The asymmetric role of freight and passenger transportation in testing EKC in the US economy: evidence from QARDL approach.
This study examines the association between transportation services (i.e., passenger and freight) and carbon emissions concerning the US economy. The monthly data for this study were collected for the period from 2000 M1 to 2019 M8. In this study, QARDL econometric approach as discussed by Cho et al. (2015) has been used to tests the relationship between transportation services and CO2 emissions. Due to the chaotic and nonlinear behavior of our concerning variables, it was quite difficult to gauge the principle properties of their variations. Therefore, we relied on QARDL, which has been missing in previous researches. By ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Godil DI, Sharif A, Afshan S, Yousuf A, Khan SAR Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Decontamination of xenobiotics in water and soil environment through potential application of composite maize stover/rice husk (MS/RH) biochar-a review.
Abstract Industries continuously emit xenobiotics into the environment, which increases risks of exposing humans and other biota to xenobiotics. Though various conventional and modern environmental remediation technologies are being employed, some of them are ineffective in removing xenobiotics, while others are costly and not feasible for large-scale utilization. Maize stover (MS) and rice husks (RH) are produced in abundance globally, which make them ideal and cost-effective feedstocks for large-scale biochar production for environmental remediation. Since either type of pristine MS and RH biochar may not be eff...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moyo GG, Hu Z, Getahun MD Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

CO2 effluxes from an urban tidal river flowing through two of the most populated and polluted cities of India.
Abstract Urbanized rivers flowing through polluted megacities receive substantial amount of carbon from domestic sewage and industrial effluents which can significantly alter the air-water CO2 flux rates. In this regard, we quantified the partial pressure of CO2 in the surface water (pCO2(water)), air-water CO2 fluxes, and associated biogeochemical parameters in the Hooghly River, India, flowing through two of the most polluted cities of the country, Kolkata and Howrah, over a complete annual cycle during spring tidal phase (SP) and neap tidal phase (NP). This urbanized part of Hooghly River was always supersatura...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chanda A, Das S, Bhattacharyya S, Akhand A, Das I, Samanta S, Choudhury SB, Hazra S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Farnesol attenuates oxidative stress and liver injury and modulates fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in high cholesterol-fed rats.
In conclusion, FAR possesses a strong anti-hyperlipidemic/anti-hypercholesterolemic activity mediated through its ability to modulate hepatic FAS, ACC, and SREPB-1c. FAR prevented oxidative stress, inflammation, and liver injury induced by HCD. Thus, FAR may represent a promising lipid-lowering agent that can protect against dyslipidemia and its linked metabolic deregulations. PMID: 32449150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abukhalil MH, Hussein OE, Bin-Jumah M, Saghir SAM, Germoush MO, Elgebaly HA, Mosa NM, Hamad I, Qarmush MM, Hassanein EM, Kamel EM, Hernandez-Bautista R, Mahmoud AM Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Biochar and compost effects on the remediative capacities of Oxalis pes-caprae L. growing on mining technosol polluted by Pb and As.
rie S Abstract Selection of plant species with a great remediating capacity and a high biomass production is an important step for depolluting soils especially mine soils. Hyperaccumulators are used in phytoextraction for extracting metals from soil to roots and to translocate them to aerial parts. While in phytostabilization that usually requires amendment, metals are accumulated in the plant roots. The purpose of this study is to investigate Oxalis pes-caprae L. tolerance to Pb and As from Pontgibaud mine soil in France amended with compost and/or biochar. Oxalis bulbils were harvested in three sites located aro...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Benhabylès L, Djebbar R, Miard F, Nandillon R, Morabito D, Bourgerie S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal pattern of the trade-offs and synergies of ecosystem services after Grain for Green Program: a case study of the Loess Plateau, China.
Abstract A vital approach for sustainable development is to achieve continuous synergies of ecosystem services (ESs). The implementation of Grain for Green Program (GFGP) in China has altered land use pattern and further affected ESs. The Loess Plateau, one of the crucial areas of GFGP, has a barren ecosystem. Thus, it is urgent to analyze trade-offs and synergies of ESs as it seeks to make rational use of natural resources. In this paper, three ESs (food supply (FS), water yield (WY), and habitat quality (HQ)) were selected to illustrate their relationships and changes during the implementation of GFGP. According...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: He J, Shi X, Fu Y, Yuan Y Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

A new method for evaluating the effects of insecticidal proteins expressed by transgenic plants on ectoparasitoid of target pest.
