Letter to the editor: Is there a need for special treatment of refugees at hospital admission?
PMID: 26923774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Walter J, Haller S, Hermes J, Arvand M, Abu Sin M, Eckmanns T Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Author's reply: Is there a need for special treatment of refugees at hospital admission?
PMID: 26923885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kempf VA, Heudorf U, authors of the original articles Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Vaccine effectiveness in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza in primary care patients in a season of co-circulation of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, B and drifted A(H3N2), I-MOVE Multicentre Case-Control Study, Europe 2014/15.
entre case–control team Abstract Influenza A(H3N2), A(H1N1)pdm09 and B viruses co-circulated in Europe in 2014/15. We undertook a multicentre case-control study in eight European countries to measure 2014/15 influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) against medically-attended influenza-like illness (ILI) laboratory-confirmed as influenza. General practitioners swabbed all or a systematic sample of ILI patients. We compared the odds of vaccination of ILI influenza positive patients to negative patients. We calculated adjusted VE by influenza type/subtype, and age group. Among 6,579 ILI patients included, 1,828 wer...
Source: Euro Surveill - February 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Valenciano M, Kissling E, Reuss A, Rizzo C, Gherasim A, Horváth JK, Domegan L, Pitigoi D, Machado A, Paradowska-Stankiewicz IA, Bella A, Larrauri A, Ferenczi A, Joan O´Donell, Lazar M, Pechirra P, Korczyńska MR, Pozo F, Moren A, I-MOVE multicentre case Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Molecular identification of emergent GII.P17-GII.17 norovirus genotype, Romania, 2015.
Abstract The novel GII.P17-GII.17 norovirus genotype has been reported as cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in China and Japan since the winter season 2014/15, replacing the pandemic strain GII.4 Sydney 2012. These emergent strains have also been sporadically reported on other continents than Asia. GII.P17-GII.17 isolates, similar to Kawasaki308 2015, were identified in three patients during a large outbreak of acute gastroenteritis affecting 328 people in Romania, in neighbouring localities, in 2015. PMID: 26924169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dinu S, Nagy M, Negru DG, Popovici ED, Zota L, Oprișan G Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Inverse trends of Campylobacter and Salmonella in Swiss surveillance data, 1988-2013.
-Feuz M Abstract Clinical isolates of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. are notifiable in Switzerland. In 1995, Campylobacter replaced Salmonella as the most frequently reported food-borne pathogen. We analysed notification data (1988-2013) for these two bacterial, gastrointestinal pathogens of public health importance in Switzerland. Notification rates were calculated using data for the average resident population. Between 1988 and 2013, notified campylobacteriosis cases doubled from 3,127 to 7,499, while Salmonella case notifications decreased, from 4,291 to 1,267. Case notifications for both pathogens peak...
Source: Euro Surveill - February 11, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Schmutz C, Mäusezahl D, Jost M, Baumgartner A, Mäusezahl-Feuz M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Zika virus infections in three travellers returning from South America and the Caribbean respectively, to Montpellier, France, December 2015 to January 2016.
We report three unrelated cases of Zika virus infection in patients returning from Martinique, Brazil and Colombia respectively, to Montpellier, France. They developed symptoms compatible with a mosquito-borne disease, and serological and molecular investigations indicated a recent Zika virus infection. Considering the recent warning for the likely teratogenicity of Zika virus and the presence of competent mosquito vectors in southern France, these cases highlight the need for awareness of physicians and laboratories in Europe. PMID: 26898198 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 11, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maria AT, Maquart M, Makinson A, Flusin O, Segondy M, Leparc-Goffart I, Le Moing V, Foulongne V Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Early influenza vaccine effectiveness results 2015-16: I-MOVE multicentre case-control study.
