SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults deduced from investigations of childcare centre outbreaks, Germany, 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100433.ABSTRACTWe investigated three SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 childcare centre and related household outbreaks. Despite group cohorting, cases occurred in almost all groups, i.e. also among persons without close contact. Children's secondary attack rates (SAR) were similar to adults (childcare centres: 23% vs 30%; p = 0.15; households: 32% vs 39%; p = 0.27); child- and adult-induced household outbreaks also led to similar SAR. With the advent of B.1.1.7, susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults seem to converge. Public health measures s...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna Loenenbach Inessa Markus Ann-Sophie Lehfeld Matthias An der Heiden Walter Haas Maya Kiegele Andr é Ponzi Barbara Unger-Goldinger Cornelius Weidenauer Helen Schlosser Alexander Beile Udo Buchholz Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant < em > Klebsiella pneumoniae < /em > and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022.ABSTRACTBackgroundFrance is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate.AimThis retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates.MethodsT...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sophie Alexandra Baron Nadim Cassir Mouna Hamel Linda Hadjadj Nadia Saidani Gregory Dubourg Jean-Marc Rolain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalisation, Navarre, Spain, January to April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100438.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 vaccine effectiveness was evaluated in close contacts of cases diagnosed during January-April 2021. Among 20,961 contacts, 7,240 SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed, with 5,467 being symptomatic and 559 leading to hospitalisations. Non-brand-specific one and two dose vaccine effectiveness were respectively, 35% (95% confidence interval (CI): 25 to 44) and 66% (95% CI: 57 to 74) against infections, 42% (95% CI: 31 to 52) and 82% (95% CI: 74 to 88) against symptomatic infection, and 72% (95% CI: 47 to 85) and 95% (95% CI: 62 to 99)...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iv án Martínez-Baz Ana Miqueleiz Itziar Casado Ana Navascu és Camino Trobajo-Sanmart ín Cristina Burgui Marcela Guevara Carmen Ezpeleta Jes ús Castilla Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(47)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34047272 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Outbreak of OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales in a haematological ward associated with an uncommon environmental reservoir, France, 2016 to 2019
This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.PMID:34047273 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000118 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Jolivet Jeanne Couturier Xavier Vuillemin Cyril Gouot Didier Nesa Marine Adam Eolia Brissot Mohamad Mohty R émy A Bonnin Laurent Dortet Fr édéric Barbut Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults deduced from investigations of childcare centre outbreaks, Germany, 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100433.ABSTRACTWe investigated three SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 childcare centre and related household outbreaks. Despite group cohorting, cases occurred in almost all groups, i.e. also among persons without close contact. Children's secondary attack rates (SAR) were similar to adults (childcare centres: 23% vs 30%; p = 0.15; households: 32% vs 39%; p = 0.27); child- and adult-induced household outbreaks also led to similar SAR. With the advent of B.1.1.7, susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults seem to converge. Public health measures s...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna Loenenbach Inessa Markus Ann-Sophie Lehfeld Matthias An der Heiden Walter Haas Maya Kiegele Andr é Ponzi Barbara Unger-Goldinger Cornelius Weidenauer Helen Schlosser Alexander Beile Udo Buchholz Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant < em > Klebsiella pneumoniae < /em > and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022.ABSTRACTBackgroundFrance is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate.AimThis retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates.MethodsT...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sophie Alexandra Baron Nadim Cassir Mouna Hamel Linda Hadjadj Nadia Saidani Gregory Dubourg Jean-Marc Rolain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalisation, Navarre, Spain, January to April 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100438.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 vaccine effectiveness was evaluated in close contacts of cases diagnosed during January-April 2021. Among 20,961 contacts, 7,240 SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed, with 5,467 being symptomatic and 559 leading to hospitalisations. Non-brand-specific one and two dose vaccine effectiveness were respectively, 35% (95% confidence interval (CI): 25 to 44) and 66% (95% CI: 57 to 74) against infections, 42% (95% CI: 31 to 52) and 82% (95% CI: 74 to 88) against symptomatic infection, and 72% (95% CI: 47 to 85) and 95% (95% CI: 62 to 99)...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iv án Martínez-Baz Ana Miqueleiz Itziar Casado Ana Navascu és Camino Trobajo-Sanmart ín Cristina Burgui Marcela Guevara Carmen Ezpeleta Jes ús Castilla Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(47)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34047272 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.210527e (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Outbreak of OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales in a haematological ward associated with an uncommon environmental reservoir, France, 2016 to 2019
This study highlights that toilets can be a possible source of transmission of OXA-48 CPE.PMID:34047273 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000118 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah Jolivet Jeanne Couturier Xavier Vuillemin Cyril Gouot Didier Nesa Marine Adam Eolia Brissot Mohamad Mohty R émy A Bonnin Laurent Dortet Fr édéric Barbut Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults deduced from investigations of childcare centre outbreaks, Germany, 2021
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(21). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2100433.ABSTRACTWe investigated three SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 childcare centre and related household outbreaks. Despite group cohorting, cases occurred in almost all groups, i.e. also among persons without close contact. Children's secondary attack rates (SAR) were similar to adults (childcare centres: 23% vs 30%; p = 0.15; households: 32% vs 39%; p = 0.27); child- and adult-induced household outbreaks also led to similar SAR. With the advent of B.1.1.7, susceptibility and infectiousness of children and adults seem to converge. Public health measures s...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna Loenenbach Inessa Markus Ann-Sophie Lehfeld Matthias An der Heiden Walter Haas Maya Kiegele Andr é Ponzi Barbara Unger-Goldinger Cornelius Weidenauer Helen Schlosser Alexander Beile Udo Buchholz Source Type: research

