Breast and cervical cancer screening for risk assessment in Cambodian women.
Authors: Vorn R, Ryu E, Srun S, Chang S, Suh I, Kim W Abstract The estimated mortality rates for breast and cervical cancer in Cambodia are high, perhaps because the Cambodian population lacks information about their detection and prevention. This cross-sectional study assessed the distribution of cervical cancers among and the behavioural and clinical characteristics of Cambodian women. It comprised 1039 Cambodian women who were interviewed between August 2013 and January 2016; the interviews were conducted in person using structured questionnaires. Among the participants, 801 (77.2%) and 709 (68.3%) had heard of ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

First trimester prenatal detection of mosaic trisomy 8.
Authors: Wan L, Yang D, Xu BQ, Zhen L, Yang YD, Li DZ PMID: 32075462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Congenital ichthyosis (icthyosis lamellaris non bullosa) - therapy.
Authors: Jovandaric MZ, Milenkovic SJ PMID: 32070152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Re: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device induces endometrial decidualisation in women on tamoxifen.
Authors: Omar OAM, Ewies A PMID: 32068446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Postpartum urinary retention: a survey of obstetrics and gynaecology residents in the United States.
Authors: Napoe GS, Adjei NN, Cooper AC, Raker CA, Korbly NB Abstract Postpartum urinary retention (PUR) is a common and potentially morbid condition if not recognised and managed promptly. We surveyed obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) residents to determine residents' knowledge of the management of PUR. A total of 168 OBGYN residents in ACGME accredited programmes in the United States completed the survey. A percentage of 30.3 reported having a PUR prevention protocol at their institution, 43.3% reported not having a protocol and 26.7% did not know whether a protocol existed. About 89.3% of participants reported h...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Uterine intracavitary angioleiomyoma.
Authors: Gorginzadeh M, Tahermanesh K, Hanjani S, Khorshidizadeh A, Allahqoli L, Sadeghipour A, Anvari-Yazdi AF PMID: 32068451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

WhatsApp in obstetrics and gynaecology: necessary evil or blessing in disguise?
Authors: Kaur J, Suri V PMID: 32068470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Diaphragmatic endometriosis minimally invasive treatment: a feasible and effective approach.
Authors: Vigueras Smith A, Cabrera R, Kondo W, Ferreira H Abstract The present review aims to analyse the current data available on the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the minimally invasive surgical (MIS) treatment of diaphragmatic endometriosis (DE). Through the use of PubMed and Google Scholar database, we conducted a literature review of all available research related to diagnosis and treatment of DE, focussed on the minimally invasive techniques. The studies were selected independently by two authors according to the aim of this review. DE is an under-diagnosed disease affecting between 0.1% and 1.5% ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 15, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Spontaneous rectouterine fistula in a posterior wall fibroid.
Authors: Reilly S, Nyarko E, Cuming T PMID: 32037924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A rare complication of combined oral contraceptives (COCs): optic neuritis.
Authors: Ege S, Öncül H PMID: 32037928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Purse-string suture technique using a mini-Pfannenstiel incision to treat large dermoid cysts.
In conclusion, ovarian dermoid cysts measuring>8 cm in diameter can be effectively treated through a mini-Pfannenstiel incision using the purse-string suture technique.Impact StatementWhat is already known on this subject? Dermoid cysts are the most common ovarian germ cell tumours occurring in the second and third decades of life, and these tumours are usually treated surgically. There is a lack of consensus among gynaecologists regarding the optimal surgical treatment modalities for ovarian dermoid cysts; however, laparoscopic cystectomy is the gold standard for the surgical treatment of dermoid cysts. Notably,...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Pulmonary recurrence after radical hysterectomy for uterine cervical carcinoma.
This study included 17 cervical cancer patients with PR after radical hysterectomy. The entire cohort consisted of 413 patients whose surgeries (type III radical hysterectomy + pelvic ± para-aortic lymphadenectomy) had been performed in our Gynaecologic Oncology Clinic between 1993 and 2018. Tumour size, lymph node metastasis and receiving adjuvant therapy were found to be effective for PR on univariate analyses in the main cohort (p = .042, p 
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Prevalence and impact of pre-pregnancy body mass index on pregnancy outcome: a cross-sectional study in Croatia.
