Autism Spectrum Disorder: Classification, diagnosis and therapy

Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. TaraziAbstractAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD. Several scales such as the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), The Autism Spectrum Disorder–Observation for Children (ASD-OC), The Developmental, Dimensional, and Diagnostic Interview (3di), are available to aid in better assessing the behaviors and symptoms associated with ASD. Nearly 75% of ASD patients suffer from comorbid psychiatric illnesses or conditions, which may include attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, Tourette syndrome, and others. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions are available for ASD. Pharmacological treatments include psychostimulants, atypical antipsychotics, antidepressants, and alpha-...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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CrystEngComm, 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C8CE02076K, PaperPaulo de Sousa de Sousa Carvalho, Jr., Luan Farinelli Diniz, Juan Carlos Tenorio Clavijo, Matheus S. Souza, Chris Hebert Jesus Franco, Rafael C. Rial, Karla Regina Warszawski, Carlos E. D. Nazario, Javier A Ellena Paroxetine hydrochloride, PRX HCl, is an important and widely prescribed antidepressant drug for anxiety and depression treatment. Since hydrochloride salt can imply problems in its manufacture, we have designed organic... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
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Conclusion: few studies compared the relationship between the variables among the elderly. A probable association between the variables for both genders has been found, suggesting that the advancing age contributes to the increase of tinnitus severity and its psychological symptoms, affecting the quality of life of these individuals. Further studies are suggested to confirm the association between tinnitus, anxiety and depression in the elderly. Multi-professional work is important for the evaluation and treatment of these people.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar na literatura uma prov ável associação do zumb...
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Authors: Giraudo SQ, Rivera-Gonzalez N, Berg A, Hartzell D, Grossman BM Abstract Childhood obesity is a pressing public health issue, especially in the Hispanic community. Two pilot studies were performed; Study 1 was performed to assess the effect of a nutrition education intervention on the nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of Hispanic children in an after-school program. Nutrition educational lessons were administered 1 h per week. Evaluation was conducted as a baseline Pre-test, a Post-test (following the last session) and a 4-month follow-up. Children showed a significant decrease in the co...
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Publication date: Available online 24 March 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti O. Tanskanen, David A. Coall, Markus JokelaAbstractPrevious studies suggest grandparental childcare is associated with improved health and well-being of grandparents but limited information on the causal nature of this association exists. Here, we use the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) of people aged 50 and above across 11 countries including follow-up waves between 2004 and 2015 (n = 41,713 person-observations from 24,787 unique persons of whom 11,102 had two...
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Diseases linked to vitamin D deficiency include cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
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A new study from Stanford University in California has found that Google Glass helped children with autism understand and identify facial expressions and even slightly reduced symptoms.
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Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. Tarazi Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary f...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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