PMID: 26898240 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 11, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kissling E, Valenciano M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Prevalence of mcr-1 in commensal Escherichia coli from French livestock, 2007 to 2014.
ers P Abstract Colistin resistance was investigated in 1,696 isolates collected from 2007 to 2014 within the frame of the French livestock antimicrobial resistance surveillance programme. The mcr-1 gene was detected in all commensal Escherichia coli isolates with a minimum inhibitory concentration to colistin above the 2 mg/L cut-off value (n=23). In poultry, mcr-1 prevalence was 5.9% in turkeys and 1.8% in broilers in 2014. In pigs, investigated in 2013, this prevalence did not exceed 0.5%. These findings support that mcr-1 has spread in French livestock. PMID: 26898350 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 11, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Perrin-Guyomard A, Bruneau M, Houée P, Deleurme K, Legrandois P, Poirier C, Soumet C, Sanders P Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Confirmed inguinal lymphogranuloma venereum genovar L2c in a man who had sex with men, Slovenia, 2015.
n;e D Abstract A laboratory-confirmed lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) case in Slovenia was reported in 2015, in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative man presenting with inguinal lymphadenopathy. He reported unprotected insertive anal intercourse with two male partners in Croatia. Variant L2c of Chlamydia trachomatis was detected in clinical samples. Although the patient was eventually cured, the recommended treatment regimen with doxycycline had to be prolonged. PMID: 26889644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 4, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Matičič M, Klavs I, Videčnik Zorman J, Vidmar Vovko D, Kogoj R, Keše D Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

European public health policies for managing contacts of invasive meningococcal disease cases better harmonised in 2013 than in 2007.
Abstract In 2007, a European survey identified variation in country policies on public health management of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). In 2009-10, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) published evidence-based guidance on IMD. We therefore surveyed again European countries to describe policies for managing IMD cases and contacts in 2013. We asked national IMD public health experts from 32 European countries to complete a questionnaire focusing on post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for IMD contacts and meningococcal vaccination. Proportions in 2007 and 2013 were compared using the ch...
Source: Euro Surveill - February 4, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vygen S, Hellenbrand W, Stefanoff P, Hanquet G, Heuberger S, Stuart J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Emergence of influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 genogroup 6B and drug resistant virus, India, January to May 2015.
Abstract To investigate the aetiology of the 2015 A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza outbreak in India, 1,083 nasopharyngeal swabs from suspect patients were screened for influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Of 412 positive specimens, six were further characterised by phylogenetic analysis of haemagglutinin (HA) sequences revealing that they belonged to genogroup 6B. A new mutation (E164G) was observed in HA2 of two sequences. Neuraminidase genes in two of 12 isolates from fatal cases on prior oseltamivir treatment harboured the H275Y mutation. PMID: 26876980 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 4, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Parida M, Dash PK, Kumar JS, Joshi G, Tandel K, Sharma S, Srivastava A, Agarwal A, Saha A, Saraswat S, Karothia D, Malviya V Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Evaluation of a temporary vaccination recommendation in response to an outbreak of invasive meningococcal serogroup C disease in men who have sex with men in Berlin, 2013-2014.
Abstract Meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) vaccination of men who have sex with men (MSM) was temporarily recommended to control an outbreak of invasive MenC disease among MSM in Berlin in 2012-2013. Vaccination was offered to HIV-infected MSM free of charge; others had to request reimbursement or pay out of pocket. We aimed to assess (i) awareness and acceptance of this recommendation through an online survey of MSM, (ii) implementation through a survey of primary care physicians and analysis of vaccine prescriptions, and (iii) impact through analysis of notified cases. Among online survey respondents, 60% were aw...
Source: Euro Surveill - February 4, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Koch J, Hellenbrand W, Schink S, Wichmann O, Carganico A, Drewes J, Kruspe M, Suckau M, Claus H, Marcus U Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2016;21(2).
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 4, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2016;21(2). Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Addendum for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(44).
PMID: 26846199 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Weidmann M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Insights into epidemiology of human parvovirus B19 and detection of an unusual genotype 2 variant, Bulgaria, 2004 to 2013.