Abstract Transgenic Bt insect-resistant plants are highly resistant to Lepidoptera stockpile pest Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), a storage pest. Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), which is an ectoparasitic wasp of Indian meal moth, may be exposed to the Bt protein through the food chain. In the current study, high dose of Cry1C protein was injected into the hemolymph of P. interpunctella by microinjection, and the hemolymph was used as the carrier to deliver Bt protein to the H. hebetor. Using this method, we developed a new Tier-1 risk assessment sy...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang W, Cai W, Wang Z, Zhao J, Hua H Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Application of WRF-Chem to simulate air quality over Northern Vietnam.
Abstract The WRF-Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting with Chemistry) model is implemented and validated against ground-based observations for meteorological and atmospheric variables for the first time in Northern Vietnam. The WRF-Chem model was based on HTAPv2 emission inventory with MOZCART chemical-aerosol mechanism to simulate atmospheric variables for winter (January) and summer (July) of 2014. The model satisfactorily reproduces meteorological fields, such as temperature 2 m above the ground and relative humidity 2 m above the ground at 45 NCHMF meteorological stations in January, but lower agre...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Do TNN, Ngo XT, Pham VH, Vuong NL, Le HA, Pham CT, Bui QH, Nguyen TNT Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Climatic seasonality and water quality in watersheds: a study case in Limoeiro River watershed in the western region of S ão Paulo State, Brazil.
Climatic seasonality and water quality in watersheds: a study case in Limoeiro River watershed in the western region of São Paulo State, Brazil. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 May 23;: Authors: Gomes FDG, Osco LP, Antunes PA, Ramos APM Abstract Applying the climatological water balance (WB) concept to describe the relationship between climatic seasonality and surface water quality according to different forms of land use and land cover (LULC) is an important issue, but little explored in the literature. In this paper, we evaluate the influence of WB on surface water quality and its impacts wh...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gomes FDG, Osco LP, Antunes PA, Ramos APM Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Economic policy uncertainty, energy consumption and carbon emissions in G7 countries: evidence from a panel Granger causality analysis.
ök B Abstract We investigate the causal relationship between economic policy uncertainty (EPU) and energy consumption and carbon (CO2) emissions in G7 countries. We employ a bootstrap panel Granger causality test developed by Kónya (Econ Model 23:978-992, 2006), using a yearly data set spanning from 1998 to 2018. Our test results provide significant support for a unidirectional causality running from EPU to energy consumption in Japan; from EPU to CO2 emissions in the USA and Germany; and from EPU to both energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Canada. In Italy, causality runs from CO2 emissions to EPU...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pirgaip B, Dinçergök B Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Bioaccumulation and biotransformation of arsenic in Leptolyngbya boryana.
In conclusion, due to its powerful arsenic accumulation, biotransformation, and detoxification abilities, L. boryana might play an important role in arsenic remediation in aquatic environments. PMID: 32447729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhu F, Yang M, Luo ZX, Yu RL, Hu GR, Yan Y Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Facile synthesis of chitosan-modified ZnO/ZnFe2O4 nanocomposites for effective remediation of groundwater fluoride.
This study explores the possibility of developing an eco-friendly adsorbent for effective remediation of groundwater fluoride, a well-known health hazard affecting more than 25 nations on the various continents. A facile and milder approach has been adopted to synthesize chitosan-modified ZnO/ZnFe2O4 nanocomposites. The synthesized materials have been characterized by different spectroscopic, microscopic, and diffractometric techniques. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction studies have confirmed the formation of pure and highly crystalline ZnO/ZnFe2O4 nanocomposites. The presence of surface-adsorbed ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sarma GK, Sharma R, Saikia R, Borgohain X, Iraqui S, Bhattacharyya KG, Rashid MH Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Development of low-cost paper-based biosensor of polyphenol oxidase for detection of phenolic contaminants in water and clinical samples.
