Pattern of antihypertensive therapy among diabetic hyperten- sive patients in zewditu memorial hospital, addis ababa.
PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE THERAPY AMONG DIABETIC HYPERTEN- SIVE PATIENTS IN ZEWDITU MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):77-82 Authors: Abera H, Woldemichael M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is becoming a common chronic disease in both developed and developing nations and is associated with significant cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. The presence of hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, renalfailure and peripheral arterial disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of antihypertensive drug therapy among diabetic hypertensive patients in Zewditu Memorial Hospital Diabetic Clinic in Addis Ababa. METHODS: This is a hospital based retrospective review of medical records of 382 diabetic-hypertensive patients who visited the Zewditu Memorial Hospital Diabetic Clinic in the period between August 2014 and January 2015. RESULTS: The most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drug classes were angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor in 321 (84%) followed by calcium channel blocker in 229 (60%) and beta blocker in 145 (38%) patients. Enalapril, nifedipine, atenolol, losartan and hydrochlorthiazide were the only angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, calcium channel blocker, beta blocker, angiotensin receptor blocker and diuretic pre...
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, 8.1% of Mexican general population without a history of liver disease is at high risk of having advanced liver fibrosis and complications and death derived from cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis. Most of them showed normal ALT serum levels. PMID: 32063504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
We describe the rarity of quadriostial origin, the unusual course, and the unusual branching of the coronary arteries. PMID: 32062625 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion CAS in maintenance hemodialysis patients may be feasible and effective for the prevention of stroke with proper case selection, appropriate technique and strict perioperative management. The most common causes of death during the follow-up of maintenance hemodialysis patients were diseases other than stroke. PMID: 32062623 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Gulim Murzakanova, Sari Räisänen, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Kristina Baker Sole, Lisa Bjarkø, Katariina LaineAbstractObjectiveTo assess the prevalence and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in early-term (37+0–38+6 weeks), full-term (39+0–40+6 weeks), late-term (41+0–41+6 weeks), and post-term (>42+0 weeks) deliveries with spontaneous labor onset.Study designA population-based cohort with data from the Medical Birth Registry Norway (MBRN) and Statistics...
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In what ways might obesity impact liver enzyme concentrations in the pediatric population?Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &Metabolism
SGLT2 inhibitors are commonly used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but what do we know about the renal effects of these drugs?Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that nAChR signaling regulates IRE1 α activation to protect β‐cells from the T‐UPR and apoptosis under ER stress partly through α7 nAChR. Targeting nAChR signaling to inhibit the T‐UPR cascade may therefore hold therapeutic promise by thwarting β‐cell death in diabetes.
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