Travel vaccinations.

This article provides information on these and other travel vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid fever, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and cholera.Yellow fever endemic areas are located in Africa and in South America; there is no yellow fever in Asia. The meningococcal vaccine (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. Additionally, it is recommended for travellers visiting the African "meningitis belt" during the dry season. A polio booster is required for countries with endemic wild-type polio virus (WPV) or circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV).Hepatitis A is a common vaccine-preventable infection in travellers. The hepatitis A vaccination should therefore be recommended to all travellers going to endemic areas. South Asia is the most important region where travel-associated typhoid fever is acquired and where at the same time antimicrobial resistance is emerging. Two different vaccines against typhoid fever are available in Germany. The vaccine efficacy is 50-70% for both vaccines. Contacts with potentially rabid animals are a common travel-related problem. At the same time, vaccines for state of the art postexposure care are not provided in many countries. According to recent WHO recommendations, two vaccinations are sufficient for pre-travel priming against rabies. Japanese encephalitis is rare in travellers. Vaccination should be offered in case of travel to rural and peri-urban areas. Cholera is extremely rare in travellers...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research

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Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study showed an association between SNPs in IL10 and NOD2 genes. It also revealed that the genotypes of the different SNPs influence bone resorption and health. Additionally, age at first edentulism and bone height were much lower in some genotypes. This study demonstrates the need for larger multicenter trials to confirm these findings. Finally, we suggest that the results of this study may be utilized for developing novel genetic diagnostic tests and for identifying Saudi individuals who may be more susceptible to RRR development following dental extraction.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Sohrab Mamnabi, Safar Nasrollahzadeh, Kazem Ghassemi-Golezani, Yaghoub RaeiAbstractTwo separate field experiments were conducted in 2018 and 2019 as split-plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate physiological responses of rapeseed to fertilization treatments (control, chemical fertilizer, inoculation of seeds with PGPR, vermicompost and combined fertilizers) under different irrigation levels (irrigation after 70,100, 130, and 160 mm evaporation). Water stress increased the acti...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Shunsuke Haraguchi, Toyoshi YoshigaAbstractTogether with several fungi, the plant parasitic nematode Ditylenchus destructor is among the pathogens that cause serious damage to garlic production areas in Japan. Because D. destructor is a plant and fungal feeder, its infestation may be influenced by the garlic plant-associated fungi and suppressed through control of those fungi. However, no information is currently available regarding the interaction between the nematode and the fungi. Aphelenchus avenae is a non-parasitic fungivorous nema...
Source: Biological Control - Category: Biology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: A video that simulates the anatomical mechanism of shaking the infant head, which may have a stronger impact on the viewer, and a tool to prevent self-reported smothering in response to crying, has never been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
This study examines violence-related cranial trauma frequencies and wound characteristics in the pre-Hispanic cemetery of Uraca in the lower Majes Valley, Arequipa, Peru, dating to the pre- and early-Wari periods (200-750  CE). Cranial wounds ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
Abstract From December 2006 to December 2016, 1093 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) individuals
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Hong Wei, Han-Yu Jiang, Mou Li, Tong Zhang, Bin SongAbstractPurposeTo determine the diagnostic performance and cutoff value of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D SWE) for detecting significant liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).MethodsA systematic literature search of the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library databases and Web of Science was conducted. Bivariate modelling and summary receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) modelling were constructed to summarize the diagnostic performance of 2D SWE. ...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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