Abstract In the present work, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) enzyme was purified from potato peel using three-phase partitioning (TPP). In this method, ammonium sulfate and t-butanol were added to precipitate the protein/enzyme from the crude aqueous extract. The PPO enzyme precipitated as an interfacial layer between the upper organic solvent phase and lower aqueous phase. Different purification parameters such as crude extract to t-butanol ratio, ammonium sulfate concentration, temperature, and pH were optimized for TPP. About 69% PPO enzyme activity was recovered in a single step of TPP with 9.2-fold purification. Th...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Noori R, Perwez M, Mazumder JA, Sardar M Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Urban air quality, climate, and pollution: from measurement to modeling applications.
PMID: 32447732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Toledo de Almeida Albuquerque T, Santos JM, Andrade MF Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Artificial intelligence models versus empirical equations for modeling monthly reference evapotranspiration.
In conclusion, the results of this research indicate the suitability of the proposed hybrid artificial intelligence model (SVR-GWO) at the study stations. Besides, promising results encourage researchers to transfer and test these models in other locations in the world in future works. PMID: 32445152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tikhamarine Y, Malik A, Souag-Gamane D, Kisi O Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Climate change and cotton production: an empirical investigation of Pakistan.
This study investigates the relationship between climate change, the area under cultivation, fertilizer consumption, and cotton production in Pakistan from 1980 to 2018. The existence and nature of the short-term and long-term relationships are explored by using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model bounds testing approach. The estimated result of the ARDL bounds testing approach has shown the presence of cointegration between dependent and explanatory variables. The long-term estimates have revealed that the increasing average temperature has a positive insignificant effect, which implies that rising temperature ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abbas S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Human and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in different particle sizes of road dust in Muscat, Oman.
Abstract Heavy metal contamination of Hg, As, Cu, Cr, Zn, and Pb was investigated in three different fractions 45, 125, and 200 μm of road dust in Muscat, Oman. Dust samples were collected from three different traffic roads, viz. high, medium, and low based on traffic volume and then sieved individually before they analyzed using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Cu has the highest level among the analyzed metals while the lowest amount was for Hg. Most of the metals in all traffic sites have higher concentration in finer fraction and the concentrations of Cu, Pb, and Zn i...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Al-Shidi HK, Sulaiman H, Al-Reasi HA, Jamil F, Aslam M Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Concentrations, distributions, sources, and risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in topsoils around a petrochemical industrial area in Algiers (Algeria).
Abstract Fifty-five samples were collected from topsoils around a petrochemical industrial area at the east of Algiers (Algeria) and analyzed for 16EPA priority PAHs in the aim to determine the concentrations, the distributions, and the possible sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The results of the quantification are then devoted to the assessment of the potential risks as the toxicity, the risk for the ecosystem, and the risk for the human health. The sampling sites were classified into four categories: rural, suburban, urban, and industrial-urban. A new extraction method based on the insertion o...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Benlaribi R, Djebbar S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Environmental efficiency and the role of energy innovation in emissions reduction.
Abstract Environmental problems, including extreme weather phenomena, unprecedented global warming, and environmental disasters caused by increasing levels of CO2 and other toxic emissions, along with rapidly increasing economic development and energy consumption, require global development and policies to meet sustainable development goals. The traditional data envelopment analysis (DEA) model has limited practical applicability for measuring environmental performance, as it lacks the computational capacity to deal with undesirable outputs. The current study employs "radial" and "non-radial" D...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anser MK, Iqbal W, Ahmad US, Fatima A, Chaudhry IS Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Phytoremediation efficiency of Helianthus annuus L. for reclamation of heavy metals-contaminated industrial soil.
Abstract Soil pollution is rapidly increasing due to industrialization and urbanization. Heavy metal pollution raised concern because of its possible impact on plants and humans. Helianthus annuus L. is a good hyperaccumulator plant, used for the removal of heavy metals because of its phytoremediation efficiency. In the present study, we cultivated H. annuus plants in industrial contaminated soil collected from various industries like plastic, paper, dye, and textile of different areas of Jaipur (Rajasthan), Kashipur, Jaspur, and Bajpur (Uttrakhand), India. Plantlets accumulated a different range of Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chauhan P, Mathur J Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Determinants of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in hydroelectric countries.
