Comparing South Korea and Italy's healthcare systems and initiatives to combat COVID-19.
Authors: Palaniappan A, Dave U, Gosine B Abstract Italy and South Korea have two distinctly different healthcare systems, causing them to respond to public health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic in markedly different ways. Differences exist in medical education for both countries, allowing South Korean medical graduates to have a more holistic education in comparison to their Italian counterparts, who specialize in medical education earlier on. Additionally, there are fewer South Korean physicians per 1000 people in South Korea compared to Italian physicians per 1000 people in Italy. However, both countries ha...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

COVID-19 and newborn health: systematic review.
Conclusions: Given the paucity of studies at this time, vertical transmission cannot be confirmed or denied. Current literature does not support abstaining from breastfeeding nor separating mothers and newborns. Further evidence and data collection networks, particularly in the Americas, are needed for establishing definitive guidelines and recommendations. PMID: 32454807 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

To breastfeed or not to breastfeed? Lack of evidence on the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in breastmilk of pregnant women with COVID-19.
Authors: Martins-Filho PR, Santos VS, Santos HP Abstract A rapid systematic review was carried out to evaluate the current evidence related to the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in breast milk from pregnant women with COVID-19. Eight studies analyzing the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the breast milk of 24 pregnant women with COVID-19 during the third trimester of pregnancy were found. All patients had fever and/or symptoms of acute respiratory illness and chest computed tomography images indicative of COVID-19 pneumonia. Most pregnant women had cesarean delivery (91.7%) and two neonates had low birthweight (
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

A COVID-19 na Am érica Latina e suas repercussões para a odontologia.
A COVID-19 na América Latina e suas repercussões para a odontologia. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e66 Authors: Carrer FCA, Galante ML, Gabriel M, Pischel N, Giraldes AI, Neumann A, da Silva DP, Pucca GA PMID: 32454809 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Tuberculosis and HIV coinfection and related collaborative activities in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Conclusions: TB/HIV collaborative activities, as the backbone to address TB/HIV coinfection, are being scaled up in LAC and some indicators show a tendency toward improvement; nevertheless, our review shed light on the need to keep strengthening integration of service delivery, joint monitoring and evaluation, and data quality. PMID: 32440293 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a comprehensive blood pressure control program in primary health care in Peru.
Authors: Kim JK, Jo HY, Malo MA, Nam EW Abstract Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive blood pressure (BP) control program on improving lifestyle indicators, BP levels, and laboratory examination results among people living in low-income urban areas of Peru. Methods: A prospective before-and-after study design was applied to 1 271 participants with hypertension or pre-hypertension. The intervention was implemented for 2 years, from May 2015 - April 2017, in three health centers in Lima (2 in Comas and 1 in Callao). The changes in participants over the study period were compared. All particip...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Distance learning and patient safety: Report and evaluation of an online patient safety course.
This article reports on an online Nursing and Patient Safety course developed in 2012 by the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies in conjunction with the Pan American Health Organization and the International Network for Nursing and Patient Safety. The study's objectives are to describe the implementation of an international ODL program to enhance patient safety knowledge in nurses and nursing students, and to examine the participants' assessments of this online approach as an effective learning tool. Most participants who completed the Nursing and Patient Safety ODL course reported being satisfied with...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Contribution of amenable mortality to life expectancy differences between the Dutch Caribbean islands of Aruba and Cura çao and the Netherlands.
Conclusions: Improvements in health care services related to circulatory diseases, breast cancer, perinatal deaths, and nephritis/nephrosis in the Dutch Caribbean could substantially contribute to reducing the gap in life expectancy with the Netherlands. Based on our study, we recommend more in-depth studies to identify the specific interventions and resources needed to optimize the underlying health care areas. PMID: 32435265 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

