Genetic studies of abdominal MRI data identify genes regulating hepcidin as major determinants of liver iron concentration

Liver disease constitutes the third most common cause of premature death in the UK, and its prevalence is substantially higher compared to other countries in Western Europe.[1 –3] Excess liver iron is associated with increased severity and progression of liver diseases including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), [4–6] and is the direct cause of liver disease in those with hereditary haemochromatosis a nd thalassaemia.[7,8] Observational associations have been described between excess liver iron content and several metabolic diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome and type 2 diabetes - a condition recognised as dysmetabolic iron overload syndrome (DIOS) which aff ects up to 5-10% of the general population.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Lin L, Xu X, Yu Y, Ye H, He X, Chen S, Chen X, Shao Z, Chen P Abstract Objective: There were some clinical studies on GLP-1R agonist liraglutide therapy for psoriasis patients with type 2 diabetes, but there is a lack of randomized controlled trials and the mechanism of which remains unclear.Method: A total of 25 psoriasis patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized 1: 1 divided into the control group (n = 13) or liraglutide group (n = 12) for 12 weeks. We determined the PASI, the DLQI, histopathology of psoriasis skin, and the expression of IL-17, IL-23, and TNF-α in th...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
Authors: Marques E, Paluch Z, Boháč P, Slanař O, Běláček J, Hercogová J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Understanding how different comorbidities and epidemiological factors are related to psoriasis severity can help us estimating patients' clinical outcome. AIM: Establish possible prognostic factors of severe psoriasis. METHODS: Three groups of patients were included: 118 were on topical therapy, 83 used conventional systemic drugs and 112 were treated with biological agents. Based of the fact that patients on topical therapy have a lower grade of disease severity than patients treated syst...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: iSystemic C. septicum infection without a traumatic cause has been associated with malignancy, although an initial presentation of endophthalmitis has rarely been reported. In cases of clostridial endogenous endophthalmitis, investigation for colorectal carcinoma is indicated. PMID: 32966149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The validity of ICD-10 codes for cirrhosis, oesophageal varices and HCC is high. However, coding for ascites should be combined with a code of chronic liver disease to have an acceptable validity. PMID: 32960654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
This article addresses the Evaluation of Ertugliflozin Efficacy and Safety Cardiovascular Outcomes (VERTIS-CV) trial, its background, design, results, and implications. In patients at least 40 years of age with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), the VERTIS-CV trial demonstrated ertugliflozin was non-inferior to placebo for major adverse cardiovascular events, though not superior. Ertugliflozin significantly reduced hospitalization for heart failure compared to placebo. The composite renal outcome was not significantly different between groups. Ertugliflozin was generally well tolerated with a safety profi...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
After significant APA advocacy, the House Veterans ’ Affairs Committee removed a proposal to implement a pilot program allowing clinical psychologists to prescribe and manage medications for veterans who seek care in the Veterans Health Administration.After learning about the proposal, APA issued an advocacy alert that resulted in over 1,000 members sending more than 3,000 letters to their elected officials on Capitol Hill, opposing the proposal and urging lawmakers to ensure veterans receive the highest quality mental health care possible. Similarly, APA leadership, as well as government relations and policy staff m...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: advocacy APA lobbying psychologists prescribing Saul Levin VA veterans Source Type: research
Abstract Modification of commercially available Douglas fir biochar (BC) by iron oxide nanoparticle precipitation from aqueous Fe2+/Fe3+ salt solutions upon NaOH treatment generated a hybrid adsorbent (MBC) that removed three common emerging aqueous contaminants, a stimulant (caffeine) and two anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid) through batch sorption. Fe3O4 particles (12.3 ± 7.1 nm diameter fundamental particles with aggregates 1-17 μm diameter) dispersed on the biochar surface provided magnetization and created new adsorption sites for the contaminant uptake...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
This report describes that the prevalences of prepregnancy obesity and gestational diabetes were higher among pregnant women hospitalized for COVID-19-related illness than among those admitted for pregnancy-related treatment or procedures and found to have COVID-19.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: Diabetes MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Pregnancy COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease 2019 Source Type: news
Conclusions. Human islet isolates with insufficient beta-cell mass for implantation within 72 hours can be cultured for 96 hours and longer to combine multiple preparations in order to reach the desired beta-cell dose and therefore result in a better metabolic benefit.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
Conclusions. BAT remarkably enhances the viability and biological function of the transplanted ectopic islets. Moreover, the anatomical location of BAT lends itself to biopsy, removal, and islet retransplantation, which strongly suggests the BAT as a potential desirable site for islet transplantation in basic and clinical research.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Basic Science—General Source Type: research
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