The prenatal ultrasonic character and postnatal follow-up of 227 microcystic and macrocystic congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations.
In conclusion, the prenatally diagnosed CCAMs have a good short-term prognosis and conservative management is a reasonable option in asymptomatic fetuses. Microcystic and macrocystic CCAMs both presented similar prenatal courses and perinatal prognoses. Conservative management, prenatally and postnatally, could be accepted in selected cases. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation is a well-known developmental abnormality of the lung. The prognosis for most CCAMs is good, but the prenatal and postnatal management remains controversial. What do the results of this s...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The use of 3D ultrasound in comparing surgical techniques for posterior wall prolapse repair: a pilot randomised controlled trial.
Authors: Derpapas A, Vijaya G, Nikolopoulos K, Nikolopoulos M, Robinson D, Fernando R, Khullar V Abstract The most appropriate method for repairing posterior vaginal wall prolapse is still debatable. Women with symptomatic prolapse scheduled to undergo surgical repair in the posterior compartment were randomised to standard posterior colporrhaphy (SPC) or fascial and vaginal epithelial plication (FEP). Participants were assessed with the Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QOL) questionnaire, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination and three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US) prior to surgery and 6 mont...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Prenatal distress levels of pregnant women in Turkey and affecting factors: a multicentre study.
This study was conducted to determine prenatal distress levels of pregnant women from seven provinces of Turkey and factors affecting prenatal distress levels. The multicentre descriptive study included 2365 pregnant women who were in the twentieth gestational week and above. The data were collected using the pregnancy information form, prenatal distress questionnaire and spousal support scale. Descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, ANOVA and logistic regression were used to evaluate the data. The results of this study demonstrated that pregnant women's prenatal distress levels are affected by such factors as the region...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Comparison of placental α microglobulin-1 protein assay (Amnisure) with speculum examination for the diagnosis of premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM): a clinical evaluation.
In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of Premature Preterm Rupture of Membranes (PPROM) cases diagnosed by classical speculum examination and by placental alpha microglobulin-1 protein (PAMG-1) assay. The medical records of all patients with singleton pregnancies that were diagnosed with PPROM were retrospectively reviewed. Singleton pregnancies with PPROM diagnosis that was confirmed either by direct visualisation of amniotic fluid leaking through the cervix or by placental alpha microglobulin-1 protein (PAMG-1) assay if no amniotic fluid leakage was documented were included in the study. Demographics, ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Primary ovarian carcinoid tumour without a teratomatous component: a case report.
Authors: Moreno Cortés R, Soto Pazos E, Vilar Sánchez Á, González Macías C, Moreno Corral LJ, Fernández Alba JJ PMID: 32820967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 23, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Immature teratoma of the ovary diagnosed after normal delivery: a case report.
Authors: Farazestanian M, Rakhshani M, Hasanzadeh M, Jafarian AH, Yousefi Z, Davachi B, Darbari SM PMID: 32820983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 23, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Usefulness of sentinel lymph node mapping using indocyanine green and fluorescent imaging in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer.
This study aimed to assess whether sentinel lymph node mapping (SLNM) is applicable in endometrial cancer. A retrospective review of patients with endometrial cancer who were diagnosed and treated in Asan Medical Centre from September 2015 to December 2017 was conducted. One hundred patients underwent robotic (da Vinci®) or laparoscopic surgical treatment, including SLNM with indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence detection using the Firefly® and NIR/ICG systems. At least one lymph node area was observed in 100% of SLNM cases. Sentinel node detection and frozen biopsy were performed in all cases, and all patients wit...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Endothelial cell-specific-molecule-1 (endocan) levels in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: a prospective comparative study.
This study aimed to evaluate serum endocan levels in women with idiopathic POI. The blood for analysis was obtained at the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle and endocan levels were measured using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. There were 38 patients with idiopathic POI in the study group and 39 healthy subjects in the control group. The median ages of the women were not significantly different between the groups 34 [7] years vs. 34 [7] years, respectively (p = .862). The median endocan level was not different in the POI and control group 769 [727] vs. 1077 [403] pg...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Benefits of an oocyte pickup simulation training program using a high-fidelity simulator (PickUpSimTM) for obstetrics and gynaecology residents: an observational survey study.
