Optimization Extraction Conditions for Phenolic Compounds, Antioxidant and Inhibitory Activities of Angiotensin I‐Converting Enzyme (ACE), α‐Glucosidase and α‐Amylase from Mentha Spicata L
This study suggested the optimum extraction conditions of phenolic compounds with maximum capacity of antioxidant, antihypertensive and antidiabetic properties recommended to be used in food industry as pharmaceutical and nutraceutical herbal extract. (Source: Journal of Food Biochemistry)
Source: Journal of Food Biochemistry - November 20, 2015 Category: Food Science Authors: Muhammad H. Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N. Alhamad, Khalil Ereifej, Majdi Al‐Mahasneh, Susan Brewer, Mervat Rawshdeh Tags: Full Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of medicinal essential oils against pathogenic Malassezia sp. isolates
Conclusion The essential oils of Z. multiflora and T. kotschyanus showed strong antifungal activity against pathogenic Malassezia species tested. (Source: Journal of Medical Mycology)
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - November 19, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

In Vitro Activity of Twenty Commercially Available, Plant-Derived Essential Oils against Selected Dermatophyte Species.
Authors: Nardoni S, Giovanelli S, Pistelli L, Mugnaini L, Profili G, Pisseri F, Mancianti F Abstract The in vitro activity of twenty chemically defined essential oils (EOs) obtained from Boswellia sacra, Citrus bergamia, C. limon, C. medica, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Eucalyptus globulus, Foeniculum vulgare, Helichrysum italicum, Illicium verum, Litsea cubeba, Mentha spicata, Myrtus communis, Ocimum basilicum, Origanum majorana, O. vulgare, Pelargonium graveolens, Rosmarinus officinalis, Santalum album, Satureja montana, and Thymus serpyllum was assayed against clinical animal isolates of Microsporum canis, Tr...
Source: Natural Product Communications - October 7, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nat Prod Commun Source Type: research

Characterization of Essential Oil Components from Aromatic Plants that Grow Wild in the "Piana del Sele" (Salerno, Southern Italy) using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.
Authors: Naviglio D, Le Grottaglie L, Vitulano M, Trifuoggi M, Gallo M Abstract Essential oils from Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Thymus vulgaris, Melissa officinalis and Mentha spicata growing wild in the "Piana del Sele" (Salerno, Southern Italy) have been extracted by hydro-distillation, quantified and characterized by gas chromatography coupled with flame ionization detection (FID) and mass-spectrometry (MS). Sixty-nine compounds were identified and classified according to their chemical classes. The results showed that the composition of the essential oils was extremely variable and spec...
Source: Natural Product Communications - September 30, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nat Prod Commun Source Type: research

1H NMR based metabolic profiling of eleven Algerian aromatic plants and evaluation of their antioxidant and cytotoxic properties
Publication date: October 2015 Source:Food Research International, Volume 76, Part 3 Author(s): Nabila Brahmi, Monica Scognamiglio, Severina Pacifico, Aida Mekhoukhe, Khodir Madani, Antonio Fiorentino, Pietro Monaco Eleven Algerian medicinal and aromatic plants (Aloysia triphylla, Apium graveolens, Coriandrum sativum, Laurus nobilis, Lavandula officinalis, Marrubium vulgare, Mentha spicata, Inula viscosa, Petroselinum crispum, Salvia officinalis, and Thymus vulgaris) were selected and their hydroalcoholic extracts were screened for their antiradical and antioxidant properties in cell-free systems. In orde...
Source: Food Research International - August 31, 2015 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Encapsulation of Mentha Oil in Chitosan Polymer Matrix Alleviates Skin Irritation.
In conclusion, a stable and non-irritant formulation with improved therapeutic potential was developed. PMID: 26248538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: AAPS PharmSciTech)
Source: AAPS PharmSciTech - August 8, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Mishra N, Rai VK, Yadav KS, Sinha P, Kanaujia A, Chanda D, Jakhmola A, Saikia D, Yadav NP Tags: AAPS PharmSciTech Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 20, Pages 14402-14424: Mentha spicata Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities against Planktonic and Biofilm Cultures of Vibrio spp. Strains
Chemical composition, antioxidant and anti-Vibrio spp. activities of the essential oil isolated from the aerial parts of Mentha spicata L. (spearmint) are investigated in the present study. The effect of the essential oil on Vibrio spp. biofilm inhibition and eradication was tested using the XTT assay. A total of 63 chemical constituents were identified in spearmint oil using GC/MS, constituting 99.9% of the total identified compounds. The main components were carvone (40.8% ± 1.23%) and limonene (20.8% ± 1.12%). The antimicrobial activity against 30 Vibrio spp. strains (16 species) was evaluated by disc diffusion and ...
Source: Molecules - August 7, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Mejdi SnoussiEmira NoumiNajla TrabelsiGuido FlaminiAdele PapettiVincenzo De Feo Tags: Article Source Type: research