JM Abstract The present study aimed to determine the role of human parvovirus В19 (B19V) as an aetiological agent in measles and rubella negative fever/rash patients from Bulgaria between 2004 and 2013. A total of 1,266 sera from all over the country were tested for B19V IgM antibodies and all positives were further investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Overall, 280 sera (22%) were B19V IgM positive and 227 of these (81%) were also PCR positive. The highest number of IgM positives was found among five to nine year-old children (27%). Eight infected women gave birth to healthy children; one fetus was a...
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ivanova SK, Mihneva ZG, Toshev AK, Kovaleva VP, Andonova LG, Muller CP, Hübschen JM Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

A cluster of three cases of botulism due to Clostridium baratii type F, France, August 2015.
lva N Abstract A cluster of three cases of food-borne botulism due to Clostridium baratii type F occurred in France in August 2015. All cases required respiratory assistance. Consumption of a Bolognese sauce at the same restaurant was the likely source of contamination. Clostridium baratii was isolated both from stool specimens from the three patients and ground meat used to prepare the sauce. This is the second episode reported in France caused by this rare pathogen. PMID: 26848055 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tréhard H, Poujol I, Mazuet C, Blanc Q, Gillet Y, Rossignol F, Popoff MR, Jourdan Da Silva N Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Differential age susceptibility to influenza B/Victoria lineage viruses in the 2015 Australian influenza season.
Abstract Influenza B viruses make up an important part of the burden from seasonal influenza globally. The 2015 season in Australia saw an unusual predominance of influenza B with a distinctive switch during the season from B/Yamagata/16/88 lineage viruses to B/Victoria/2/87 lineage viruses. We also noted significant differences in the age groups infected by the different B lineages, with B/Victoria infecting a younger population than B/Yamagata, that could not be explained by potential prior exposure. PMID: 26848118 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Barr IG, Vijaykrishna D, Sullivan SG Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Cluster of atypical adult Guillain-Barré syndrome temporally associated with neurological illness due to EV-D68 in children, South Wales, United Kingdom, October 2015 to January 2016.
We report a cluster of atypical Guillain-Barré syndrome in 10 adults temporally related to a cluster of four children with acute flaccid paralysis, over a 3-month period in South Wales, United Kingdom. All adult cases were male, aged between 24 and 77 years. Seven had prominent facial diplegia at onset. Available electrophysiological studies showed axonal involvement in five adults. Seven reported various forms of respiratory disease before onset of neurological symptoms. The ages of children ranged from one to 13 years, three of the four were two years old or younger. Enterovirus testing is available for three chil...
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Williams CJ, Thomas RH, Pickersgill TP, Lyons M, Lowe G, Stiff RE, Moore C, Jones R, Howe R, Brunt H, Ashman A, Mason BW Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Evaluation of immunochromatographic tests for the rapid detection of the emerging GII.17 norovirus in stool samples, January 2016.
lay K Abstract A novel GII.17 norovirus emerged in Asia in the winter of 2014/15. A worldwide spread is conceivable and norovirus diagnostic assays need to be evaluated to investigate if they adequately detect this emerging genotype. Seven immunochromatographic kits commercially available in Europe were evaluated on ten stool samples where GII.17 virus had been quantified by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. All the kits detected GII.17 with various sensitivities, partly depending on the virus titre. PMID: 26848594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Théry L, Bidalot M, Pothier P, Ambert-Balay K Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Genotyping and strain distribution of Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis isolated from humans and pigs in Belgium, 2011-2013.
s V Abstract Mycobacterium avium represents a health concern for both humans and pigs. The characterisation of its subspecies is an important step improving the understanding of the epidemiology and the control of this pathogen. Ninety-two human M. avium strains were selected for a retrospective study. Subspecies determination by rpoB sequencing and IS1245/IS901 analysis showed that 98.9% of Belgian human M. avium strains belong to the subspecies hominissuis (MAH). Some of these MAH strains present particular IS1245/IS901 profiles (absence of IS1245 and false IS901 detection provoked by the presence of ISMav6). In...
