A modified chain binomial model to analyse the ongoing measles epidemic in Greece, July 2017 to February 2018.
Abstract Greece is currently experiencing a large measles outbreak, in the context of multiple similar outbreaks across Europe. We devised and applied a modified chain-binomial epidemic model, requiring very simple data, to estimate the transmission parameters of this outbreak. Model results indicate sustained measles transmission among the Greek Roma population, necessitating a targeted mass vaccination campaign to halt further spread of the epidemic. Our model may be useful for other countries facing similar measles outbreaks. PMID: 29717695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lytras T, Georgakopoulou T, Tsiodras S Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Extension of French vaccination mandates: from the recommendation of the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination to the law.
lon F Abstract On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018. Parents who do not fulfil the mandate will not...
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lévy-Bruhl D, Desenclos JC, Quelet S, Bourdillon F Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Adverse events following immunisation with a meningococcal serogroup B vaccine: report from post-marketing surveillance, Germany, 2013 to 2016.
Conclusions: The safety profile described in the Summary of Product Characteristics, in general, is confirmed by data from spontaneous reporting. No safety concerns were identified. PMID: 29717697 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mentzer D, Oberle D, Keller-Stanislawski B Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Life in vaccine science - a conversation with Stanley Plotkin at the 4th Conference on Vaccines in Dubrovnik, Croatia, September 2017.
PMID: 29717698 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Musa S Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Impact of infectious diseases on population health using incidence-based disability-adjusted life years (DALYs): results from the Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe study, European Union and European Economic Area countries, 2009 to 2013.
Conclusions: These results provide baseline estimates for evaluating infectious disease prevention and control strategies. The study promotes an evidence-based approach to describing population health and assessing surveillance data availability and quality, and provides information for the planning and prioritisation of limited resources in infectious disease prevention and control. PMID: 29692315 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cassini A, Colzani E, Pini A, Mangen MJ, Plass D, McDonald SA, Maringhini G, van Lier A, Haagsma JA, Havelaar AH, Kramarz P, Kretzschmar ME, On Behalf Of The BCoDE Consortium Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Extended screening for infectious diseases among newly-arrived asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, Verona province, Italy, April 2014 to June 2015.
Conclusions: The screening of viral diseases is questionable because of low prevalence and/or long-term, expensive treatments. For opposing reasons, helminthic infections are probably worth to be targeted by screening strategies in asylum seekers of selected countries of origin. PMID: 29692316 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Buonfrate D, Gobbi F, Marchese V, Postiglione C, Badona Monteiro G, Giorli G, Napoletano G, Bisoffi Z Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Implementation of MenACWY vaccination because of ongoing increase in serogroup W invasive meningococcal disease, the Netherlands, 2018.
Abstract The annual incidence rate of serogroup W invasive meningococcal disease in the Netherlands increased from 
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Knol MJ, Ruijs WL, Antonise-Kamp L, de Melker HE, van der Ende A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Special issue on advanced diagnostics to inform public health policy - deadline extended to 13 May 2018.
PMID: 29692318 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
PMID: 29692319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Genomic non-coding regions reveal hidden patterns of mumps virus circulation in Spain, 2005 to 2015.
Conclusion: We suggest to consider their use in conjunction with the SH gene in the future WHO recommendations for MuV epidemiological surveillance. PMID: 29667574 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gavilán AM, Fernández-García A, Rueda A, Castellanos A, Masa-Calles J, López-Perea N, Torres de Mier MV, de Ory F, Echevarría JE Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

A cluster of two human cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) transmitted by unpasteurised goat milk and cheese in Germany, May 2016.
Abstract In May 2016, two cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were confirmed by serology (positive IgM and IgG antibodies against TBE virus (TBEV) in serum), with a possible link to raw milk and cheese from a goat farm in a region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany not previously known as TBE-endemic. The outbreak investigation identified 32 consumers of goat dairy products (29 consumers, one farm employee, two owners) of whom none had IgM antibodies against TBEV 3-8 weeks after consumption. Of the 27 notified TBE cases in the State, none reported consumption of raw goat milk or cheese from the suspected farm. ...