This study confirms that high-fidelity OPU simulation is a simple and efficient method for training residents. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Simulator-based training has been shown to be effective and useful for oocyte pick-up (OPU) training. What the results of this study add? All residents found the simulation program beneficial and formative, with 80% successfully completing their scenarios in a mean time of 3.4 ± 1.1 minutes. All residents who had previous experience with OPU recommended the use of a simulator before performing OPU. What the implications are of these fi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Soluble endoglin in urine as an early-pregnancy preeclampsia marker: antenatal longitudinal feasibility study.
This study aimed to evaluate soluble endoglin (sEng) in urine as a preeclampsia predictor. Ninety-three pregnant women at risk for preeclampsia were followed. Spot urine sample ELISA analysis before 20 weeks of gestation was done to assess protein levels. Logistic regression analysis evaluated associations between preeclampsia with sEng/creatinine ratio, pg/mg, adjusted for risk factors. Preeclampsia incidence was 22.8% (20/92). Urinary sEng/creatinine (pg/mg) 0.001 (95% CI 0.001-0.136) was associated, adjusted for body mass index> 28 kg/m2 OR 6.44 (95% CI 1.11-37.47) and mean arterial pressure OR 1.20 (1....
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Contraceptive practices in women with chronic medical conditions.
This study adds to the literature that in this high-risk group, there is an underuse of long-acting reversible contraceptives, which is ideal for this population. What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice or further research? The results will provide evidence that this high-risk group of women should be targeted and counselled regarding their risk of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy as well as contraception use while their condition is optimised. From this evidence, services may be put in place in institutions, especially in low-resource settings. PMID: 32811217 [PubMed - as supplied by publ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Elevated aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in the torsion of ovarian mature cystic teratoma: normalised after operation for torsion.
This study would offer that in some cases with torsion of MCT, emergency surgery should not be delayed and the assessment of other possible causes of these elevations postponed to postoperative period. Additional studies are required to assess the correlation between elevated AST/ALT levels and torsion of MCT. PMID: 32811218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effect and safety of Berberine on polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review.
Authors: Mirzaee F, Razmjouei P, Shahrahmani H, Vafisani F, Najaf Najafi M, Ghazanfarpour M Abstract The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effect of Berberine (BBR) on women's health to provide greater insights about its effect on women with polycystic syndrome for both patients and health care providers. Electronic databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were systematically searched from the base to July 1th, 2019 to identify clinical trials and randomised controlled trials that had explored the effect of BBR on the polycystic syndrome...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Analysis of cost burden of obstetric care among human immune-deficiency virus (HIV) positive women in Enugu metropolis, South-East Nigeria.
In conclusion, obstetric care cost among HIV positive women in Enugu was high. The high obstetric care cost influenced the delivery place of one-third of them. The choice of ill-equipped health facilities may result in higher risk of HIV transmission. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? The high HIV/AIDs burden in Nigeria could be attributed to poverty, ignorance, corruption and poor implementation of policies targeted at halting the spread of the infection. The cost of obstetric care could hinder the capacity of HIV positive women to receive adequate care during pregnancy and delivery. What do the resu...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The risk of urine bacterial colonisation in patients with a permanent catheter after caesarean section.
We present an observational study, conducted in Slovakia, concerning the occurrence of newly acquired urine colonisations in women with Foley catheters after a Caesarean section. A sample of urine was taken from each patient when the Foley catheter was first inserted, before the operation and was sent to the lab for culture. Later, a sample of urine was taken during the removal of the Foley catheter. Out of 176 women, the second urine sample culture result was positive in 13 women. Of those nine women had a positive pathogenic strain (5.1%). The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in our cohort was 7.7%. De novo acquire...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Life quality of endometrioid endometrial cancer survivors: a cross-sectional study.