Source: Euro Surveill - January 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vluggen C, Soetaert K, Duytschaever L, Denoël J, Fauville-Dufaux M, Smeets F, Bruffaerts N, Huygen K, Fretin D, Rigouts L, Saegerman C, Mathys V Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Mutations acquired during cell culture isolation may affect antigenic characterisation of influenza A(H3N2) clade 3C.2a viruses.
Abstract As elsewhere, few (
Source: Euro Surveill - January 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Skowronski DM, Sabaiduc S, Chambers C, Eshaghi A, Gubbay JB, Krajden M, Drews SJ, Martineau C, De Serres G, Dickinson JA, Winter AL, Bastien N, Li Y Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

International linkage of two food-borne hepatitis A clusters through traceback of mussels, the Netherlands, 2012.
In conclusion, a small number of patients in a non-endemic area led to geographically dispersed hepatitis A outbreaks with food as vehicle. This link would have gone unnoticed without sequence analyses and international collaboration. PMID: 26836217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Boxman IL, Verhoef L, Vennema H, Ngui SL, Friesema IH, Whiteside C, Lees D, Koopmans M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

In-season and out-of-season variation of rotavirus genotype distribution and age of infection across 12 European countries before the introduction of routine vaccination, 2007/08 to 2012/13.
ara M Abstract The EuroRotaNet surveillance network has conducted rotavirus genotype surveillance since 2007 in 16 European countries. Using epidemiological and microbiological data from 39,786 genotyped rotavirus-positive specimens collected between September 2007 and August 2013, we assessed genotype distribution and age distribution of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) cases in and out of peak season in 12 countries which were yet to implement routine rotavirus vaccination. In multinomial multivariate logistic regression, adjusting for year, country and age, the odds of infection caused by genotype-constellation...
Source: Euro Surveill - January 14, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hungerford D, Vivancos R, EuroRotaNet network members, Read JM, Pitzer VE, Cunliffe N, French N, Iturriza-Gómara M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Zika virus infection in a traveller returning from the Maldives, June 2015.
We report a Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in a patient with fever and rash after returning to Finland from Maldives, June 2015. The patient had dengue virus (DENV) IgG and IgM antibodies but pan-flavivirus RT-PCR and subsequent sequencing showed presence of ZIKV RNA in urine. Recent association of ZIKV with microcephaly highlights the need for laboratory differentiation of ZIKV from DENV infection and the circulation of ZIKV in areas outside its currently known distribution range. PMID: 26794427 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 14, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Korhonen EM, Huhtamo E, Smura T, Kallio-Kokko H, Raassina M, Vapalahti O Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Three vole species and one (?) novel arvicolid hantavirus pathogen: Tula virus revisited.
PMID: 26794642 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 14, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Clement J, Van Ranst M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Multidrug-resistant organisms detected in refugee patients admitted to a University Hospital, Germany June‒December 2015.
t C Abstract Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR GNB) were found to colonise 60.8% (95% confidence interval: 52.3-68.9) of 143 refugee patients mainly from Syria (47), Afghanistan (29), and Somalia (14) admitted to the University Hospital Frankfurt, Germany, between June and December 2015. This percentage exceeds the prevalence of MDR GNB in resident patients four-fold. Healthcare personnel should be aware of this and the need to implement or adapt adequate infection control measures. PMID: 26794850 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 14, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Reinheimer C, Kempf VA, Göttig S, Hogardt M, Wichelhaus TA, O'Rourke F, Brandt C Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

The year past and the year ahead - some facts and figures about Eurosurveillance.
PMID: 26778107 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Imported cholera with acute renal failure after a short business-trip to the Philippines, Germany, October 2015.
r J Abstract A German businessman developed acute watery diarrhoea after a three-day trip to the Philippines. He was admitted with severe hypotension and acute renal failure, but recovered with rapid rehydration. Vibrio cholerae O1 serotype Ogawa was isolated. Physicians need to be aware of endemic cholera in Asia including the Philippines and consider this in their pre-travel advice. PMID: 26767388 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Slesak G, Fleck R, Jacob D, Grunow R, Schäfer J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Evidence for a permanent presence of schistosomiasis in Corsica, France, 2015.