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Brockmann SO, Oehme R, Buckenmaier T, Beer M, Jeffery-Smith A, Spannenkrebs M, Haag-Milz S, Wagner-Wiening C, Schlegel C, Fritz J, Zange S, Bestehorn M, Lindau A, Hoffmann D, Tiberi S, Mackenstedt U, Dobler G Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Case of seasonal reassortant A(H1N2) influenza virus infection, the Netherlands, March 2018.
Abstract A seasonal reassortant A(H1N2) influenza virus harbouring genome segments from seasonal influenza viruses A(H1N1)pdm09 (HA and NS) and A(H3N2) (PB2, PB1, PA, NP, NA and M) was identified in March 2018 in a 19-months-old patient with influenza-like illness (ILI) who presented to a general practitioner participating in the routine sentinel surveillance of ILI in the Netherlands. The patient recovered fully. Further epidemiological and virological investigation did not reveal additional cases. PMID: 29667576 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Meijer A, Swaan CM, Voerknecht M, Jusic E, van den Brink S, Wijsman LA, Voordouw BC, Donker GA, Sleven J, Dorigo-Zetsma WW, Svraka S, van Boven M, Haverkate MR, Timen A, van Dissel JT, Koopmans MP, Bestebroer TM, Fouchier RA Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

People living with undiagnosed HIV infection and a low CD4 count: estimates from surveillance data, Italy, 2012 to 2014.
Abstract Background and aimsLate HIV diagnosis is associated with onward HIV transmission, higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. In Italy, more than half of people living with HIV were diagnosed late during the last decade, with a CD4 count 
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Regine V, Dorrucci M, Pezzotti P, Mammone A, Quinten C, Pharris A, Suligoi B, The Regional Representatives Of The National Hiv Surveillance System Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening for active tuberculosis among migrants in the EU/EEA: a systematic review.
Discussion: Screening programmes for active TB are most efficient when targeting migrants from higher TB incidence countries. The limited number of studies identified and the heterogeneous evidence highlight the need for further data to inform screening programmes for migrants in the EU/EEA. PMID: 29637888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Greenaway C, Pareek M, Abou Chakra CN, Walji M, Makarenko I, Alabdulkarim B, Hogan C, McConnell T, Scarfo B, Christensen R, Tran A, Rowbotham N, Noori T, van der Werf MJ, Pottie K, Matteelli A, Zenner D, Morton RL Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening for latent tuberculosis among migrants in the EU/EEA: a systematic review.
Discussion: The effectiveness of LTBI programmes is limited by the large pool of migrants with LTBI, poorly predictive tests, long treatments and a weak care cascade. Targeted LTBI programmes that ensure high screening uptake and treatment completion will have greatest individual and public health benefit. PMID: 29637889 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Greenaway C, Pareek M, Abou Chakra CN, Walji M, Makarenko I, Alabdulkarim B, Hogan C, McConnell T, Scarfo B, Christensen R, Tran A, Rowbotham N, van der Werf MJ, Noori T, Pottie K, Matteelli A, Zenner D, Morton RL Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

West Nile virus outbreak in humans and epidemiological surveillance, west Andalusia, Spain, 2016.
e-Gómez S, Ruiz-Fernández J Abstract In Andalusia, Spain, West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance takes place from April to November, during the active vector period. Within this area seroconversion to this virus was evidenced in wild birds in 2004, affecting horses and two humans for the first time in 2010. Since 2010, the virus has been isolated every year in horses, and national and regional surveillance plans have been updated with the epidemiological changes found. WNV is spreading rapidly throughout southern Europe and has caused outbreaks in humans. Here we describe the second WNV outbreak in human...
Source: Euro Surveill - April 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: López-Ruiz N, Montaño-Remacha MDC, Durán-Pla E, Pérez-Ruiz M, Navarro-Marí JM, Salamanca-Rivera C, Miranda B, Oyonarte-Gómez S, Ruiz-Fernández J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Candida auris: epidemiological situation, laboratory capacity and preparedness in European Union and European Economic Area countries, 2013 to 2017.
