Minimum dataset for monitoring national human immunodeficiency virus pre-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PrEP) programmes: a five-nation consensus, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2001595.ABSTRACTHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the use of antiretroviral medication to prevent HIV acquisition, is a highly effective biomedical prevention tool. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends PrEP for people at substantial risk of HIV infection, as part of combination prevention, and highlights the need for robust evaluation of PrEP programmes. Based on suggested WHO core indicators, we created a concise set of HIV PrEP-related dataset variables, to harmonise the monitoring and evaluation of PrEP progr...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: John Saunders O Noel Gill Valerie Delpech Claudia Estcourt Five Nations (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland) PrEP Minimum Dataset Working Group Source Type: research

Case series of four secondary mucormycosis infections in COVID-19 patients, the Netherlands, December 2020 to May 2021
We describe four secondary fungal infections caused by Mucorales species in COVID-19 patients. Three COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM) occurred in ICU, one outside ICU. All were men aged> 50 years, three died. Clinical presentations included pulmonary, rhino-orbital cerebral and disseminated infection. Infections occurred in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. CAM is an emerging disease and our observations underscore the need to be aware of invasive mucormycosis, including in COVID-19 patients without (poorly controlled) diabetes mellitus and outside ICU.PMID:34114540 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jochem B Buil Arthur R H van Zanten Robbert G Bentvelsen Tom A Rijpstra Bram Goorhuis Sanne van der Voort Linda J Wammes Jeroen A Janson Max Melchers Moniek Heusinkveld Willem J G Melchers Ed J Kuijper Paul E Verweij Source Type: research

The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.351 lineage (VOC β) is outgrowing the B.1.1.7 lineage (VOC α) in some French regions in April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2100447.ABSTRACTTo assess SARS-CoV-2 variants spread, we analysed 36,590 variant-specific reverse-transcription-PCR tests performed on samples from 12 April-7 May 2021 in France. In this period, contrarily to January-March 2021, variants of concern (VOC) β (B.1.351 lineage) and/or γ (P.1 lineage) had a significant transmission advantage over VOC α (B.1.1.7 lineage) in Île-de-France (15.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 15.5-16.2) and Hauts-de-France (17.3%; 95% CI: 15.9-18.7) regions. This is consistent with VOC β's immune evas...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni St éphanie Haim-Boukobza Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Mortality review as a tool to assess the contribution of healthcare-associated infections to death: results of a multicentre validity and reproducibility study, 11 European Union countries, 2017 to 2018
ConclusionFeasibility, validity and reproducibility of these MR measures was acceptable for use in HAI surveillance.PMID:34114542 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2000052 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tjallie van der Kooi Alain Lepape Pascal Astagneau Carl Suetens Mioara Alina Nicolaie Sabine de Greeff Ilma Lozoraitiene Jacek Czepiel M árta Patyi Diamantis Plachouras HAI-Net Mortality review study group Members of the HAI-Net Mortality review study gr Source Type: research

Minimum dataset for monitoring national human immunodeficiency virus pre-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PrEP) programmes: a five-nation consensus, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2001595.ABSTRACTHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the use of antiretroviral medication to prevent HIV acquisition, is a highly effective biomedical prevention tool. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends PrEP for people at substantial risk of HIV infection, as part of combination prevention, and highlights the need for robust evaluation of PrEP programmes. Based on suggested WHO core indicators, we created a concise set of HIV PrEP-related dataset variables, to harmonise the monitoring and evaluation of PrEP progr...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: John Saunders O Noel Gill Valerie Delpech Claudia Estcourt Five Nations (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland) PrEP Minimum Dataset Working Group Source Type: research

Case series of four secondary mucormycosis infections in COVID-19 patients, the Netherlands, December 2020 to May 2021
We describe four secondary fungal infections caused by Mucorales species in COVID-19 patients. Three COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM) occurred in ICU, one outside ICU. All were men aged> 50 years, three died. Clinical presentations included pulmonary, rhino-orbital cerebral and disseminated infection. Infections occurred in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. CAM is an emerging disease and our observations underscore the need to be aware of invasive mucormycosis, including in COVID-19 patients without (poorly controlled) diabetes mellitus and outside ICU.PMID:34114540 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jochem B Buil Arthur R H van Zanten Robbert G Bentvelsen Tom A Rijpstra Bram Goorhuis Sanne van der Voort Linda J Wammes Jeroen A Janson Max Melchers Moniek Heusinkveld Willem J G Melchers Ed J Kuijper Paul E Verweij Source Type: research

