Aromatherapy in the PACU
Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common and distressing anesthesia related complications after surgery. Of the patients that experience PONV, 30% of patients experience vomiting while 50% experience nausea. High risk patients may have rates up to 80% (Odom-Forren, 2018). Patients need alternatives to the pharmacological interventions already provided. Aromatherapy inhalers with ginger, lavender, spearmint, and peppermint are a complementary, homeopathic, and a non-pharmacological option. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - July 31, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Jill de la Vega, Cheryl Gilliand, Laura Martinez, Beth Nardi, Nicole L. Pierce Tags: ASPAN National Conference Abstract Source Type: research

Antifungal activity of essential oil from Mentha spicata L. and Mentha pulegium L. growing wild in Sardinia island (Italy).
This study aims to evaluate the antifungal activity of Mentha spicata L. and Mentha pulegium L. from Sardinia and to assess their efficacy on virulence factors for Candida albicans, particularly on the inhibition of the germ tube formation. The major compounds of the essential oils were carvone (62.9%) for M. spicata and pulegone (86.2%) for M. pulegium. The essential oil from M. spicata showed a more preeminent effect against Cryptococcus neoformans and the dermatophytes Trichophyton rubrum and T. verrucosum (0.32 μL/mL). Both oils were very effective in inhibiting C. albicans germ tube formation, at doses well below t...
Source: Natural Product Research - July 18, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Piras A, Porcedda S, Falconieri D, Maxia A, Gonçalves M, Cavaleiro C, Salgueiro L Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research

A systematic review of the efficacy of alternative medicine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
Authors: Khorasani F, Aryan H, Sobhi A, Aryan R, Abavi-Sani A, Ghazanfarpour M, Saeid M, Rajab Dizavandi F Abstract To assess the efficacy alternative medicine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), three major databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library and Scopus were systematically searched since inception until January 14 2019 to investigate the effects of herbal medicines on NVD. The quality assessment of studies was performed according to Jadad scale. All studies showed that ginger had a positive effect on nausea in pregnant women. Unlike others studies, one study reported that ginger ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 21, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effects of novel bioactive carboxymethyl cellulose coatings on food-borne pathogenic bacteria and shelf life extension of fresh and sauced chicken breast fillets
Publication date: August 2019Source: LWT, Volume 111Author(s): Mohammad Amin Nouri Ala, Yasser ShahbaziAbstractThe aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) coatings containing Ziziphora clinopodioides (ZEO; 0, 0.25 and 0.5%) and Mentha spicata (MEO; 0 and 0.5%) essential oils on pathogenic bacteria (i.e. Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Campylobacter jejuni) and shelf life extension of fresh and sauced chicken breast fillets under refrigerated condition for two weeks. The order of bacterial spoilage population ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - May 23, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Herbs and Spices- Biomarkers of Intake Based on Human Intervention Studies – A Systematic Review
AbstractCulinary herbs and spices have been used as both food flavoring and food preservative agents for centuries. Moreover, due to their known and presumptive health benefits, herbs and spices have also been used in medical practices since ancient times. Some of the health effects attributed to herbs and spices include antioxidant, anti-microbial, and anti-inflammatory effects as well as potential protection against cardiovascular disease, neurodegeneration, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. While interest in herbs and spices as medicinal agents remains high and their use in foods continues to grow, there have been remarkably...
Source: Genes and Nutrition - May 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The olfactory subgenome and specific odor recognition in forest musk deer.
In this study, we analyzed the genome sequence of the forest musk deer to obtain its olfactory subgenome and compared it to other species. A total of 1378 OR-related sequences were detected in the forest musk deer genome including 864 functional genes, 366 pseudogenes and 148 partial genes. These OR genes were classified into Class I and Class II and were further classified into 18 families and 244 subfamilies through sequence identity. Comparative analyses of the OR genes' protein sequences in species from different orders (forest musk deer, human, mouse and dog) showed that 12 clusters were specific to forest musk deer. ...
Source: Animal Genetics - May 19, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Bu P, Jian Z, Koshy J, Shen Y, Yue B, Fan Z Tags: Anim Genet Source Type: research