La situaci ón de la enfermería en el mundo y la Región de las Américas en tiempos de la pandemia de COVID-19.
La situación de la enfermería en el mundo y la Región de las Américas en tiempos de la pandemia de COVID-19. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e64 Authors: Cassiani SHB, Munar Jimenez EF, Umpiérrez Ferreira A, Peduzzi M, Leija Hernández C PMID: 32399019 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Recommendations for a safety dental care management during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
This report describes measures that can be adopted by oral healthcare personnel to minimize the risk of cross-contamination in clinical practice during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. PMID: 32382259 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Feeding and nutrition efforts in the context of primary healthcare in BrazilMedidas relativas a la alimentaci ón y la nutrición en la atención primaria de salud en Brasil].
[Feeding and nutrition efforts in the context of primary healthcare in BrazilMedidas relativas a la alimentación y la nutrición en la atención primaria de salud en Brasil]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e39 Authors: Bortolini GA, de Oliveira TFV, da Silva SA, Santin RDC, de Medeiros OL, Spaniol AM, Pires ACL, Alves MFM, Faller LA Abstract In Brazil, the promotion, protection, and recovery of health are among the initiatives provided by the public and universal Unified Health System (SUS). The primary healthcare level (PHC), the preferred point of access to the system, plays the ...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Mexico's 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth: Full report.
Authors: Argumedo G, Taylor JRL, Gaytán-González A, González-Casanova I, Villalobos MFG, Jáuregui A, Ulloa EJ, Medina C, Miranda YSP, Rodríguez MP, Resendiz E, Pelayo RAR, Martínez MDPR, Galaviz KI Abstract Objectives: Mexico's 2018 Report Card evaluates the opportunities available for Mexican children and youth to reach healthy levels of physical activity, sleep, and sedentary behavior. Methods: The Report Card is a surveillance system that gathers data from national surveys, censuses, government documents, websites, grey literature, and published studies to evaluate 1...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Impact of the TARGA Program on the reduction of AIDS cases in the Peruvian health system, 1983-2018Impacto do Programa HAART na redu ção de casos de AIDS no sistema de saúde peruano, 1983-2018].
Conclusions: The findings showed a substantial increase in AIDS cases during the period 1983-2004, with a significant drop in cases after the implementation of the HAART Program. The Program is an effective intervention for the prevention of the number of AIDS cases, allowing universal access to antiretroviral therapy and providing other services such as monitoring tests, psychological counseling and the promotion of adherence to treatment in people living with HIV and AIDS. PMID: 32341690 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Costs attributable to obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in the Unified Health System, Brazil, 2018Costos atribuibles a la obesidad, la hipertensi ón y la diabetes en el Sistema Único de Salud de Brasil, 2018].
Conclusions: The estimates of costs attributable to the main chronic diseases associated with inadequate diet revealed a heavy economic burden of these disorders for the SUS. The data show the need to prioritize integrated and intersectoral policies for the prevention and control of hypertension, diabetes, and obesity, and may support the advocacy for interventions such as fiscal and regulatory measures to ensure that the objectives of the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition are met. PMID: 32284708 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Adequate solid waste management as a protection factor against dengue casesGesti ón adecuada de los residuos sólidos como factor de protección contra los casos de dengue].
Conclusions: Solid waste management may influence the occurrence of dengue cases, and therefore should be considered in the planning of public health actions. PMID: 32269592 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

