Hospitalised patients with breakthrough COVID-19 following vaccination during two distinct waves in Israel, January to August 2021: a multicentre comparative cohort study
ConclusionsVaccination was protective during the Delta variant wave, as suggested by older age and greater immunosuppression in vaccinated breakthrough vs unvaccinated inpatients. Nevertheless, compared with an earlier post-vaccination period, breakthrough infections 6 months post-vaccination occurred in healthier patients. Thus, waning immunity increased vulnerability during the Delta wave, which suggests boosters as a countermeasure.PMID:35593161 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2101026 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tal Brosh-Nissimov Yasmin Maor Meital Elbaz Shelly Lipman-Arens Yonit Wiener-Well Khetam Hussein Efrat Orenbuch-Harroch Regev Cohen Oren Zimhony Bibiana Chazan Lior Nesher Galia Rahav Hiba Zayyad Mirit Hershman-Sarafov Miriam Weinberger Ronza Najjar-Debbi Source Type: research

The WHO Hub for Pandemic and Epidemic Intelligence; supporting better preparedness for future health emergencies
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200385.NO ABSTRACTPMID:35593162 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200385 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Oliver Morgan Richard Pebody Source Type: research

Assessment of mortality and hospital admissions associated with confirmed infection with SARS-CoV-2 Alpha variant: a matched cohort and time-to-event analysis, England, October to December 2020
ConclusionWe found evidence of increased risk of hospitalisation after adjusting for key confounders, suggesting increased infection severity associated with the Alpha variant. Rapid assessments of the relative morbidity in terms of clinical outcomes and mortality associated with emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants compared with dominant variants are required to assess overall impact of SARS-CoV-2 mutations.PMID:35593163 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2100377 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gavin Dabrera Hester Allen Asad Zaidi Joe Flannagan Katherine Twohig Simon Thelwall Elizabeth Marchant Nurin Abdul Aziz Theresa Lamagni Richard Myers Andr é Charlett Fernando Capelastegui Dimple Chudasama Tom Clare Flavien Coukan Mary Sinnathamby Neil Fe Source Type: research

Risk and protective factors for SARS-CoV-2 reinfections, surveillance data, Italy, August 2021 to March 2022
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200372.ABSTRACTWe explored the risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 reinfections in Italy between August 2021 and March 2022. Regardless of the prevalent virus variant, being unvaccinated was the most relevant risk factor for reinfection. The risk of reinfection increased almost 18-fold following emergence of the Omicron variant compared with Delta. A severe first SARS-CoV-2 infection and age over 60 years were significant risk factors for severe reinfection.PMID:35593164 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200372 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chiara Sacco Daniele Petrone Martina Del Manso Alberto Mateo-Urdiales Massimo Fabiani Marco Bressi Antonino Bella Patrizio Pezzotti Maria Cristina Rota Flavia Riccardo Italian Integrated Surveillance of COVID-19 study group Source Type: research

Author's correction for Euro Surveill. 2022;27(19)
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200370c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:35593165 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200370c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

mRNA vaccine effectiveness against hospitalisation due to severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) COVID-19 during Omicron variant predominance estimated from real-world surveillance data, Slovenia, February to March 2022
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.20.2200350.ABSTRACTFor the period of predominance of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in Slovenia, February to March 2022, we estimated mRNA vaccine effectiveness (VE) against severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) COVID-19 using surveillance data. In the most vulnerable age group comprising individuals aged 65 years and more, VE against SARI COVID-19 was 95% (95% CI: 95-96%) for those vaccinated with three doses, in comparison to 82% (95% CI: 79-84%) for those vaccinated with two doses. Such levels of protection were maintained for at least 6 months.PMID:35593...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 20, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marta Grgi č Vitek Irena Klavs Veronika U čakar Marjana Vrh Maja Mrzel Mojca Serdt Mario Fafangel Source Type: research

< em > Mycoplasma pneumoniae < /em > detections before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of a global survey, 2017 to 2021
ConclusionsThis comprehensive collection of M. pneumoniae detections worldwide shows correlation between COVID-19 NPIs and significantly reduced detection numbers.PMID:35551702 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2100746 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Patrick M Meyer Sauteur Michael L Beeton S øren A Uldum Nathalie Bossuyt Melissa Vermeulen Katherine Loens Sabine Pereyre C écile Bébéar Darja Ke še Jessica Day Baharak Afshar Victoria J Chalker Gilbert Greub Ran Nir-Paz Roger Dumke ESGMAC –MyCOVID Source Type: research

Case numbers of acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology among children in 24 countries up to 18 April 2022 compared to the previous 5 years
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2200370.ABSTRACTAn increase of acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology has been reported among children in multiple countries worldwide. With a rapid online survey among hospitals in and outside of Europe, we describe case numbers recorded from 1 January to 18 April 2022 vs the previous 5 years. Of 24 countries that responded, we identified 5/17 European and 1/7 non-European countries with an elevation in probable cases of unexplained acute hepatitis, and severe cases were elevated in five European countries.PMID:35551703 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.1...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Janko van Beek Pieter LA Fraaij Carlo Giaquinto Delane Shingadia Peter Horby Giuseppe Indolfi Marion Koopmans Acute hepatitis study group Source Type: research