Authors: Karataşlı V, Can B, Çakır İ, Erkılınç S, Kuru O, Gökçü M, Sancı M Abstract Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy in developed countries with increasing incidence worldwide. A total of 201 patients were enrolled and a cross-sectional study was performed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and Female Sexual Functioning Index (FSFI) after the approval by an institutional review board (University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Turkey, March 1...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effects of progesterone treatment on nuchal translucency in women with threatened miscarriage.
This study aims to investigate the effects of progesterone on the possible changes in nuchal translucency (NT) levels for patients diagnosed with threatened miscarriage. The study group was composed of 125 patients diagnosed with threatened miscarriage and taking 400 mg/day micronized orally progesterone at least for two weeks, the control group was composed of 160 healthy pregnant women not taking any progesterone. Crown rump length (CRL) NT thickness, Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-HCG) levels of patients were measured for assessment of aneuploidy risk....
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Measuring the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy; a 20-year perspective on the use of the pregnancy-unique quantification of emesis (PUQE).
Authors: Koren G, Cohen R Abstract Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is the most common medical condition in pregnancy, affecting up to 80% of expectant women. Measuring the severity of the condition over time is important for management decisions, as well as for research into different therapeutic modalities. Twenty years ago we described and validated the Pregnancy Unique Quantification of Emesis scale (PUQE), as a clinical and research tool. PUQE has become widely used for both ends, and has been incorporated in numerous practice guidelines worldwide. In this review we describe the inception of the tool, it...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

To compare the optimal cytoreduction rate in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer stage III/IV after 3 versus 6 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
This study aimed to compare the impact of 3 versus 6 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) on the optimal cytoreduction in patients of advanced ovarian malignancy during interval debulking surgery (IDS). Thirty patients with advanced-stage IIIc/IV epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, and primary peritoneal cancer were randomly allocated to receive 6 cycles in the late IDS group versus 3 cycles in early IDS before undergoing interval debulking surgery. A higher percentage of patients achieved optimal cytoreduction in the late IDS group compared to the early IDS group (60 versus 23%) which was statistically ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Foetal phenotype of ALG1-CDG caused by paternal uniparental disomy 16.
Authors: Lei YL, Zhen L, Xu LL, Yang YD, Li DZ PMID: 32811240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Comparison between laparoscopic and robotic surgery for sentinel lymph node mapping in endometrial cancer using indocyanine green and near infra-red fluorescence imaging.
This study confirms that laparoscopy and robotic surgery are not different in terms of bilateral detection rate and SLN operating time; the study population is small. PMID: 32812452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Post-caesarean puerperal colouterine fistula.
Authors: Habek D PMID: 32799705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

BACs-on-Beads ™ assay for a case of trisomy 22 confined placental mosaicism.
BACs-on-Beads™ assay for a case of trisomy 22 confined placental mosaicism. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2020 Aug 17;:1-2 Authors: Zhong G, He H, Zhong Z, Chen J PMID: 32799711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Does ischaemia-modified albumin level predict clomiphene citrate resistant polycystic ovary syndrome patients?
This study aims to examine the role of ischaemic-modified albumin (IMA) in predicting clomiphene citrate (CC) resistance in patients with CC-resistant and CC-sensitive infertile polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Sixty women patients admitted to the infertility clinic were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 comprised 30 infertile PCOS patients with CC resistance; group 2 was the control group comprising 30 infertile PCOS patients with CC sensitivity. Serum IMA levels of PCOS patients with CC resistance were significantly higher than CC sensitivity patients (p 
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Massive postpartum pulmonary embolism successfully treated with v-a-v ECMO: a case report.
Authors: Balciuniene G, Balciunas L, Jakubauskiene L, Ramasauskaite D, Serpytis M, Gumbiene L, Dementaviciene J PMID: 32799721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

First-trimester detection of micrognathia as a presentation of mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly.