, Flores-Chamba J Abstract In the past decades, renewable energy consumption has grown considerably because of environmental degradation caused by non-renewable energy consumption. This research aims to find the causal link between renewable and non-renewable energy consumption, human capital, and non-renewable energy price for the 53 most renewable energy-consuming countries worldwide (hydroelectric) during the period 1990-2017. We use data collected from the World Bank (http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators, 2018) and Statistical Review of World Energy (https://www.bp.com/, 2018). W...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ponce P, López-Sánchez M, Guerrero-Riofrío P, Flores-Chamba J Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Detoxification impact of Trichosporon cutaneum in saline condition for efficient reduction of phenol co-contaminated with cadmium.
Abstract Treatment strategies applied for co-contaminated environments may not work due to a mixture of organic and inorganic contaminants. Here, we study the efficiency of simultaneous phenol and cadmium removal by Trichosporon cutaneum in saline condition. Initially, phenol degradation and cadmium removal were analyzed separately. The results showed the high potential of T. cutaneum for phenol degradation and almost all the phenol (1250 mg/L) was degraded in the presence of 5% NaCl. Cadmium removal by T. cutaneum indicated a direct relation to NaCl concentration. Increasing salt concentration from 0 to 5% c...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nouri H, Kamyabi A, Ghorbannezhad H, Moghimi H Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

The impact of technology-environmental innovation on CO2 emissions in China's transportation sector.
Abstract Along with the development of urbanization and informationization, an increasing attention has been attracted to CO2 emissions of China's transportation sector and its influencing factors. Such researches mainly utilize single indicator or two indicators to represent technology process. This research aims to verify the influence of technology-environmental innovation indicator system on CO2 emissions of China's transportation sector by decoupling elasticity and econometric model. We firstly recognize the decoupling status of CO2 emissions of China's transportation sector from social economic development a...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chen F, Zhao T, Liao Z Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Responses of nitrogen transformation and dissolved oxygen in constructed wetland to biochar and earthworm amendment.
In this study, an experimental constructed wetland system is designed and used to investigate the effect of biochar (rice husk biochar (RHB), coconut shell biochar (CSB), and wood biochar (WB) and earthworm on DO concentration, nitrogen transformation, and ammonia nitrogen removal. Specifically, effects of different biochar and earthworm on NH4+-N in wastewater, N content of Phragmites australis, NH4+-N and NO3--N content in substrates, microbial nitrification and denitrification potentials, and the DO concentration were investigated. Results show that the addition of biochar and earthworm increased the removal efficiency ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhou L, Wang J, Xu D, Li Y, Yao B, Howard A Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Annual study of hydraulic characteristics in surface flow constructed wetlands using hydrogen and oxygen stable isotope technology.
Abstract Complex flow patterns and hydraulic characteristics could reduce the utilization efficiency of constructed wetland (CW), and consequently, its pollutant removal performance. Thus, it is of great importance to explore the internal flow patterns of CWs. Isotopic molecules exist naturally in CWs and have special properties under liquid conditions; using hydrogen and oxygen isotope technology cannot only reduce secondary pollution but also reflect the hydraulic characteristics of CWs. In the present study, the annual variation of isotopic composition in field-scale CW was investigated to evaluate the long-ter...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gao H, Lan W, Sun H, Hu Z Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Human health risk assessment of heavy metals in raw milk of buffalo feeding at wastewater-irrigated agricultural farms in Pakistan.
Abstract Wastewater irrigation to grow fodder for animals and cattle farming is common practice in Pakistan. Hence, this study was conducted in Multan, Pakistan, to assess heavy metal pollution, human health risk and the total target health quotient (TTHQ) of heavy metals in raw milk of buffalo feeding at different agricultural farms and to identify sources of toxicity in milk. Samples of raw milk (n = 60) were analyzed for Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, and Pb by ICP-OES, Perkin Elmer, USA. The TTHQ values of heavy metals ranged from 6.92 to 42.44 in raw milk of buffalo, highest at wastewater-irrigated agricultural farms an...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Iqbal Z, Abbas F, Ibrahim M, Qureshi TI, Gul M, Mahmood A Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Renewed evidence of environmental sustainability from globalization and energy consumption over economic growth in China.