Trends in the epidemiology of catheter-related bloodstream infections; towards a paradigm shift, Spain, 2007 to 2019
ConclusionsOver the study, CRBSIs associated with CVC and diagnosed in ICUs decreased while episodes in conventional wards involving peripherally-inserted catheters increased. Hospitals should implement preventive measures in conventional wards.PMID:35551704 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2100610 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laia Badia-Cebada Judit Pe ñafiel Patrick Saliba Marta Andr és Jordi C àmara Dolors Domenech Emili Jim énez-Martínez Anna Marr ón Encarna Moreno Virginia Pomar Montserrat Vaqu é Enric Lim ón Úrsula Masats Miquel Pujol Oriol Gasch VINCat programme Source Type: research

Severe acute hepatitis and acute liver failure of unknown origin in children: a questionnaire-based study within 34 paediatric liver centres in 22 European countries and Israel, April 2022
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2200369.ABSTRACTTo detect potential concern about severe acute hepatitis in children, we conducted a survey among 50 ERN RARE-LIVER centres. By 26 April 2022, 34 centres, including 25 transplant centres, reported an estimated median of 3-5, 0-2 and 3-5 cases in 2021, 2020 and 2019 and a mean of 2 (range: 0-8) cases between January and April 2022 (mean in 10 large liver transplant centres: 3). Twelve centres reported suspicion of an increase, but no rise.PMID:35551705 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2200369 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ruben H de Kleine Willem S Lexmond Gustav Buescher Ekkehard Sturm Deidre Kelly Ansgar W Lohse Dominic Lenz Marianne H ørby Jørgensen contributors to the survey Source Type: research

Note from the editors: Acute hepatitis among children, establishing evidence and baselines for comparison
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.220512m.NO ABSTRACTPMID:35551706 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.220512m (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Assessing the effect of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 transmission in Spain, 30 August 2020 to 31 January 2021
ConclusionWhile response measures implemented during the second COVID-19 wave contributed substantially to a decreased reproduction number, the effectiveness of measures varied considerably. Our findings should be considered for future interventions, as social and economic consequences could be minimised by considering only measures proven effective.PMID:35551707 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2100869 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Garc ía-García Rafael Herranz-Hern ández Ayel én Rojas-Benedicto Inmaculada Le ón-Gómez Amparo Larrauri Marina Pe ñuelas Mar ía Guerrero-Vadillo Rebeca Ramis Diana G ómez-Barroso Source Type: research

< em > Mycoplasma pneumoniae < /em > detections before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of a global survey, 2017 to 2021
ConclusionsThis comprehensive collection of M. pneumoniae detections worldwide shows correlation between COVID-19 NPIs and significantly reduced detection numbers.PMID:35551702 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2100746 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Patrick M Meyer Sauteur Michael L Beeton S øren A Uldum Nathalie Bossuyt Melissa Vermeulen Katherine Loens Sabine Pereyre C écile Bébéar Darja Ke še Jessica Day Baharak Afshar Victoria J Chalker Gilbert Greub Ran Nir-Paz Roger Dumke ESGMAC –MyCOVID Source Type: research

Case numbers of acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology among children in 24 countries up to 18 April 2022 compared to the previous 5 years
Euro Surveill. 2022 May;27(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2200370.ABSTRACTAn increase of acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology has been reported among children in multiple countries worldwide. With a rapid online survey among hospitals in and outside of Europe, we describe case numbers recorded from 1 January to 18 April 2022 vs the previous 5 years. Of 24 countries that responded, we identified 5/17 European and 1/7 non-European countries with an elevation in probable cases of unexplained acute hepatitis, and severe cases were elevated in five European countries.PMID:35551703 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.1...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Janko van Beek Pieter LA Fraaij Carlo Giaquinto Delane Shingadia Peter Horby Giuseppe Indolfi Marion Koopmans Acute hepatitis study group Source Type: research

Trends in the epidemiology of catheter-related bloodstream infections; towards a paradigm shift, Spain, 2007 to 2019
ConclusionsOver the study, CRBSIs associated with CVC and diagnosed in ICUs decreased while episodes in conventional wards involving peripherally-inserted catheters increased. Hospitals should implement preventive measures in conventional wards.PMID:35551704 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.19.2100610 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 13, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laia Badia-Cebada Judit Pe ñafiel Patrick Saliba Marta Andr és Jordi C àmara Dolors Domenech Emili Jim énez-Martínez Anna Marr ón Encarna Moreno Virginia Pomar Montserrat Vaqu é Enric Lim ón Úrsula Masats Miquel Pujol Oriol Gasch VINCat programme Source Type: research