Travel vaccinations.

This article provides information on these and other travel vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid fever, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and cholera.Yellow fever endemic areas are located in Africa and in South America; there is no yellow fever in Asia. The meningococcal vaccine (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. Additionally, it is recommended for travellers visiting the African "meningitis belt" during the dry season. A polio booster is required for countries with endemic wild-type polio virus (WPV) or circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV).Hepatitis A is a common vaccine-preventable infection in travellers. The hepatitis A vaccination should therefore be recommended to all travellers going to endemic areas. South Asia is the most important region where travel-associated typhoid fever is acquired and where at the same time antimicrobial resistance is emerging. Two different vaccines against typhoid fever are available in Germany. The vaccine efficacy is 50-70% for both vaccines. Contacts with potentially rabid animals are a common travel-related problem. At the same time, vaccines for state of the art postexposure care are not provided in many countries. According to recent WHO recommendations, two vaccinations are sufficient for pre-travel priming against rabies. Japanese encephalitis is rare in travellers. Vaccination should be offered in case of travel to rural and peri-urban areas. Cholera is extremely rare in travellers...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research

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Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
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Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: United States Politics and Government Clinical Trials Vaccination and Immunization Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Trump, Donald J Food and Drug Administration your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
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Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news
Authors: López Serrano P, Turnes Vázquez J Abstract Autoimmune liver diseases can overlap resulting in a new entity, phenotypically different from those pathologies that converge, and that demonstrates the complexity of our immune system. Sequential overlap syndrome is the consecutive presentation, separated by a variable period of time, of two liver autoimmune diseases, mostly autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis. This syndrome constitutes a challenge both in its diagnosis and in its treatment given the exceptional nature of its presentation. The theory of a mosaic of autoimmunity is ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
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Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
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