Antenatal caregiving representations among expectant mothers with severe mental illness: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Antenatal caregiving representations can be assessed with a time-efficient self-report measure that assesses caregiving as a multidimensional construct. Prenatal treatment planning should target individual difficulties in undertaking transformation of the caregiving system. PMID: 30767656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology)
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - February 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review of Quality of Life Surveys for Trauma-Affected Communities.
Authors: Peterson KA, Zhou L, Watzlaf VJM Abstract Research shows that exposure to community and domestic violence leads to psychological trauma from childhood through adulthood, which can lead to poor health and early death. A team of health information management (HIM) professionals reviewed existing surveys to determine their suitability for assessing the quality of life (QoL) of people in trauma-affected communities (TACs). Keywords were used to search for papers describing validated QoL surveys. The obtained papers were screened, reviewed, and summarized to determine if they include the aspects needed for asse...
Source: Perspectives in Health Information Management - February 16, 2019 Category: Information Technology Tags: Perspect Health Inf Manag Source Type: research

Management of patients presenting with generalized musculoskeletal pain and a suspicion of Lyme disease.
Authors: Ranque-Garnier S, Eldin C, Sault C, Raoult D, Donnet A Abstract Lyme disease is caused by bacteria of the B. burgdorferi sensu lato complex, and can give polymorphic clinical manifestations that can affect several organs such as the skin, the central nervous system, or the joints. In recent years, patients' associations and physicians have been supporting the hypothesis that this infection would manifest as chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain symptoms, named "chronic Lyme disease". Fibromyalgia is a clinical presentation characterized by chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain with a m...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Re-animating vulnerable children’s voices through secondary analysis of their play therapist’s interview narratives
This study reports an innovative secondary analysis process in which therapy practitioner narratives were used to re-animate the lived experiences and challenges of vulnerable children. The results indicated that attending therapy was experienced as supportive for children; in being able to make choices, in being informed about decisions relating to their current circumstances and future, and the role of attendance at therapy in supporting their needs. (Source: Arts in Psychotherapy)
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exercise and Hippocampal Memory Systems
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Trends in Cognitive SciencesAuthor(s): Michelle W. Voss, Carmen Soto, Seungwoo Yoo, Matthew Sodoma, Carmen Vivar, Henriette van PraagNo medications prevent or reverse age-related cognitive decline. Physical activity (PA) enhances memory in rodents, but findings are mixed in human studies. As a result, exercise guidelines specific for brain health are absent. Here, we re-examine results from human studies, and suggest the use of more sensitive tasks to evaluate PA effects on age-related changes in the hippocampus, such as relational memory and mnemonic discriminatio...
Source: Trends in Cognitive Sciences - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Black/white differences in mortality among veteran and non-veteran males
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Social Science ResearchAuthor(s): Connor Sheehan, Mark D. HaywardAbstractU.S. military veterans are a large and racially heterogeneous population. There are reasons to expect that racial disparities in mortality among veterans are smaller than those for non-veterans. For example, blacks are favorably selected into the military, receive relatively equitable treatment within the military, after service accrue higher socioeconomic status and receive health and other benefits after service. Using the 1997–2009 National Health Interview Survey (N = 99,063) wit...
Source: Social Science Research - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Neighborhood health, social structure and family violence
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Social Science ResearchAuthor(s): Richard Stansfield, Erin DohertyAbstractWithin a large field of family violence research, a slowly growing body of literature has examined community-level variables to explain variation in violence. Studies investigating the role of ecological factors have largely been informed by social disorganization theory. This represents considerable progress, but the community context also includes many ecological factors yet to be considered by studies examining family violence, and as such, successful neighborhood interventions have been l...
Source: Social Science Research - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