The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.351 lineage (VOC β) is outgrowing the B.1.1.7 lineage (VOC α) in some French regions in April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2100447.ABSTRACTTo assess SARS-CoV-2 variants spread, we analysed 36,590 variant-specific reverse-transcription-PCR tests performed on samples from 12 April-7 May 2021 in France. In this period, contrarily to January-March 2021, variants of concern (VOC) β (B.1.351 lineage) and/or γ (P.1 lineage) had a significant transmission advantage over VOC α (B.1.1.7 lineage) in Île-de-France (15.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 15.5-16.2) and Hauts-de-France (17.3%; 95% CI: 15.9-18.7) regions. This is consistent with VOC β's immune evas...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni St éphanie Haim-Boukobza Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Mortality review as a tool to assess the contribution of healthcare-associated infections to death: results of a multicentre validity and reproducibility study, 11 European Union countries, 2017 to 2018
ConclusionFeasibility, validity and reproducibility of these MR measures was acceptable for use in HAI surveillance.PMID:34114542 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2000052 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tjallie van der Kooi Alain Lepape Pascal Astagneau Carl Suetens Mioara Alina Nicolaie Sabine de Greeff Ilma Lozoraitiene Jacek Czepiel M árta Patyi Diamantis Plachouras HAI-Net Mortality review study group Members of the HAI-Net Mortality review study gr Source Type: research

Minimum dataset for monitoring national human immunodeficiency virus pre-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PrEP) programmes: a five-nation consensus, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2001595.ABSTRACTHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the use of antiretroviral medication to prevent HIV acquisition, is a highly effective biomedical prevention tool. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends PrEP for people at substantial risk of HIV infection, as part of combination prevention, and highlights the need for robust evaluation of PrEP programmes. Based on suggested WHO core indicators, we created a concise set of HIV PrEP-related dataset variables, to harmonise the monitoring and evaluation of PrEP progr...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: John Saunders O Noel Gill Valerie Delpech Claudia Estcourt Five Nations (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland) PrEP Minimum Dataset Working Group Source Type: research

Case series of four secondary mucormycosis infections in COVID-19 patients, the Netherlands, December 2020 to May 2021
We describe four secondary fungal infections caused by Mucorales species in COVID-19 patients. Three COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM) occurred in ICU, one outside ICU. All were men aged> 50 years, three died. Clinical presentations included pulmonary, rhino-orbital cerebral and disseminated infection. Infections occurred in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. CAM is an emerging disease and our observations underscore the need to be aware of invasive mucormycosis, including in COVID-19 patients without (poorly controlled) diabetes mellitus and outside ICU.PMID:34114540 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jochem B Buil Arthur R H van Zanten Robbert G Bentvelsen Tom A Rijpstra Bram Goorhuis Sanne van der Voort Linda J Wammes Jeroen A Janson Max Melchers Moniek Heusinkveld Willem J G Melchers Ed J Kuijper Paul E Verweij Source Type: research

The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.351 lineage (VOC β) is outgrowing the B.1.1.7 lineage (VOC α) in some French regions in April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(23). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2100447.ABSTRACTTo assess SARS-CoV-2 variants spread, we analysed 36,590 variant-specific reverse-transcription-PCR tests performed on samples from 12 April-7 May 2021 in France. In this period, contrarily to January-March 2021, variants of concern (VOC) β (B.1.351 lineage) and/or γ (P.1 lineage) had a significant transmission advantage over VOC α (B.1.1.7 lineage) in Île-de-France (15.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 15.5-16.2) and Hauts-de-France (17.3%; 95% CI: 15.9-18.7) regions. This is consistent with VOC β's immune evas...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni St éphanie Haim-Boukobza Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Mortality review as a tool to assess the contribution of healthcare-associated infections to death: results of a multicentre validity and reproducibility study, 11 European Union countries, 2017 to 2018
ConclusionFeasibility, validity and reproducibility of these MR measures was acceptable for use in HAI surveillance.PMID:34114542 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.23.2000052 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tjallie van der Kooi Alain Lepape Pascal Astagneau Carl Suetens Mioara Alina Nicolaie Sabine de Greeff Ilma Lozoraitiene Jacek Czepiel M árta Patyi Diamantis Plachouras HAI-Net Mortality review study group Members of the HAI-Net Mortality review study gr Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | PMC:PMC8176674 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | PMC:PMC8176675 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22):2000012. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated c...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | PMC:PMC8176673 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | PMC:PMC8176674 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | PMC:PMC8176675 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22):2000012. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated c...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | PMC:PMC8176673 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | PMC:PMC8176674 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | PMC:PMC8176675 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22):2000012. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated c...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | PMC:PMC8176673 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated cases. On...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated cases. On...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Whole genome sequencing data used for surveillance of < em > Campylobacter < /em > infections: detection of a large continuous outbreak, Denmark, 2019
ConclusionOur WGS-based surveillance has contributed to an improved understanding of the dynamics of the occurrence of Campylobacter strains in chicken meat and the correlation to clusters of human cases.PMID:34085631 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001396 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrine Grimstrup Joensen Susanne Schj ørring Mette R ørbæk Gantzhorn Camilla Thougaard Vester Hans Linde Nielsen J ørgen Harald Engberg Hanne Marie Holt Steen Ethelberg Luise M üller Gudrun Sand ø Eva M øller Nielsen Source Type: research