Abstract During 2013-2017, 620 cases of Candida auris were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area - 466 (75.2%) colonisations, 110 (17.7%) bloodstream infections, 40 (6.5%) other infections and four cases (0.6%) of unknown colonisation/infection status - the majority from four large outbreaks. Survey results showed that several countries lacked laboratory capacity and/or information on the occurrence of cases at national level. To prevent further spread, adequate laboratory capacity and infection control preparedness is required in Europe. PMID: 29616608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kohlenberg A, Struelens MJ, Monnet DL, Plachouras D, The Candida Auris Survey Collaborative Group Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
PMID: 29616609 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

A case of respiratory toxigenic diphtheria: contact tracing results and considerations following a 30-year disease-free interval, Catalonia, Spain, 2015.
ona S, Pumarola T Abstract In May 2015, following a 30-year diphtheria-free interval in Catalonia, an unvaccinated 6-year-old child was diagnosed with diphtheria caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae. After a difficult search for equine-derived diphtheria antitoxin (DAT), the child received the DAT 4 days later but died at the end of June. Two hundred and seventeen contacts were identified in relation to the index case, and their vaccination statuses were analysed, updated and completed. Of these, 140 contacts underwent physical examination and throat swabs were taken from them for analysis. Results were...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jané M, Vidal MJ, Camps N, Campins M, Martínez A, Balcells J, Martin-Gomez MT, Bassets G, Herrera-León S, Foguet A, Maresma M, Follia N, Uriona S, Pumarola T Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Dominant influenza A(H3N2) and B/Yamagata virus circulation in EU/EEA, 2016/17 and 2017/18 seasons, respectively.
Abstract We use surveillance data to describe influenza A and B virus circulation over two consecutive seasons with excess all-cause mortality in Europe, especially in people aged 60 years and older. Influenza A(H3N2) virus dominated in 2016/17 and B/Yamagata in 2017/18. The latter season was prolonged with positivity rates above 50% among sentinel detections for at least 12 weeks. With a current west-east geographical spread, high influenza activity might still be expected in eastern Europe. PMID: 29616611 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Adlhoch C, Snacken R, Melidou A, Ionescu S, Penttinen P, The European Influenza Surveillance Network Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

In the national epidemiological bulletins - a selection from recent issues.
PMID: 29616613 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Rise and fall of outbreak-specific clone inside endemic pulsotype of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:-; insights from high-resolution molecular surveillance in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, 2012 to 2015.
Conclusions: The study provided evidence for the remarkable prevention potential of whole genome sequencing used as a routine tool in systems that integrate human, food and animal surveillance. PMID: 29616614 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Morganti M, Bolzoni L, Scaltriti E, Casadei G, Carra E, Rossi L, Gherardi P, Faccini F, Arrigoni N, Sacchi AR, Delledonne M, Pongolini S Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Note from the editors: World Tuberculosis Day 2018 and Special issue-Screening and prevention of infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants in Europe.
PMID: 29589576 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Scotland: evidence of recent increase in viral circulation in humans.
Abstract BackgroundPrevious studies showed low levels of circulating hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Scotland. We aimed to reassess current Scottish HEV epidemiology. Methods: Blood donor samples from five Scottish blood centres, the minipools for routine HEV screening and liver transplant recipients were tested for HEV antibodies and RNA to determine seroprevalence and viraemia. Blood donor data were compared with results from previous studies covering 2004-08. Notified laboratory-confirmed hepatitis E cases (2009-16) were extracted from national surveillance data. Viraemic samples from blood donors (2016) and chronic...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Thom K, Gilhooly P, McGowan K, Malloy K, Jarvis LM, Crossan C, Scobie L, Blatchford O, Smith-Palmer A, Donnelly MC, Davidson JS, Johannessen I, Simpson KJ, Dalton HR, Petrik J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Universal screening for latent and active tuberculosis (TB) in asylum seeking children, Bochum and Hamburg, Germany, September 2015 to November 2016.
