Novel Target Sites for Drug Screening: A Special Reference to Cancer, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Parkinson’s Disease

Conclusion: Alteration of signal transduction by a drug is the goal of chemogenomics, a new branch formed by combination of chemistry and genomics. The proliferation, angiogenesis and apoptosis of cancer cells are regulated by cellular signaling of transcription factors, protein kinases, transmembrane receptors, extracellular ligands and some external factors like oncogenic mutations, ubiquitin-proteasome pathway with epigenetic changes. Traditional anticancer drugs either alter DNA synthesis or control cell division while new drugs retard tumor growth or induce apoptosis. The deterioration of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra results in Parkinson’s disease with mental confusion, cognitive dysfunction and sleep disorder. Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by inflammation, autoimmunity, joint destruction, deformity and premature mortality and treated mainly by anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic drugs. This review provides a comprehensive summary of objects which may act as potential targets for many health disorders.
Source: Current Signal Transduction Therapy - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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In this study, serum IL6 was measured by ELISA, and the HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) polymorphism was analyzed using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay technique. There were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups concerning the serum IL-6 level and HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) genotype distribution, with increased serum IL6 and increased frequencies of the GG and TG genotypes in patients with PCO. The GG genotype of HSD11B1 rs12086634(T/G) and its associated high level of serum IL-6 may represent genetic risk factors for PCOS.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe CFQL-2 is a brief, reliable scale that effectively measures psychosocial aspects of QoL and is sensitive to changes in QoL in families of children with ASD or related neurodevelopmental disorders. Child externalizing behavior is strongly associated with reductions in multiple aspects of child and family psychosocial QoL.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Individuals who have multiple close relatives with pancreatic cancer should undergo surveillance for pancreatic cancer, according to updated recommendations from the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Hermineh Aramin, Pratistha Koirala, Abhishek Shah, Kendall Adams, Natalia Buza, Sapna Desai, Melissa Fairbairn, David Goldenberg, Wenli Gao, Linus Chuang, Ramapriya Vidhun, Vaagn Andikyan
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study is the first study analyzing the impact of API on genital mucous membranes. In our study conditions, API had no impact on the mucous membranes, suggesting that it can be used safely.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Trends in Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Carina Bodden, Anthony J. Hannan, Amy C. ReicheltGlobally, obesity has reached epidemic proportions. The rapidly increasing numbers of overweight people can be traced back to overconsumption of energy-dense, poor-quality foods as well as physical inactivity. This development has far-reaching and costly implications. Not only is obesity associated with serious physiological and psychological complications, but mounting evidence also indicates a ripple effect through generations via epigenetic changes. Parental obesit...
Source: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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