Where I am from matters: factors influencing behavioral and emotional changes in autistic individuals during COVID-19 in Latin America
ConclusionOur findings highlight differences and predictions of behavioral challenges and psychological changes based on certain contextual factors and individual characteristics while experiencing severe life stressors such as a worldwide pandemic. This knowledge could help inform policies and decrees aimed at protecting those most vulnerable due to their increased difficulty adapting to change. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - December 22, 2023 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Why Patients in Uruguay Agree to Take or Refuse to Take Antibiotics? An Inventory of Motives
(Source: American Journal of Health Behavior)
Source: American Journal of Health Behavior - December 21, 2023 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bagnulo, Adriana Sastre, Maria Teresa Munoz Kpanake, Lonzozou Sorum, Paul Clay Mullet, Etienne Source Type: research

Cognitive Distortions Associated with Alcohol and Marijuana Use in Uruguayan Citizens
Conclusions: Cognitive distortions may promote alcohol and marijuana use. Interventions aimed at modifying these distortions should be considered to reduce the emission of these behaviors.PMID:38108303 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2023.2294971 (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - December 18, 2023 Category: Addiction Authors: Paul Ruiz Santos Agostina F Barey Ricardo Marcos Pautassi Source Type: research

Secular trends in blood lead concentrations of school-age children in Montevideo, Uruguay from 2009 to 2019
Environ Pollut. 2023 Dec 15:123160. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.123160. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLead exposure continues to be a public health problem globally, yet very few countries perform systematic biomonitoring or surveillance of children's blood lead levels (BLLs). Secular trends in children's BLLs have not been well characterized outside North America and Europe. In 2009-19, we conducted a series of non-representative cross-sectional surveys in Montevideo, Uruguay, enrolling children living in areas of the city with known or suspected lead contamination. Lead was measured with atomic absorption spectrometry on ...
Source: Environmental Pollution - December 17, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elena I Queirolo Katarzyna Kordas Gabriela Mart ínez Zia Ahmed Gabriel Barg Nelly Ma ñay Source Type: research

Secular trends in blood lead concentrations of school-age children in Montevideo, Uruguay from 2009 to 2019
Environ Pollut. 2023 Dec 15:123160. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.123160. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLead exposure continues to be a public health problem globally, yet very few countries perform systematic biomonitoring or surveillance of children's blood lead levels (BLLs). Secular trends in children's BLLs have not been well characterized outside North America and Europe. In 2009-19, we conducted a series of non-representative cross-sectional surveys in Montevideo, Uruguay, enrolling children living in areas of the city with known or suspected lead contamination. Lead was measured with atomic absorption spectrometry on ...
Source: Environmental Pollution - December 17, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elena I Queirolo Katarzyna Kordas Gabriela Mart ínez Zia Ahmed Gabriel Barg Nelly Ma ñay Source Type: research

Pharmacogenetics of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Uruguay: adverse events related to induction phase drugs
This study aims to identify genetic variants related to drugs administered during the induction phase and analyze their contribution to adverse effects, considering individual genetic ancestry. Ten polymorphisms in five genes (ABCB1, CYP3A5, CEP72, ASNS, and GRIA1) related to prednisone, vincristine, and L-asparaginase were genotyped in 200 patients. Ancestry was determined using 45 ancestry informative markers (AIMs). The sample ancestry was 69.2% European, 20.1% Native American, and 10.7% African, but with high heterogeneity. Mucositis, Cushing syndrome, and neurotoxicity were the only adverse effects linked with genetic...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - November 17, 2023 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Biomonitoring of Potentially Toxic Elements in Dyed Hairs and Its Correlation with Variables of Interest
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2023 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s12011-023-03964-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHair is good bioindicator of exposure, due to its ability to store and retain trace elements for long periods of time. But it can be especially useful when hair dyes are used since they may contain potentially toxic salts in their composition. In this context, analytical methods for the determination of bismuth, cadmium, lead, and silver in scalp human hair by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry were successfully validated. A total of 60 samples obtained from women between 18 and 60 years were analyzed: 34 dyed hairs ...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - November 16, 2023 Category: Biology Authors: Alejandra Galizia Luc ía Falchi Fiorella Iaquinta Ignacio Machado Source Type: research

Biomonitoring of Potentially Toxic Elements in Dyed Hairs and Its Correlation with Variables of Interest
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2023 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s12011-023-03964-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHair is good bioindicator of exposure, due to its ability to store and retain trace elements for long periods of time. But it can be especially useful when hair dyes are used since they may contain potentially toxic salts in their composition. In this context, analytical methods for the determination of bismuth, cadmium, lead, and silver in scalp human hair by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry were successfully validated. A total of 60 samples obtained from women between 18 and 60 years were analyzed: 34 dyed hairs ...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - November 16, 2023 Category: Biology Authors: Alejandra Galizia Luc ía Falchi Fiorella Iaquinta Ignacio Machado Source Type: research

Biomonitoring of Potentially Toxic Elements in Dyed Hairs and Its Correlation with Variables of Interest
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2023 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s12011-023-03964-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHair is good bioindicator of exposure, due to its ability to store and retain trace elements for long periods of time. But it can be especially useful when hair dyes are used since they may contain potentially toxic salts in their composition. In this context, analytical methods for the determination of bismuth, cadmium, lead, and silver in scalp human hair by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry were successfully validated. A total of 60 samples obtained from women between 18 and 60 years were analyzed: 34 dyed hairs ...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - November 16, 2023 Category: Biology Authors: Alejandra Galizia Luc ía Falchi Fiorella Iaquinta Ignacio Machado Source Type: research

lmplementation of a national regulatory framework for drinking water safety plans in Uruguay
J Water Health. 2023 Oct;21(10):1448-1459. doi: 10.2166/wh.2023.101.ABSTRACTThe establishment of national strategic frameworks for systematic scaling-up of water safety plans (WSPs) implementation needs to overcome major constraints: lack of legislation and policies, and the need for appropriate monitoring tools. In 2018, the Uruguayan regulator for energy and water services promulgated a regulation intended to ensure an ambitious and pragmatic strategy that supports and promotes WSP implementation and auditing at a national scale. The goal is to have all drinking water supply systems with their WSP implemented by 2030. Fo...
Source: Journal of Water and Health - October 30, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jose M P Vieira Sandra Rodr íguez Paula Suarez Ricardo Kramer Source Type: research