Conclusions: Asylum seeking children from high and low incidence countries are both at risk of developing LTBI or active TB. Universal TB screening for all asylum seeking children should be considered. PMID: 29589578 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mueller-Hermelink M, Kobbe R, Methling B, Rau C, Schulze-Sturm U, Auer I, Ahrens F, Brinkmann F Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Field investigation with real-time virus genetic characterisation support of a cluster of Ebola virus disease cases in Dubr éka, Guinea, April to June 2015.
We describe the epidemiological and molecular investigations of this event. We used the Dubréka EVD registers and the Ebola treatment centre's (ETC) records to characterise chains of transmission. Real-time field Ebola virus sequencing was employed to support epidemiological results. An epidemiological cluster of 32 cases was found, of which 27 were laboratory confirmed, 24 were isolated and 20 died. Real-time viral sequencing on 12 cases demonstrated SL3 lineage viruses with sequences differing by one to three nt inside a single phylogenetic cluster. For isolated cases, the average time between symptom onset and ET...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pini A, Zomahoun D, Duraffour S, Derrough T, Charles M, Quick J, Loman N, Cowley L, Leno M, Ouedraogo N, Thiam O, Hernández-Romieu A, Iko A, Keita H, Konate D, Soumah AA, Bouchouar E, Ileka-Priouzeau S, Keita S, Diallo B, Cisse F, Jansa J, Carroll M, Gü Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Increased risk of yellow fever infections among unvaccinated European travellers due to ongoing outbreak in Brazil, July 2017 to March 2018.
Abstract Since December 2016, Brazil has faced a large outbreak of yellow fever with ca 1,500 confirmed human cases. In the first 2 months of 2018, Brazil reported almost as many cases as in 2017 as a whole. In these 2 months, five imported cases were reported among unvaccinated European travellers. Three had travelled to Ilha Grande, a popular destination among European tourists. Physicians and European travellers visiting Brazil should follow yellow fever vaccination recommendations. PMID: 29560853 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gossner CM, Haussig JM, de Bellegarde de Saint Lary C, Kaasik Aaslav K, Schlagenhauf P, Sudre B Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Moving epidemic method (MEM) applied to virology data as a novel real time tool to predict peak in seasonal influenza healthcare utilisation. The Scottish experience of the 2017/18 season to date.
We report the application of the moving epidemic method (MEM) to virology data as a tool to predict the influenza peak activity period and peak week of swab positivity in the current season. This novel MEM application has been successful locally and is believed to be of potential use to other countries for healthcare planning and building wider community resilience. PMID: 29560854 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Murray JLK, Marques DFP, Cameron RL, Potts A, Bishop J, von Wissmann B, William N, Reynolds AJ, Robertson C, McMenamin J Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Integrating hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV screening into tuberculosis entry screening for migrants in the Netherlands, 2013 to 2015.
Abstract We evaluated uptake and diagnostic outcomes of voluntary hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) screening offered during routine tuberculosis entry screening to migrants in Gelderland and Amsterdam, the Netherlands, between 2013 and 2015. In Amsterdam, HIV screening was also offered. Overall, 54% (461/859) accepted screening. Prevalence of chronic HBV infection (HBsAg-positive) and HCV exposure (anti-HCV-positive) in Gelderland was 4.48% (9/201; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.37-8.29) and 0.99% (2/203; 95% CI: 0.27-3.52), respectively, all infections were newly diagnosed. Prevalence of chronic...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bil JP, Schrooders PA, Prins M, Kouw PM, Klomp JH, Scholing M, Huijbregts LP, Sonder GJ, Waegemaekers TC, de Vries HJ, Meijer W, Zuure FR, Tostmann A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Find and treat or find and lose? Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among screened newly arrived asylum seekers in Germany 2002 to 2014.