This study is primarily motivated by exploring the role of globalization, energy intensity over economic expansion, and its impact on environmental sustainability in China. To this end, a sequence of econometrics tests were conducted to address this hypothesized relationship. The choice of China is informed by intense industrial activities and being one of the leading world economies. Annual frequency data from 1971 to 2015 is utilized for the current study. Empirical finding from novel and robust Bayer and Hanck combined cointegration test supports cointegration equilibrium relationship among the variables under review. T...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bekun FV, Yalçiner K, Etokakpan MU, Alola AA Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Catalytic degradation of clothianidin with graphene/TiO2 using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma system.
In this study, different ratios of titanium dioxide-graphene catalysts were loaded onto honeycomb ceramic plates via the sol-gel method, and the modified catalytic ceramic plates were characterized by XRD, SEM, FTIR, DRS, and energy dispersive X-ray. The results suggested that the rGO-TiO2 was well loaded on the surface of the honeycomb ceramic plates. According to the results of the characterization experiments and the degradation of the clothianidin solution with different proportions of the catalyst, 8 wt% rGO-TiO2 was selected as the optimum ratio for degradation. Clothianidin degradation efficiency was significan...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li S, Chen H, Wang X, Dong X, Huang Y, Guo D Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

The asymmetric effects of oil price changes on environmental pollution: evidence from the top ten carbon emitters.
Abstract The basic purpose of this study is to scrutinize the asymmetric effect of oil price changes on environmental pollution in Canada, China, India, Iran, Germany, Japan, Russia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and the USA. The study uses time series annual data of selected courtiers from 1981 to 2018 and applies non-linear ARDL (NARDL) model to examine the long- and short-run asymmetries. The results show that positive shocks in diesel prices in the USA, India, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Iran, and Canada, while negative shocks in China and India reduce carbon emissions in the long run. However, an increase in ga...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ullah S, Chishti MZ, Majeed MT Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Plant isoflavones can prevent adverse effects of benzene on porcine ovarian activity: an in vitro study.
th AH Abstract We evaluated the influence of the oil-related environmental contaminant benzene (0, 10, 100, or 1000 ng/mL) alone and in combination with apigenin, daidzein, or rutin (10 μg/mL each) on viability; proliferation (accumulation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen); apoptosis (accumulation of Bax); and release of progesterone (P), testosterone (T), and estradiol (E) in cultured porcine ovarian granulosa cells. Cell viability; proliferation; apoptosis; and release of P, T, and E have been analyzed by the trypan blue test, quantitative immunocytochemistry, and ELISA, respectively. Benzene did not aff...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sirotkin A, Záhoranska Z, Tarko A, Popovska-Percinic F, Alwasel S, Harrath AH Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Chlorpyrifos effects on integrin alpha v and beta 3 in implantation window phase.
This study has shown that the decline of estradiol and progesterone downregulates the expression of αv and β3 integrins which were influenced by CPF exposure. Changing these patterns of proteins could have numerous influences on unsuccessful implantation. Therefore, this experimental study recommends that inclusive consideration of the effects of insecticides may be crucial to women's unrecognized cause of infertility. PMID: 32440878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gheibi P, Eftekhari Z, Doroud D, Parivar K Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Analyzing the association between innovation, economic growth, and environment: divulging the importance of FDI and trade openness in India.
The objective of this paper is to explore the nexus of innovation-environment and economic growth in the context of the Indian economy. To achieve the study objective, we explored the role of technological innovation, FDI, trade openness, energy use, and economic growth toward carbon emissions. Using the data of 1985-2017, the study employed ARDL bound testing and vector error correction model (VECM) methods to capture the effects of technological innovation, trade openness, FDI, energy use, and economic growth on CO2 emissions. Empirical estimation has confirmed the existence of long-run cointegration. Similarly, in the l...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zameer H, Yasmeen H, Zafar MW, Waheed A, Sinha A Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Copper-induced oxidative stress and biomarkers in the postlarvae of Penaeus indicus.
