Female genital mutilation as an issue of gender disparity in the 21st century: leveraging opportunities to reverse current trends.
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION AS AN ISSUE OF GENDER DISPARITY IN THE 21ST CENTURY: LEVERAGING OPPORTUNITIES TO REVERSE CURRENT TRENDS. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jul;54(3):107 Authors: Ayele W, Lulseged S PMID: 29115776 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Determinants of female genital mutilation practices in east gojjam zone, western amhara, ethiopia.
This study was aimed to identify determinant factors of female genital mutilation practices in East Gojjam Zone, Western Amhara, Ethiopia Methods: community based cross sectional study was conducted among 730 women aged 15-49 years and having children
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Pattern and outcome of renal diseases in hospitalized children in tikur anbessa specialized teaching hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
Conclusions: This data reflects that many of the renal diseases are preventable or potentially curable. Therefore, improvement of pediatric renal services and training of health workers would help in early detection and treatment of these conditions leading to reduction in their morbidity and mortality. PMID: 29115778 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

A four-year review of geriatric mental health services. in a lagos based hospital, nigeria
Conclusion: The elders were managed for a wide range of treatable mental illnesses and other comorbidities and commute for hours to access care. Pharmacotherapy was the preponderant sole treatment modality. There is need for sustained development of expertise to enhance multimodal care and scaling up of comprehensive geriatric mental health services. Further research is needed on how to appropriately link and/or integrate geriatric care with services at all-tiers of health care delivery. PMID: 29115781 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Review of the clinical, computerized tomography scan and/or magnetic resonance imaging findings of intracranial tuberculoma in an ethiopian teaching hospital.
Conclusion: Tuberculoma, more frequently, presented with non-specific clinical findings and chronic seizure disorder and comonly occurred in young patients and often seen infratentorialy. It is often complicated with hydrocephalus in the pediatric age group. Computerized tomography scan and/or magnetic resonance imaging features are not different from reports from other countries. PMID: 29115782 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Pancytopenia in pregnant mothers from eastern shoa zone of ethiopia: a case series.
In this study, we describe seven cases of severe thrombocytopenia, anemia and leukopenia (pancytopenia) from the same geographic locality and similar clinical presentation. The cases were referred to the Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH) for investigation and treatment. Potential causes, methods of prevention and treatment options are discussed along with relevant clinical and laboratory findings of the cases. PMID: 29115783 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Hydatid cyst disease in the left lateral neck: an uncommon presentation.
HYDATID CYST DISEASE IN THE LEFT LATERAL NECK: AN UNCOMMON PRESENTATION. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jul;54(3):145-7 Authors: Abebe E, Tsehay A Abstract Cysts commonly occurring in the neck include thyroglossal cyst and dermoid cysts in the midline, cystic thyroid nodules, branchial cysts and cystic Hygroma in the lateral neck. Hydatid cyst disease is commonly seen in the right lobe of the liver, the lung and rarely in other parts of the body. In general, cysts in the neck are not common in the second decade of life. In this article, we present a case of hydatid cyst presenting as left lateral cystic mass in an...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Re-expansion pulmonary edema following repair of missed post traumatic diaphragmatic hernia a case report and review of literatures.
RE-EXPANSION PULMONARY EDEMA FOLLOWING REPAIR OF MISSED POST TRAUMATIC DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF LITERATURES. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jul;54(3):149-52 Authors: Teffera E Abstract Reexpansion pulmonary edema following repair of missed diaphragmatic hernia is very rare .Here reported is a case of bilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after reconstruction of left sided post traumatic diaphragmatic hernia. The patient was re intubated and ventilated later put on supplemental oxygen via a catheter through the endotracheal tube followed by extubation and non re breather face mask ...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Lessons for the future in the health sector in ethiopia: sharing experiences with the new generation.