Authors: Vince K, Brkić M, Poljičanin T, Matijević R Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy outcome among pregnant women in Croatia. Women who gave birth in Croatia in 2017 were categorised into four groups according to pre-pregnancy BMI and analysed regarding maternal characteristics and perinatal outcomes. Among 32,051 pregnant women, 5.3% were underweight, 65.5% had normal BMI, 20.4% were overweight and 8.8% were obese. Overweight and obese women had a higher prevalence of induction of labour and delivery by caesarean secti...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Factors contributing to favourable neonatal outcomes in early-onset severe preeclampsia.
This study was approved by the ethics committee of Otsu Red Cross Hospital (reference number: 363, date of approval: April 28th, 2016).Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? It has been demonstrated that expectant management for the women with early-onset severe preeclampsia is associated with decreased neonatal morbidity as compared to the aggressive management, suggesting that prolongation of the pregnancy period contributes to improved neonatal outcomes.What do the results of this study add? Among multiple elements composing expectant management for the women with early-onset severe preeclampsia, 'gestat...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Length of uterine cavity after second phase of postpartum period in women requesting long-acting reversible contraception.
Authors: Espinosa JA, Cuerva MJ, Nieto L, Garcia-Casarrubios P, Leal MÁ, Bartha JL PMID: 32027192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Pregnancy outcome after emergency uterine artery embolisation for management of intractable haemorrhage associated with laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy.
Authors: Takeda A, Koike W, Tsuge S, Shibata M, Shinone S, Nakamura H Abstract The feasibility of emergency uterine artery embolisation (UAE) after diagnosis by three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) for conservative management of intractable haemorrhage associated with laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy (LAM) was evaluated. In 764 women undergoing LAM, 12 cases were managed by emergency UAE to achieve haemostasis after evaluation by CTA. In two cases, bleeding was diagnosed in the postoperative period, while, in another 10 cases, bleeding was identified at the near-end stage of the surgical procedu...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Unpasteurised milk consumption as a potential risk factor for toxoplasmosis in females with recurrent pregnancy loss.
In this study, we recruited a total of 360 females, comprising a study group of 180 females with previous history of recurrent pregnancy loss and a control group of 180 females with no such history. Blood serum from the participants was analysed for Toxoplasma gondii IgM antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Among the study group, 23 (12.8%) females were serologically positive for IgM antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii, whilst 157 (87.2%) were IgM negative. In the control group, only two (4.8%) females were IgM positive, whilst 178 (95.2%) were IgM negative. Bad pregnancy outcome in the study group and control...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 7, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Outpatient endometrial ablation: audit of outcomes and patient satisfaction.
Authors: Ajmi A, Das S Abstract Endometrial ablation in outpatient setting is associated with shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery. The primary outcome of this observational study was initiation and completion of procedure and secondary outcome measures were pain during the procedure and complications. The study was conducted in outpatient women's health clinic of Bolton Foundation NHS Trust UK, between March 2015 and July 2017. Out of 151 patients, all had oral analgesia at home. The procedure was initiated and completed in 83% cases. The median time for procedure was 78.5 s with range (34-120 ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 7, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction following misoprostol treatment.
Authors: Levin G, Badrieh A, Abu Khatab A, Schachter-Safrai N, Attari R, Haj Yahya R PMID: 32013661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 7, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 32003259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 2, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Reproductive health issues in female patients with beta-thalassaemia major: a narrative literature review.
Authors: Nourollahpour Shiadeh M, Cassinerio E, Modarres M, Zareiyan A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Behboodi Moghadam Z Abstract β-thalassaemia major (BTM) has a high prevalence worldwide and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this review is to provide an illustrative overview of the reproductive health and pregnancy related issues in females with β-thalassaemia. A literature search was performed in four international databases (1980-2018) to identify the potentially relevant articles. Common reproductive health disorders are hypo-gonadotrophic hypogonadism, infertility, delayed or ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Impact of nuchal cord on antenatal and intrapartum foetal heart rate surveillance and perinatal outcome.
Authors: Tagliaferri S, Esposito FG, Esposito G, Saccone G, Signorini MG, Magenes G, Campanile M, Guida M, Zullo F Abstract Analysing antepartum and intrapartum computerised cardiotocographic (cCTG) parameters in physiological term pregnancies with nuchal (NC) or body cord (BC), in order to correlate them with labour events and neonatal outcome. We enrolled 808 pregnant women, composed of 264 with 'one NC', 121 with 'multiple NCs', 39 with BC and 384 with 'no NC', were monitored from the 37th week of gestation before labour, while 49 pregnant women with 'one or more NCs' and 47 with 'no NCs' were analysed during la...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Birth preparation acupuncture for normalising birth: An analysis of NHS service routine data and proof of concept.