All in the mind? Estimating the effect of mental health on health behaviours
ConclusionsGiven the substantial burden of disease associated with unhealthy behaviours, further research examining potential causal pathways from mental health to health behaviours should be a priority, as there is the potential to reduce health burden through mental health improvements. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-esteem as an adaptive sociometer of mating success: Evaluating evidence of sex-specific psychological design across 10 world regions
Publication date: 1 June 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 143Author(s): David P. Schmitt, Peter K. JonasonAbstractAccording to an evolutionary-adaptive version of sociometer theory, because men, more than women, have faced the adaptive problem of obtaining large numbers of willing short-term mating partners, positive associations between self-esteem and number of past sexual partners should be stronger among men than women. We correlated self-esteem with number of past sexual partners in a sample of more than 16,000 people across 10 major regions of the world. Results largely supported our predict...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A hierarchical model of binary pattern learning
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 65Author(s): Paul C. VitzAbstractA model is presented of how humans learn repeating patterns made of only two qualitatively distinct elements, for example: aabbaabab. The model proposes hierarchical coding principles or axioms that code the pattern into larger groups of elements at higher levels until perfect prediction is possible. Prior to solution the learner uses the transition probabilities associated with the coded elements present at the lower levels to make predictions. A simple rationale for weighting the contribution of the lower levels allows...
Source: Learning and Motivation - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of the Preparing Pequeños small-group cognitive instruction program on academic and concurrent social and behavioral outcomes in young Spanish-speaking dual-language learners
Publication date: April 2019Source: Journal of School Psychology, Volume 73Author(s): Susan H. Landry, Mike A. Assel, María S. Carlo, Jeffrey M. Williams, Wei Wu, Janelle J. MontroyAbstractAcademic achievement for young dual language learners (DLL) is a critically acknowledged problem of national significance that has been understudied. To address this shortage, this study evaluated the effectiveness of Preparing Pequeños, an integrated small-group instruction program designed to promote increased learning for Spanish speaking DLL in language, literacy, and math. The DLL in the randomized Preparing Peque&ntil...
Source: Journal of School Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Old dog, new tricks: Age differences in dog personality traits, associations with human personality traits, and links to important outcomes
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Journal of Research in PersonalityAuthor(s): William J. Chopik, Jonathan R. WeaverAbstractWork examining dog personality is relatively new, so the degree to which dog personality differs by age, predicts important dog outcomes, and is correlated with human personality is unclear. In a sample of 1,681 dogs (Mage = 6.44 years, SD = 3.82; 46.2% Female; 50% purebred) and their owners, older dogs were less active/excitable compared to younger dogs. Aggression toward people, responsiveness to training, and aggression toward other animals was highest among 6 to 8 year old...
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An examination of the moderating effects of neurophysiology on treatment outcomes from cognitive training in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders
ConclusionsClusters derived from the EEG measures were not significantly associated with either neurocognitive or functional outcomes. P300 and n-back theta power may be associated with learning-related processes, which are important for acquisition and retention of skills during cognitive training programs. Future research should aim to identify at an individual level who is likely to respond to specific forms of cognitive enhancement. (Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology)
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Symposia” [Int. J. Psychophysiol. 131S(2018)S9–S68]
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): P. Ermakov, E. Vorobyeva (Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology)
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do Patients Unconsciously Associate Suggestions for More-invasive Treatment with Better Care?
CONCLUSIONS: Although surgeons may sometimes feel pressured toward physical treatments, based on our results and cutoff values, the average patient with upper or lower extremity symptoms has a slight implicit preference for supportive treatment and would likely be receptive. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study. PMID: 30762685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research)
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - February 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kortlever JTP, Ottenhoff JSE, Tran TTH, Ring D, Vagner GA, Driscoll MD Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research

Can Patients Forecast Their Postoperative Disability and Pain?
Abstract BACKGROUND: Forecasting is a construct in which experiences and beliefs inform a projection of future outcomes. Current efforts to predict postoperative patient-reported outcome measures such as risk-stratifying models, focus on studying patient, surgeon, or facility variables without considering the mindset of the patient. There is no evidence assessing the association of a patient's forecasted postoperative disability with realized postoperative disability. Patient-forecasted disability could potentially be used as a tool to predict postoperative disability. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Do patient-forec...
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - February 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Alokozai A, Eppler SL, Lu LY, Sheikholeslami N, Kamal RN Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research

Effect of mental health status on arrhythmia recurrence after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation
ConclusionsA poorer mental health status is associated with AT recurrence after catheter ablation. Intervention studies are warranted to evaluate the efficacy of counseling and psychological support after ablation in improving success rates in these patients. (Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology)
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