Colorimetric, electroanalytical and theoretical evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Syzygium aromaticum L., Origanun vulgare L., Mentha spicata L. and Eremanthus erythropappus M. essential oils, and their major constituents
New J. Chem., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05893H, PaperVanuzia Rodrigues Fernandes Ferreira, Rafaela Magalh ães Brandão, Matheus de Freitas, Adelir Aparecida Saczk, Fabiana da Silva Felix , Josué M. Silla, Maria Luisa Teixeira, Maria das Graças Cardoso The extraction and chemical characterization of essential oils from Syzygium aromaticum L., Origanun vulgare L., Mentha spicata L. and Eremanthus erythropappus M. is reported, as well as an evaluation of... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles)
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - April 25, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Vanuzia Rodrigues Fernandes Ferreira Source Type: research

A Polyphasic Approach for Assessing Eco-System Connectivity Demonstrates that Perturbation Remodels Network Architecture in Soil Microcosms.
Abstract Network analysis was used to show changes in network attributes by analyzing the relations among the main soil microbial groups in a potted tomato soil inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, treated with low doses of Mentha spicata essential oil, or both, and then exposed to tenfold higher oil addition (stress pulse). Pretreatments were chosen since they can induce changes in the composition of the microbial community. Cellular phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) and the activity of six soil enzymes, mainly involved in the N-cycle were measured. Networks were constructed based on correlated c...
Source: Microbial Ecology - April 4, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Stamou GP, Monokrousos N, Gwynn-Jones D, Whitworth DE, Papatheodorou EM Tags: Microb Ecol Source Type: research

The combined and single effect of salinity and copper stress on growth and quality of Mentha spicata plants
In conclusion, salinity stress and Cu exposure may change the primary metabolic pathways in favor of major volatile oil components biosynthesis, resulting in significant changes of essential oil yield and composition. (Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials)
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - February 2, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Efficacy of a nootropic spearmint extract on reactive agility: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel trial
Proprietary spearmint extract (PSE) containing a minimum 14.5% rosmarinic acid and 24% total phenolic content, has evinced positive effects on cognition in individuals aged 50 –70 with memory impairment after c... (Source: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition)
Source: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition - December 12, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Paul H. Falcone, Aaron C. Tribby, Roxanne M. Vogel, Jordan M. Joy, Jordan R. Moon, Chantelle A. Slayton, Micah M. Henigman, Joanne A. Lasrado, Brandon J. Lewis, Brenda A. Fonseca, Kristin M. Nieman and Kelli A. Herrlinger Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the possible use of genus Mentha derived essential oils in the prevention of SENLAT syndrome caused by Rickettsia slovaca
ConclusionsPresent study showed that essential oils with antimicrobial properties may also inhibit tick-transmitted bacteria, and thus their possible use as preventative measures against tick-borne diseases is worth further research.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - December 6, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

From bugs to bioplastics: Total (+)-dihydrocarvide biosynthesis by engineered Escherichia coli.
This study demonstrates the potential application of synthetic biology approaches in the development of truly sustainable and renewable bioplastic monomers. PMID: 30431225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chembiochem)
Source: Chembiochem - November 15, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Ascue Avalos GA, Toogood HS, Tait S, Messiha H, Scrutton N Tags: Chembiochem Source Type: research

Effect of phosphorus application rate on Mentha spicata L. grown in deep flow technique (DFT)
In conclusion, phosphorus application rate may affect spearmint growth and development, as well as chemical composition and essential oil composition. (Source: Food Chemistry)
Source: Food Chemistry - October 6, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Pharmacological Evaluation of Mentha spicata L. and Plantago major L., Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Anxiety and Insomnia in Colombian Caribbean Coast.
In conclusion, these results reinforce the potential use of these species in the therapy of anxiety. PMID: 30158996 [PubMed] (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - September 1, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Carvone Contact Allergy in Southern Sweden: A 21-year Retrospective Study.
Abstract Carvone (l-carvone), a mint flavour in spearmint oil, is considered a mild skin sensitizer. Carvone-sensitization may be linked to oral/perioral signs and oral lichen, but studies are sparse. The prevalence of patch test reactions to carvone and relevant findings from the positive group were investigated. Records for patch tested patients at the Malmö clinic, for the period 1996 to 2016, were studied. Carvone-positive and carvone-negative patients were compared regarding patch test data from baseline series and dental series. Dental series-tested carvone-positive patients were also compared with ...
Source: Acta Dermato-Venereologica - August 7, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kroona L, Isaksson M, Ahlgren C, Dahlin J, Bruze M, Warfvinge G Tags: Acta Derm Venereol Source Type: research