Authors: Lokugamage AU, Eftime VAI, Porter D, Ahillan T, Ke SX Abstract A number of studies show that acupuncture may help with labour and delivery. An NHS maternity acupuncture service providing birth preparation acupuncture has assessed its routine hospital maternity annual data from 2014 to 2016 to see what effect it had on labour and delivery outcomes. The data from this service was analysed and women who had birth preparation acupuncture were compared with those who did not receive it. Maternal age, parity and socio-economic status were considered confounders and were adjusted for in the analysis. Women who re...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Losartan ameliorates ovarian ischaemia/reperfusion injury in rats: an experimental study.
This study aimed to investigate the protective and antioxidant role of losartan in ovarian ischaemia and ischaemia/reperfusion injury in an experimental ovarian torsion model. Thirty adult female rats were used. Rats were separated randomly into five groups; Group 1: sham group (abdominal wall was only opened and closed), Group 2: torsion group with 3-hour ischaemia using atraumatic vascular clips. Group 3: torsion + losartan group with 3-hour ischaemia 30 minutes after the administration of 40 mg/kg of losartan via oral gavage. Group 4: torsion-detorsion group with 3-hour ischaemia and 3-hour r...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The pregnancy-associated gastric cancer: a case report and review of the literature.
Authors: Niknam R, Haghighat S, Mokhtari M PMID: 31955632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Obstetrics and gynaecology trainees' perceptions of the CanMEDS expertise model: implications for training from a regional questionnaire study in the United Kingdom.
This study was exempt from formal ethical or institutional registration. The data collection was completed in 2017. Following a video introduction, the trainees completed a questionnaire. For each of the CanMEDS domains, trainees of different tiers perceived them to be equally important. Indeed, the junior and senior cohorts of trainees perceived all domains to be equally important, as signified by the significant degree of score correlation. Age was a significant variable for achievement of competency in the roles of a Medical Expert (p = .01), a Communicator (p = .04), a Collaborator (p&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

X-ray free administration of nephrostomy in a pregnant patient with bilateral obstructing urolithiasis.
Authors: Çam İ, Şengül E, Kale A, Ulukaradag E, Öztürk O, Yalnız A, Çakır Ö PMID: 31941398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Does sites of recurrence impact survival in secondary cytoreduction surgery for recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer?
This study presents excellent results for survival outcomes after SCS and highlights importance of careful selection of patients with a goal to achieve complete cytoreduction. In addition, for the first time in literature, this study also explores various factors that may influence results and finds that there are no differences in survival outcomes whether these patients had early stage or advanced stage disease earlier. Patients who have multisite recurrence tend to have shorter PFS but no difference were noted for overall survival. Patients who have recurrence in bowels necessitating resection/s have a shorter median OS...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Swedish version of Endometriosis Health Profile-30.
In conclusion, the Swedish version of EHP-30 is a useful and well-accepted questionnaire for women with endometriosis in Sweden, but a minor change of wording is recommended. Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing are crucial when introducing translated questionnaires. Cross-cultural adaptation is a process that looks at both translational and cultural issues when a questionnaire is being prepared for use in another country than the original. EHP-30 has been translated into Swedish but has not yet been cross-culturally adapted.What do the results of this st...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The endovascular management of postpartum ruptured renal artery aneurysm by parent artery occlusion.
Authors: Atlı E, Uyanık SA, Öğüşlü U, Çevik Cenkeri H, Yılmaz B, Gümüş B PMID: 31847638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Angiomyofibroblastoma of the left broad ligament mimicking ovarian tumour.
Authors: Canda MT, Erkan MM, Caglayan LD, Demir N PMID: 31847648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Role of ganglioside biosynthesis genetic polymorphism in cervical cancer development.
This study aims to determine whether polymorphisms in the genes involved in the biosynthesis of gangliosides represent risk a factor for cervical cancer.Taqman methods for single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping was used. All subjects carried the homozygous wild-type genotypes for all analysed genes (CC for gene B4GALT5, AA for gene ST3GAL5, AA for gene ST8SIA1 and CC for gene B4GALNT1). A χ2 test showed significant differences in genotype failure for B4GALT5 rs138960078 (χ2 = 32.02, df = 1, p = .001) and genotype failure for B4GALNT1 rs144643461 (χ2 = 41.03, df = 1, ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Evolution of a corpus luteum cyst: how to avoid a pitfall due to its varying appearance.
