Primary peritoneal hydatidosis mimicking ovarian torsion: a rare presentation.
Authors: Jindal N, Mittal R, Sood N, Thind N, Mardi K PMID: 33492190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 27, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Screening for PIK3CA mutations among Saudi women with ovarian cancer.
Authors: Al-Qahtani WS, Alduwish MA, Al-Olayan EM, Aljarba NH, Em AH, Albani FG, Domiaty DM, Al-Otaibi AM, Qattan SMA, Almurshedi AS, Elasbali AM, Ahmed HG, Almutlaq BA Abstract The study aimed to screen for PIK3CA gene mutations among Saudi women with Ovarian Cancer. The study included 298 Saudi women with epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC). DNA sequence analysis was employed to screen for the mutations. DNA sequence analysis of a coding region of exon 9 and 20 of PIK3CA gene revealed mutations in 37/298 (12.4%) EOC patients. About 21/37(56.8%) somatic mutations were identified in exons 9, and 16/37(43.2%) in exon 2...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 23, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Labial fusion in adolescence secondary to lichen sclerosus.
Authors: Kalampalikis A, Ivanidou S, Michala L Abstract Labial fusion in adolescence is uncommon and is usually secondary to other skin disorders or trauma of the vulvar area. In a five-year period, we treated five patients with labial fusion in our facility with a mean age of 16.4 years. Based on clinical presentation and biopsy of the vulvar skin, lichen sclerosus (LS) was the causative factor. Four out of five had urinary problems and one suffered from an inflamed inclusion cyst. All of them had a long history of pruritus. In all cases, blunt separation of the labia minora under general anaesthesia was pe...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 21, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Re: The effect of new cross linked hyaluronan gel on quality of life of patients after deep infiltrating endometriosis surgery: a randomised controlled pilot study.
Authors: Hirsch M, Duffy JMN, Farquhar C PMID: 33455519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Sleep quality and obstructive sleep apnoea and triple screen test results in pregnancy.
In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between sleep quality, sleep apnoea and triple screen test results. This was an observational descriptive research study. The STOP questionnaire and the STOP-BANG questionnaire were performed to assess obstructive sleep apnoea risk and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to evaluate sleep quality. The average Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score of the participants was 5.92 ± 3.26. According to the STOP test, 11.40% (87) of the pregnant women had a high risk of OSAS, and, according to the STOP-BANG test, 32 participants were under high risk of OSA...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Evaluating hematological parameters in women with endometriosis.
Authors: Moini A, Ghanaat M, Hosseini R, Rastad H, Hosseini L Abstract In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between the level of hematological parameters and the presence and stage of endometriosis. We included medical records of patients diagnosed with endometriosis (endometriosis group) and patients diagnosed with benign non-endometriotic ovarian masses (control group), who were eligible based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and compared the preoperative level of hematological parameters between the two groups. According to our findings, neutrophil and WBC counts, mean platelet volume, ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A study of the association between angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphism (M235T) and preeclampsia in Thai pregnant women.
This study investigated the association between AGT M235T and preeclampsia in Thai pregnant women. A case-control study was conducted to compare the distributions of AGT M235T genotypes and alleles between 142 normotensive pregnancies as controls and 61 preeclampsia pregnancies as cases in a tertiary-care university hospital in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The results show that the distribution of AGT M235T genotypes (MM, MT and TT) of both groups were not significantly different (preeclampsia: 0.0, 16.4, 83.6%; control: 2.1, 22.5, 75.4%, respectively; p = .30). Additionally, there was no statistical difference in t...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis and outcome of unilateral multicystic kidney.