LESSONS FOR THE FUTURE IN THE HEALTH SECTOR IN ETHIOPIA: SHARING EXPERIENCES WITH THE NEW GENERATION. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jul;54(3):153-71 Authors: PMID: 29115786 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

To share knowledge, not tuberculosis
TO SHARE KNOWLEDGE, NOT TUBERCULOSIS Ethiop Med J. 2016 10;54(4):179-80 Authors: Aseffa A PMID: 29115112 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Latent tuberculosis among adult ethiopian patients at chest clinic, tikuranbessa specialized hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
Conclusions: The magnitude of latent tuberculosis infection was high in this study, which reflects existing high prevalence of TB. TST and Quantiferon-Tuberculosis-Gold assay show similar efficacy for the diagnosis of LTBI in healthy Ethiopian adults. The absolute CD4 T-cell counts of healthy HIV- negative Ethiopians are considerably lower than CD4 T cell counts in other countries. PMID: 29115115 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Burden of tuberculosis among students in two ethiopian universities.
Conclusion: The number of tuberculosis cases observed among university students in this study was high. Governmental and nongovernmental agencies involved in tuberculosis control must consider higher education institutions as focal points for prevention and elimination of tuberculosis in Ethiopia. PMID: 29115116 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Art experienced patients for tackling attrition from hiv care: a multi-site cohort study.
This study evaluated its effectiveness. Methods: : A retrospective cohort study in 10 randomly selected health facilities was conducted to compare outcomes before and after initiation of the adherence supporters program in HIV care and treatment from September 2001 to August 2013. Data analysis involved Kaplan-Meier survival and Log-rank test analysis on STATA statistical software Version 12 to compare survival experiences. Results: Of 18,835 records that were available, 938 (4.36%) records with missing values were excluded and data from the remaining 17,897 was analyzed. The incidence of first instance lost to fol...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

High prevalence of atrial fibrillation in stroke patients admitted to university of gondar hospital, northwest ethiopia.
Conclusion: Atrial fibrillation is common in stroke patients in our hospital, especially in the elderly population. It is associated with low rate of improvement at discharge. Appropriate screening and treatment of atrial fibrillation is invaluable for the primary and secondary prevention of stroke. PMID: 29115119 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Pattern and outcome of neonatal surgical cases at tikur anbessa university teaching hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
Conclusion: Neonatal surgical admission is common in the Hospital. The overall number of deaths in this series of neonatal surgical cases was high. The type of principal diagnosis and the age of the neonates at admission were significantly associated with outcome. Creating awareness about neonatal surgical conditions may help to improve the current poor result. PMID: 29115120 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Referral of emergency surgical patients in a tertiary hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
Conclusions: The rate of referral from St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Emergency Room is high. It is higher in trauma cases, specifically orthopedic and neuro-traumas. Main reason for referrals was lack of bed. The capacity of the hospital and other hospitals in AA in absorbing traumas, specifically orthopedic and neurotraumas need to be evaluated and necessary policy adjustments should be implemented. Further study at each hospital and the whole city gives better picture of referrals among hospitals in Addis Ababa. PMID: 29115121 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Three siblings with androgen insensitivity syndrome.
THREE SIBLINGS WITH ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY SYNDROME. Ethiop Med J. 2016 10;54(4):229-36 Authors: Teklu S, Schneider J, Terefework Z, Shimeles B, Abraham S, Bonsa E Abstract Genetic, gonadal, phenotypic and psychological genderis the basis for gender assignment to an individual. Derangement in genetic makeup, under or over exposure to sex hormones and problems related to sex hormone receptors will lead to abnormal development of the external and internal genitalia. Failure to respond for the endogenous androgen, Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome is one of the common causes of genital ambiguity and interse...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Recurrent myxoma arising from multiple cardiac chambers with systemic embolization:a case report.
