Autism Spectrum disorder classification, diagnosis and therapy

Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. Tarazi Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD. Several scales such as the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), The Autism Spectrum Disorder–Observation for Children (ASD-OC), The Developmental, Dimensional, and Diagnostic Interview (3di), are available to aid in better assessing the behaviors and symptoms associated with ASD. Nearly 75% of ASD patients suffer from comorbid psychiatric illnesses or conditions, which may include attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, Tourette syndrome, and others. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions are available for ASD. Pharmacological treatments include psychostimulants, atypical antipsychotics, antidepressants, and alpha-2 ad...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Conclusions The current study suggests that the yips phenomenon might cover a broader range of different subtypes of movement disturbances than those already suggested in the literature. Finally, a theoretical model, which explains the role of the different triggering factors in the discrimination of the different subtypes, is suggested. A better classification and understanding of the different subtypes of yips could lead to a more accurate diagnosis and to the design of more individualized treatment intervention.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
Anxiety is a common symptom of menopause but it can often be overlooked. Dr Meg Arroll, a psychologist and women's health expert, reveals ways to tackle anxiety during this time.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: 1 February 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 138Author(s): Angela Book, Beth A. Visser, Anthony Volk, Ronald R. Holden, Madeleine T. D'AgataAbstractResearch separates aggression into proactive (predatory) and reactive (provoked). Another response to provocation is revenge, which is generally viewed as a more premeditated response. We predicted that revenge would be predicted by different personality traits than reactive aggression, particularly the trait of Emotionality. As expected, Emotionality was negatively related to revenge, but positively correlated with reactive aggression...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: Personality and Individual DifferencesAuthor(s): Reza Abdi, Razieh PakAbstractThe present study aims to investigate the mediating role of emotional dysregulation as a transdiagnostic factor in the relationship between pathological personality dimensions and emotional disorder symptoms severity. A total of 440 university students were selected randomly from two universities, and were assessed through Personality Inventory for DSM 5 Brief Form (PID-5-BF)-Adult, Depression, Anxiety and stress Scales (DASS-21), and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERs). The re...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the reciprocal relations between experiential avoidance and social anxiety tendency among junior high school students. The responses of 660 Japanese junior high school students (313 boys and 347 girls, seventh to ninth grade, aged 12–15 years) to the Japanese short version of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth and the Japanese version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents were collected at three time-points with approximately four-month intervals between them. Cross-lagged path analyses revealed that a prior tendency for social anxiety tendency positively later affected ...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
A study confirms the antidepressant effects of intravenous ketamine at the standard 0.5 mg/kg dose and hints that a lower dose might also have some benefit with fewer side effects.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Authors: Pascal de Raykeer R, Hoertel N, Blanco C, Olfson M, Wall M, Seigneurie AS, Schuster JP, Lemogne C, von Gunten A, Limosin F Abstract OBJECTIVE: Several common psychiatric disorders are associated with increased risk of suicide attempts, and the strength of these associations may vary between younger and older adults, which may explain age differences in suicide risk. Because psychiatric disorders often co-occur, it remains unclear whether (1) the risk of suicide attempt in older and younger adults is due to specific psychiatric disorders or underlying psychopathology dimensions (ie, internalizing and extern...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Hegerl U, Heinz I PMID: 30322419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. TaraziAbstractAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Heredita...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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