchus sign is an important factor in determining the diagnostic yield. ENB efficacy can be maximized by expertise and by a careful selection of each case. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 12, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pneumothorax in Patients with Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
ConclusionsPatients who had pneumothorax as the initial sign of PLCH were younger, more frequently men, and had greater respiratory impairment than those who had no pneumothorax. CT in patients with pneumothorax led to a correct diagnosis of this disease. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 5, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Greater Access to Long Acting Beta 2 Agonists Is Associated with Less Hospital Admissions Due to COPD: A Longitudinal Nation-Wide Study
ConclusionsCOPD HA rate reduced in Brazil. LABA dispensation growth was associated with COPD HA rate reduction. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 5, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Annexin A5 Protein as a Potential Biomarker for the Diagnosis of Asthma
AbstractPurposeAnnexin A5 (ANXA5) has a potential role in cellular signal transduction, inflammation, and fibrosis. However, the exact role of ANXA5 in asthma remains to be clarified. The aims of the present study were to investigate ANXA5 protein expression in a mouse model of asthma and pollutant exposure and to elucidate the relationships between clinical variables and plasma ANXA5 levels in patients with asthma.MethodsA murine model of asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles has been established using BALB/c mice, and we examined ANXA5 expression and lung fibrosis using this model. M...
Source: Lung - September 4, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Initial Riociguat Monotherapy and Transition from Sildenafil to Riociguat in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Influence on Right Heart Remodeling and Right Ventricular –Pulmonary Arterial Coupling
ConclusionThese results support the proven efficacy of riociguat in patients with IPAH, including treatment-na ïve patients and those switching to riociguat following failure to achieve treatment goals with sildenafil, and suggest that it may be possible to delay disease progression in this patient group. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 4, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Association of Radiological Findings with the Xpert MTB/RIF Test in Patients with Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis
ConclusionsWe found an association between radiographic patterns and Xpert MTB/RIF results in patients with suspected pulmonary TB. These results confirm the current recommended diagnosis algorithm. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - September 3, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Beta 2 Adrenergic Receptor Genetic Polymorphisms in Bronchial Asthma: Relationship to Disease Risk, Severity, and Treatment Response
AbstractBackgroundThe β2-adrenergic receptor gene is one of the most extensively studied genes with respect to asthma prevalence and severity. The Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu polymorphisms in the β2-adrenergic receptor gene cause changes in the amino acids sequence of the receptor which may cause alteration in response to bronchodilators and the risk of asthma.ObjectiveThe purpose of the study was to determine the association between β2-adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms and asthma risk, severity and response to therapy.Subjects and Methods58 asthmatic patients and 38 healthy subjects were included. The β...
Source: Lung - September 3, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

TIMP-1 Promotes the Immune Response in Influenza-Induced Acute Lung Injury
ConclusionThe data suggest thatTimp1 promotes the immune response in the lungs after influenza infection facilitating an injurious phenotype as a result of influenza infection. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 30, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Multi-dimensional Assessment of IPF Across a Wide Range of Disease Severity
ConclusionsIn a cohort of patients with IPF encompassing a wide range of disease severity, baseline perceived exertional dyspnea, exercise capacity, and lung function are weakly correlated to each other, translating in the absence of collinearity. MRCDS, 6MWD, and FVC are significant and independent predictors of outcome, suggesting that a multi-dimensional assessment of IPF is prognostically appropriate and advantageous. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 27, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Management of Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia: Review and a Single Center Experience
ConclusionsDIPNECH is a rare pathology that can profoundly affect a patient ’s quality of life. Paroxysmal coughing episodes can be difficult to treat. Our limited single center experience shows encouraging response to use of somatostatin analogs, azithromycin, and everolimus in the management of debilitating DIPNECH associated symptoms. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 25, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative Efficacy of Anti IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 Drugs for Treatment of Eosinophilic Asthma: A Network Meta-analysis
ConclusionsAll drugs except for tralokinumab showed improvements in FEV1, ACQ, and AQLQ. Only reslizumab and dupilumab were associated with statistically significant reductions in asthma exacerbation rates. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 23, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Inflammatory and Fibrinolytic System in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
AbstractAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the most advanced form of acute lung injury (ALI). This is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and severe hypoxemia. According to Berlin definition of ARDS, this is defined based on the timings, radiographic changes, edema formation, and severity on the PaO2/FiO2 ratio. During ARDS, the loss of integrity of the epithelium causes the septic shock. The degree of epithelial injury is the major prognostic marker of ARDS. In addition to this, inflammatory cell migration, fibro-proliferation, and activation of apoptosis also play an important role in the pathophy...