Authors: Tsakiridis I, Dagklis T PMID: 31847656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Intravaginal administration of isosorbide mononitrate for cervical ripening in prolonged pregnancy: a randomised clinical trial.
This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of intravaginal isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) for cervical ripening in prolonged pregnancies. 122 pregnant women were recruited. Women were assigned to 25 µg sublingual misoprostol plus 40 mg isosorbide mononitrate or placebo. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software (version 23) and T-test, Mann-Whitney and Chi-square test. p ≤ .05 was considered significant. The mean time between beginning of cervical ripening to Bishop score>6 was significantly shorter in IMN plus misoprostol group when compared to misoprostol plus placebo ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Percutaneous mitral balloon valvulotomy in pregnant women with mitral stenosis from rheumatic heart disease: a series of cases.
Authors: Lima NA, Santos GS, Lima CCV, Schauer MD PMID: 31854197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Association of elevated pre-operative HbA1c and post-operative complications in patients undergoing gynaecological oncology surgery.
Authors: Keavy E, Sizer E, Datta M, Ryan M, Bradley L, Smith M, Winter-Roach B, Slade R, Myriokefalitaki E Abstract HbA1c testing provides average blood glucose control, an elevated result may be associated with adverse post-operative outcomes. Our objective was to evaluate the association between elevated pre-operative HbA1c and post-operative complications in patients undergoing major gynaecological oncology surgery. HbA1c was measured pre-operatively in 364 patients. We identified 65 (16%) patients at risk of developing diabetes with borderline HbA1c measurements.Patients with borderline HbA1c (42-47 mmol...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Maternal risk factors for birth asphyxia in low-resource communities. A systematic review of the literature.
Authors: Igboanugo S, Chen A, Mielke JG Abstract Birth asphyxia (BA) affects millions of newborns annually, especially in low-resource communities. Given that much of the attention to this point has focussed upon secondary prevention, we sought to inform the development of primary prevention strategies for BA in resource-limited settings by identifying maternal risk factors. To this end, we systematically reviewed the MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and EMBASE databases, and identified 38 relevant studies. Upon analysis, we found 12 maternal variables associated with BA, and thematically arranged them into 3 categories: sociod...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.
Authors: Okunade KS Abstract Cervical cancer is by far the most common HPV-related disease. About 99.7% of cervical cancer cases are caused by persistent genital high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Worldwide, cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer in women with an estimated 528,000 new cases reported in 2012. Most HPV infections clear spontaneously but persistent infection with the oncogenic or high-risk types may cause cancer of the oropharynx and anogenital regions. The virus usually infects the mucocutaneous epithelium and produces viral particles in matured epithelial cells and then causes...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A rare case of recurrences of multiple ovarian fibrothecoma.
Authors: Damiani GR, Villa M, Licchetta G, Cesana MC, Dinaro E, Loverro M, Muzzupap G, Pellegrino A PMID: 31825295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

'Botched labiaplasty': a content analysis of online advertising for revision labiaplasty.
This study highlights the existence and promotion of services for botched labiaplasty using non-specific and emotive descriptions. These findings suggest that unsatisfactory results from consumers' perspectives are far from uncommon. The same women whose expectations have not been met by primary surgery are now being targeted for repeat surgery with online advertising capitalising on their unchanged motivations.Impact StatementWhat is already known on this subject? Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) is mainly advertised online with labiaplasty as the most commonly performed procedure. A market for labiaplasty revision ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Prospective clinical evaluation of Momguard non-invasive prenatal test in 1011 Korean high-risk pregnant women.
This study attempted to evaluate this Momguard NIPT protocol prospectively in a large number of samples obtained from three Korean hospitals.What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The overall sensitivity and specificity to identify T13, T18 and T21 were 96.8% and 99.8%, respectively. These accuracy values were comparable to that of other studies. From this study, we found that Momguard is a clinically useful tool for the detection of three chromosomal aneuploidies. However, as other NIPT tests, it carries the risk of false positive and false negative results. Hence, the g...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Intraperitoneal tuberculosis abscess in pregnancy presenting as an adnexal mass: a case report.
Authors: Erenel H, Alpay V, Alakbarova U, Mut A, Atilgan H, Demiroz AS, Ocal P PMID: 31826685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Maternal serum thiol/disulfide homeostasis in pregnancies complicated by fetal hypoxia.