Authors: Turkyilmaz G, Cetin B, Erturk E, Sivrikoz T, Kalelioglu I, Has R, Yuksel A, Oktar T, Ziylan O Abstract We reviewed the records of 144 patients. The mean gestational age at first US diagnosis was 27.5 ± 4.3 weeks. An anomaly of the contralateral kidney was detected in 25% of cases. An extrarenal anomaly was detected in 13.8%. Karyotype analysis was performed in 16.6% of cases and revealed trisomy 18 in 2 cases with extrarenal defects. Karyotype analysis was normal in all the patients who had isolated multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK). The diagnostic accuracy of prenatal ultras...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A clinical audit of the patterns of presentations and complications of abdominal myomectomy at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Authors: Agboola AD, Bello OO, Olayemi OO Abstract Abdominal myomectomy is a common modality of treatment for large and symptomatic uterine fibroids in women who wish to retain their fertility. Black women have higher rates and larger sizes of uterine fibroids. We aimed to determine the presentation patterns, peri-operative complications, and determinants of complications in patients who underwent abdominal myomectomy. This was a retrospective review of women who had abdominal myomectomy between July 2016 and June 2019. There were intra-operative complications and post-operative complications in 25% and 29.3% of pa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Concerning the article 'aromatherapy intervention on anxiety and pain during first stage labour in nulliparous women: a systematic review and meta-analysis'.
Authors: Lira LCS, Amorim MM, Delgado A, de Oliveira Menezes M, Takemoto MLS PMID: 33459102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The BD Odon Device ™: an update of its current state.
The BD Odon Device™: an update of its current state. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2021 Jan 16;:1-5 Authors: Gonçalves-Henriques M, Brandão P Abstract The BD Odon Device™ was designed as an alternative to conventional methods for assisting vaginal delivery, especially in low-resource settings. This a systematic review of published data concerning the BD Odon Device™ until March 2020 listed in Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS and Web of Science. Five studies testing the device were found, three in models and two in women with uncomplicated deliveries. According to their results, the d...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Analysis of the prevalence of human papillomavirus and abnormal anal cytology in women at risk.
Authors: Lopez-Cavanillas B, G Benitez C, Serrano M, Sendagorta E, Hernandez A, Bartha JL Abstract Our aim was to analyze the association between anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and abnormal anal cytology in women with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2+). We also analysed what other risk factors might be significant. We carried out a prevalence study from April 2015 to March 2017 at La Paz University Hospital. Genotyping of HPV, anal cytology and high-resolution anoscopy were performed. Of 171 patients recruited, 53 cases (31%) were diagnosed as histological CIN 2+: there were no statis...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 20, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The incidence of unexpected gynaecological malignancies in hysterectomies carried out for benign indications.
Authors: Yildiz G, Mat E, Yildiz P, Gundogdu EC, Basol G, Kurt D, Kale A Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of unexpected gynaecological malignancies in patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign indications and to evaluate their clinical characteristics. Data from 6448 cases who had undergone hysterectomy for benign indications between the dates of 01.01.2008-01.01.2018 were recorded retrospectively from the database of the institution. The mean age of the cases with malignancy was 59.2 ± 9.66 (45-80) and 76,31% were (29/38) postmenopausal. The mean gravidity...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 17, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Pregnancy with newer generation aortic On-X mechanical valve.
Authors: Rottenstreich A, Kalish Y, Ta-Shma A, Levin G, Rosenbloom JI, Roth B PMID: 33432849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effect of corrective and therapeutic exercises on bleeding volume and severe menstrual pain in non-athletic women.
Authors: Lorzadeh N, Kazemirad Y, Kazemirad N Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between lumbar lordosis and severe menstrual pain and bleeding for the improvement of the health status in women. This was a quasi-experimental study where the effects of a training program, (based on correctional and therapeutic exercises, on primary dysmenorrhoea and menstrual bleeding in women with hyper-lordosis) was determined. The severity of menstrual pain was evaluated by use of a questionnaire. There was a significant incidence of neurological pain, which was not reduced in the control group (who ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

5,926 hysterectomies: complications described by Clavien-Dindo classification.