No evidence supports the use of ether and chloroform inhalation for treating COVID-19.
Authors: Martins-Filho PR, Santos VS PMID: 32269593 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Sociodemographic characteristics associated with the prevalence of tobacco use in Costa RicaCaracter ísticas sociodemográficas associadas à prevalência do consumo de tabaco na Costa Rica].
[Sociodemographic characteristics associated with the prevalence of tobacco use in Costa RicaCaracterísticas sociodemográficas associadas à prevalência do consumo de tabaco na Costa Rica]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e17 Authors: Espinoza Aguirre A, Fantin R, Barboza Solis C, Salinas Miranda A Abstract Objective: To determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and the current prevalence of tobacco use in Costa Rica, based on the results of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Methods: Cross-sectional observational epidemiological study, coun...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Food industry arguments against front-of-package nutrition labels in UruguayArgumentos da ind ústria alimentícia contra a rotulagem frontal de advertência nutricional no Uruguai].
Conclusions: Despite apparent agreement about the need to adopt measures, it is clear that the food industry is strongly opposed to the policy and, in particular, to the warning system. The results of this analysis may help to facilitate the process of implementing similar regulations in other countries. PMID: 32256545 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Mortality associated with alternative policy options for primary care and the Mais M édicos (More Doctors) Program in Brazil: forecasting future scenarios.
Conclusions: Reductions in primary health care coverage due to austerity measures and the end of the PMM could be responsible for many avoidable adult and child deaths in coming years in Brazil. PMID: 32256546 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Clinical trials on drug repositioning for COVID-19 treatment.
Authors: Rosa SGV, Santos WC Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) was informed on December 2019 about a coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei province (China). Subsequently, on March 12, 2020, 125,048 cases and 4,614 deaths were reported. Coronavirus is an enveloped RNA virus, from the genus Betacoronavirus, that is distributed in birds, humans, and other mammals. WHO has named the novel coronavirus disease as COVID-19. More than 80 clinical trials have been launched to test coronavirus treatment, including some drug repurposing or repositioning for COVID-19. Hence, we performed a search in March 2...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in access barriers to seeking health services in four Latin American countries.
Conclusions: The effect of national policy initiatives on equity to accessing health services should be the object of future analysis. There is also a need for research on national and regional monitoring of access barriers and explanatory factors for why people do not seek care, even when having a health problem. PMID: 32165889 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - March 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Telehealth and hepatitis C treatment for indigenous communities in the United States.
Authors: Leston J, Stephens D, Miller M, Moran B, Deming P, Mera J PMID: 32165890 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - March 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Status of national policy on companion of choice at birth in Latin America and the Caribbean: Gaps and challenges.
Authors: De Mucio B, Binfa L, Ortiz J, Portela A Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a companion of choice during labor and birth, to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes and women's satisfaction with health services. To better understand the status of companion of choice in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), an online survey was conducted with members of a midwifery virtual community of practice and with key informants, aiming to identify: 1) existing regulatory instruments related to companion of choice in the countries where the members are practicing; and, 2) key characteristics of im...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - March 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Lancet Commission on Hypertension Group position statement on the global improvement of accuracy standards for devices that measure blood pressurePosicionamento do Grupo da Lancet Commission on Hypertension sobre a melhoria global dos padr ões de acurácia para aparelhos que medem a pressão arterial].
[Lancet Commission on Hypertension Group position statement on the global improvement of accuracy standards for devices that measure blood pressurePosicionamento do Grupo da Lancet Commission on Hypertension sobre a melhoria global dos padrões de acurácia para aparelhos que medem a pressão arterial]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e21 Authors: Sharman JE, O'Brien E, Alpert B, Schutte AE, Delles C, Olsen MH, Asmar R, Atkins N, Barbosa E, Calhoun D, Campbell NRC, Chalmers J, Benjamin I, Jennings G, Laurent S, Boutouyrie P, Lopez-Jaramillo P, McManus RJ, Mihailidou AS, Ordunez P, Padwal R, ...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - March 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Temporal trend of leprosy among the elderly in Brazil, 2001 - 2018.
Conclusions: New cases are shifting to older age groups, and demographic transition and immunosenescence are an influence. Inadequate reduction of grade-2 disability indicates a high risk of physical disability persists. Improved contact tracing and more effective action are needed in this age group. PMID: 32104169 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Infectious and parasitic diseases in Brazil, 2010 to 2017: considerations for surveillanceEnfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias en Brasil de 2010 a 2017: aspectos para la vigilancia sanitaria].
Conclusions: The technique used was adequate to guide surveillance actions in the country and allows articulation between local surveillance efforts and other sectors to resolve health problems caused by infectious and parasitic diseases and associated factors. PMID: 32051684 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Mayaro virus in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Conclusions: This report demonstrates that MAYV surveillance efforts are limited in comparison to the virus's presence in Latin America and the Caribbean, highlighting the importance of enhancing arboviral surveillance systems in the affected countries. PMID: 32051685 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Inequalities in congenital syphilis trends in the city of Niter ói, Brazil, 2007-2016Desigualdades en la tendencia de sífilis congénita en la ciudad de Niterói, Brasil, 2007-2016].
Conclusions: Social inequalities were linked to CS in the present sample. Also, increasing CS incidence was detected in youth. Health care professionals must be trained to manage gestational syphilis, and public policies must effectively address the social determinants of this condition. PMID: 32038724 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Social inequalities and prevalence of depressive symptoms: a cross-sectional study of women in a Mexican border city, 2014.
Conclusions: Disadvantage along multiple axes was associated with CSDS. Efforts to improve the mental health of women should include equity-oriented policies that address its social determinants. PMID: 32038725 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Vector competence of Culex mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Zika virus transmission: an integrative review.
Conclusions: There is still a lack of compelling evidence that indicates Culex spp. are a competent ZIKV vector, but they should remain a target for further monitoring studies, especially regarding ZIKV transmission to other species. Furthermore, studies should not be limited to studying whether their salivary glands are infected. PMID: 32025230 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