Authors: Ege S, Akduman H, Bademkıran MH, Peker N, Erdem S, Bağlı İ, Özmen E, Köçeroğlu R, Yıldızhan R Abstract We aimed to evaluate maternal serum thiol/disulphide homeostasis in pregnancies complicated by fetal distress (FD). A total of 100 patients beyond the 34th week of pregnancy were included in this study, and they were divided into two groups. The study group included 50 patients who had been diagnosed with FD; the control group was composed of 50 patients who had shown no signs of FD and who had undergone an elective (previous) caesarean section (CS). The native thiol, total thiol a...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Pain and stress after vaginal delivery: characteristics at hospital discharge and associations with parity.
In conclusion, this study provides important information on the quality of care implications of hospital-to-home discharge practices in puerperae after vaginal delivery, a critical time characterised by qualitatively and quantitatively high pain and stress in primiparae.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Pain and fatigue are the most common problems reported by women in the early postpartum period.What the results of this study add? Primiparae who delivered vaginally presented at the time of hospital-to-home discharge significantly higher pain and stress, as compared to secondiparae. Pain involved lower...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 10, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The affective temperament traits and pregnancy-related depression in mothers may constitute risk factors for their children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder.
Authors: Şair YB, Sevinçok D, Kutlu A, Çakaloz B, Sevinçok L Abstract We investigated whether the affective temperaments of mothers and maternal depression before and during the index pregnancy are related to the development of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in their children. One hundred and twenty children were screened for the diagnosis of ADHD. After exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied for children and their mothers, we compared the mothers of children with (n = 63) and without ADHD (n = 60) in terms of affective temperament traits, de...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 10, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Symphysis-fundal height to identify large-for-gestational-age and macrosomia: a meta-analysis.
In conclusion, there is no evidence that SFH is useful to identify LGA or macrosomia.Impact StatementWhat is already known on this subject? Synthetic evidence has shown that symphysis-fundal height (SFH) is not useful for the detection of low birth weight and small-for-gestational-age babies mainly in developing countries. In the present study bivariate diagnostic meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the diagnostic value of SFH for identifying large-for-gestational age (LGA) and macrosomia.What the results of this study add? SFH to identify LGA and macrosomia provided a low sensitivity (0.76 and 0.30, respectively), s...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 10, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Comparing levels of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus in normotensive pregnant women and pregnant women with preeclampsia.
In this study, levels of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus were evaluated in 51 normotensive pregnant women and 52 women with preeclampsia at the gestational age between 28 and 36 weeks in Tabriz. Logistic regression and general linear models were used for comparing levels and means of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus between the two groups adjusting for education and Body Mass Index (BMI). The results showed that mean serum vitamin D (p = .73), calcium (p = .12) and phosphorus (p = .60) levels were not significantly different between the groups after adjusting for educatio...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 10, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Can gestation be considered as trauma in adolescent girls: post-traumatic stress disorder in teen pregnancy.
This study, aimed to evaluate PTSD in this high risk group. All pregnant adolescents who presented to our obstetrics and gynaecology clinics in a one-year period were invited to participate in the study. Adolescents with a history of domestic or dating violence, rape, and sexual abuse were excluded. PTSD was rated using the Child Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-Reaction Index. When the pregnant adolescents and control group were compared, various severities of PTSD were observed in nearly two-thirds of the study group. Although there was clinically significant PTSD among 23.3% of the controls, PTSD was more frequently seen ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 10, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with fetal pleural effusion in prenatal diagnosis: a retrospective study in a single institute in Southern China.
In conclusion, fetal pleural effusion has a close correlation with chromosomal abnormality. CMA may increase the detection rate of chromosomal aberrations, especially for micro-deletion or micro-duplication syndromes. In the South of China, Thalassemia must be considered when a fetal pleural effusion is detected.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? The aetiology of fetal pleural effusion includes a chromosomal abnormality, a congenital heart disease, congenital infections and a number of genetic syndromes.What do the results of this study add? This is the first retrospective study to analyse the aetiology...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Is the low AMH level associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in obese pregnants?
Authors: Güler B, Özler S, Kadıoğlu N, Özkan E, Güngören MS, Çelen Ş Abstract Our aim was to investigate whether Antimullerian Hormone (AMH), complete blood count (CBC), Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and weight gain have any diagnostic value for the prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in obese and non-obese pregnant patients. A prospective, case-control study was carried out, including 187 patients (93 obese, and 94 non-obese). CVD risk for each patient was evaluated according to the American College o...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research