The objective of the present research is to study the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and protein carbonyl (PC) and the functional protein levels of metallothioneins (MT) in Penaeus indicus postlarvae (PL) upon sublethal copper exposure and to determine the biomarkers. The PL were exposed to sublethal copper of 0.164 ppm. The experiments were carried out in the laboratory over a period of 30 days with sampling intervals of 24, 48, and 96 h and 10, 20, and 30 days. The present study confirms that high oxidative stress can be induced from 24 h onwards upon sublethal exposure to copper in P. i...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Thatipaka SDR, Paila RV, Polaki S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Assessment of dissolved organic carbon and iron effects on water color between a forest and pasture-dominated fine-scale catchment in a Central Appalachian region, West Virginia.
Abstract Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and iron (Fe) have been observed to be the important contributors to surface water brownification. Additionally, the DOC quality influences water color by forming Fe-DOC complexes that provide additive effects and is influenced by dominant land use type within watersheds. However, the influence of quantity and quality of DOC on Fe and water color is poorly understood in headwater streams. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DOC and Fe on water color in forest (FC) and pasture (GFC) fine-scale watersheds to remove the confounding effects of climate and soi...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lei L, Thompson JA, McDonald LM Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Porous carbon materials derived from olive kernels: application in adsorption of organic pollutants.
Abstract Adsorption of organic pollutants (OPs), bisphenol A, and diuron, from aqueous solutions onto porous carbon materials (CMs) prepared from olive kernels, have been investigated. The effects of initial pH, initial OP concentration, temperature, and contact time on the adsorption capacity were studied. The adsorption of bisphenol A and diuron onto CMs was found to be optimal at pH 5.6 and 6.9, respectively. It was noticed that the adsorption of those organic pollutants from aqueous solution declined with increasing temperature and the process is exothermic. The rate of adsorption followed the second order kin...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: El Ouahedy N, Zbair M, Ojala S, Brahmi R, Pirault-Roy L Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Influence of immersion depth of membrane on filtration performance of anaerobic membrane bioreactor.
Abstract Membrane fouling is still the main obstacle that hinders the development and implementation of anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR). In conventional upflow anaerobic reactors, sludge at different height usually presents certain differences in characteristics in terms of particle size, etc. The immersion depth of membrane modules in anaerobic reactors can also influence the fouling of membrane. Thus, it is of great interest to investigate the fouling mechanism with the membrane installed at different heights in reactors. The filtration performance and sludge properties were investigated at different heigh...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pang C, Ren X, Zhang X, Hu Z, Wang W Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Leaching of metal(loid)s from ashes of spent sorbent and stabilisation effect of calcium-rich additives.
In this study, incineration was explored as a management option to treat the spent sorbent that was loaded with As, Cr, Cu and Zn. The first objective of this study was to evaluate the leaching of these metal(loid)s from the ashes and compare it with the leaching from the spent sorbents before incineration. The second objective was to evaluate the leaching behaviour when the spent sorbent was co-incinerated with a Ca-rich additive (lime). To achieve these objectives, the obtained ashes were subjected to leaching tests, sequential extraction, and X-ray diffraction analyses. After the incineration, the ash content ranged fro...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kasiuliene A, Carabante I, Sefidari H, Öhman M, Bhattacharya P, Kumpiene J Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters and relationship with occupational exposure to pesticides and metals.
This study aimed to evaluate biomarkers of exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors insecticides (AChE and BuChE activities) and metals (As, Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, and Pb blood levels) and their associations with biochemical, hematological, and immunological parameters in farmers from Southern Brazil. One hundred and sixteen individuals were divided into two groups: 62 farmers (exposed group) and 54 subjects non-occupationally exposed (NOE) to agrochemicals. Erythrocyte (AChE) and serum (BuChE) cholinesterases activities were significantly reduced as well as blood Cd and Pb levels were increased in farmers when compared to NOE group (p 
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cestonaro LV, Garcia SC, Nascimento S, Gauer B, Sauer E, Göethel G, Peruzzi C, Nardi J, Fão N, Piton Y, Braga W, Rocha R, Saint'Pierre T, Gioda A, Arbo MD Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Cardiac toxicity of heavy metals (cadmium and mercury) and pharmacological intervention by vitamin C in rabbits.
