Amiodarone-Induced Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

We report on such a case in which a patient was found to be hyponatremic after evaluation. An 88-year-old male who presented to the emergency department was found to be hyponatremic secondary to amiodarone-induced SIADH following a fall, with possible seizure and traumatic brain injury. He had a history of hypertension, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, emphysema, myocardial infarction, benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic kidney disease, Meniere's disease, anemia, and gastroesophageal reflux. Upon admission, his urine sodium level was elevated, and his serum sodium, urine osmolality, and anion gap were below normal. In the setting of hyponatremia, the patient's amiodarone was held: he had been taking amiodarone 200 mg once daily for nine months prior to admission. He was treated with intravenous (IV) normal saline over four days. He was fluid-restricted and his sodium levels were closely monitored every two hours. Within 19 hours, his serum sodium levels had improved. Amiodarone was restarted approximately three days later. Upon follow-up after discharge, the patient remained on amiodarone for the next two months. His serum sodium level ranged from 126 mEq/L to 131 mEq/L over a two-week period. He was supplemented with sodium chloride tablets and has been otherwise stable. Amiodarone may cause acute or chronic SIADH, with a wide range of symptoms. Seizures have not been reported in the literature but our patient had a witnessed seizure, although his electroencephalogram (EEG)...
Source: P and T - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: P T Source Type: research

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