The objective of this study was to describe intraoperative complications and reoperations, for both benign and malignant causes, using the Clavien-Dindo classification (approved by local ethics committee, number 100220). Between 2000 and 2019, 5926 elective hysterectomies were performed, of which 90.2% were for benign aetiology and 9.8% for malignant causes. The abdominal route was 52.7%, vaginal 40.1% and laparoscopic 7.2%. Intraoperative complications and reoperations (grade III Clavien-Dindo) were 4% and 2.1%, respectively. Oncological surgery had significantly more intraoperative complications (10% vs. 3.4%) and reoper...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Feedback on paper 'Rare manner of birth in a twin pregnancy'.
Authors: Hadžibeganović A, Tahirović H PMID: 33432858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A simple instrument to assess the risk of falling in postpartum women: the SLOPE scale (riSk of faLling in pOstPartum womEn).
Authors: Beltrame Vriz G, Soriani N, Postai D, Piras GN, Masè C, Comoretto RI, Gregori D Abstract The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel instrument aimed at stratifying the risk of falling in postpartum patients. The research was a survey of a sample of 460 midwives working at different hospitals, mainly in Northern Italy, except for a hospital in Rome (Italy). The survey, consisting of 70 items, was conducted among midwives and asked them to express their opinion regarding the increased risk of falling in puerperal women on a Likert scale according to the characteristics listed in the questionna...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Towards the selection of embryos with the greatest implantation potential.
Authors: Khalife D, Abu-Musa A, Khalil A, Ghazeeri G Abstract Choosing the most suitable embryo remains challenging as the standard approach to select top-quality embryos for transfer rely on static morphological assessment. It is completed after fertilisation, on days 3 and 5 post oocyte retrieval and evaluates the size and number of blastomeres, presence of nucleation and percentage of fragmentation for cleavage stage embryos. Because of the limited number of observations during the morphological assessment, morphokinetic development of embryos has been implemented. It shows a broader image of embryo behaviour wi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Vulvovaginal atrophy of menopause and its impact on sexual function in an Italian clinical cohort of post-menopausal women.
Authors: Nappi RE, Guida M, Marchesoni D, Cianci A, Pellegrino A, Remorgida V, Di Paolantonio T, Benedetti Panici P, investigators of the EVES Study Abstract The aim of current study was to estimate the impact of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) on sexual function in a clinical population of Italian postmenopausal women. Women aged 45-75 years with at least one VVA symptom completed three questionnaires: Day-to-Day Impact of Vaginal Aging (DIVA), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and Female Sexual Distress Scale revised (FSDS-R). A gynaecological examination was performed for VVA confirmation. Among the 1,066 evaluable...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Role of relapse mapping in ovarian cancer patients undergoing secondary cytoreduction: is there any survival difference?
Authors: Iavazzo C, Spiliotis J PMID: 33438500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

One-stage surgical removal of post-hysterectomy intravenous leiomyomatosis with inferior vena cava and heart extension using normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass.
Authors: Vujić G, Škopljanac Mačina A, Mikuš M, Đurić Ž, Pedišić I, Korda AZ PMID: 33427521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Oral supplementation with arginine, willow bark, magnesium and calcium in prevention of preterm birth.
Authors: D'Alessandro P, Arduino B, Migliorini S, Cancellieri E, Carbone FI, Saccone G PMID: 33427530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Hysteroscopic removal of a gauze inadvertently retained in uterus for two years following caesarean section.
Authors: Amodeo S, Di Simone N, Chiantera V, Scambia G, Masciullo V PMID: 33427534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Echogenic particles in the amniotic fluid of term low-risk pregnant women: does it have a clinical significance?
In this study, we aimed to analyse the clinical features of the third-trimester pregnant women, with echogenic amniotic fluid and to compare their obstetric and neonatal outcomes with pregnant women with normal amniotic fluid echogenicity. This case-control study was conducted in a tertiary antenatal care centre. A total of 560 term (37-42 weeks of gestation) singleton women; 280 with echogenic particles in amniotic fluid and 280 with clear amniotic fluid, who delivered within 24 h after the ultrasound scan were evaluated. The women in the two groups were similar in terms of age, parity, body mass index, foet...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

High grade, advanced, serous ovarian cancer with low serum CA125 levels.