Authors: Xu BQ, Zhen L, Li DZ PMID: 32799722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Effects of acupressure, gum chewing and coffee consumption on the gastrointestinal system after caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia.
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of postoperative acupressure in the recovery of the gastrointestinal system (GIS) after caesarean section. A total of 160 primipara pregnant women delivered by caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia were randomised into four groups: group 1 (those who received acupressure), group 2 (coffee was provided three times a day), group 3 (chewed sugar-free gum for 15 min with an interval of 4 h from the second postoperative hour), and group 4 (control group). The first gas outflow and defaecation times of the women were compared among the groups. The first flatus and d...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Erythromycin compared to amoxicillin and azithromycin for antimicrobial prophylaxis for preterm premature rupture of the membranes: a retrospective study.
Authors: Fitzgibbon A, Clooney L, Broderick D, Eogan M, McCallion N, Drew RJ Abstract Antimicrobial prophylaxis is widely recommended for pregnant women who have preterm premature rupture of the membranes. Erythromycin prophylaxis was used during an initial period (control) and then changed to intravenous amoxicillin for 48 h, followed by 5 days of oral amoxicillin along with a single dose of azithromycin (case). Healthcare records were reviewed retrospectively. The primary outcome was latency (between membrane rupture and delivery) and the secondary outcomes were mode of delivery, maternal high depen...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Concentrations of homocysteine in follicular fluid and embryo quality and oocyte maturity in infertile women: a prospective cohort.
Authors: Razi Y, Eftekhar M, Fesahat F, Dehghani Firouzabadi R, Razi N, Sabour M, Razi MH Abstract Homocysteine is one of the components of follicular fluid (FF), so that any disruptions in its concentration may affect oocyte development. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between FF homocysteine concentration and embryo quality, oocyte maturity, and pregnancy rate. Oocytes and embryos of 44 infertile women were categorised into different groups based on their maturity and quality, respectively. FF homocysteine levels, oocyte maturity, embryo quality, and pregnancy status were measured. A signi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - August 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Impacted foetal head at caesarean section: a national survey of practice and training.
This study demonstrates that IFH is poorly defined and commonly encountered by UK obstetricians. It highlights that IFH is not restricted to CS at full dilatation and reveals the ubiquity of the vaginal push method in UK practice. We found evidence that UK obstetricians are using techniques which have not been investigated and are not recommended for managing an IFH. Moreover, this survey is an eye-opener as to the paucity of training, highlighting that UK obstetric trainees are not adequately prepared to manage this emergency. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? There...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 31, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Comparison of the benefits and hemodynamic side effects of oxytocin between intravenous infusion with and without bolus injection during caesarean section.
Authors: Miyoshi Y, Kaneko S, Suga S, Koga M, Sugimi S, Yamashita H, Yamaguchi M, Yasuhi I Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the benefits and hemodynamic side effects of oxytocin between intravenous infusion with and without a bolus injection during a caesarean section. Women with singleton pregnancies who underwent caesarean sections under spinal anaesthesia were included. Oxytocin was administered by an iv bolus injection (5 U) followed by an intravenous infusion (10 U of oxytocin in 500 mL normal saline); this was switched to just an intravenous infusion. The amount of blood loss...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 31, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The management of unusual uterine rupture: new aspects.
Authors: Pavlović M, Zudenigo D, Kerner M, Mikuš M, Matak L PMID: 32720529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Sperm parameters, DNA integrity, and protamine expression in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.
This study compared the effect of DM on sperm parameters, chromatin quality, and apoptosis, as well as the expression profile of protamine genes in men with and without DM using molecular and cytochemical assays. Sixty semen samples from the control group (N = 30) and case group (N = 30) were collected. There was a significant decrease in the percentages of sperm parameters in cases versus the controls (p˂0.05). Despite significantly higher percentages detected in spermatozoa with AB+, CMA3+, and TUNEL+, no change was demonstrated regarding protamines mRNA levels, as well as the P1/P2 ratios in...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Transabdominal fetal reduction: a report of 124 cases.
