Reducing Tongue Fat Could Improve Sleep Apnea, Study Says

This study shows reducing excess fat in general can reduce tongue size,” said Dr. Raj Dasgupta, a sleep specialist at Keck Medicine at the University of Southern California, who was not involved in the study. In the new paper, the researchers used MRI imaging to measure the effect on upper airways of a 10% weight loss in 67 obese patients. The images showed reducing tongue fat was the primary reason overall sleep apnea scores improved by 31%. “In fact, the more tongue fat you lost, the more your apnea improved,” said Schwab, who is the co-director of the Penn Sleep Center at Penn Medicine. Costs of sleep apnea Obstructive sleep apnea, called OSA, is dangerous to one’s health. lt can damage the brain’s white matter, raise blood pressure, contribute to depression and heighten the risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes. In America, where approximately 30 million people have obstructive sleep apnea, the cost to society in lost productivity, accidents and health care is estimated to be $150 billion a year, according to a study commissioned by the according to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Diagnosing and treating every American could save more than $100 billion each year, the study said. Treatment options Currently, the gold-standard treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure, known as CPAP therapy. People wear a device over their nose and mouth that is connected to a machine that blows air into their mouths, thus keeping t...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe practice of health promotion behaviour varies among patients, individually tailored interventions and motivation is needed.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeImpaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is associated with poor health outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to determine health utilities in patients with COPD and to identify the variables with the greatest impact.MethodsThis is a pooled analysis of data from 4 observational studies performed in stable COPD patients. Evaluation of patient HRQoL utilities was performed using the Spanish version of the self-administered EuroQoL 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire. EQ-5D utilities were described and compared according to several markers of disease severity....
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionThe identified mapping algorithms can be used to facilitate cost-utility analysis in comparable populations when only the PedsQL instrument is available. Results from this population indicate the algorithms identified in this paper are well suited for estimating CHU9D self-report utilities when the full 23-item self-report PedsQL instrument has been used.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
AbstractAim of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is to improve symptoms and signs of testosterone deficiency including decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, depressed mood, anaemia, loss of muscle and bone mass, by increasing serum testosterone levels to physiologic range. TRT has been used in the last 70 years and overtime, numerous preparations and formulations have been developed to improve pharmacokinetics (PKs) and patient compliance. The routes of delivery approved for use in western world include buccal, nasal, sub dermal, transdermal, and intramuscular (IM). The aim of this narrative review is to describe an...
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with a 2- to 7-fold risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment may reduce MVA risk. We further explored this issue in long-term CPAP users and untr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Despite the clear need for understanding how pilot sleep affects performance during long-range (LR; 12-16h) and ultra-long-range (ULR; 16+h) flights, the scientific literature on the effects of sleep loss and circadian desynchronizatio...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Airline crew are being exposed to extended workdays and compressed work periods, with quick returns between duties, implying a heightened physiological and psychological strain that may lead to sleep deprivation and fatigue. The aim of t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
This study examined the role of restraint factors in child passenger deaths and the effect of legislation requiring appropriate restraint systems up to 7 years old. Data...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
ConclusionThe association of antibiotic and surgical therapy seems to be more effective compared to each one alone. The lack of comparison studies and randomized controlled trials makes it difficult to give information about the efficacy of the different management therapies.
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Jingdong Li, Yaxuan Wang, Xueliang Chang, Zhenwei HanAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) vs open adrenalectomy (OA) for pheochromocytoma (PHEO).MethodsA systematic literature research of PubMed, Ovid, Scopus, and citation lists were performed to identify eligible studies. All studies comparing LA versus OA for PHEO were included.ResultsOverall, fourteen studies including 743 patients (LA 391; OA 352) were included. LA might have smaller tumor size (WMD -0.92 cm, 95% CI -1.09 to -0.76; p
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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