Pattern of antihypertensive therapy among diabetic hyperten- sive patients in zewditu memorial hospital, addis ababa.

PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE THERAPY AMONG DIABETIC HYPERTEN- SIVE PATIENTS IN ZEWDITU MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):77-82 Authors: Abera H, Woldemichael M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is becoming a common chronic disease in both developed and developing nations and is associated with significant cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. The presence of hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, renalfailure and peripheral arterial disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of antihypertensive drug therapy among diabetic hypertensive patients in Zewditu Memorial Hospital Diabetic Clinic in Addis Ababa. METHODS: This is a hospital based retrospective review of medical records of 382 diabetic-hypertensive patients who visited the Zewditu Memorial Hospital Diabetic Clinic in the period between August 2014 and January 2015. RESULTS: The most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drug classes were angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor in 321 (84%) followed by calcium channel blocker in 229 (60%) and beta blocker in 145 (38%) patients. Enalapril, nifedipine, atenolol, losartan and hydrochlorthiazide were the only angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, calcium channel blocker, beta blocker, angiotensin receptor blocker and diuretic pre...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

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