Source: Lung - August 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Esophageal Lung in Association with Pulmonary Vascular Anomalies
We present a 7.8-month-old girl with recurrent pneumonia, growth retardation, and tachypnea. Computed tomography revealed a particularly unusual esophageal lung, in association with pulmonary vascular anomalies of right pulmonary veins atresia and right pulmonary artery hypoplasia. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 13, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Risk Stratification in Patients with Complicated Parapneumonic Effusions and Empyema Using the RAPID Score
ConclusionOur findings suggest that the RAPID score is a robust tool which could be used to identify patients with complicated parapneumonic effusions and empyema who may be at an increased risk of mortality, prolonged hospitalization, and who may incur a higher cost of treatment. Randomized controlled trials identifying the most effective initial treatment modality for medium- and high-risk patients are needed. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 11, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Interpretation of HRCT Scans in the Diagnosis of IPF: Improving Communication Between Pulmonologists and Radiologists
AbstractIdiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD). In this review, we describe the central role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the diagnosis of IPF and discuss how communication between pulmonologists and radiologists might be improved to make the interpretation of HRCT scans more effective. Clinical information is important in the interpretation of HRCT scans, as the likelihood that specific radiologic features reflect IPF is not absolute, but dependent on the clinical context. In cases where the clinical context or HRCT pattern are inconclusive, multi...
Source: Lung - August 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Ventilator Weaning: How Far from the Final Quantum Leap?
(Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 9, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Chronic Airway Inflammatory Diseases: A Comprehensive Review
AbstractChronic airway inflammatory diseases remain a major problem worldwide, such that there is a need for additional therapeutic targets and novel drugs. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are a group of non-selective cation channels expressed throughout the body that are regulated by various stimuli. TRP channels have been identified in numerous cell types in the respiratory tract, including sensory neurons, airway epithelial cells, airway smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts. Different types of TRP channels induce cough in sensory neurons via the vagus nerve. Permeability and cytokine production are also regu...
Source: Lung - August 9, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Needs, Perceptions and Education in Sarcoidosis: A Live Interactive Survey of Patients and Partners
This study improves awareness of needs and perceptions of patients with sarcoidosis and their partners. Sarcoidosis leads to anxiety and psychological distress and impairs well-being of patients and their partners. Attention for psychological support, better disease education, and more supportive care for partners is warranted. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 7, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Tissue and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Biomarkers in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients on Pirfenidone
ConclusionsTBLC offers a unique opportunity to potentially assess the course of disease activity and response to novel anti-fibrotic activity in IPF. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 31, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Ventilator Weaning and Excursion Time Index: One Step Closer to the Quantum Leap?
(Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 20, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism and Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Secondary to Aspergillus , in a Compost Plant Worker: Case Report and Review of Literature
We present a case of a 52-year-old man with recurrent venous thromboembolism with HP secondary to bioaerosol exposure in a compost plant. Biochemical evaluation found no evidence of underlying hypercoagulable state, with only remarkable findings of elevated levels of total serum immunoglobulin E and raisedAspergillus sp. IgG antibodies. The patient decided to change his working environment to one without exposure to compost or other fungal elements. His symptoms and pulmonary function tests gradually improved without any subsequent intervention. The patient chose against the advice of his care providers to discontinue warf...
Source: Lung - July 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Changes in the Burden of Comorbidities in Patients with COPD and Asthma –COPD Overlap According to the GOLD 2017 Recommendations
AbstractPurposeComorbidities associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affect quality of life and increase mortality. Asthma –COPD overlap (ACO) may express a different profile of comorbidities compared to COPD alone. It is unclear how recent changes in GOLD recommendations affect the profile of comorbidities in COPD and ACO.MethodsEight hundred and thirty-four patients with COPD were recruited from 67 Hungarian secondary care outpatient clinics, 469 of them had ACO. Comorbidities were defined by respiratory specialists based on medical history, patient report, and medications. COPD grades were def...