A comparison of national essential medicines lists in the Americas.
Conclusions: The NEMLs in the Americas were fairly similar to each other and to the WHO Model List and the Strategic Fund list. However, some areas of treatment and some specific medicines were identified that the countries should reassess when revising their NEMLs. PMID: 31998375 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease of non-traditional origin in Mesoamerica: a disease primarily driven by occupational heat stress.
In conclusion, work is the main driver of the CKDnt epidemic in Mesoamerica, with occupational heat stress being the single uniting factor shown to lead to kidney dysfunction in affected populations. Sugarcane cutters with extreme heat stress could be viewed as a sentinel occupational population. Occupational heat stress prevention is critical, even more so in view of climate change. PMID: 31998376 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

National policy actions on dementia in the Americas and Asia-Pacific: Consensus and challenges.
Authors: Sun F, Chima E, Wharton T, Iyengar V Abstract Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affect over 50 million persons globally, and the number is expected to rise. In response, health ministries are developing and implementing policies and programs to systemically address the needs of individuals and families affected by ADRD. While national plans of action on ADRD are advancing among European Member States of World Health Organization (WHO), those in the Asia-Pacific and Americas are lagging behind. Since previous studies have largely ignored the Americas and Asia-Pacific-where approximately two-t...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

The adult mortality profile by cause of death in 10 Latin American countries (2000-2016).
Conclusions: Some studies have pointed out that Latin America exhibits severe difficulties in moving through some epidemiological transition phases, given the continuing high mortality from chronic diseases and violent deaths. However, between 2000 and 2016, there was a convergence among the 10 analyzed countries around the theoretical limit in the average number of years lived in adulthood. Countries that include Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru are still further away from this limit, but they have an enormous potential to increase the number of years lived in adulthood in the future. PMID: 319660...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[New challenges for health planning: Chile's National Cancer PlanNovos desafios para o planejamento no setor da sa úde: o Plano Nacional do Câncer no Chile].
This article describes the process of developing Chile's National Cancer Plan. This process included an initial diagnostic stage in which various stakeholders were called on to provide different perspectives and proposals. Later, the compiled information was systematized and structured by the Ministry of Health in an action plan with detailed initiatives, objectives, and associated indicators. The Plan was developed along five strategic lines that guide all the proposed actions for the next ten years.The objective of the article is to describe the process by which the Plan was developed, in order to draw several lessons th...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Low detection rate and therapeutic success of tuberculosis in a prison in EcuadorBaixo recrutamento de pacientes e sucesso no tratamento da tuberculose em uma pris ão do Equador].
Conclusion: The incidence of TB in the prison was 123 times higher than in the general population of Ecuador. Prisoners co-infected with HIV-TB are at greater risk of not having a successful treatment, and articulation is required between the ministries of health and justice that allows the proper implementation of health protocols and the End TB Strategy. PMID: 31908648 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Comparative analysis of policies regulating clinical trialsAn álisis comparativo de las políticas de reglamentación de los ensayos clínicos].
[Comparative analysis of policies regulating clinical trialsAnálisis comparativo de las políticas de reglamentación de los ensayos clínicos]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e3 Authors: Bataglia W, Alves FS, De-Carli E Abstract The present article compares clinical trial regulations in Brazil, India, Canada, and the European Union with the aim of providing evidence for an evaluation of the Brazilian regulatory policy. For that, a document analysis approach was used, in four steps: preliminary exploratory analysis; descriptive study; categorization of information; contrastin...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Recommendations to strengthen primary health care in BrazilRecomendaciones para el fortalecimiento de la atenci ón primaria de salud en Brasil].
Conclusions: The findings support the FHS as the best model to ensure a strong PHC in the SUS, combined with policies that prioritize essential PHC attributes, especially through innovation in care, management, and communication technologies. PMID: 31911800 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Food guides: a strategy to reduce the consumption of ultra-processed foods and prevent obesityGu ías alimentarias: estrategia para reducir el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados y prevenir la obesidad].
