Researcher looks for ways to detect deadly cancer before it develops

Out of the 22,240 women in the United States who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer every year, only about 47 percent survive longer than five years.But Dr. Beth Karlan, the newly appointed director of cancer population genetics atUCLA ’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, is hopeful that her research will not only help women get diagnosed with ovarian cancer at an earlier stage, but also identify the women who are most at-risk so they can intervene before the cancer even develops.In this interview, Karlan, who is also the vice chair of women ’s health research in the obstetrics and gynecology department in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, talks about the role of being both a physician and scientist and why genetics is an important key to early detection.What are the benefits of being both a physician and scientist?I walk on both sides. I hold patients ’ hands and provide clinical care, and then go to the lab to unravel the problems. My patients help me stay focused, to figure out which questions are the most urgent and need to be answered quickly. I operate on many, many women with ovarian cancer. And I’ve always been struck with how on diffe rent days I can do the same surgery on two or three women, and one woman lives only two years, and another one is lucky enough to live 20 years. We do our best to remove cancerous tumors, but at times, they can have a mind of their own. In the laboratory however, we can very much control what happen ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Related Links:

Conclusion: These findings indicate that TBI differentially affects the levels of sex-steroid hormones in men and women patients. Plasma levels of testosterone could be a good candidate blood marker to predict recovery from unconsciousness after sTBI for male patients. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide and is increasing in incidence (1). Patients with acute severe TBI (sTBI) often develop severe disorders of consciousness, i.e., coma, minimally conscious state or vegetative state. Although many patients may regain consciousness during the 1-month post-TBI p...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Clara Degos1, Mellie Heinemann2, Julien Barrou2, Nicolas Boucherit1, Eric Lambaudie2, Ariel Savina3†, Laurent Gorvel1* and Daniel Olive1* 1Tumor Immunology Team, IBISA Immunomonitoring Platform, Cancer Research Center of Marseillle, INSERM U1068, CNRS U7258, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 2Department of Surgical Oncology 2, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 3Institut Roche, Boulogne Billancourt, France Endometrial Cancer is the most common cancer in the female genital tract in developed countries, and with its ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fat fraction on MRI corresponded to fat content on histology and therefore contributes to lesion characterization. Measurement repeatability was excellent for ADC; this parameter increased significantly post-radiotherapy even in disease categorized as stable by size criteria, and corresponded to cellularity on histology. ADC can be utilized for characterizing and assessing response in heterogeneous retroperitoneal sarcomas. Introduction Soft-tissue sarcomas are often highly heterogeneous tumors with variable components that can include cellular tumor, fat, necrosis, and cystic change. In many soft-tissue ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study had a retrospective multicenter (two hospitals in China) design and a radiomic analysis was performed using contrast enhanced CT in advanced HGSOC (FIGO stage III or IV) patients. We used a minimum 18-month follow-up period for all patients (median 38.8 months, range 18.8–81.8 months). All patients were divided into three cohorts according to the timing of their surgery and hospital stay: training cohort (TC) and internal validation cohort (IVC) were from one hospital, and independent external validation cohort (IEVC) was from another hospital. A total of 620 3-D radiomic features were extracted and a Lass...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractOur aim was to  study the accuracy of CT scan in predicting the peritoneal cancer index (PCI) and the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), abdominal region, disease volume, and primary tumor site on it. This was a prospective single-center study that included patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery ±  HIPEC. The CT-PCI was calculated and compared to the surgical PCI. The accuracy of CT-PCI in predicting the surgical PCI and the difference between the two was evaluated. From January 2018 to August 2018, 50 patients were included. The median CT PCI was 6 (range 0–35) and median...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionBowel perforation in the elderly, presenting with cachexia and treatment-induced pancytopenia for advanced ovarian cancer, is often a harbinger of early death. Selected patients may benefit from a minimally invasive approach by an experienced gynecologic oncologist instead of vertical laparotomy, abdominal washout, diversion and the potential sequelae of an open abdomen.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): V. Lavoue, C. Huchon, C. Akladios, P. Alfonsi, N. Bakrin, M. Ballester, S. Bendifallah, P.A. Bolze, F. Bonnet, C. Bourgin, N. Chabbert-Buffet, P. Collinet, B. Courbiere, T. De la motte rouge, M. Devouassoux-Shisheboran, C. Falandry, G. Ferron, L. Fournier, L. Gladieff, F. GolfierAbstractAn MRI is recommended for an ovarian mass that is indeterminate on ultrasound. The ROMA score (combining CA125 and HE4) can also be calculated (Grade A). In presumed early-stage ovarian or tubal cancers, ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
r F, Gouy S, Guyon F, Lambaudie E, Leary A, Lecuru F, Lefrere-Belda MA, Leblanc E, Lemoine A, Narducci F, Ouldamer L, Pautier P, Planchamp F, Pouget N, Ray-Coquard I, Rousset-Jablonski C, Senechal-Davin C, Touboul C, Thomassin-Naggara I, Uzan C, You B, Daraï E Abstract Faced to an undetermined ovarian mass on ultrasound, an MRI is recommended and the ROMA score (combining CA125 and HE4) can be proposed (grade A). In case of suspected early stage ovarian or fallopian tube cancer, omentectomy (at least infracolonic), appendectomy, multiple peritoneal biopsies, peritoneal cytology (grade C) and pelvic and para-a...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
AbstractGranulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is commonly used in clinical practice to accelerate neutropenia recovery after chemotherapy. G-CSF is a myeloid growth factor produced by monocytes, macrophages, fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Generally, aortitis and arteritis are not a known side effect of G-CSF and is thought to be extremely rare. Here, we present a case of a 77-year-old woman who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy (combined paclitaxel and carboplatin) for ovarian cancer, and then developed acute arteritis after receiving G-CSF. She developed grade 4 neutropenia on day 7 of the third chemotherapy cyc...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Doctors in China may have uncovered an effective second- or third-line treatment option for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. Dr. RongQin Meng, an oncologist at 363 Hospital in Cheng Du, said the investigational drug Apatinib (rivoceranib) could become part of a much-needed advance in mesothelioma treatment. After first- and second-line chemotherapy combinations had failed to slow tumor growth in a 58-year-old woman, Apatinib provided a five-month progression-free survival. “I was surprised at the result,” Meng told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “After taking the drug, the quality o...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
More News: Accidents | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Clinical Trials | CT Scan | Education | Emergency Medicine | Genetics | International Medicine & Public Health | Laboratory Medicine | OBGYN | Ovarian Cancer | Ovaries | PET Scan | Science | Toxicology | Universities & Medical Training | USA Health | Women