We report an adolescent girl presenting with recurrent myxoma arising from multiple cardiac chambers with systemic embolization. As a diagnostic and preventive measure of recurrence and chronic systemic embolization, we recommend a regular follow up of such patients with echocardiographic evaluation following surgical resection. PMID: 29115670 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
CORRIGENDUM. Ethiop Med J. 2016 10;54(4):241 Authors: PMID: 29115803 [PubMed] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Mortality and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (Dalys) for Common Neglected Tropical Diseases in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: Evidence from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Ethiopia has made a remarkable progress in reducing the DALY rates for most of the NTDs over the last 25 years. The rapid scale of interventions and broader system strengthening may have a lasting impact on achieving the 2020 goal of elimination of most of NTDs. Ethiopia should strengthen the coverage of integrated interventions of NTD through proper coordination with other health programs and sectors and community participation to eliminate NTDs by 2020. PMID: 28878427 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Elimination of Guinea Worm Disease in Ethiopia; Current Status of the Disease's, Eradication Strategies and Challenges to the End Game.
Authors: Beyene HB, Bekele A, Shifara A, Ebstie YA, Desalegn Z, Kebede Z, Mulugeta A, Deribe K, Tadesse Z, Abebe T, Kebede B, Abrha G, Jima D Abstract Dracunculiasis, also named Guinea Worm Disease (GWD), is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) caused by a parasitic nematode known as Dracunculus medinensis and has been known since antiquity as 'fiery serpent' from Israelites. It is transmitted to humans via drinking contaminated water containing infective copepods. Given, its feasibility for eradication, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP) was launched in 1980 with the aim of eradicating the disease...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

The National Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis from Ethiopia.
Authors: Mengistu B, Deribe K, Kebede F, Martindale S, Hassan M, Sime H, Mackenzie C, Mulugeta A, Tamiru M, Sileshi M, Hailu A, Gebre T, Fentaye A, Kebede B Abstract Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the most debilitating and disfiguring diseases common in Ethiopia and is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti. Mapping for LF has shown that 70 woredas (districts) are endemic and 5.9 million people are estimated to be at risk. The national government's LF elimination programme commenced in 2009 in 5 districts integrated with the onchocerciasis programme. The programme developed gradually and has shown significant progress...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Review of Ethiopian Onchocerciasis Elimination Programme.
Authors: Meribo K, Kebede B, Feleke SM, Mengistu B, Mulugeta A, Sileshi M, Samuel A, Deribe K, Tadesse Z Abstract Onchocerciasis is a severe parasitic infection which causes disabling skin and subcutaneous tissue changes. The disease is endemic in many African countries including Ethiopia. In 2013, Ethiopia launched Onchocerciasis elimination program with the goal of attaining interruption of onchocerciasis transmission nationwide by 2020. The country has successfully scaled up interventions and achieved 100% geographic coverage in all known endemic districts. The main strategy for interrupting the disease is mass ...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Podoconiosis in Ethiopia: From Neglect to Priority Public Health Problem.
Authors: Deribe K, Kebede B, Mengistu B, Negussie H, Sileshi M, Tamiru M, Tomczyk S, Tekola-Ayele F, Davey G, Fentaye A Abstract Podoconiosis is a geochemical disease occurring in individuals exposed to red clay soil of volcanic origin. This Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) is highly prevalent in Ethiopia. According to the nationwide mapping in 2013, the disease is endemic in 345 districts, where an estimated 35 million people live. The government of Ethiopia prioritized podoconiosis as one of eight priority NTDs and included it in the national integrated master plan for NTDs. An integrated lymphoedema management g...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Ethiopia Schistosomiasis and Soil-Transmitted Helminthes Control Programme: Progress and Prospects.
Authors: Negussu N, Mengistu B, Kebede B, Deribe K, Ejigu E, Tadesse G, Mekete K, Sileshi M Abstract Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthes are among seventeen WHO prioritized neglected tropical diseases that infect humans. These parasitic infections can be treated using single-dose and safe drugs. Ethiopia successfully mapped the distribution of these infections nationwide. According to the mapping there are an estimated 37.3 million people living in schistosomiasis endemic areas, and 79 million in schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthes endemic areas. The Federal Ministry of Health successfully s...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

The need for increased access to good quality evidence to improve patient care.