We present a case of acute schistosomiasis acquired in Corsica after bathing in the Cavu River during the summer of 2015. The diagnosis was made following epidemiological, laboratory and serological assessments. After a previous outbreak of urogenital schistosomiasis during the summer of 2013, when more than 120 infections were diagnosed, this further case indicates transmission was still effective in 2015, thus suggesting a permanent presence of schistosomiasis in Corsica. PMID: 26767427 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - January 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Berry A, Fillaux J, Martin-Blondel G, Boissier J, Iriart X, Marchou B, Magnaval JF, Delobel P Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Tuberculosis treatment outcome in the European Union and European Economic Area: an analysis of surveillance data from 2002‒2011.
Abstract Monitoring the treatment outcome (TO) of tuberculosis (TB) is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention and to identify potential barriers for TB control. The global target is to reach a treatment success rate (TSR) of at least 85%. We aimed to assess the TB TO in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) between 2002 and 2011, and to identify factors associated with unsuccessful treatment. Only 18 countries reported information on TO for the whole observation period accounting for 250,854 new culture-confirmed pulmonary TB cases. The 85% target of TSR was not reached in any...
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Karo B, Hauer B, Hollo V, van der Werf MJ, Fiebig L, Haas W Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Meningococcal vaccine antigen diversity in global databases.
Abstract The lack of an anti-capsular vaccine against serogroup B meningococcal disease has necessitated the exploration of alternative vaccine candidates, mostly proteins exhibiting varying degrees of antigenic variation. Analysis of variants of antigen-encoding genes is facilitated by publicly accessible online sequence repositories, such as the Neisseria PubMLST database and the associated Meningitis Research Foundation Meningococcus Genome Library (MRF-MGL). We investigated six proposed meningococcal vaccine formulations by deducing the prevalence of their components in the isolates represented in these reposi...
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Brehony C, Hill DM, Lucidarme J, Borrow R, Maiden MC Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Detection of mcr-1 encoding plasmid-mediated colistin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from human bloodstream infection and imported chicken meat, Denmark 2015.
This report follows a recent detection of mcr-1 in E. coli from animals, food and humans in China. PMID: 26676364 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hasman H, Hammerum AM, Hansen F, Hendriksen RS, Olesen B, Agersø Y, Zankari E, Leekitcharoenphon P, Stegger M, Kaas RS, Cavaco LM, Hansen DS, Aarestrup FM, Skov RL Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in dromedary camels in Nigeria, 2015.
Abstract Evidence of current and past Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in dromedary camels slaughtered at an abattoir in Kano, Nigeria in January 2015, was sought by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and serology. MERS-CoV RNA was detected in 14 (11%) of 132 nasal swabs and antibody in 126 (96%) of 131 serum samples. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that the viruses in Nigeria are genetically distinct from those reported in the Arabian peninsula. PMID: 26676406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chu DK, Oladipo JO, Perera RA, Kuranga SA, Chan SM, Poon LL, Peiris M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(45).
PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(45). Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(47).
PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(47). Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Rapid increase in lymphogranuloma venereum in men who have sex with men, United Kingdom, 2003 to September 2015.
Abstract United Kingdom (UK) national data show a sharp increase in diagnoses of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) since 2012. Most cases are in men who have sex with men (MSM) living in London, with high rates of co-infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. In light of these data, and the recent finding that one quarter of LGV infections may be asymptomatic, clinicians should be vigilant in testing for LGV, including in asymptomatic HIV-positive MSM. PMID: 26675210 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Childs T, Simms I, Alexander S, Eastick K, Hughes G, Field N Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Assessing the impacts of the first year of rotavirus vaccination in the United Kingdom.