Abrupt termination of the 2019/20 influenza season following preventive measures against COVID-19 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
ConclusionsThe PHSM against SARS-CoV-2 were followed by a dramatic reduction in influenza cases, indicating a wider public health effect of the implemented measures.PMID:34085632 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001160 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hanne-Dorthe Emborg AnnaSara Carnahan Karoline Bragstad Ramona Trebbien Mia Brytting Olav Hungnes Emma Bystr öm Lasse S Vestergaard Source Type: research

Diagnostic challenges and pockets of susceptibility identified during a measles outbreak, Luxembourg, 2019
Euro Surveill. 2021 Jun;26(22). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2000012.ABSTRACTLuxembourg was among the first countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region documenting interruption of endemic measles transmission, but an increased incidence was registered in spring 2019. The outbreak started with an unvaccinated student who had been to a winter sports resort in a neighbouring country, where a measles outbreak was ongoing. Subsequently, 12 secondary and two tertiary cases were confirmed among students from the same school, relatives and healthcare workers, as well as six probably unrelated cases. On...
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michel Kohnen Patrick Hoffmann Caroline Frisch Emilie Charpentier Aur élie Sausy Judith M H übschen Source Type: research

Lockdown as a last resort option in case of COVID-19 epidemic rebound: a modelling study
ConclusionsWe provide simple indicators and triggers to decide if and when a last-resort lockdown should be implemented to avoid saturation of ICU. These metrics can support the planning and real-time management of successive COVID-19 pandemic waves.PMID:34085634 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.22.2001536 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - June 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C écile Tran Kiem Pascal Cr épey Paolo Bosetti Daniel Levy Bruhl Yazdan Yazdanpanah Henrik Salje Pierre-Yves Bo ëlle Simon Cauchemez Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant < em > Klebsiella pneumoniae < /em > and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022.ABSTRACTBackgroundFrance is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate.AimThis retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates.MethodsT...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sophie Alexandra Baron Nadim Cassir Mouna Hamel Linda Hadjadj Nadia Saidani Gregory Dubourg Jean-Marc Rolain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalisation, Navarre, Spain, January to April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100438.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 vaccine effectiveness was evaluated in close contacts of cases diagnosed during January-April 2021. Among 20,961 contacts, 7,240 SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed, with 5,467 being symptomatic and 559 leading to hospitalisations. Non-brand-specific one and two dose vaccine effectiveness were respectively, 35% (95% confidence interval (CI): 25 to 44) and 66% (95% CI: 57 to 74) against infections, 42% (95% CI: 31 to 52) and 82% (95% CI: 74 to 88) against symptomatic infection, and 72% (95% CI: 47 to 85) and 95% (95% CI: 62 to 99)...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iv án Martínez-Baz Ana Miqueleiz Itziar Casado Ana Navascu és Camino Trobajo-Sanmart ín Cristina Burgui Marcela Guevara Carmen Ezpeleta Jes ús Castilla Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(47)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34047272 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Outbreak of OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales in a haematological ward associated with an uncommon environmental reservoir, France, 2016 to 2019
This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.PMID:34047273 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000118 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Jolivet Jeanne Couturier Xavier Vuillemin Cyril Gouot Didier Nesa Marine Adam Eolia Brissot Mohamad Mohty R émy A Bonnin Laurent Dortet Fr édéric Barbut Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults deduced from investigations of childcare centre outbreaks, Germany, 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100433.ABSTRACTWe investigated three SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 childcare centre and related household outbreaks. Despite group cohorting, cases occurred in almost all groups, i.e. also among persons without close contact. Children's secondary attack rates (SAR) were similar to adults (childcare centres: 23% vs 30%; p = 0.15; households: 32% vs 39%; p = 0.27); child- and adult-induced household outbreaks also led to similar SAR. With the advent of B.1.1.7, susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults seem to converge. Public health measures s...