Preliminary population studies of the grassland swallowtail butterfly Euryades corethrus (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae)
This study aimed to assess the genetic diversity, population structure and demographic history of E. corethrus. We sampled eight populations from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and based on Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (COI) molecular marker, our results suggest a low genetic variability between populations, presence of gene flow and, consequently, lack of population structure. A single maternally inherited-genetic marker is insufficient for population-level decisions, but barcoding is a useful tool during early stages of population investigation, bringing out genomic diversity patterns within the target species. Those populati...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - June 21, 2023 Category: Science Authors: Guilherme Wagner G Atencio Rebeca Zanini Mar índia Deprá Helena P Romanowski Source Type: research

Preliminary population studies of the grassland swallowtail butterfly Euryades corethrus (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae)
This study aimed to assess the genetic diversity, population structure and demographic history of E. corethrus. We sampled eight populations from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and based on Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (COI) molecular marker, our results suggest a low genetic variability between populations, presence of gene flow and, consequently, lack of population structure. A single maternally inherited-genetic marker is insufficient for population-level decisions, but barcoding is a useful tool during early stages of population investigation, bringing out genomic diversity patterns within the target species. Those populati...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - June 21, 2023 Category: Science Authors: Guilherme Wagner G Atencio Rebeca Zanini Mar índia Deprá Helena P Romanowski Source Type: research

Worldwide news and comment
All articles written by Karen Evans-Reeves, Ruth Canty or Manuja Perera unless otherwise attributed. Ideas and items for News Analysis should be sent to k.a.evans-reeves@bath.ac.uk South AmericaUruguay: civil society challenges tobacco industry interference Over the past few decades, Uruguay has secured great achievements in tobacco control, followed in turn, by favourable health outcomes. After becoming the first indoor-smoke-free country in the Americas region in 2006, a comprehensive tobacco control law was passed in 2008. By this time, the Uruguayan government had already enacted the world’s largest pictorial hea...
Source: Tobacco Control - June 20, 2023 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Evans-Reeves, K., Canty, R., Perera, M. Tags: TC News analysis, Open access Source Type: research

Assessment of radiation hazard indices due to naturally occurring long-life radionuclides in the coastal area of Barra de Valizas, Uruguay
AbstractThe Uruguayan east coast has several mineral resources, which include black sand ores in the Barra de Valizas –Aguas Dulces area. Cancer in Uruguay shows non-homogeneous geographical distribution, with the highest standardized mortality ratio (SMR) in the northeast and east region, which includes the aforementioned area and the town of Barra de Valizas. The activity concentration of natural radionuclides (226Ra,232Th and40 K) in Barra de Valizas´soil was determined by gamma spectrometry in order to evaluate the radiological hazard for inhabitants and tourists. The outdoor annual effective dose (AEDE), excess li...
Source: Environmental Geochemistry and Health - June 15, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Coxiella burnetii Infection in Livestock, Pets, Wildlife, and Ticks in Latin America and the Caribbean: a Comprehensive Review of the Literature
The objective of this study was to review the data onCoxiella burnetii Infection in animals in Latin America and the Caribbean.Recent FindingsA comprehensive literature review was carried out in the 47 countries and territories of Latin America on various search engines and grouped into four groups: livestock, pets, wildlife, and ticks.SummaryThus, 113 studies were selected between 1950 and 2022. Among the 47 countries, only 25 (53%) had at least one publication related toC. burnetii infection in animals. The most productive country was Brazil (N = 51), followed by French Guiana (N = 21), and Colombia (N = 16)....
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - June 15, 2023 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Full genotype characterization of Brazilian canine G3P[3] strains during a 10-year survey (2012 –2021) of rotavirus infection in domestic dogs and cats
AbstractThere is a dearth of information on the molecular epidemiology of rotaviruses in pets in Brazil. The aim of this study was to monitor rotavirus infections in household dogs and cats, determine full-genotype constellations, and obtain data on evolutionary relationships. Between 2012 and 2021, 600 fecal samples from dogs and cats (516 and 84, respectively) were collected at small animal clinics in S ão Paulo state, Brazil. Rotavirus screening was conducted using ELISA, PAGE, RT-PCR, sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis. Rotavirus type A (RVA) was detected in 0.5% (3/600) of the animals. No non-RVA types were detect...
Source: Archives of Virology - June 12, 2023 Category: Virology Source Type: research