Abstract The United Kingdom (UK) added rotavirus (RV) vaccine (Rotarix GlaxoSmithKline) to the national vaccine schedule in July 2013. During the 2012-2014 rotavirus seasons, children presenting to the Bristol Royal Hospital for Children Emergency Department with gastroenteritis symptoms had stool virology analysis (real-time PCR) and clinical outcome recorded. Nosocomial cases were identified as patients with non-gastroenteritis diagnosis testing positive for rotavirus> 48h after admission. In comparison to average pre-vaccine seasons, in the first year after vaccine introduction there were 48% fewer attendanc...
Source: Euro Surveill - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marlow R, Muir P, Vipond B, Lyttle M, Trotter C, Finn A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Detection of macrolide resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in England, September 2014 to September 2015.
This study aims to impact by highlighting the presence of macrolide resistance in M. pneumoniae positive patients, promoting increased clinical vigilance. PMID: 26675545 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Brown RJ, Macfarlane-Smith L, Phillips S, Chalker VJ Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Shigellosis in refugees, Austria, July to November 2015.
We report on a cluster of shigellosis including 21 cases in refugees and two in local residents who worked in refugee transit centres, detected in Austria in 2015, between calendar weeks 29 and 47. The species isolated from the cluster cases, including one mixed infection, were S. sonnei (n = 13), S. flexneri (n = 10) and S. boydii (n = 1). Eleven of 18 tested isolates were extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive, including five of six ciprofloxacin-resistant and three azithromycin-resistant isolates. PMID: 26676065 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lederer I, Taus K, Allerberger F, Fenkart S, Spina A, Springer B, Schmid D Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Duration of Ebola virus RNA persistence in semen of survivors: population-level estimates and projections.
Abstract Ebola virus can persist in semen after recovery, potentially for months, which may impact the duration of enhanced surveillance required after interruption of transmission. We combined recent data on viral RNA persistence with weekly disease incidence to estimate the current number of semen-positive men in affected West African countries. We find the number is low, and since few reported sexual transmission events have occurred, the future risk is also likely low, although sexual health promotion remains critical. PMID: 26676163 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eggo RM, Watson CH, Camacho A, Kucharski AJ, Funk S, Edmunds WJ Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2015;20(46).
PMID: 26624807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - November 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Late presentation for HIV care across Europe: update from the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) study, 2010 to 2013.
Abstract Late presentation (LP) for HIV care across Europe remains a significant issue. We provide a cross-European update from 34 countries on the prevalence and risk factors of LP for 2010-2013. People aged ≥ 16 presenting for HIV care (earliest of HIV-diagnosis, first clinic visit or cohort enrolment) after 1 January 2010 with available CD4 count within six months of presentation were included. LP was defined as presentation with a CD4 count 
Source: Euro Surveill - November 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: late presenters working group in COHERE in EuroCoord Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Trends in HIV surveillance data in the EU/EEA, 2005 to 2014: new HIV diagnoses still increasing in men who have sex with men.
Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission remains significant in Europe. Rates of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have declined, but not in all countries. New HIV diagnoses have increased among native and foreign-born men who have sex with men. Median CD4(+) T-cell count at diagnosis has increased, but not in all groups, and late diagnosis remains common. HIV infection and AIDS can be eliminated in Europe with resolute prevention measures, early diagnosis and access to effective treatment. PMID: 26625124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - November 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pharris A, Quinten C, Tavoschi L, Spiteri G, Amato-Gauci AJ, ECDC HIV/AIDS Surveillance Network Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

The utility of multiple molecular methods including whole genome sequencing as tools to differentiate Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks.
Abstract A standardised method for determining Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain relatedness using whole genome sequencing or virulence gene profiling is not yet established. We sought to assess the capacity of either high-throughput polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of 49 virulence genes, core-genome single nt variants (SNVs) or k-mer clustering to discriminate between outbreak-associated and sporadic E. coli O157:H7 isolates. Three outbreaks and multiple sporadic isolates from the province of Alberta, Canada were included in the study. Two of the outbreaks occurred concurrently in 2014 and one occurred in 2012. Puls...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Berenger BM, Berry C, Peterson T, Fach P, Delannoy S, Li V, Tschetter L, Nadon C, Honish L, Louie M, Chui L Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

International travel and acquisition of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: a systematic review.