Abstract Mercury and cadmium are highly dangerous metals that can lead to disastrous effects in animals and humans. The aim of the current research was to elucidate the poisonous effects of mercuric chloride and cadmium chloride individually and in combination on biochemical profiles of plasma and their accumulation in heart. The therapeutic effect of vitamin C against these metals in rabbits was also studied. Mercuric chloride (1.2 μg/g), cadmium chloride (1.5 μg/g), and vitamin C (150 μg/g of body weight) were orally given to treatment groups of the rabbits (1-control; 2-vitamin; 3-CdCl2;...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ali S, Awan Z, Mumtaz S, Shakir HA, Ahmad F, Ulhaq M, Tahir HM, Awan MS, Sharif S, Irfan M, Khan MA Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Sulfamethoxazole affects the microbial composition and antibiotic resistance gene abundance in soil and accumulates in lettuce.
Abstract Pot experiments were set up to simulate the soil contamination by three initial concentrations of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) (S1, 100 mg/kg; S2, 200 mg/kg; S3, 300 mg/kg). The content of SMX in soil and its accumulation in lettuce were analysed. Additionally, the effects of SMX on soil microorganisms and antibiotic resistance genes were studied by Illumina high-throughput sequencing and droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). The results demonstrated that the SMX content in soil reduced by 97%, 86% and 75% in the S1, S2 and S3 treatment groups after 120 days, respectively. The a...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheng S, Shi M, Xing L, Wang X, Gao H, Sun Y Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Elimination of Cr(VI) from chromium slag with poplar lignin by electrochemical treatment in sulfuric acid solution.
Abstract In this paper, we proposed a novel method to eliminate nocuous Cr(VI) from chromium slag with poplar lignin by electrochemical treatment in sulfuric acid solution. In this electrochemical process, self-made Ti/SnO2-Sb anode and graphite cathode were applied, and the oxidative degradation of lignin proceeded simultaneously with the reduction of Cr(VI) in one pot. The influences of pivotal factors on electrocatalytic redox efficiency were investigated, such as chromium slag concentration, lignin concentration, current density, sulfuric acid concentration, and reaction time. The results showed that the elimi...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Du Y, Wen Y, Fan H, Qi J, Zhang S, Li G Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

The impact of prenatal exposure to PM2.5 on childhood asthma and wheezing: a meta-analysis of observational studies.
Abstract With the accelerated pace of economic development and modernization, air pollution has become one of the most focused public health problems. However, the impact of particulate matter exposure during pregnancy on childhood asthma and wheezing remains controversial. We performed this meta-analysis to explore the relationship between prenatal exposure to PM2.5 and childhood asthma and wheezing. Candidate papers were searched on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library before July 15, 2019. The main characteristics of the included studies were extracted, and the quality was evaluated by the Newca...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yan W, Wang X, Dong T, Sun M, Zhang M, Fang K, Chen Y, Chen R, Sun Z, Xia Y Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

The potential persistence of abundant submerged macrophyte and phytoplankton in a shallow system at very high nutrients loading: results from a mesocosm study.
Abstract Shallow lakes are typically either in a clear water state with high abundance of submerged macrophytes or in a turbid state dominated by phytoplankton. A 10-week mesocosm experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that in a very shallow aquatic ecosystem impacted by very high nutrient loading, both submerged macrophytes and phytoplankton may be abundant. Nutrient levels, phytoplankton biomass (measured as chlorophyll a, Chl a), total suspended solids (TSS), inorganic suspended solids (ISS), and submerged macrophyte biomass were measured in three different treatments: DH (deep (1 m) water with very high ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhu M, Zhang X Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Effects of reducing chemical fertilizer combined with organic amendments on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea communities in a low-fertility red paddy field.