Source: Lung - July 14, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Prediction of Post-operative Morbidity and Mortality in Patients with Lung Cancer: Methodological Issues
(Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 6, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Utility of Bronchoalveolar Lavage and Transbronchial Biopsy in Patients with Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the combination of TBBX with BAL significantly increases the likelihood that the procedure will provide adequate additional information to allow a confident MDD diagnosis of HP and may reduce the need for SLB in the diagnostic workup of HP. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 29, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

N-Terminal Prohormone of Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) as a Diagnostic Biomarker of Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD)
ConclusionAt the cut-off value of 1505  pg/mL NT-proBNP could be used as a diagnostic marker for LVSD in acute exacerbation of COPD. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 27, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Residual Renal Function and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Peritoneal Dialysis: A Pilot Study
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the article title. The correct article title is “Residual Renal Function and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Peritoneal Dialysis: A Pilot Study”. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 25, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Strategies for the Integration of Cough and Swallow to Maintain Airway Protection in Humans
ConclusionThese results give insight into the differences between the cat and human models in airway protective strategies related to the coordination of cough and swallow behaviors, allowing for better understanding of dystussia and dysphagia. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 20, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Dasatinib Suppresses TGF β-Mediated Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition in Alveolar Epithelial Cells and Inhibits Pulmonary Fibrosis
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that DAS inhibited TGF β-mediated EMT of alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells and attenuated BLM-induced lung fibrosis in mice by suppressing the TGFβ/Smad pathway. DAS may be a promising and novel anti-fibrotic agent for preventing lung fibrosis. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 20, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Ability of Exhaled Nitric Oxide to Discriminate for Airflow Obstruction Among Frequent Exacerbators of Clinically Diagnosed Asthma
AbstractObjectiveFraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) has been proposed as a non-invasive biomarker for allergic inflammation seen in asthma. Many asthmatics in clinical practice have never had spirometry and recent data report misdiagnoses in patients with physician diagnosed (PD) asthma. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of FENO to discriminate between those with and without airflow obstruction (AO) among patients with PD-asthma.MethodsFrequent exacerbators of PD-asthma (with 2 or more asthma exacerbations leading to emergency room visit or hospitalization within last 12 months) were enrolled. All patien...
Source: Lung - June 18, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Assessment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Initial Experience of a One-Stop Study
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. There is a typo in the coauthor name, it should be Stephan Altmayer. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - June 6, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Triple Issues Underlying Lung Injury for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery
(Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 29, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

EBUS-TBNA is Sufficient for Successful Diagnosis of Silicosis with Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy
ConclusionsEBUS-TBNA is a useful and sufficient tool to diagnose silicosis in patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy along compatible exposure histories. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 29, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

SERPINA1 Hepatocyte-Specific Promoter Polymorphism Associate with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Study of Kashmiri Ancestry Individuals
AbstractPurposeDifferent mutations in coding and non-coding sequences of theSERPINA1 gene have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. However, − 10T/C mutation in the hepatocyte-directed promoter region has not been associated with COPD pathogenesis so far. Here, we report an increased frequency of − 10C genotype that is associated with decreased levels of serum alpha1-antitrypsin (α1AT) in COPD patients.MethodsThe quantification of serum α1AT was done by ELISA, the phenol–chloroform method was used for DNA extraction, PCR products were directly sequenced. TheIBM SPSS ...
Source: Lung - May 26, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux and Aspiration: Does Laparoscopic Fundoplication Significantly Decrease Pulmonary Aspiration?
ConclusionSurgery is partially effective in reversing pulmonary aspiration of gastric refluxate on short-term follow-up. Severe oesophageal dysmotility is a predictor of inferior control of aspiration with surgery. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 26, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Residual Renal Function Affects Severity of Sleep Apnea in Peritoneal Dialysis: A Pilot Study
ConclusionsThe prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea and sleep disturbances is high in participants receiving peritoneal dialysis. Elevated apnea-hypopnea index is associated with lower residual renal function, whereas dialysis-specific measures such as intra-abdominal dwell volume and peritoneal membrane transporter status do not correlate with severity of obstructive sleep apnea. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 26, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Increased Airway Wall Thickness is Associated with Adverse Longitudinal First –Second Forced Expiratory Volume Trajectories of Former World Trade Center workers
ConclusionsThe apparent normal age-related rate of FEV1 decline results from averaging widely divergent trajectories. WAP is significantly associated with accelerated air flow decline in WTC workers. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 24, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sedation with Propofol for Bronchoscopy in Cystic Fibrosis Lung Transplant Recipients
AbstractIntroductionFlexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) plays an important role in the surveillance of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients after lung transplantation (LTx). With rapid onset and clearance, propofol provides a safe and efficient method for sedation during FFB, yet sedation requirements for CF patients are not well described.ObjectivesDue to pharmacokinetic differences for other classes of drugs in CF patients, this study was performed to examine propofol requirements for sedation during bronchoscopy in lung transplant recipients with CF.MethodsA single-center retrospective cohort study was performed to examine ...
