Chronic administration of NaHS and L-Cysteine restore cardiovascular changes induced by high-fat diet in rats.

In conclusion, chronic treatment with NaHS and L-Cys are effective in reducing adipose tissue and ameliorating the cardiovascular changes induced by obesity; meanwhile, DL-PAG ameliorates metabolic variables. PMID: 31568786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research

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Hui-Min Liu1,2, Qin Hu3, Qiang Zhang4, Guan-Yue Su5, Hong-Mei Xiao1,2, Bo-Yang Li1,2, Wen-Di Shen1,2, Xiang Qiu1,2, Wan-Qiang Lv1,2 and Hong-Wen Deng1,2,6* 1Center of System Biology and Data Information, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 2Center of Reproductive Health, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 3Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China 4College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China 5Institute of Biomedical Engineering, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Sara AlMarabeh, Mohammed H. Abdulla and Ken D. O'Halloran* Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Renal sensory nerves are important in the regulation of body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, and blood pressure. Activation of renal mechanoreceptor afferents triggers a negative feedback reno-renal reflex that leads to the inhibition of sympathetic nervous outflow. Conversely, activation of renal chemoreceptor afferents elicits reflex sympathoexcitation. Dysregulation of reno-renal reflexes by suppression of the inhibitory refle...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effects of IMD in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus on sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sympathetic activation in obesity-related hypertensive (OH) rats induced by a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. Acute experiments were performed under anesthesia. The dynamic alterations of sympathetic outflow were evaluated as changes in renal SNA and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to specific drugs. Male rats were fed a control diet (12% kcal as fat) or a high-fat diet (42% kcal as fat) for 12 weeks to induce OH. The results showed that IM...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In conclusion, both RH and RfH constitute challenges in clinical practice and should be addressed as distinct clinical entities by trained professionals who are capable to identify comorbidities and provide specific, diversified, and individualized treatment. PMID: 30525180 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Macrophage-dependent impairment of α2-adrenergic autoreceptor function in sympathetic neurons from DOCA-salt but not high fat diet-induced hypertensive rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2018 Jan 05;: Authors: Mui RK, Fernandes R, Garver H, van Rooijen N, Galligan JJ Abstract DOCA-salt and obesity-related hypertension are associated with inflammation and sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity. Prejunctional α2-adrenergic receptors (α2ARs) provide negative feedback to norepinephrine release from sympathetic nerves through inhibition of N-type Ca2+ channels. Increased neuronal no...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol Source Type: research
In conclusion, decreases in BP in response to CPAP in patients with in diabetic CKD, despite maintained high MSNA, indicate other mechanism contributing to HTN in these patients as well as other central sympathoexcitatory pathways activated.
Source: Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Oral Abstract Presentations Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewHypertension is one of the most challenging health problems inducing cerebrovascular disease and high percentage of death when associated with diabetes, dyslipidemias, and obesity. Orexin/hypocretin is a peptide expressed by a small number of neurons of the dorsolateral hypothalamus, a brain feeding and autonomic “fight-or-flight” regulatory center. According to this function, orexin has been demonstrated to evoke cardiovascular responses, heart rate, hypertension, hyperarousal, hyperphagia, and obesity. The focus of this review is to provide an overview about the mechanism through whic...
Source: Current Hypertension Reports - Category: Primary Care Source Type: research
Abstract In this review, we focus on the role of orexin signaling in blood pressure control and its potential link to hypertension by summarizing evidence from several experimental animal models of hypertension. Studies using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) animal model of human essential hypertension show that pharmacological blockade of orexin receptors reduces blood pressure in SHRs but not in Wistar-Kyoto rats. In addition, increased activity of the orexin system contributes to elevated blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) in dark-active period Schlager hypertensive (BPH/2J) mice, anoth...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Carotid bodies play a critical role in protecting against hypoxemia, and their activation increases sympathetic activity, arterial pressure, and ventilation, responses opposed by acute stimulation of the baroreflex. Although chemoreceptor hypersensitivity is associated with sympathetically mediated hypertension, the mechanisms involved and their significance in the pathogenesis of hypertension remain unclear. We investigated the chronic interactions of these reflexes in dogs with sympathetically mediated, obesity-induced hypertension based on the hypothesis that hypoxemia and tonic activation of carotid chemoreceptors may ...
Source: Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Animal Models of Human Disease, Autonomic Nervous System, Basic Science Research, Mechanisms, Pathophysiology Obesity Source Type: research
Abstract Background or Purpose Polymorphic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are very common, appearing most frequently in patients with hypertension, obesity, sleep apnea, and structural heart disease. Sympathetic hyperactivity plays a critical role in the development, maintenance, and aggravation of ventricular arrhythmias. Recently, the relevance of sympathetic activation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias was reported, and this finding suggested a potential role for catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation in reducing the arrhythmic burden. Meth...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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