Conclusion: Screened asylum seekers had poorer treatment outcomes and were more often lost to follow-up. Linking patients to treatment facilities and investigating potential barriers to treatment completion are needed to secure screening benefits for asylum seekers and communities. PMID: 29560856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kuehne A, Hauer B, Brodhun B, Haas W, Fiebig L Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Screening for infectious diseases among newly arrived asylum seekers, Bavaria, Germany, 2015.
Conclusions: These results show that mandatory screening during 2015 in Bavaria yielded overall low positivity rates for all tested infectious diseases in asylum seekers. A focus of mandatory screening on specific diseases in asylum seekers originating from countries with higher prevalence of those diseases could facilitate early diagnosis and provision of treatment to affected individuals while saving resources. PMID: 29536830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ackermann N, Marosevic D, Hörmansdorfer S, Eberle U, Rieder G, Treis B, Berger A, Bischoff H, Bengs K, Konrad R, Hautmann W, Schönberger K, Belting A, Schlenk G, Margos G, Hoch M, Pürner F, Fingerle V, Liebl B, Sing A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Outbreak of febrile gastroenteritis caused by Listeria monocytogenes 1/2a in sliced cold beef ham, Italy, May 2016.
Abstract In May 2016, two separate clusters of febrile gastroenteritis caused by Listeria monocytogenes were detected by the local health authority in Piedmont, in northern Italy. We carried out epidemiological, microbiological and traceback investigations to identify the source. The people affected were students and staff members from two different schools in two different villages located in the Province of Turin; five of them were hospitalised. The epidemiological investigation identified a cooked beef ham served at the school canteens as the source of the food-borne outbreak. L. monocytogenes was isolated from...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maurella C, Gallina S, Ru G, Adriano D, Bellio A, Bianchi DM, Chiavacci L, Crescio MI, Croce M, D'Errico V, Dupont MF, Marra A, Natangelo U, Pomilio F, Romano A, Stanzione S, Zaccaria T, Zuccon F, Caramelli M, Decastelli L Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

A concern over terminology in vaccine effectiveness studies.
PMID: 29536832 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cowling BJ, Sullivan SG Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak since November 2016 affecting men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chile connected to the current outbreak in MSM in Europe, situation up to October 2017.
We describe 12 consecutive unrelated confirmed cases who presented at our healthcare institution in Santiago Metropolitan Area. Nine were men, all reporting having had sex with men. Ten viral sequences, genotyped as IA, clustered with the V16-25801 strain causing outbreaks mostly in MSM in Europe since mid-2016. PMID: 29510780 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rivas V, Barrera A, Pino K, Núñez R, Caceres CJ, Lopez-Lastra M, Soza A Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies and chronic Q fever among post-mortal and living donors of tissues and cells from 2010 to 2015 in the Netherlands.
Abstract BackgroundAfter a large Q fever outbreak in the Netherlands in the period from 2007 to 2010, the risk of Q fever transmission through tissue and cell transplantation from undiagnosed chronic Q fever cases became a potential issue. Aim: We aimed to evaluate the risk of Q fever transmission through tissue and cell transplantation. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational cohort study among 15,133 Dutch donors of tissues and stem cells from 2010 to 2015 to assess seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies, to identify factors associated with presence of C. burnetii antibodies, and to assess th...
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: van Roeden SE, Holsboer EW, Oosterheert JJ, van Kats JP, van Beckhoven J, Hogema BM, van Wijk MJ Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Interim 2017/18 influenza seasonal vaccine effectiveness: combined results from five European studies.
Abstract Between September 2017 and February 2018, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and B viruses (mainly B/Yamagata, not included in 2017/18 trivalent vaccines) co-circulated in Europe. Interim results from five European studies indicate that, in all age groups, 2017/18 influenza vaccine effectiveness was 25 to 52% against any influenza, 55 to 68% against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, -42 to 7% against influenza A(H3N2) and 36 to 54% against influenza B. 2017/18 influenza vaccine should be promoted where influenza still circulates. PMID: 29510782 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rondy M, Kissling E, Emborg HD, Gherasim A, Pebody R, Trebbien R, Pozo F, Larrauri A, McMenamin J, Valenciano M, I-Move/I-Move Group Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Prioritisation of food-borne parasites in Europe, 2016.
