Top medicine articles for April 2014

A collection of some interesting medical articles published recently:Vitamin D supplements are taken by nearly half of American adults. Low levels of vitamin D are a result, not a cause, of poor health. Therefore, supplement may not help -- Vitamin D supplement sales increased more than 10-fold, from $24 million in 2002 to $605 million in 2011 (US data)"Is Your Stethoscope Going to Join Typewriter in the Storage Closet?" - However, you can't listen to lungs with ultrasound.Coffee Hydrates as Well as Water - Study defined moderate intake of coffee as 4 cups per day.Caramel color: The health risk that may be in your soda (no real caramel there, it's 4-MeI). Artificial caramel coloring contains a potentially carcinogenic chemical called 4-methylimidazole (4-MeI). Caramel color is the single most used food coloring in the world adults with impaired hearing may have a faster rate of "brain shrinkage" as they age preventing colds, frequent hand washing came out on top (review study) Foods Bans Produce Grown With Sludge made from municipal waste and feces/urine "biosolids" Children's Vitamins Contain Far More Than Recommended Amounts (except vitamin D) "Incidentalomas" May Increase Cardiovascular Risk
Source: Clinical Cases and Images - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Health News of the Day Source Type: news

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We describe a novel technique of punching a side branch hole through the wall of the stent to allow a left upper lobe stent to be placed through a stent directed into the left lower lobe in a Y configuration with a good clinic al outcome.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sensitivity of thoracentesis for solid tumors varies significantly depending on the type of tumor and is lowest in those with sarcomas, head and neck malignancies, and renal cell cancers.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Substantial variation exists among US surgeons in how likely they are to omit axillary lymph node dissection in early breast cancer despite recommendations to do so under well-defined circumstances.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Primary pulmonary lymphoma is a relatively uncommon disease in both the thoracic and lymphoproliferative spectrum of cancers, accounting for only up to 1% of primary pulmonary malignancies and fewer than 1% of all lymphomas.1 Diagnosis requires pathologic confirmation of the lymphoproliferative disorder in the lungs, with no detectable extrathoracic manifestations of the disease for at least 3 months after the initial diagnosis to avoid accidental inclusion of lymphoma that has secondarily progressed to involve the lungs.
Source: Contemporary Diagnostic Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings of the study convincingly suggest the presence of a stromal component in RB tumours. The interactions between stromal cells and tumour cells might be of profound importance in RB progression.Ocul Oncol Pathol
Source: Ocular Oncology and Pathology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
We present the first case in the literature of a patient with recurrent vulvar cancer who was treated successfully with pembrolizumab. Caris next-generation testing revealed a PD-L1 and PD-1 mutation (PD-L1 positive, 2+, 100%). She attained a complete clinical remission after 2 cycles, and a CT scan after 6 cycles revealed a significant response by RECIST criteria. After completing 10 cycles, treatment was stopped due to complications of severe malnutrition related to narcotic abuse. A CT scan 10 weeks after the final treatment revealed no adenopathy. Pembrolizumab is a safe and effective chemotherapeutic agent to treat re...
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
PROSTATE cancer symptoms include having a sudden urge to pass urine, and using the toilet more often than normal. But do you do this when you pee? Signs and treatment for prostate cancer revealed.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Transoral robotic surgery has shown significant promise in the management of oropharyngeal cancer since its description in 2007. The oncological efficacy of this procedure has been proven in several single-centre studies, multicentre collaborative publications and systematic reviews. The rapid take-up of transoral robotic surgery shows greater acceptance by professionals and is associated with a relatively short learning curve. This overview discusses the rationale and principles underlying the use of transoral robotic surgery in primary and recurrent oropharyngeal cancer and the emerging role for this technique in diagnos...
Source: ORL - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
[The Herald] The National Aids Council (NAC) has implored the media to report more on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) like cancer and kidney which are worryingly on the increase. NAC board member Mrs Tariro Makanga-Chikumbirike made the remarks at the NAC Media Awards Ceremony held in Harare yesterday, which saw four Zimpapers journalists scooping the top four prizes.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Martina Cusan, Giorgia Mungo, Mara De Marco Zompit, Ilenia Segatto, Barbara Belletti, Gustavo Baldassarre
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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