THE NEED FOR INCREASED ACCESS TO GOOD QUALITY EVIDENCE TO IMPROVE PATIENT CARE. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):47-8 Authors: Demissie M PMID: 27476222 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Cardiac surgery for valvular heart disease at a referral hospital in ethiopia: a review of cases operated in the last 30 years.
CONCLUSIONS: Valve surgery for valvular heart diseases has been more common performed for young and female patients. A great majority of the replacements done have been with mechanical valves. As many of the patients have been younger and female, the choice of valve surgery and the need for anticoagulation impacts subsequent management of rheumatic heart disease and associated morbidities, lifestyle plans and pregnancy. PMID: 27476223 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Management of inflammatory appendiceal mass in zewditu memorial hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
CONCLUSION: Initial non-operative management of appendiceal mass was successful in most cases and the complication rate after interval appendicecomy seems lower than with early operative treatment. PMID: 27476224 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Patterns of trauma in patient seen at the emergency clinics of public hospitals in mekelle, northern ethiopia.
CONCLUSION: This study indicates a high burden of trauma in the study area and the need for interventions to control the problem. Given the morbidity and mortality associated with trauma, trauma registry system will be beneficial in Tigray and perhaps for the whole country. PMID: 27476225 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Pattern and outcome of tetanus in a tertiary health facility in north west nigeria.
PATTERN AND OUTCOME OF TETANUS IN A TERTIARY HEALTH FACILITY IN NORTH WEST NIGERIA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):69-75 Authors: Aliyu A, Dahiru T, Obiako RO, Amadu L, Biliaminu LB, Akase EI Abstract BACKGROUND: Tetanus, a disease that is largely preventable, is still a major public health problem in the developing world and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. There is a paucity of published literature on adult (non-neonatal) tetanus in this study area in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a study describing the clinical characteristics of patients who were clinically diagnosed with tetanus in ...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Pattern of antihypertensive therapy among diabetic hyperten- sive patients in zewditu memorial hospital, addis ababa.
PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE THERAPY AMONG DIABETIC HYPERTEN- SIVE PATIENTS IN ZEWDITU MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):77-82 Authors: Abera H, Woldemichael M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is becoming a common chronic disease in both developed and developing nations and is associated with significant cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. The presence of hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, renalfailure and peri...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Snake bite: case series of patients presented to gondar university hospital, north west ethiopia.
SNAKE BITE: CASE SERIES OF PATIENTS PRESENTED TO GONDAR UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):83-6 Authors: Mekonnen D, Mitiku T, Tamir Y, Azazh A Abstract Snakebite is an important public health challenge. Venomous snake bites cause significant morbidity and mortality if treatment measures, especially antivenom therapy, are delayed. We did a case series of 27 adult patients admitted after snakebite to the medical wards of Gondar University Hospital (GUH) from September 2013 to August 2014. The age range was from 15 to 74 years. The male to female ratio was 8:1. The maj...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Subserosal sigmoid lipoma: a case report and review of the literature.
SUBSEROSAL SIGMOID LIPOMA: A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):87-9 Authors: Zemenfes D, Semegnew Z Abstract Colonic lipoma is a rare non-epithelial mesenchymal tumour which is the second most common benign tumour of the colon excluding hyper-plastic polyps. It is often small and asymptomatic but may become symptomatic and mimic malignant lesions as the size increases. This is a case report of a 68 year-old female patient who presented with lower abdominal pain, constipation and rectal bleeding of one year duration. Colonoscopy revealed a sessile tumour 40 cm from t...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Kartagener's syndrome: a case report.
KARTAGENER'S SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):91-4 Authors: Hailu SS, Amerga ED, Gorfu Y, Zewedneh D Abstract Kartagener's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that causes a defect in the action of the cilia lining the respiratory tract. Patients usually present with chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, and bronchiectasis caused by Pseudomonas infection. In this case report, we present a 12-year old female with Kartagener's syndrome from Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospital which to our knowledge is the first of it's kind to be reported in Ethiop...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Evolution of mycobacterium tuberculosis and implications for vaccine development.