Source: Lung - May 24, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Assessing Mortality Models in Systemic Sclerosis-Related Interstitial Lung Disease
ConclusionsThe ILD-GAP model underestimated mortality, and the SADL model underestimated mortality in certain subgroups. However, the GAP model performed well in this cohort, providing the best prognostic information for SSc-ILD. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 21, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

In Defense of Lady Windermere Syndrome
AbstractDefense of Lady Windermere Syndrome (LWS) provides a critical analysis of its proposed pathogenesis, evidence supporting a causal role of volitional cough suppression, pathogenesis ofM. avium complex (MAC) superimposition, a defense of the eponym, and cites a possible contribution of LWS to the bronchiectasis population. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 15, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Among Young Patients: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management
ConclusionIPF patients under the age of 50  years have similar features and clinical course compared to older IPF patients. These patients should be diagnosed by adopting a multidisciplinary team approach, potentially benefitting from earlier intervention with effective antifibrotic therapy. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 14, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pathophysiology and Genetics of Bronchiectasis Unrelated to Cystic Fibrosis
AbstractBronchiectasis is characterized by deregulated inflammatory response and recurrent bacterial infection resulting in progressive lung damage and an irreversible dilatation of bronchi and bronchioles. Generally accepted model of the development of bronchiectasis is the “vicious cycle hypothesis” that proposes compromising of the mucociliary clearance by an initial event, which leads to the infection of the respiratory tract followed by further impairment of mucociliary function, bacterial proliferation, and more inflammation. Bronchiectasis is a very common sy mptom in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), ...
Source: Lung - May 12, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Circulating Survivin Levels in Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
AbstractIntroductionObstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by a low-grade systemic and airway inflammation; however, the regulatory mechanisms of inflammation are poorly explored. Survivin (Birc5) is an anti-apoptotic protein which inhibits Type 1 inflammation; however, this molecule has not been investigated in OSA.MethodsForty-five patients with OSA and 31 non-OSA control subjects were involved. Venous blood was collected for plasma survivin measurements before and after diagnostic overnight polysomnography. Plasma survivin levels were compared between the two groups and correlated to OSA severity and comorbidit...
Source: Lung - May 8, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pneumatosis Intestinalis Associated with the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Nintedanib
(Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 2, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia and Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Bacterial Aetiology, Antibiotic Resistance and Treatment Outcomes: A Study From North India
ConclusionThe patient characteristics in HCAP, treatment outcomes, bacterial aetiology, and a higher incidence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, suggest that HCAP although not as severe as HAP, can be grouped as a separate third entity. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - April 25, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Geriatric Assessment for Older Patients with Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: Daily Practice of Centers Participating in the NVALT25-ELDAPT Trial
ConclusionThe use of GA in clinical practice for patients with lung cancer varied widely across centers regarding instruments and domains. Physicians are uniform in their opinion about indications for GA and the added value for treatment decision-making. Research should focus on manageable instruments and important domains to assess for this heterogeneous group of older patients with lung cancer to optimize treatment selection.Trial registration The NVALT25-ELDAPT trial is registered under trial number NCT02284308. Details are available athttp://www.eldapt.org (predominantly in Dutch). (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - April 12, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The Role of ADAR1 and ADAR2 in the Regulation of miRNA-21 in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
ConclusionThese changes in the processing of miRNAs have great value in pathology diagnosis, including lung diseases, and play an important role in the understanding of molecular mechanisms involved in the development of different pathologies, as well as representing new therapeutic targets. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - April 10, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Real-World Switching to Riociguat: Management and Practicalities in Patients with PAH and CTEPH
AbstractThe original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. In the “Results” section, the percentage of patients with inoperable or persistent/recurrent CTEPH included in the study was reported as 85%. This has been corrected to 68% with this erratum. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - April 3, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research