Potential anticancer activity of carvone in N2a neuroblastoma cell line
Carvone (CVN) is a monocyclic monoterpene found in the essential oils of Mentha spicata var. crispa (Lamiaceae) and Carum carvi L. (Apiaceae) plants and has been reported to have antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticonvulsant, and antitumor activities. The beneficial health properties of CVN have encouraged us to look into its anticancer activity. To the best of our knowledge, reports are not available on the anticancer activity of CVN in cultured primary rat neuron and N2a neuroblastoma (NB) cells. Therefore, the present study is an attempt toward exploring the potential anticancer activity of CVN, if any, in cultured primary...
Source: Toxicology and Industrial Health - July 31, 2015 Category: Toxicology Authors: Aydın, E., Turkez, H., Keles, M. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by the communities of Mount Hermon, Lebanon
Conclusion This study documents for the first time the ethnopharmacological knowledge regarding part of the Lebanese flora in Mount Hermon. The perpetuity of this knowledge of successive generations can be used as an important tool for the future phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies, as well as conservation and management of medicinal plants as part of the local cultural heritage. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - July 30, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Identification and quantification of phenolics in Australian native mint (Mentha australis R. Br.)
Publication date: 1 February 2016 Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 192 Author(s): Kitty S.C. Tang, Izabela Konczak, Jian Zhao Australian native mints have traditionally been used by the aboriginal people for natural remedies; however, their bioactive components have not been studied. Antioxidant capacity and composition of phenolic compounds of Mentha australis R. Br., Lamiaceae were investigated for the first time. Phenolic compounds were analyzed by HPLC photodiode array detector, liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Aqueous ...
Source: Food Chemistry - July 24, 2015 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Analysis and evaluation of antibacterial effects of new herbal formulas, AP-001 and AP-002, against Escherichia coli O157:H7
Publication date: 15 August 2015 Source:Life Sciences, Volume 135 Author(s): Mohammadreza Rezaei Golestani , Mehrnaz Rad , Mohammadreza Bassami , Amir Afkhami-Goli Aims Over the last few years, there has been an increasing interest in the use of natural substances for promoting human and animal health. Antibiotic resistance, enhanced by excessive use of antibiotics, has encouraged human and animal health authorities to consider and employ alternative approaches, including herbal and botanical medicine to combat invading microorganisms. Herein, the essential oils of Thymus vulgaris, Allium cepa, Allium sativum, Euca...
Source: Life Sciences - June 27, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Determination of heavy metals concentration in traditional herbs commonly consumed in the United arab emirates.
This study aimed at determining the concentration of heavy metals in selected traditional herbs consumed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A total of 81 samples of seven herbs, parsley (Petroselinum crispum), basil (Ocimum basilicum), sage (Salvia officinalis), oregano (Origanum vulgare), mint (Mentha spicata), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), and chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), were purchased from the local market in Dubai and analyzed for their cadmium, lead, copper, iron, and zinc contents. Microwave-assisted digestion was applied for the dissolution of the samples and heavy metals concentration was determined using Atomic ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 3, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 20, Pages 8605-8633: Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. (Lamiaceae) Essential Oil and Its Main Constituent Piperitenone Oxide: Biological Activities and Chemistry
This study aims to review the scientific findings and research reported to date on MS that prove many of the remarkable various biological actions, effects and some uses of this species as a source of bioactive natural compounds. On the other hand, piperitenone oxide (PO), the major chemical constituent of the carvone pathway MS essential oil, has been reported to exhibit numerous bioactivities in cells and animals. Thus, this integrated overview also surveys and interprets the present knowledge of chemistry and analysis of this oxygenated monoterpene, as well as its beneficial bioactivities. Areas for future research are...
Source: Molecules - May 13, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Mijat BožovićAdele PirolliRino Ragno Tags: Review Source Type: research

Extractability of phenolics from spearmint treated with pulsed electric field
Publication date: October 2015 Source:Journal of Food Engineering, Volume 162 Author(s): Mustafa Fincan The effects of pulsed electric fields (PEF) on the extractability of phenolics from fresh spearmint leaves were studied. The circular tissue slices treated with PEF were subjected to a solid–liquid extraction process and the extracted phenolics were evaluated by measuring total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant capacity (AC) and antioxidant activity (AA). The results obtained were compared with those of the extractions repeated with freezing/thawing, heat, microwave and solvent treatment. As measured from a cond...
Source: Journal of Food Engineering - April 25, 2015 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of a distinct phenolic complex on working memory performance in healthy men and women with age-associated memory impairment (P7.105)
CONCLUSIONS: Neumentix demonstrated beneficial effects on working memory quality and accuracy compared to placebo in an AAMI population and suggests that this novel phenolic complex may be a potential nutritional intervention for normal age-associated cognitive decline. Study Supported by: Kemin Foods,L.C.Disclosure: Dr. Fonsec has received personal compensation for activities with Kemin Foods, L.C. as an employee. Dr. Herrlinger has received personal compensation for activities with Kemin Foods, L.C. as an employee. Dr. Nieman has received personal compensation for activities with Kemin Foods, L.C. as an employee. Dr. Ce...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Fonseca, B., Herrlinger, K., Nieman, K., Ceddia, M., Fullmer, L., Sanoshy, K., Kelley, K., Maki, K. Tags: Aging, Dementia, Cognitive, and Behavioral Neurology: Clinical Trials Source Type: research