Conclusions: FBP of importance in Europe differ from those of importance globally, requiring targeted surveillance systems, intervention measures, and preparedness planning that differ across the world and across Europe. PMID: 29510783 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - March 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bouwknegt M, Devleesschauwer B, Graham H, Robertson LJ, van der Giessen JW, The Euro-Fbp Workshop Participants Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Influenza vaccine effectiveness in preventing hospitalisation of individuals 60 years of age and over with laboratory-confirmed influenza, Valencia Region, Spain, influenza season 2016/17.
Conclusions: Our data show a low vaccine effectiveness for the 2016/17 influenza season. PMID: 29486829 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mira-Iglesias A, López-Labrador FX, Guglieri-López B, Tortajada-Girbés M, Baselga-Moreno V, Cano L, Mollar-Maseres J, Carballido-Fernández M, Schwarz-Chavarri G, Díez-Domingo J, Puig-Barberà J, Valencia Hospital Network For The Study Of Influenza An Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Interim estimate of influenza vaccine effectiveness in hospitalised children, Hong Kong, 2017/18.
Abstract We conducted a hospital-based test-negative study in Hong Kong to estimate influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) for the winter of 2017/18. The interim analysis included data on 1,078 children admitted between 4 December 2017 and 31 January 2018 with febrile acute respiratory illness and tested for influenza. We estimated influenza VE at 66% (95% confidence interval (CI): 43-79) overall, and 65% (95% CI: 40-80) against influenza B, the dominant virus type (predominantly B/Yamagata). PMID: 29486830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chiu SS, Kwan MYW, Feng S, Wong JSC, Leung CW, Chan ELY, Peiris JSM, Cowling BJ Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Efficiency of different control measures for preventing carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria and glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium outbreaks: a 6-year prospective study in a French multihospital institution, January 2010 to December 2015.
Abstract An infection control programme was implemented in a 21,000-bed multihospital institution for controlling the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium (GRE), classified as 'emergent extensively drug-resistant bacteria' (eXDR) in France. We evaluated factors associated with outbreaks occurrence (n = 103), which followed 901 eXDR introductions (index case followed or not by secondary cases) from 2010 to 2015. In univariate analysis, knowing that patients had been hospitalised abroad, bacterial species (GRE vs CPE, as well as the CPE ...
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fournier S, Desenfant L, Monteil C, Nion-Huang M, Richard C, Jarlier V, The Ap-Hp Outbreaks Control Group Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Effectiveness of influenza vaccine in preventing medically-attended influenza virus infection in primary care, Israel, influenza seasons 2014/15 and 2015/16.
Conclusions: Using samples from patients with ILI visiting sentinel clinics in Israel, we demonstrated the feasibility of influenza VE estimation in Israel. PMID: 29471622 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yaron-Yakoby H, Sefty H, Pando R, Dichtiar R, Katz MA, Stein Y, Mandelboim M, Mendelson E, Shohat T, Glatman-Freedman A, The Israeli Influenza Surveillance Network Iisn Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Monitoring human enteric viruses in wastewater and relevance to infections encountered in the clinical setting: a one-year experiment in central France, 2014 to 2015.
Conclusion: The environmental surveillance overcomes the sampling bias intrinsic to the study of infections associated with hospitalisation and allows the detection in real time of viral sequences genetically close to those reported in clinical specimens. PMID: 29471623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bisseux M, Colombet J, Mirand A, Roque-Afonso AM, Abravanel F, Izopet J, Archimbaud C, Peigue-Lafeuille H, Debroas D, Bailly JL, Henquell C Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Interim effectiveness of trivalent influenza vaccine in a season dominated by lineage mismatched influenza B, northern Spain, 2017/18.