This study shows that transabdominal FR is an effective and safe procedure with a pregnancy loss rate of 2.4%. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? The incidence of multifetal pregnancies has increased over the years. Because multifetal pregnancies increase perinatal morbidity and mortality due to prematurity, fetal reduction is offed to some patients. What the results of this study add? The results of this study add to the growing body of research on fetal reduction. The study showed that transabdominal fetal reduction is a safe procedure with a pregnancy loss rate of 2.4%. What the implications are of ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Birth preparation acupuncture for normalising birth: a few noteworthy additions.
Authors: Zhang K PMID: 32715809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Erythropoietic protoporphyria in pregnancy.
Authors: Nevins EG, Wijesiriwardana A PMID: 32715814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Aromatherapy intervention on anxiety and pain during first stage labour in nulliparous women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Liao CC, Lan SH, Yen YY, Hsieh YP, Lan SJ Abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to critically evaluate and summarise all available evidence derived from randomised clinical trials (RCTs) regarding aromatherapy's effects on labour pain and anxiety relief. Literature search was performed in MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane library, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Scopus since their respective inception to January 2019. Additionally, Google Scholar was also searched to explore citations of eligible final studies which were subsequently included in the systematic review. ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effect of human papilloma virus vaccination on embryo yield and clinical in  vitro fertilisation outcomes: a matched retrospective cohort study.
The effect of human papilloma virus vaccination on embryo yield and clinical in vitro fertilisation outcomes: a matched retrospective cohort study. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2020 Jul 14;:1-7 Authors: Demir M, Ince O, Yilmaz B, Decleer W, Osmanagaoglu K Abstract The effects of HPV vaccination on embryo yield and pregnancy outcomes in IVF cycles with fresh embryo transfer (ET) were investigated. First, embryo yielding rates (EYR) in 2795 cycles with and without HPV vaccination were compared by retrospective cohort study design. EYR of HPV vaccinated and non-vaccinated patients were not significantly differ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Diagnostic work-up in paediatric and adolescent patients with adnexal masses: an evidence-based approach.
Authors: Terzic M, Rapisarda AMC, Della Corte L, Manchanda R, Aimagambetova G, Norton M, Garzon S, Riemma G, King CR, Chiofalo B, Cianci A Abstract Adnexal masses are rare in the young female population. The differential diagnosis includes ovarian masses, tubal/paratubal masses, masses related to the gastrointestinal tract (colon), infectious lesions, or pregnancy. Acute abdominal pain, and less commonly, precocious puberty or vaginal bleeding, are typical symptoms in these cases. The majority of adnexal masses in the paediatric and adolescent population are benign; however, a thorough preoperative assessment is es...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Monozygotic twins discordant for trisomy 4: a case report and a literature review.
Authors: Hoyas PC, Tárrega ER, Vázquez Rodríguez S, Quiroga de la Cruz R, Diago Almela V, Perales Marín A PMID: 32657184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 14, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy: a systematic review of the aetiology, timing, and reported adverse perinatal risks during pregnancy.
Authors: Grette K, Cassity S, Holliday N, Rimawi BH Abstract We performed a comprehensive systematic review of acute pyelonephritis in pregnancy using PubMed, SCOPUS, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Ovid from inception to April 2018. About 7796 references were screened for inclusion, and 52 references from 1908 to 2017 were included. One hundred seven cases of acute pyelonephritis in pregnant women were reviewed. Gestational age at diagnosis was reported as 2 (2%), 43 (40%), and 51 (52%) during the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively. Maternal complications included sepsis (49%), acute respiratory distress sy...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Patient opinion of analgesia during external cephalic version at term in singleton pregnancy.