EVOLUTION OF MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR VACCINE DEVELOPMENT. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Apr;54(2):95-100 Authors: Gagneux S Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a growing public health threat, particularly in the face of the global epidemics of multidrug resistance. Given the limited efficacy of the current TB vaccine and the recent clinical failure of the most advanced new TB vaccine candidate, novel concepts for vaccine design should be explored. Most T cell antigens in the human-adapted Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) are evolutionarily conserved and under strong purifying selection,...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Sequelae of patients treated for pulmonary tuberculosis in chest clinic, tikur anbessa specialized hospital (tash), addis ababa, ethiopia.
CONCLUSIONS: Fibrosis and bronchiectasis were the most common pulmonary complications of tuberculosis among patients encountered at the TASH chest clinic during the study period. This demonstrates the impact of pulmonary tuberculosis is beyond management of active disease. PMID: 27182582 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Hepatitis c virus (hcv) seroprevalence, antigenaemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women in nigeria.
CONCLUSION: HCV core antigenaemia is high among pregnant women who have antibodies to HCV in our environment and this signifies an active hepatitis C virus infection. PMID: 27182583 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Perception of final year medical students about objective structured clinical examination in the department of general surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Most of the students favored the OSCE compared to conventional exam styles. Though the study should be confirmed. and extended in other settings, we recommend OSCE to be the main exam type for clinical year surgery examinations. PMID: 27182584 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Bacteriology and risk factors of bacterial keratitis in jimma, southwest ethiopia.
CONCLUSIONS: Corneal trauma was the most common risk factor for bacterial keratitis followed by blepharitis. Bacteriological analysis of corneal scrapings also revealed that P. aeruginosa was the most common isolate followed by S. aureus; the antibiotic with the highest susceptibility was ciprofloxacin. As drug resistance among bacterial pathogens is an evolving process, routine surveillance and monitoring studies should be conducted to provide an update and most effective empirical treatment for bacterial keratitis. PMID: 27182585 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Patterns of ultrasound findings in abdominal lymphoma patients at tikur anbessa specialized hospital, addis ababa, ethiopia.
CONCLUSION: Our study emphasizes the continued role of US for lymphoma patients. The US findings and pattern of organ involvement was found to be comparable with previous studies. PMID: 27182586 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Foreign body induced tracheoesophageal fistula in a pediatric patient with a misdiagnosis: case report and review of literature.
FOREIGN BODY INDUCED TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA IN A PEDIATRIC PATIENT WITH A MISDIAGNOSIS: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Ethiop Med J. 2015 Oct;53(4):209-13 Authors: Tadesse A, Befekadu M, Getachew H, Bezabih A, Derbew M Abstract Acquired tracheoesophageal fistulae can be diagnosed clinically by features such as cough elicited by swallowing but symptoms can be mild. Here, we report a case of a foreign body induced trachea-esophageal fistula in a 2 year and 6 months old male child with a chronic cough who had long been misdiagnosed and mismanaged. PMID: 27182587 [PubMed - in process] (Source...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Dyskeratosis congenita in two ethiopian brothers.
DYSKERATOSIS CONGENITA IN TWO ETHIOPIAN BROTHERS. Ethiop Med J. 2015 Oct;53(4):215-21 Authors: Gebremedhin A, Bekele A Abstract Dyskeratosis congenita (DKC) is a rare, progressive bone marrow failure syndrome that is characterized by the triad of reticulated skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and oral leukoplakia. Current evidence indicates that DKC is a disease of defective telomere maintenance, ribosome deficiency and protein synthesis dysfunction. Mortality is often associated with bone marrow failure (BMF), development of malignancy and other multisystem complications of the disease. Here we report ...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Improving quality of the ethiopian medical journal: current challenges to changing the tide.
