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Top medicine articles for April 2014

A collection of some interesting medical articles published recently:Vitamin D supplements are taken by nearly half of American adults. Low levels of vitamin D are a result, not a cause, of poor health. Therefore, supplement may not help http://buff.ly/Ml153n -- Vitamin D supplement sales increased more than 10-fold, from $24 million in 2002 to $605 million in 2011 (US data) http://buff.ly/Mo7Ykj"Is Your Stethoscope Going to Join Typewriter in the Storage Closet?" http://buff.ly/1dILsbh - However, you can't listen to lungs with ultrasound.Coffee Hydrates as Well as Water http://buff.ly/1i5Rc3V - Study defined moderate intake of coffee as 4 cups per day.Caramel color: The health risk that may be in your soda (no real caramel there, it's 4-MeI). Artificial caramel coloring contains a potentially carcinogenic chemical called 4-methylimidazole (4-MeI). Caramel color is the single most used food coloring in the world http://buff.ly/1fmZwfnOlder adults with impaired hearing may have a faster rate of "brain shrinkage" as they age http://buff.ly/1fdxRwIFor preventing colds, frequent hand washing came out on top (review study) http://buff.ly/1fmZLadWhole Foods Bans Produce Grown With Sludge made from municipal waste and feces/urine "biosolids" http://buff.ly/1dUhNQKStudy: Children's Vitamins Contain Far More Than Recommended Amounts (except vitamin D) http://buff.ly/1fdyw1eAdrenal "Incidentalomas" May Increase Cardiovascular Risk http://buff.ly/...
Source: Clinical Cases and Images - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Health News of the Day Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Extra-focal percutaneous valgus lateral translation osteotomy and fixation with a low-profile Ilizarov frame allows accurate deformity correction, shorter duration in the fixator, and better patient comfort and satisfaction.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Authors: Shafique S, Tehsin S Abstract Leukaemia is a form of blood cancer which affects the white blood cells and damages the bone marrow. Usually complete blood count (CBC) and bone marrow aspiration are used to diagnose the acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. It can be a fatal disease if not diagnosed at the earlier stage. In practice, manual microscopic evaluation of stained sample slide is used for diagnosis of leukaemia. But manual diagnostic methods are time-consuming, less accurate, and prone to errors due to various human factors like stress, fatigue, and so forth. Therefore, different automated systems have be...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
Authors: Sun YS Abstract Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy have been clinically reported to provide prolonged overall survival in glioblastoma patients. Alternating electric fields with frequencies of 100~300 kHz and magnitudes of 1~3 V/cm are shown to suppress the growth of cancer cells via interactions with polar molecules within dividing cells. Since it is difficult to directly measure the electric fields inside the brain, simulation models of the human head provide a useful tool for predicting the electric field distribution. In the present study...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ɓukasiewicz K, Fol M Abstract Cancer remains one of the major challenges of the 21st century. The increasing numbers of cases are not accompanied by adequate progress in therapy. The standard methods of treatment often do not lead to the expected effects. Therefore, it is extremely important to find new, more effective treatments. One of the most promising research directions is immunotherapy, including the use of specific types of microorganisms. This type of treatment is expected to stimulate the immune system for the selective elimination of cancer cells. The research results seem to be promising and s...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Purpose of review We review the recent advances in physiologic monitoring during cardiac arrest and offer an evidence-based framework for prioritizing physiologic targets during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Recent findings Current CPR guidelines recommend a uniform approach for all patients in cardiac arrest, but newer data support a precision strategy that uses the individual patient's physiology to guide resuscitation. Coronary perfusion pressure and arterial DBP are associated with survival outcomes in recent animal and human studies. End-tidal carbon dioxide is a reasonable noninvasive alternative, but may...
Source: Current Opinion in Critical Care - Category: Nursing Tags: CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION: Edited by Michael W. Donnino Source Type: research
Authors: Tchalla AE, Clément JP, Saulnier I, Beaumatin B, Lachal F, Gayot C, Bosetti A, Desormais I, Perrochon A, Preux PM, Couratier P, Dantoine T Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alzheimer disease (AD) is particularly devastating, with no cure, no means of prevention, and no proven way to slow progression. AD is associated with the worsening of cognitive function attributable to a variety of factors of which little is known. Our main objective was to determine factors associated with rapid cognitive decline (RCD) in older AD patients. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month, prospective, multi-centre cohort study. C...
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Goldman DP, Fillit H, Neumann P Abstract In June 2017, a diverse group of experts in Alzheimer's disease convened to discuss how to accelerate getting new drugs to patients to both prevent and treat the disease. Participants concluded that we need a more robust, diversified drug development pipeline. Strategic policy measures can help keep new Alzheimer's disease therapies (whether to treat symptoms, prevent onset, or cure) affordable for patients while supporting innovation and facilitating greater information sharing among payers, providers, researchers, and the public, including a postmarket surveillanc...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
Authors: Pierce AL, Cox CG, Nguyen H, Hoang D, Witbracht M, Gillen DL, Grill JD PMID: 29683808 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Dranitsaris G, Zhu X, Adunlin G, Vincent MD Abstract INTRODUCTION: After years of setback, cancer immunotherapy has begun to yield clinical dividends, which are changing the treatment landscape and offering cancer patients the potential for long-term survival, reduced treatment-related toxicity and improved quality-of-life. Using the immune system to treat cancer is known as 'Immuno-oncology' (IO) and agents are sub-classified by their ability to enhance anti-tumor response or to direct the immune system to attack cancer cells via tumor-associated antigens. Areas covered: Clinical trials have demonstrated ...
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
Hackney-born actor Ray Winstone is challenging runners inspired by Virgin Money London Marathon 2018 to secure their place in next year ’s event to help raise over £3.5m for dementia research.
Source: Alzheimers Society - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: news
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