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna Loenenbach Inessa Markus Ann-Sophie Lehfeld Matthias An der Heiden Walter Haas Maya Kiegele Andr é Ponzi Barbara Unger-Goldinger Cornelius Weidenauer Helen Schlosser Alexander Beile Udo Buchholz Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant < em > Klebsiella pneumoniae < /em > and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022.ABSTRACTBackgroundFrance is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate.AimThis retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates.MethodsT...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sophie Alexandra Baron Nadim Cassir Mouna Hamel Linda Hadjadj Nadia Saidani Gregory Dubourg Jean-Marc Rolain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalisation, Navarre, Spain, January to April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100438.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 vaccine effectiveness was evaluated in close contacts of cases diagnosed during January-April 2021. Among 20,961 contacts, 7,240 SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed, with 5,467 being symptomatic and 559 leading to hospitalisations. Non-brand-specific one and two dose vaccine effectiveness were respectively, 35% (95% confidence interval (CI): 25 to 44) and 66% (95% CI: 57 to 74) against infections, 42% (95% CI: 31 to 52) and 82% (95% CI: 74 to 88) against symptomatic infection, and 72% (95% CI: 47 to 85) and 95% (95% CI: 62 to 99)...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iv án Martínez-Baz Ana Miqueleiz Itziar Casado Ana Navascu és Camino Trobajo-Sanmart ín Cristina Burgui Marcela Guevara Carmen Ezpeleta Jes ús Castilla Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(47)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34047272 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Outbreak of OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales in a haematological ward associated with an uncommon environmental reservoir, France, 2016 to 2019
This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.PMID:34047273 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000118 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Jolivet Jeanne Couturier Xavier Vuillemin Cyril Gouot Didier Nesa Marine Adam Eolia Brissot Mohamad Mohty R émy A Bonnin Laurent Dortet Fr édéric Barbut Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults deduced from investigations of childcare centre outbreaks, Germany, 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100433.ABSTRACTWe investigated three SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 childcare centre and related household outbreaks. Despite group cohorting, cases occurred in almost all groups, i.e. also among persons without close contact. Children's secondary attack rates (SAR) were similar to adults (childcare centres: 23% vs 30%; p = 0.15; households: 32% vs 39%; p = 0.27); child- and adult-induced household outbreaks also led to similar SAR. With the advent of B.1.1.7, susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults seem to converge. Public health measures s...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna Loenenbach Inessa Markus Ann-Sophie Lehfeld Matthias An der Heiden Walter Haas Maya Kiegele Andr é Ponzi Barbara Unger-Goldinger Cornelius Weidenauer Helen Schlosser Alexander Beile Udo Buchholz Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant < em > Klebsiella pneumoniae < /em > and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022.ABSTRACTBackgroundFrance is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate.AimThis retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates.MethodsT...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sophie Alexandra Baron Nadim Cassir Mouna Hamel Linda Hadjadj Nadia Saidani Gregory Dubourg Jean-Marc Rolain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalisation, Navarre, Spain, January to April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100438.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 vaccine effectiveness was evaluated in close contacts of cases diagnosed during January-April 2021. Among 20,961 contacts, 7,240 SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed, with 5,467 being symptomatic and 559 leading to hospitalisations. Non-brand-specific one and two dose vaccine effectiveness were respectively, 35% (95% confidence interval (CI): 25 to 44) and 66% (95% CI: 57 to 74) against infections, 42% (95% CI: 31 to 52) and 82% (95% CI: 74 to 88) against symptomatic infection, and 72% (95% CI: 47 to 85) and 95% (95% CI: 62 to 99)...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iv án Martínez-Baz Ana Miqueleiz Itziar Casado Ana Navascu és Camino Trobajo-Sanmart ín Cristina Burgui Marcela Guevara Carmen Ezpeleta Jes ús Castilla Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(47)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34047272 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Outbreak of OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales in a haematological ward associated with an uncommon environmental reservoir, France, 2016 to 2019
This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.PMID:34047273 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000118 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Jolivet Jeanne Couturier Xavier Vuillemin Cyril Gouot Didier Nesa Marine Adam Eolia Brissot Mohamad Mohty R émy A Bonnin Laurent Dortet Fr édéric Barbut Source Type: research