In Hospitals Of Navarre Abstract The 2017/18 interim estimate of trivalent influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) was 39% (95% confidence interval: 20-54) in Navarre. Compared with individuals unvaccinated in the current and five previous seasons, VE against influenza B was 41% for current and any prior doses, 67% for current vaccination only, and 22% for any prior doses, and 43%, 51% and 54%, respectively against influenza A(H3N2). This suggests moderate VE despite predominance of lineage mismatched influenza B. PMID: 29471624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Castilla J, Navascués A, Casado I, Pérez-García A, Aguinaga A, Ezpeleta G, Pozo F, Ezpeleta C, Martínez-Baz I, Primary Health Care Sentinel Network, Network For Influenza Surveillance In Hospitals Of Navarre Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2018;23(6).
PMID: 29471625 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
PMID: 29471626 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance Editorial Team Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Pathogenicity and genetic characterisation of a novel reassortant, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 virus isolated in Korea, 2017.
Abstract We investigated influenza A(H5N6) viruses from migratory birds in Chungnam and Gyeonggi Provinces, South Korea following a reported die-off of poultry in nearby provinces in November 2017. Genetic analysis and virulence studies in chickens and ducks identified our isolate from December 2017 as a novel highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. It resulted from reassortment between the highly virulent H5N8 strain from Korea with the N6 gene from a low-pathogenic H3N6 virus from the Netherlands. PMID: 29463346 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kim YI, Si YJ, Kwon HI, Kim EH, Park SJ, Robles NJ, Nguyen HD, Yu MA, Yu KM, Lee YJ, Lee MH, Choi YK Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Impact of hepatitis B vaccination on acute hepatitis B epidemiology in European Union/European Economic Area countries, 2006 to 2014.
We describe the epidemiology of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) at country and EU/EEA level during 2006-2014. Using a multi-level mixed-effects Poisson regression model we assessed differences in the acute HBV infection notification rates between groups of countries that started universal HBV vaccination before/in vs after 1995; implemented or not a catch-up strategy; reached a vaccine coverage ≥ 95% vs 
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Miglietta A, Quinten C, Lopalco PL, Duffell E Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

High transmissibility of norovirus among infants and school children during the 2016/17 season in Osaka, Japan.
Abstract The number of person-to-person transmitted norovirus cases (n = 4,712) in school children in Osaka, Japan, during 2016/17 was the largest since 2012/13. Norovirus outbreaks were reported by 101 schools including 53 nursery schools (1,927 cases), 18 kindergartens (1,086 cases) and 30 elementary schools (1,699 cases). The dominant genotype among outbreaks was GII.P16-GII.2 (57.4%; 58/101), followed by GII.P2-GII.2 (8.9%; 9/101) and GII.P7-GII.6 (5.9%; 6/101). GII.4 was not detected despite dominance in previous years. PMID: 29439752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sakon N, Komano J, Tessmer HL, Omori R Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections in young adults - a school-based bio-behavioural study in urban areas, Poland, 2012 to 2015.
Conclusion: Our study suggested prevalence of CT infection among young people in Poland comparable with the European average, supporting implementation of a CT control programme as recommended in international guidelines. PMID: 29439753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Czerwinski M, Niedzwiedzka-Stadnik M, Zielicka-Hardy A, Tomusiak A, Sadkowska-Todys M, Zielinski A, Strus M, Heczko P, Rosinska M Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Multiplex PCR for detection of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance determinants, mcr-1, mcr-2, mcr-3, mcr-4 and mcr-5 for surveillance purposes.
Conclusions: This method allows rapid identification of mcr-positive bacteria and overcomes the challenges of phenotypic detection of colistin resistance. The multiplex PCR should be particularly interesting in settings or laboratories with limited resources for performing genetic analysis as it provides information on the mechanism of colistin resistance without requiring genome sequencing. PMID: 29439754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rebelo AR, Bortolaia V, Kjeldgaard JS, Pedersen SK, Leekitcharoenphon P, Hansen IM, Guerra B, Malorny B, Borowiak M, Hammerl JA, Battisti A, Franco A, Alba P, Perrin-Guyomard A, Granier SA, De Frutos Escobar C, Malhotra-Kumar S, Villa L, Carattoli A, Hend Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research