IMPROVING QUALITY OF THE ETHIOPIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL: CURRENT CHALLENGES TO CHANGING THE TIDE. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):2 p preceding table of contents Authors: Lulseged S PMID: 27191023 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Common genotypes and treatment outcomes of hcv infection among ethiopian patients: a prospective study.
CONCLUSION: This study indicates that genotype 4 is the prevalent HCV genotype followed by 1, 2, and 3 among Ethiopian patients. Treatment with interferon and ribavirin was well tolerated and provided a very good response. PMID: 27191024 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Patterns and seasonal variation of intussusception in children: a retrospective analysis of cases operated in a tertiary hospital in ethiopia.
CONCLUSION: Intussusception was more common in the wet season. There was delayed presentation with a higher rate of operative management and bowel resection. The mortality rate has decreased significantly compared with a previous study from this institution. PMID: 27191025 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Open window thoracostomy, still an option in the management of chronic empyema: experience from ayder referral hospital.
CONCLUSION: Our result has revealed that open thoracic window is still an alternative method for the treatment of chronic empyema when the conventional method of treatment fails. PMID: 27191026 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal)
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Hematological and lipid profiles of blood donors at red cross center in addis ababa.
HEMATOLOGICAL AND LIPID PROFILES OF BLOOD DONORS AT RED CROSS CENTER IN ADDIS ABABA. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):21-5 Authors: Eshete EA, Weldemariam TZ Abstract BACKGROUND: Physiological range of clinically important hematological laboratory values and lipid profiles of healthy population in Ethiopia is not well assessed. OBJECTIVE: to determine hematologic and lipid profiles of healthy blood donors in Addis Ababa. METHODS: Red Cross Society located in Addis Ababa was selected as a study area. 336 donors; age range between 18-58 years participated. Venous blood sample was collected by tube co...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Visceral leishmaniasis from an area previously not known to be endemic; dangur, benshangul-gumuz, regional state, northwest ethiopia: a case report.
VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS FROM AN AREA PREVIOUSLY NOT KNOWN TO BE ENDEMIC; DANGUR, BENSHANGUL-GUMUZ, REGIONAL STATE, NORTHWEST ETHIOPIA: A CASE REPORT. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):33-6 Authors: Abera A, Tasew G, Degu A, Almneh M, Mulugeta A, Aseffa A, Gadisa E Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a ftial and growing public health problem in Ethiopia. VL is recently reported outside the major endemic foci, the lowlands in the northwest and the Omo and Abaroba-plain, Segen and Woito valleys in the southwest. Here, we report a visceral leishmaniasis case from Benishangul-Gumuz Regional state near the Gub...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

A rare case of hydatid cyst disease of the breast: a case report and review of literature.
A RARE CASE OF HYDATID CYST DISEASE OF THE BREAST: A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):37-40 Authors: Bekele A, Firew A Abstract Hydatid cyst of the breast is extremely rare even in endemic areas and it only accounts for 0.27% of all hydatid cyst disease cases. It can either be a primary site or part of a disseminated hydatidosis. Surgery remains to be a treatment of choice. Only few reports are published in the literatures and most of the reported cases have been diagnosed postoperatively as it is not easy to reach at a definitive diagnosis with clinical examination an...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - May 20, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Surveillance of a chronic liver disease of unidentified cause in a rural setting of ethiopia: a case study.
SURVEILLANCE OF A CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE OF UNIDENTIFIED CAUSE IN A RURAL SETTING OF ETHIOPIA: A CASE STUDY. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):27-32 Authors: Chiu C, Martin C, Woldemichael D, Selasie GW, Tareke I, Luce R, Libanos GG, Hunt D, Bayleyegn T, Addissie A, Buttke D, Bitew A, Vagi S, Murphy M, Seboxa T, Jima D, Debella A Abstract PROBLEM: An outbreak of chronic liver disease of unidentified cause, also called "Unidentified Liver Disease" or "ULD" was first observed in a rural village in Tigray, Ethiopia in 2001. Little was known about the geographical extent, trend, and epidemiol...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - April 15, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research