This study compares characteristics of advanced stage, high grade serous ovarian cancer, presenting with high or low serum CA125 level. This was a retrospective cohort of 118 patients with high grade serous ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer, stages IIIC-IV diagnosed from January 1 1997 through January 9 2017. Patient demographics, tumour characteristics, surgical findings, chemotherapy protocols and clinical outcomes were collected. Three groups were evaluated: group A: 21 patients with CA125 serum level ≤152 U/ml, group B: 97 patients with CA125 serum level>152 U/ml, group C: 43 pati...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Assessment of cervical volume and spectral Doppler parameters in tumour dominant vessel of patients with locally advanced squamous cell cervical carcinoma.
Authors: Tomalczyk A, Tomasik B, Fijuth J, Moszynska-Zielinska M, Gottwald L Abstract We evaluated cervical volume and spectral Doppler parameters: peak systolic velocity (PSV), resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) in the tumour dominant vessel of 50 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) staged IIB and IIIB and their changes during treatment. The patients underwent transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography prior to treatment, after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and 6 weeks after brachytherapy. Radiotherapy decreased cervical volume and PSV values of the tumour dominant vessel. Th...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Metal-on-metal hip prosthesis in pregnancy: overall toxicological risks.
Authors: Giampreti A, Eleftheriou G, Bacis G PMID: 33427548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Plasma concentration of protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor and ZPI exon 3 mutations in preeclampsia.
Authors: Zhang P, Li YC, Li L, Lu Y Abstract Protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) serves as a cofactor of inhibition of FXa and FXIa by protein Z. The levels of protein Z and polymorphisms have been shown in preeclampsia (PE) patients, but the plasma levels of ZPI and ZPI gene mutations were not reported yet. The principal aim of this study was to identify the concentration of ZPI and gene polymorphism in PE. ZPI levels were determined in 113 PE patients (age: 29.9 ± 3.9 years) and in 106 controls (normal pregnancy, age: 27.0 ± 2.8 years). ZPI was meas...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The relationship between body privacy and anxiety in women having gynecological examination.
This study was conducted in order to determine the relationship between the level of importance women attach to privacy and the level of anxiety. This descriptive-correlational study consisted of 349 women who applied to the obstetrics outpatient clinic of a university hospital to have gynecological examination. Data were collected using Body Privacy Scale for Gynecology and Obstetrics and State Anxiety Inventory. Before the gynecological examination, the high importance women attach to privacy in rights and all of them experienced anxiety. A positive relationship was found between the importance women attach to privacy an...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Re: A systematic review of the efficacy of alternative medicine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
Authors: Rezaeizadeh H, Karimi M, Firoozeei TS PMID: 33275058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 5, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Maternal near miss: reaching the last mile.
This article summarises the differences in the available definitions and classifying criteria. It also highlights the difficulty in usage of the criteria in different settings. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? This calls for researchers working in areas of maternal health to further simplify the definitions and criteria used for identification of Maternal Near Miss to improve comparability and uniformity. PMID: 33263266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the City Birth Trauma Scale (CityBiTS).
In conclusion, The Turkish version of the CityBiTS, as an instrument developed to be consistent with DSM-5 criteria in assessing childbirth-related trauma symptoms, is a valid and reliable tool. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? One of the possible barriers for this is the lack of validated questionnaires that measure the postpartum PTSD. What do the results of this study add? The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the CityBiTS. The City Birth Trauma Scale has good psychometric properties and the two symptom clusters identified are consistent wi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A single centre experience of metabolic syndrome and endometrial carcinoma: 5 years review.