The potential for vaccination-induced herd immunity against the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20):2100428. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100428.ABSTRACTWe assess the feasibility of reaching the herd immunity threshold against SARS-CoV-2 through vaccination, considering vaccine effectiveness (VE), transmissibility of the virus and the level of pre-existing immunity in populations, as well as their age structure. If highly transmissible variants of concern become dominant in areas with low levels of naturally-acquired immunity and/or in populations with large proportions of
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Hodgson Stefan Flasche Mark Jit Adam J Kucharski CMMID COVID-19 Working Group Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease (CMMID) COVID-19 Working Group Source Type: research

Correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;26(19)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20):210520c. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34018482 | PMC:PMC8138962 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes varied markedly across SES, underscoring the need to implement effective preventive strategies for vulnerable populations.PMID:34018483 | PMC:PMC8138960 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2001138 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julieta Politi Mario Mart ín-Sánchez Lilas Mercuriali Blanca Borras-Bermejo Joaqu ín Lopez-Contreras Anna Vilella Judit Villar COVID-19 Surveillance Working Group of Barcelona Angels Orcau Patricia Garcia de Olalla Cristina Rius Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak associated with consumption of dates, England and Wales, January 2021 to April 2021
We report a national hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak linked to the consumption of Medjool dates. Twenty-nine cases of three genetically related sequences have been identified. Epidemiological investigations identified a suspected product (adjusted odds ratio: 47.36; 95% confidence interval: 1.79-1,256.07; p = 0.021). Microbiological testing has confirmed the presence of HAV on dates recovered from two cases and the product has been recalled. Date consumption is currently likely to be increased in connection with Ramadan, with potential ongoing contamination risk.PMID:34018484 | PMC:PMC8138963 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.20...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tatiana Garcia Vilaplana David Leeman Koye Balogun Siew Lin Ngui Emily Phipps Wazirzada M Khan Incident Team Sooria Balasegaram Source Type: research

Pitfalls of rubella serology while on the brink of elimination: evaluation of national data, Belgium, 2017
ConclusionThis retrospective analysis shows that rubella serology results may differ considerably according to the assay used. It is therefore important to use the same test when comparing results or performing follow-up testing. The number of anti-rubella IgM analyses was very high. Incorrect use of IgM for screening women of childbearing age can lead to unwarranted anxiety and overuse of confirmation tests.PMID:34018485 | PMC:PMC8138961 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2000074 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sofie Colman Kris Vernelen Bernard China Dorien Van den Bossche Laura Cornelissen Marie-Luce Delforge Marijke Reynders Mario Berth Melissa Depypere Natasja Van Gasse Sara Vijgen Jos Van Acker An Boel Elizaveta Padalko Source Type: research

The potential for vaccination-induced herd immunity against the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20):2100428. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100428.ABSTRACTWe assess the feasibility of reaching the herd immunity threshold against SARS-CoV-2 through vaccination, considering vaccine effectiveness (VE), transmissibility of the virus and the level of pre-existing immunity in populations, as well as their age structure. If highly transmissible variants of concern become dominant in areas with low levels of naturally-acquired immunity and/or in populations with large proportions of
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Hodgson Stefan Flasche Mark Jit Adam J Kucharski CMMID COVID-19 Working Group Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease (CMMID) COVID-19 Working Group Source Type: research

Correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;26(19)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20):210520c. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34018482 | PMC:PMC8138962 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes varied markedly across SES, underscoring the need to implement effective preventive strategies for vulnerable populations.PMID:34018483 | PMC:PMC8138960 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2001138 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julieta Politi Mario Mart ín-Sánchez Lilas Mercuriali Blanca Borras-Bermejo Joaqu ín Lopez-Contreras Anna Vilella Judit Villar COVID-19 Surveillance Working Group of Barcelona Angels Orcau Patricia Garcia de Olalla Cristina Rius Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak associated with consumption of dates, England and Wales, January 2021 to April 2021
We report a national hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak linked to the consumption of Medjool dates. Twenty-nine cases of three genetically related sequences have been identified. Epidemiological investigations identified a suspected product (adjusted odds ratio: 47.36; 95% confidence interval: 1.79-1,256.07; p = 0.021). Microbiological testing has confirmed the presence of HAV on dates recovered from two cases and the product has been recalled. Date consumption is currently likely to be increased in connection with Ramadan, with potential ongoing contamination risk.PMID:34018484 | PMC:PMC8138963 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.20...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tatiana Garcia Vilaplana David Leeman Koye Balogun Siew Lin Ngui Emily Phipps Wazirzada M Khan Incident Team Sooria Balasegaram Source Type: research

Pitfalls of rubella serology while on the brink of elimination: evaluation of national data, Belgium, 2017
ConclusionThis retrospective analysis shows that rubella serology results may differ considerably according to the assay used. It is therefore important to use the same test when comparing results or performing follow-up testing. The number of anti-rubella IgM analyses was very high. Incorrect use of IgM for screening women of childbearing age can lead to unwarranted anxiety and overuse of confirmation tests.PMID:34018485 | PMC:PMC8138961 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2000074 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sofie Colman Kris Vernelen Bernard China Dorien Van den Bossche Laura Cornelissen Marie-Luce Delforge Marijke Reynders Mario Berth Melissa Depypere Natasja Van Gasse Sara Vijgen Jos Van Acker An Boel Elizaveta Padalko Source Type: research

The potential for vaccination-induced herd immunity against the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100428.ABSTRACTWe assess the feasibility of reaching the herd immunity threshold against SARS-CoV-2 through vaccination, considering vaccine effectiveness (VE), transmissibility of the virus and the level of pre-existing immunity in populations, as well as their age structure. If highly transmissible variants of concern become dominant in areas with low levels of naturally-acquired immunity and/or in populations with large proportions of
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Hodgson Stefan Flasche Mark Jit Adam J Kucharski CMMID COVID-19 Working Group Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease (CMMID) COVID-19 Working Group Source Type: research

Correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;26(19)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34018482 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes varied markedly across SES, underscoring the need to implement effective preventive strategies for vulnerable populations.PMID:34018483 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2001138 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julieta Politi Mario Mart ín-Sánchez Lilas Mercuriali Blanca Borras-Bermejo Joaqu ín Lopez-Contreras Anna Vilella Judit Villar COVID-19 Surveillance Working Group of Barcelona Angels Orcau Patricia Garcia de Olalla Cristina Rius Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak associated with consumption of dates, England and Wales, January 2021 to April 2021
We report a national hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak linked to the consumption of Medjool dates. Twenty-nine cases of three genetically related sequences have been identified. Epidemiological investigations identified a suspected product (adjusted odds ratio: 47.36; 95% confidence interval: 1.79-1,256.07; p = 0.021). Microbiological testing has confirmed the presence of HAV on dates recovered from two cases and the product has been recalled. Date consumption is currently likely to be increased in connection with Ramadan, with potential ongoing contamination risk.PMID:34018484 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100432 ...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tatiana Garcia Vilaplana David Leeman Koye Balogun Siew Lin Ngui Emily Phipps Wazirzada M Khan Incident Team Sooria Balasegaram Source Type: research