Authors: Rodríguez L, Osuna C, Pijoan JI, Cobos P, Centeno MM, Serna R, Jiménez A, Artola I, Melchor I, Martínez-Astorquiza T, Melchor JC, Burgos J Abstract To assess the opinion and the level of satisfaction of patients concerning analgesia during external cephalic version (ECV), we present the results of a survey of 120 women undergoing ECV at term during a randomised controlled trial (July 2012 to February 2013) comparing remifentanil and nitrous oxide. Overall, 110 (91.7%) women said they would repeat the procedure and 111 (92.5%) that they would recommend it to another pregnant woman, with...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Vulvar angiofibroma: a case report of a rare cause of huge vulvar mass.
Authors: Reder D, Kedan F, Garzon S, Haimovich S PMID: 32614627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Granzyme B levels and granzyme B polymorphisms in peripheral blood of patients with endometriosis: a preliminary study.
Authors: Islimye Taskin M, Guney G, Adali E, Hismiogullari AA, Dodurga Y, Elmas L Abstract The chronic course of endometriosis suggests that the immune system may play a role in its aetiology. There may be resistance to cell lysis, as well as an immune defect underlying endometriosis. Granzyme B is a serine protease that is secreted by Natural Killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes during a cellular immune response and can induce apoptosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between both Granzyme B levels and Granzyme B gene polymorphisms in endometriosis patients. Women between the ages ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 3, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Subfatin and asprosin, two new metabolic players of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Authors: Deniz R, Yavuzkir S, Ugur K, Ustebay DU, Baykus Y, Ustebay S, Aydin S Abstract Asprosin and subfatin are recently discovered two new hormones of adipocyte origin that play a role in the regulation of glucose metabolism. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a gynaecological syndrome presenting with energy turbulence. The aim of this study was to investigate whether asprosin and subfatin play a role in PCOS disease. Thirty participants with a diagnosis of PCOS and thirty control group participants were included in this case-control study. Hormone profiles of the participants (subfatin, asprosin, insulin, prol...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 3, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Metastatic malignant pheochromocytomas mimicking pelvic leiomyosarcomas: a case report.
Authors: Yoon JW, Park SB, Choi HJ, Kim MK, Lee ES, Park HJ PMID: 32602768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - July 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Development and validation of a simple algorithm to estimate common gestational age categories using standard administrative birth record data in Ontario, Canada.
This study provides a straight-forward algorithm for accurately estimating common gestational age categories that is easily adaptable for use in other countries.Impact StatementWhat is already known on this subject? Gestational age is often incompletely or inaccurately recorded in administrative health databases, despite being critical to the study of many paediatric and maternal health outcomes. Consequently, researchers must rely on various methods to estimate gestational age, many of these methods are either overly simple (i.e. assuming a uniform duration) or analytically complicated and difficult to adapt for new popul...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Increased oxidative stress is associated with thiol/disulphide homeostasis in clomiphene citrate resistant polycystic ovary syndrome.
Authors: Ege S, Bademkıran MH, Peker N, Özgün Z, Bağlı İ, Erdem S, Erel Ö, Özgökçe Ç, Gül E Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation CC resistant PCOS and the thiol/disulphide homeostasis, used as a marker of OS, by measuring that exchange using a novel technique. Sixty women patients admitted to the infertility clinic were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 comprised 30 infertile PCOS patients with CC resistance; Group 2 was the control group comprising 30 infertile PCOS patients with CC sensitivity. Serum total thiol...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Vascular effect of levonorgestrel intrauterine system on heavy menstrual bleeding: is it associated with hemodynamic changes in uterine, radial, and spiral arteries?
Authors: Şahin H, Güngören A, Sezgin B, Ün B, Şahin EA, Dolapçioğlu K, Bayik RN Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and blood flow changes associated with the use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) in patients with idiopathic heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). LNG-IUD was inserted into a total of 91 patients (39.5 ± 5.4 years) who were diagnosed with HMB. Uterine volume, ovarian volume, uterine, radial and spiral artery blood flow, Pictorial Blood Loss Assessment Chart (PBAC) scores, and other clinical and laboratory ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Methotrexate induced peritonitis: diagnosis per exclusionem.
Authors: Rienstra R, Koster EAS, Janssen CCAH PMID: 32552253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research