Authors: Shafiee MN, Razak N, Ahmad MF, Abd Aziz N, Adeeb N Abstract Endometrial cancer (EC) has been found to have a strong association with overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the link between metabolic syndrome and EC among patients. A total of 119 patients with histologically confirmed EC were recruited. About 102 cases of endometrioid carcinoma (Type I) and serous (n = 7), clear cell (n = 3) and carcinosarcoma (n = 7) were the Type II. Metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with increased risk of Type I EC (OR = 3.43, 95% CI = 1.12-10.46, p 
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 2, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Impact of early surgical management on tubo-ovarian abscesses.
In this study, we have demonstrated a high success rate with early surgical management. Readmission rate was lowest in the early surgical group compared to the medical and late surgical group. This suggests that early surgical intervention may be beneficial, compared to the standard management of trialling antibiotics and then proceeding to surgery 72 h later. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? Our study suggests that early surgery may be beneficial in the management of TOAs. Although we were unable to demonstrate statistical significance, our data suggest that...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Second trimester uterine rupture and repair followed by morbidly adherent placenta: a case report.
Authors: Pintault C, Bleuzen A, Perrotin F, Diguisto C PMID: 33249972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Physiology of intra-abdominal volume during pregnancy.
In conclusion, the adaptive capabilities of IAV related to the foetal growth are limited by the IAV reserve. The reserve capacity of the IAV and tensile properties of the abdominal wall can be estimated by the dynamics of the anteroposterior and transverse abdominal diameters. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? A causal relationship between intra-abdominal hypertension and the development of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes has been suggested. Nevertheless, the role of this condition as a leading cause of systemic dysfunction during pregnancy remains unrecognised and underestimated. What do the...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Assessment of angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism in preeclampsia mothers of Bangladesh.
This study suggested that ACE (DD) genotypes may have strong associations with the occurrence of preeclampsia. Impact Statement What is already known on this subject? The study was conducted among 100 preeclamptic and 120 normal pregnant women. The preeclamptic patients were diagnosed by protein in urine and high blood pressure. The normal pregnant women were selected with no known complications. What the results of this study add? Overall, the pregnant mothers with DD genotype were at 3.43-fold higher risk of developing preeclampsia while pregnant mothers with ID or II genotypes were at a lower risk. What the implications...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effects of luteinising hormone gene polymorphism on the outcomes of in  vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer.
In this study, 591 IVF patients were recruited. Patients with the variant allele(s) were the carrier group. In GnRH antagonist cycles, the clinical pregnancy rate was significantly lower in the carrier group (18.9%) than in the noncarrier group (37.1%). In long GnRH agonist cycles, the clinical pregnancy rate was comparable between both groups. To clarify the effect of COH protocols, IVF outcomes in the GnRH antagonist and long GnRH agonist protocol groups in carriers were analysed. Among carriers, the clinical pregnancy rate was significantly lower in the GnRH antagonist protocol group (18.9%) than in the long GnRH agonis...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

A survey of influencing factors of missed abortion during the two-child peak period.
This study aimed to investigate the influencing factors of missed abortion during the two-child peak period in China. 220 pregnant women were divided into observation (presence of missed abortion, 100 cases) and control group (no presence of missed abortion, 120 cases). The single factor analysis of clinical data showed that, advanced age, premarital examination, genitalia abnormality, luteal insufficiency, spouse semen abnormality, mycoplasma infection, chlamydia infection, sexually transmitted diseases, perm or dyeing hair in pregnancy, radiation overload, primipara, spontaneous abortion history, smoking, drinking and ov...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Liver failure in pregnancy: a review of 25 cases.
Authors: Luo M, Gao L, Niu J, Chen C, Wang H, Chen Y Abstract We retrospectively reviewed the medical records from 25 pregnant women with liver failure from May 2009 to July 2019. Data describing clinical symptoms and manifestations, routine blood analyses, coagulation, and liver and kidney function were extracted. Swansea criteria were assessed to identify variables with prognostic significance for maternal mortality. The results showed that acute fatty liver was the primary cause of liver failure and 8 (88.89%) patients died within 7 days. Swansea diagnostic criteria for assessing the severity of liver failu...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

C-reactive protein or high-sensitivity CRP as a predictor for gestational diabetes: recommended or not?