Pitfalls of rubella serology while on the brink of elimination: evaluation of national data, Belgium, 2017
ConclusionThis retrospective analysis shows that rubella serology results may differ considerably according to the assay used. It is therefore important to use the same test when comparing results or performing follow-up testing. The number of anti-rubella IgM analyses was very high. Incorrect use of IgM for screening women of childbearing age can lead to unwarranted anxiety and overuse of confirmation tests.PMID:34018485 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2000074 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sofie Colman Kris Vernelen Bernard China Dorien Van den Bossche Laura Cornelissen Marie-Luce Delforge Marijke Reynders Mario Berth Melissa Depypere Natasja Van Gasse Sara Vijgen Jos Van Acker An Boel Elizaveta Padalko Source Type: research

The potential for vaccination-induced herd immunity against the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100428.ABSTRACTWe assess the feasibility of reaching the herd immunity threshold against SARS-CoV-2 through vaccination, considering vaccine effectiveness (VE), transmissibility of the virus and the level of pre-existing immunity in populations, as well as their age structure. If highly transmissible variants of concern become dominant in areas with low levels of naturally-acquired immunity and/or in populations with large proportions of
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Hodgson Stefan Flasche Mark Jit Adam J Kucharski CMMID COVID-19 Working Group Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease (CMMID) COVID-19 Working Group Source Type: research

Correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;26(19)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34018482 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes varied markedly across SES, underscoring the need to implement effective preventive strategies for vulnerable populations.PMID:34018483 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2001138 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julieta Politi Mario Mart ín-Sánchez Lilas Mercuriali Blanca Borras-Bermejo Joaqu ín Lopez-Contreras Anna Vilella Judit Villar COVID-19 Surveillance Working Group of Barcelona Angels Orcau Patricia Garcia de Olalla Cristina Rius Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak associated with consumption of dates, England and Wales, January 2021 to April 2021
We report a national hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak linked to the consumption of Medjool dates. Twenty-nine cases of three genetically related sequences have been identified. Epidemiological investigations identified a suspected product (adjusted odds ratio: 47.36; 95% confidence interval: 1.79-1,256.07; p = 0.021). Microbiological testing has confirmed the presence of HAV on dates recovered from two cases and the product has been recalled. Date consumption is currently likely to be increased in connection with Ramadan, with potential ongoing contamination risk.PMID:34018484 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100432 ...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tatiana Garcia Vilaplana David Leeman Koye Balogun Siew Lin Ngui Emily Phipps Wazirzada M Khan Incident Team Sooria Balasegaram Source Type: research

Pitfalls of rubella serology while on the brink of elimination: evaluation of national data, Belgium, 2017
ConclusionThis retrospective analysis shows that rubella serology results may differ considerably according to the assay used. It is therefore important to use the same test when comparing results or performing follow-up testing. The number of anti-rubella IgM analyses was very high. Incorrect use of IgM for screening women of childbearing age can lead to unwarranted anxiety and overuse of confirmation tests.PMID:34018485 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2000074 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sofie Colman Kris Vernelen Bernard China Dorien Van den Bossche Laura Cornelissen Marie-Luce Delforge Marijke Reynders Mario Berth Melissa Depypere Natasja Van Gasse Sara Vijgen Jos Van Acker An Boel Elizaveta Padalko Source Type: research

The potential for vaccination-induced herd immunity against the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100428.ABSTRACTWe assess the feasibility of reaching the herd immunity threshold against SARS-CoV-2 through vaccination, considering vaccine effectiveness (VE), transmissibility of the virus and the level of pre-existing immunity in populations, as well as their age structure. If highly transmissible variants of concern become dominant in areas with low levels of naturally-acquired immunity and/or in populations with large proportions of
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Hodgson Stefan Flasche Mark Jit Adam J Kucharski CMMID COVID-19 Working Group Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease (CMMID) COVID-19 Working Group Source Type: research

Correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;26(19)
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34018482 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.210520c (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 cases: mortality inequalities by socio-economic status, Barcelona, Spain, 24 February to 4 May 2020
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes varied markedly across SES, underscoring the need to implement effective preventive strategies for vulnerable populations.PMID:34018483 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2001138 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julieta Politi Mario Mart ín-Sánchez Lilas Mercuriali Blanca Borras-Bermejo Joaqu ín Lopez-Contreras Anna Vilella Judit Villar COVID-19 Surveillance Working Group of Barcelona Angels Orcau Patricia Garcia de Olalla Cristina Rius Source Type: research