[Food guides: a strategy to reduce the consumption of ultra-processed foods and prevent obesityGuías alimentarias: estrategia para reducir el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados y prevenir la obesidad]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2019;43:e59 Authors: Bortolini GA, Moura ALP, de Lima AMC, Moreira HOM, Medeiros O, Diefenthaler ICM, de Oliveira ML Abstract Obesity is a serious public health problem whose increase has been associated with the growing consumption of ultra-processed foods in several world regions, including Latin America. Food guides are official guidelines used to promote healthy eati...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[The nutrition decade, the public policy for food security, and public purchases from family farming in BrazilEl Decenio de las Naciones Unidas de Acci ón sobre la Nutrición, la política de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional, y las compras públicas de la agricultura familiar en Brasil].
[The nutrition decade, the public policy for food security, and public purchases from family farming in BrazilEl Decenio de las Naciones Unidas de Acción sobre la Nutrición, la política de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional, y las compras públicas de la agricultura familiar en Brasil]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2019;43:e84 Authors: Bocchi CP, Magalhães ÉS, Rahal L, Gentil P, Gonçalves RS Abstract The proclamation of the Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016-2025) by the United Nations was prompted by the realization that the causes of malnutrition are comp...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Determinants of sputum smear nonconversion in smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Suriname, 2010 - 2015.
Conclusion: The National TB program of Suriname should develop strategies to address patients at higher risk for delayed smear conversion to prevent further spreading and unfavorable treatment outcomes. To better inform decision-making and future studies, the NTP should expand its data collection to include all risk factors for delayed smear conversion. PMID: 31892924 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Loss to follow-up in patients treated for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in EcuadorA Perda de seguimento de pacientes tratados para tuberculose multirresistente a medicamentos no Equador].
Authors: Tatés-Ortega N, Álvarez J, López L, Mendoza-Ticona A, Alarcón-Arrascue E Abstract Objective: Determine the incidence of loss to follow-up (LTFU) in patients treated for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (RR/MDR-TB), and the factors associated with this discharge status in Ecuador. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients with RR/MDR-TB who followed the World Health Organization's 18-24-month treatment regimen in 2014 and 2015, as reported by the Ministry of Health of Ecuador. The incidence of LTFU was determined, and clinica...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Factors associated with completion of isoniazid preventive therapy in children in Quito, Ecuador (2014-2016 and 2018)Fatores associados à adesão à terapia preventiva com isoniazida em crianças de Quito, Equador (2014-2016 e 2018)].
Conclusions: The majority of children under 5 years of age who initiated IPT completed at least 80% of the prescribed doses, with varying associations and knowledge on the part of their caregivers. In this context, there is a need for further operations research in order to learn more about adherence and about the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health professionals and those affected by tuberculosis, and their environment. PMID: 31892926 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Operational research in the context of advancing towards tuberculosis elimination in the Americas.
Authors: da Silva JB, Espinal M PMID: 31892927 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Factors associated with tuberculosis mortality in Paraguay, 2015-2016Fatores associados à mortalidade por tuberculose no Paraguai, 2015-2016].
Conclusions: The highest risk of death is presented by men and people with TB/HIV coinfection and the lowest risk is presented by people deprived of liberty. There is a need to improve diagnosis and follow-up of TB cases, with effective implementation of directly observed treatment (DOTS) and timely management of associated diseases such as HIV and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. PMID: 31892928 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Factors associated with mortality in persons co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV in Suriname: a retrospective cohort study.
Conclusions: The Ministry of Health of Suriname should develop strategies for early case-finding in key populations, such as for HIV and TB in men 60 years of age and older. Implementation of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy for HIV should be pursued. Scaling up TB and HIV treatment, preferably through supervision, are essential to reducing the TB/HIV mortality. PMID: 31892929 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Tuberculosis in children and adolescents in Ecuador: analysis of reporting, disease characteristics and treatment outcomeTuberculose em crian ças e adolescentes no Equador: análise da notificação, características da doença e resultados do tratamento].
Conclusions: Ecuador presents a high percentage of under-diagnosis of childhood TB and a lower than expected burden, mainly in children under 5 years of age. The high prevalence of HIV and the lack of adequate systematization of adolescent contact screening suggest the need to consider family-centered strategies that involve training health personnel in the management of pediatric patients, with a focus on the specific needs of each population. PMID: 31892930 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