Abstract International travel is considered to be an important risk factor for acquisition of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MRE). The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effect of international travel on the risk of post-travel faecal carriage of MRE. Secondary outcomes were risk factors for acquisition of MRE. A systematic search for relevant literature in seven international databases was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Articles needed to report on (i) foreign travel, (ii) screening of asymptomatic participant...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hassing RJ, Alsma J, Arcilla MS, van Genderen PJ, Stricker BH, Verbon A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Epidemiological investigation and case-control study: a Legionnaires' disease outbreak associated with cooling towers in Warstein, Germany, August-September 2013.
e A Abstract Between 1 August and 6 September 2013, an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease (LD) with 159 suspected cases occurred in Warstein, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The outbreak consisted of 78 laboratory-confirmed cases of LD, including one fatality, with a case fatality rate of 1%. Legionella pneumophila, serogroup 1, subtype Knoxville, sequence type 345, was identified as the epidemic strain. A case-control study was conducted to identify possible sources of infection. In univariable analysis, cases were almost five times more likely to smoke than controls (odds ratio (OR): 4.81; 95% confidence interva...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maisa A, Brockmann A, Renken F, Lück C, Pleischl S, Exner M, Daniels-Haardt I, Jurke A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Sub-Saharan African migrants living with HIV acquired after migration, France, ANRS PARCOURS study, 2012 to 2013.
urs Study Group5 Abstract We estimated the proportion of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa who acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) while living in France. Life-event and clinical information was collected in 2012 and 2013 from a random sample of HIV-infected outpatients born in sub-Saharan Africa and living in the Paris region. We assumed HIV infection in France if at least one of the following was fulfilled: (i) HIV diagnosis at least 11 years after arrival in France, (ii) at least one negative HIV test in France, (iii) sexual debut after arrival in France. Otherwise, time of HIV infection wa...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Desgrées-du-Loû A, Pannetier J, Ravalihasy A, Gosselin A, Supervie V, Panjo H, Bajos N, Lert F, Lydié N, Dray-Spira R, Parcours Study Group5 Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Intensive care unit surveillance of influenza infection in France: the 2009/10 pandemic and the three subsequent seasons.
We present results from the system's first four years. All severe influenza cases admitted to intensive care units (ICU) were reported to the Institut de Veille Sanitaire using a standardised form: data on demographics, immunisation and virological status, risk factors, severity (e.g. acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) onset, mechanical ventilation, extracorporeal life support) and outcome. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors associated with ARDS and death. The number of confirmed influenza cases varied from 1,210 in 2009/10 to 321 in 2011/12. Most ICU patients were infected with A(H1N1)pdm09, e...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bonmarin I, Belchior E, Bergounioux J, Brun-Buisson C, Mégarbane B, Chappert JL, Hubert B, Le Strat Y, Lévy-Bruhl D Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Incidence of invasive meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in Germany, 2010 to 2014.
Abstract Voluntary surveillance systems in Germany suggest a recent decline in the incidence of infections (subsequent to at least 2010) with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from various types of specimens and settings. We asked whether this decline is reflected by data from the mandatory national surveillance system for invasive MRSA infections. Our analysis is based on the population in Germany in 2010 to 2014. Cases were identified from passive reporting by microbiological laboratories of the diagnosis of MRSA from blood culture or cerebrospinal fluid. Respective clinical data were subsequentl...
Source: Euro Surveill - November 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Walter J, Haller S, Blank HP, Eckmanns T, Abu Sin M, Hermes J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

ECDC publishes 2014 surveillance data on antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial consumption in Europe.
PMID: 26607473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - November 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research