Hepatitis A outbreak associated with consumption of dates, England and Wales, January 2021 to April 2021
We report a national hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak linked to the consumption of Medjool dates. Twenty-nine cases of three genetically related sequences have been identified. Epidemiological investigations identified a suspected product (adjusted odds ratio: 47.36; 95% confidence interval: 1.79-1,256.07; p = 0.021). Microbiological testing has confirmed the presence of HAV on dates recovered from two cases and the product has been recalled. Date consumption is currently likely to be increased in connection with Ramadan, with potential ongoing contamination risk.PMID:34018484 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2100432 ...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tatiana Garcia Vilaplana David Leeman Koye Balogun Siew Lin Ngui Emily Phipps Wazirzada M Khan Incident Team Sooria Balasegaram Source Type: research

Pitfalls of rubella serology while on the brink of elimination: evaluation of national data, Belgium, 2017
ConclusionThis retrospective analysis shows that rubella serology results may differ considerably according to the assay used. It is therefore important to use the same test when comparing results or performing follow-up testing. The number of anti-rubella IgM analyses was very high. Incorrect use of IgM for screening women of childbearing age can lead to unwarranted anxiety and overuse of confirmation tests.PMID:34018485 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.20.2000074 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sofie Colman Kris Vernelen Bernard China Dorien Van den Bossche Laura Cornelissen Marie-Luce Delforge Marijke Reynders Mario Berth Melissa Depypere Natasja Van Gasse Sara Vijgen Jos Van Acker An Boel Elizaveta Padalko Source Type: research

Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2002010.ABSTRACTCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, pr...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luc ía García San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón Beatriz Fern ández-Martínez Mar ía José Sierra Moros Ana V ázquez Paula Juli án Pachés Elena Garc ía Villacieros Mar ía Belén Gómez Martín Jordi Figuerola Borras Nicola Lorusso Julian Mauro Ramos Source Type: research

Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018
ConclusionReal-time surveillance of WNV infections is key to ensuring that clinicians and public health authorities receive early warning about the occurrence of cases and potential unusual seasonal patterns. Human cases may appear shortly after first detection of animal cases. Therefore, public health authorities should develop preparedness plans before the occurrence of human or animal WNV infections.PMID:33988124 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johanna J Young Joana M Haussig Stephan W Aberle Danai Pervanidou Flavia Riccardo Neboj ša Sekulić Tam ás Bakonyi C éline M Gossner Source Type: research

Mosquito surveillance of West Nile and Usutu viruses in four territorial units of Slovakia and description of a confirmed autochthonous human case of West Nile fever, 2018 to 2019
ConclusionThe entomological survey results and case report increase current understanding of the WNV and USUV situation in Slovakia. They underline the importance of vector surveillance to assess public health risks posed by these viruses.PMID:33988125 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2000063 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikt ória Čabanová Elena Tich á Richard Stewart Bradbury Dana Zubrikov á Daniela Valentov á Gabriela Chovancov á Ľubomíra Grešáková Bronislava V íchová Silvie Šikutová Tom áš Csank Zuzana Hurn íková Martina Miterp áková Ivo Rudolf Source Type: research

Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2002010.ABSTRACTCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, pr...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luc ía García San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón Beatriz Fern ández-Martínez Mar ía José Sierra Moros Ana V ázquez Paula Juli án Pachés Elena Garc ía Villacieros Mar ía Belén Gómez Martín Jordi Figuerola Borras Nicola Lorusso Julian Mauro Ramos Source Type: research

Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018
ConclusionReal-time surveillance of WNV infections is key to ensuring that clinicians and public health authorities receive early warning about the occurrence of cases and potential unusual seasonal patterns. Human cases may appear shortly after first detection of animal cases. Therefore, public health authorities should develop preparedness plans before the occurrence of human or animal WNV infections.PMID:33988124 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johanna J Young Joana M Haussig Stephan W Aberle Danai Pervanidou Flavia Riccardo Neboj ša Sekulić Tam ás Bakonyi C éline M Gossner Source Type: research

Mosquito surveillance of West Nile and Usutu viruses in four territorial units of Slovakia and description of a confirmed autochthonous human case of West Nile fever, 2018 to 2019
ConclusionThe entomological survey results and case report increase current understanding of the WNV and USUV situation in Slovakia. They underline the importance of vector surveillance to assess public health risks posed by these viruses.PMID:33988125 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2000063 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikt ória Čabanová Elena Tich á Richard Stewart Bradbury Dana Zubrikov á Daniela Valentov á Gabriela Chovancov á Ľubomíra Grešáková Bronislava V íchová Silvie Šikutová Tom áš Csank Zuzana Hurn íková Martina Miterp áková Ivo Rudolf Source Type: research

Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2002010.ABSTRACTCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, pr...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luc ía García San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón Beatriz Fern ández-Martínez Mar ía José Sierra Moros Ana V ázquez Paula Juli án Pachés Elena Garc ía Villacieros Mar ía Belén Gómez Martín Jordi Figuerola Borras Nicola Lorusso Julian Mauro Ramos Source Type: research

Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018
ConclusionReal-time surveillance of WNV infections is key to ensuring that clinicians and public health authorities receive early warning about the occurrence of cases and potential unusual seasonal patterns. Human cases may appear shortly after first detection of animal cases. Therefore, public health authorities should develop preparedness plans before the occurrence of human or animal WNV infections.PMID:33988124 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johanna J Young Joana M Haussig Stephan W Aberle Danai Pervanidou Flavia Riccardo Neboj ša Sekulić Tam ás Bakonyi C éline M Gossner Source Type: research

Mosquito surveillance of West Nile and Usutu viruses in four territorial units of Slovakia and description of a confirmed autochthonous human case of West Nile fever, 2018 to 2019
ConclusionThe entomological survey results and case report increase current understanding of the WNV and USUV situation in Slovakia. They underline the importance of vector surveillance to assess public health risks posed by these viruses.PMID:33988125 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2000063 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikt ória Čabanová Elena Tich á Richard Stewart Bradbury Dana Zubrikov á Daniela Valentov á Gabriela Chovancov á Ľubomíra Grešáková Bronislava V íchová Silvie Šikutová Tom áš Csank Zuzana Hurn íková Martina Miterp áková Ivo Rudolf Source Type: research

Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2002010.ABSTRACTCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, pr...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luc ía García San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón Beatriz Fern ández-Martínez Mar ía José Sierra Moros Ana V ázquez Paula Juli án Pachés Elena Garc ía Villacieros Mar ía Belén Gómez Martín Jordi Figuerola Borras Nicola Lorusso Julian Mauro Ramos Source Type: research

Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018
ConclusionReal-time surveillance of WNV infections is key to ensuring that clinicians and public health authorities receive early warning about the occurrence of cases and potential unusual seasonal patterns. Human cases may appear shortly after first detection of animal cases. Therefore, public health authorities should develop preparedness plans before the occurrence of human or animal WNV infections.PMID:33988124 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johanna J Young Joana M Haussig Stephan W Aberle Danai Pervanidou Flavia Riccardo Neboj ša Sekulić Tam ás Bakonyi C éline M Gossner Source Type: research

Mosquito surveillance of West Nile and Usutu viruses in four territorial units of Slovakia and description of a confirmed autochthonous human case of West Nile fever, 2018 to 2019
ConclusionThe entomological survey results and case report increase current understanding of the WNV and USUV situation in Slovakia. They underline the importance of vector surveillance to assess public health risks posed by these viruses.PMID:33988125 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2000063 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikt ória Čabanová Elena Tich á Richard Stewart Bradbury Dana Zubrikov á Daniela Valentov á Gabriela Chovancov á Ľubomíra Grešáková Bronislava V íchová Silvie Šikutová Tom áš Csank Zuzana Hurn íková Martina Miterp áková Ivo Rudolf Source Type: research

Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020
Euro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2002010.ABSTRACTCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, pr...
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luc ía García San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón Beatriz Fern ández-Martínez Mar ía José Sierra Moros Ana V ázquez Paula Juli án Pachés Elena Garc ía Villacieros Mar ía Belén Gómez Martín Jordi Figuerola Borras Nicola Lorusso Julian Mauro Ramos Source Type: research

Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018
ConclusionReal-time surveillance of WNV infections is key to ensuring that clinicians and public health authorities receive early warning about the occurrence of cases and potential unusual seasonal patterns. Human cases may appear shortly after first detection of animal cases. Therefore, public health authorities should develop preparedness plans before the occurrence of human or animal WNV infections.PMID:33988124 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - May 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Johanna J Young Joana M Haussig Stephan W Aberle Danai Pervanidou Flavia Riccardo Neboj ša Sekulić Tam ás Bakonyi C éline M Gossner Source Type: research