Authors: Rahnemaei FA, Abdi F PMID: 33241955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Portal venous thrombosis associated with JAK 2 mutation in pregnancy - case report.
Authors: Barbosa OA, Andrade TG, de Almeida Sousa MD, Correia JW PMID: 33241956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Superior hypogastric plexus block as an effective treatment method for endometriosis-related chronic pelvic pain: an open-label pilot clinical trial.
Authors: Khodaverdi S, Alebouyeh MR, Sadegi K, Mehdizadehkashi A, Kaveh M, Entezari SR, Mirzaei H, Khaledi M, Khodaverdi M Abstract We aimed to investigate the effect of superior hypogastric plexus (SHP) block on pain relief and quality of life of patients with refractory endometriosis. Sixteen patients with refractory endometriosis underwent SHP block. The outcome measures included visual analogue scale (VAS) for chronic pelvic pain, VAS for dysmenorrhoea, and VAS for dyspareunia. The short-form endometriosis health profile (EHP-5) was used to measure quality of life. All the outcome measures were evaluated at wee...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia mimicking cervical adenocarcinoma.
Authors: Boria F, Siegrist J, Hardisson D, Saturio N, Zapardiel I PMID: 33236941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Paediatric and adolescent gynaecology services in a tertiary teaching hospital.
Authors: Menic N, Jha S Abstract This was a retrospective review of a tertiary Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology (PAG) referral service catering to the South Yorkshire population in the UK. All patients referred to the PAG clinic from May 2014 to May 2018 were included. Treatments offered in clinic (surgical and pharmacological) were assessed and referral made to alternative services were analysed. Reasons for referral and the number of patients requiring intervention, pharmacological or surgical including a breakdown of the treatments offered were analysed. Forty-four percent (44%) of referrals were for menstr...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Evaluating the efficacy of outpatient use of isosorbide mononitrate on cervical ripening in pregnant women with unfavourable cervix.
Authors: Kashanian M, Jangjoo S, Sheikhansari N, KaramiAbd T Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of outpatient administration of nitric oxide donor isosorbide mononitrate for cervical ripening. A randomised clinical trial was performed on term pregnant women with Bishop Score
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

The effect of seminal plasma cadmium and lead levels on semen parameters in male subjects of infertile couples: a prospective cohort study.
Authors: Tuncay G, Karaer A, Tanrikut E, Ozgul O Abstract The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between seminal plasma cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) levels and semen parameters in male partners of infertile couples. Two hundred fifty one (251) men recruited with no history of occupational exposure to toxic metals. After semen analysis, seminal Cd and Pb levels were measured using atomic absorption spectrometry. Cadmium levels in men with hypospermia was significantly higher than men with normal semen volume (p = .049). In contrast, there was no statistically...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Association of adverse outcomes of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy with zonulin levels.
Authors: Deniz CD, Ozler S, Sayın FK Abstract Our aim was to investigate serum zonulin levels in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and to determine the usefulness of zonulin in ICP follow-up. A prospective case-control study was carried out which included 88 pregnant women (44 patients with ICP and 44 controls). Maternal serum samples obtained from all participants and zonulin levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Compared with controls, women with ICP had significantly higher zonulin levels (mean 0.728 ± 0.520 ng/mL vs. 1.303 ±&thi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Danggui Sini Decoction (herbal medicine) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Ma C, Liang N, Gao L, Jia C Abstract Danggui Sini Decoction (DSD), a traditional herbal prescription, has been commonly used in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea (PD). We investigated the current evidence of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and performed a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of DSD in the treatment of PD. We registered the protocol for this systemic review in PROSPERO with the registration number CRD 42017074062 on August 10, 2017. Nine databases were searched from inception to August 2019. Eleven RCTs with 1005 patients were included. DSD was shown to have more favourable e...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research