This study suggests that both AOA and AOB were jointly contributed to the variation of soil potential nitrification rate, while the AOA community was shown to be more responsive to organic-substitute fertilization strategies than AOB in the tested soils. PMID: 32440868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang D, Xiao X, He N, Zhu W, Liu M, Xie G Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Fe and Cu co-doped graphitic carbon nitride as an eco-friendly photo-assisted catalyst for aniline degradation.
Abstract A novel bimetallic coordinated g-C3N4 with Fe2O3 composite catalyst (FeCu-g-C3N4) was synthesized by simple calcination of Fe3+/Cu2+/melamine precursor. Its catalytic performance was analyzed via photodegrading aniline. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to characterize the composition and structure of the catalysts. Results indicated that Fe mainly distributed in the Fe(III)-N coordination form and partly in Fe2O3 lattice, and Cu inserted at the interstitial positi...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li L, Liang M, Huang J, Zhang S, Liu Y, Li F Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Habitat characteristics mediated partitioning of economically important bivalves in a tropical monsoon-influenced estuary.
This study unravels the reasons for their partitioning in this estuary. Paphia malabarica is an exclusive inhabitant of Chicalim which has silty-sandy sediment, whereas M. casta is exclusive to Siridao, a sandy habitat. Observations showed that this segregation is facilitated by the semi-enclosed nature of habitat at Chicalim with the high amount of degraded and aged sediment organic carbon, high chlorophyll a, elemental, and biochemical components, whereas Siridao experiences the high impact of tidal currents, low sediment organic carbon, and high water column chlorophyll a. The habitat in Siridao gets exposed to UV radia...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Desai DV, Gardade L, Khandeparker L, Anil AC Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Removal of harmful algal blooms in freshwater by buoyant-bead flotation using chitosan-coated fly ash cenospheres.
In this study, a novel buoyant-bead flotation (BBF) method using chitosan-coated fly ash cenospheres (CFACs) was developed to remove HABs in freshwater. To achieve a high removal efficiency of harmful algae (Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricauda, and Microcystis aeruginosa), this study investigated the effects of chitosan/fly ash ratios in CFAC composite, CFAC concentration, flotation time, and pH values on the microalgae removal. The optimized ratio of CFACs is 0.1:12, and the optimized CFAC concentration is 0.3-0.7 g L-1. However, the lower or higher ratios (0.1:4, 0.1:8, 0.1:16) result in microalgae reac...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zou X, Xu K, Xue Y, Qu Y, Li Y Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Screening for microplastics in marine fish of Thailand: the accumulation of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tract of different foraging preferences.
This study provides evidence to fill a gap of research relating to microplastic ingestion by fish from Thailand. PMID: 32440872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International)
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Klangnurak W, Chunniyom S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Analysis of spatiotemporal variation in river water quality using clustering techniques: a case study in the Yeongsan River, Republic of Korea.
Abstract Herein, cluster analysis was applied to evaluate the spatiotemporal variations in water quality variables of a river. The analysis was performed using the data obtained from 15 monitoring stations during 2007-2018 in the Yeongsan River, Republic of Korea. The spatiotemporal analysis successfully clustered the annual water quality variables temporally into years of poor water quality (2007-2012) and good water quality (2013-2018), and spatially into stations observing bad water quality (midstream) and good water quality (upstream and downstream). For the spatial cluster analysis results before and after a ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lee KH, Kang TW, Ryu HS, Hwang SH, Kim K Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Biological nitrogen removal via combined processes of denitrification, highly efficient partial nitritation and Anammox from mature landfill leachate.
Abstract The combined processes of pre-denitrification, highly efficient partial nitritation and Anammox were developed to treat mature landfill leachate. In the partial nitritation stage, an outstanding nitrite production rate (NPR) of approximately 1.506 kg·(m3 day)-1 of mature landfill leachate was achieved in a zeolite biological aerated filter (ZBAF) due to the inhibition of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) by free ammonia (FA) and free nitrous acid (FNA). With respect to the nitrogen removal performance of the combined process, remarkable nitrogen removal efficiencies (NRE) and nitrogen remo...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chen X, Wang X, Zhong Z, Deng C, Chen Z, Chen X Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research