High aluminum content in bone of marine mammals and its relation with source levels and origin
Environ Pollut. 2023 May 30:121936. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121936. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough aluminum is widely distributed in the earth's crust, its environmental availability and wildlife assimilation rates are only partially known. Here we analyze aluminum concentrations in bone from 10 species of marine mammals inhabiting 3 geographic areas subject to different aluminum inputs: the Río de la Plata estuary (Uruguay), the coastal waters of Mauritania and the Galapagos archipelago (Ecuador). Overall, concentrations were unusually high as compared to those of terrestrial animals, with lowest concentration...
Source: Environmental Pollution - June 1, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: A Borrell O Garcia-Garin A Aguilar M Vighi M Valdivia E M Gonz ález D P áez-Rosas M Drago Source Type: research

High aluminum content in bone of marine mammals and its relation with source levels and origin
Environ Pollut. 2023 May 30:121936. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121936. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough aluminum is widely distributed in the earth's crust, its environmental availability and wildlife assimilation rates are only partially known. Here we analyze aluminum concentrations in bone from 10 species of marine mammals inhabiting 3 geographic areas subject to different aluminum inputs: the Río de la Plata estuary (Uruguay), the coastal waters of Mauritania and the Galapagos archipelago (Ecuador). Overall, concentrations were unusually high as compared to those of terrestrial animals, with lowest concentration...
Source: Environmental Pollution - June 1, 2023 Category: Environmental Health Authors: A Borrell O Garcia-Garin A Aguilar M Vighi M Valdivia E M Gonz ález D P áez-Rosas M Drago Source Type: research

Burden of Disease of Gonorrhoea in Latin America: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionThe burden of gonorrhoea in LAC is not negligible. Our results provide public health and clinical decision support to assess potential interventions to prevent gonorrhoea.Trial RegistrationThe protocol is registered on PROSPERO (CRD42021253342). The study was funded by GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals SA (GSK study identifier VEO-000025). (Source: Infectious Diseases and Therapy)
Source: Infectious Diseases and Therapy - June 1, 2023 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

EE15 Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Human Papilloma Virus Test in Comparison with Cytology in Uruguay from the Public Health System Perspective
To estimate the cost-effectiveness of the screening strategy with the molecular test with genotyping 16/18 compared to conventional cytology for the detection of human papilloma virus infection in Uruguay. (Source: Value in Health)
Source: Value in Health - June 1, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: N. Armijo, T. Abbott, F. Vera, P. Zamorano, C. Balmaceda, M.A. Espinoza Source Type: research

Caries dental en preescolares: estudio transversal de base poblacional en Montevideo, Uruguay
Resumen Prevalencia/extensi ón/severidad de caries, registrada según ICDAS, en niños de 5 años de Montevideo-Uruguay. Estudio transversal de base poblacional de 614 niños de escuelas públicas/privadas. Se evaluó la asociación entre variables predictoras, prevalencia/extensión de caries mediante regresión de Poisson. Prevalencia 70,9%(95%IC=66,40-75,50) y extensión 10,0(95%IC=8,70-11,30) superficies. La prevalencia mostró diferencias significativas entre categorías de escuelas, SEC, nivel educativo de la madre (NEM) y alimentación, y la extensión entre el tipo de escuelas, SEC, NEM, frecuencia de cepillado y ...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - May 26, 2023 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Predictive validity of the structured assessment of violence risk in youth (SAVRY) on the recidivism of juvenile offenders: a systematic review
. (Source: Psychology, Crime and Law)
Source: Psychology, Crime and Law - May 24, 2023 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luc ía BarboniAlexa von HagenSebastián PiñeyroIsabel Senabrea Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguayb Comepetence Centre for School Psychology Hesse, Department of Educational Psychology, Goethe University Frankfu Source Type: research

End-of-season influenza vaccine effectiveness during the Southern Hemisphere 2022 Influenza Season – Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay
Influenza vaccine composition is reviewed and updated bi-annually to ensure optimal vaccine effectiveness for the Northern and Southern Hemispheres [1]. Influenza viruses circulating in the Southern Hemisphere can provide early indications of the effectiveness of antigens retained in subsequent Northern Hemisphere formulations for preventing severe illness [2]. Timely provision of Southern Hemisphere end-of-season vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates have important implications for public health policy in these countries and are especially valuable while Northern Hemisphere influenza epidemics are ongoing, but surveillance...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - May 16, 2023 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anna N. Chard, Francisco Nogareda, Annette K. Regan, Mar ía Fernanda Olivares Barraza, Rodrigo A. Fasce, Natalia Vergara, Marcela Avendaño, Elena Penayo, Cynthia Vázquez, Marta Von Horoch, Fabiana Michel, Adriana Alfonso, Cristina Mogdasy, Hector Chipa Source Type: research