[Prevalence of comorbidity tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus in Paraguay, 2016 and 2017Preval ência de comorbidade tuberculose-diabetes mellitus no Paraguai, 2016 e 2017].
[Prevalence of comorbidity tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus in Paraguay, 2016 and 2017Prevalência de comorbidade tuberculose-diabetes mellitus no Paraguai, 2016 e 2017]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2019;43:e105 Authors: Céspedes C, López L, Aguirre S, Mendoza-Ticona A Abstract Objective: To estimate the national and regional prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) co-morbidity and identify the factors associated with this co-morbidity in Paraguay. Methods: Cross-sectional study in patients with TB notified in 2016 and 2017 and registered in the database of the ...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

First inter-laboratory comparison of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato diagnosis in Latin America.
Conclusion: The results underscore the heterogeneity of canine echinococcosis diagnosis across the region and indicate possible sources of variability. Efforts to standardize canine echinococcosis testing must be included in the plan of action for the Regional Initiative for the Control of Cystic Echinococcosis. Future comparisons with fecal samples of known parasite load are needed. PMID: 31889951 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

Development of an online tool for sodium intake assessment in Mexico.
Authors: Colín-Ramírez E, Cartas-Rosado R, Miranda Alatriste PV, Espinosa Cuevas Á, Arcand J, Morales Guerrero JC, Cassis Nosthas L, Rivera-Mancía S, Vallejo Allende M, Correa-Rotter R Abstract Excess sodium intake is associated with adverse health effects, and reducing its intake is a strategy that improves population health. However, estimating sodium intake is challenging and new options for assessment are needed. This review describes the design and development of a web-based, publicly-accessible, dietary sodium intake screening tool (Calculadora de Sodio) for individuals in Mexico. ...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research