High rates of depression anxiety and suicidal ideation among inpatients in general hospital in China.
CONCLUSION: Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation were determined to be common psychological problems in Chinese inpatients. Chinese medical personnel must pay attention to the mental health conditions of inpatients, particularly inpatients with lower income, educational levels, and poor marital status. Key Points This is one of the first studies focusing on the prevalence of depression and anxiety in Chinese hospitalized inpatients in non-psychiatric departments of a general hospital. The PHQ-9 and GAD-7 were determined to be potential screening tools to aid Chinese medical workers in recognizing depression and anxie...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life and psychological wellbeing of children with Specific Learning Disorders and their mothers
Conclusions and implicationsThis study supports previous research about impaired HRQoL, symptoms of generalized anxiety, school-related anxiety and depressed mood in children with SpLD. Moreover, it provides evidence that mothers of children with SpLD may experience stress in coping with their child’s disability and develop socio-emotional symptoms such as anxiety. Implications concern the need to implement effective supportive services among children with SpLD and their parents. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Synthesis of contraries: Hughlings Jackson on sensory-motor representation in the brain
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical SciencesAuthor(s): M. ChirimuutaAbstractThis paper examines the concept of representation in the brain which occurs in the writings of the neurologist John Hughlings Jackson (1835–1911). Jackson was immersed in Victorian physiological psychology, a hybrid of British associationism and a reflex theory of the operation of the nervous system. Furthermore, Jackson was deeply influenced by Herbert Spencer, and I argue that Spencer's progressivist evo...
Source: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences - February 16, 2019 Category: History of Medicine Source Type: research

Embedded stems as a bootstrapping mechanism for morphological parsing during reading development
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child PsychologyAuthor(s): Elisabeth Beyersmann, Jonathan Grainger, Anne CastlesAbstractThe aim of the current research was to test the hypothesis that the activation of embedded words (e.g., the farm in farmhouse) is the starting point for the development of an abstract morphological parsing system in children’s reading. To test this hypothesis, we examined the developmental trajectory of compound priming effects in third- and fifth-grade primary school children, high school students, and adults. Both children and adults participated ...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Spatial–numerical association of response code effect as a window to mental representation of magnitude in long-term memory among Hebrew-speaking children
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): Anat Feldman, Yafit Oscar-Strom, Joseph Tzelgov, Andrea BergerAbstractThe well-known spatial–numerical association of response code (SNARC) effect supports the idea that the mental number line (MNL) is organized from left to right in participants writing from left to right. In Arabic speakers writing from right to left, the direction of the SNARC effect is reversed. Until recently, no consistent numerical–spatial associations were reported in Hebrew speakers, who write letters from right to left and write numbers fr...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): (Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology)
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Thinking about the future: Comparing children’s forced-choice versus “generative” responses in the “spoon test”
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): Cristina M. Atance, Seyda Nur Celebi, Sarah Mitchinson, Caitlin E.V. MahyAbstractOne of the most popular methods to assess children’s foresight is to present children with a problem (e.g., locked box with no key) in one room and then later, in another room, give them the opportunity to select the item (e.g., key) that will solve it. Whether or not children choose the correct item to bring back to the first room is the dependent measure of interest in this “spoon test.” Although children as young as 3 or 4 ye...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Carving Pinocchio: Longitudinal examination of children’s lying for different goals
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): Victoria Talwar, Jennifer Lavoie, Angela M. CrossmanAbstractThe current study examined children’s lie-telling behavior across four motivational contexts at two time points: Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2). There were 127 children (MT1 = 4.65 years old, SD = 0.66; MT2 = 6.93 years old, SD = 0.80) who participated twice in four experimental paradigms to examine antisocial and prosocial lie-telling behavior approximately 2 years apart. Children also completed cognitive measures, and parents completed questi...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Young readers’ skill in learning spellings and meanings of words during independent reading
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): S. Hélène Deacon, Catherine Mimeau, Sheila Cira Chung, Xi ChenAbstractIndependent reading offers children opportunities to learn the spellings and meanings of words. Evidence to date shows that older children take advantage of these orthographic and semantic learning opportunities. We provided a much-needed test of whether young readers can acquire spellings and meanings of novel words through independent reading as well as of whether each of these skills explains individual differences in word reading and reading...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Children’s response, landmark, and metric strategies in spatial navigation
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 181Author(s): Yingying Yang, Edward C. Merrill, Qi WangAbstractWhen interacting with the environment, one can encode spatial information via egocentric or allocentric perspectives. Allocentric processing can include both landmark and geometric information. The current study examined egocentric response-focused, allocentric landmark-focused, and allocentric metric-focused processing strategies in large-scale spatial environments among 38 children aged 6–8 years, 31 children aged 9 and 10 years, and 53 young adults. The current study...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - February 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Smartphone use while eating increases caloric ingestion
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Physiology & BehaviorAuthor(s): Renata Fiche da Mata Gonçalves, Danyela de Almeida Barreto, Pâmela Ione Monteiro, Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimo, Paula Midori Castelo, Andries van der Bilt, Luciano José PereiraAbstractThe use of smartphones during meals may possibly influence the number of ingested calories. We evaluated the influence of smartphones' distraction during eating on caloric intake. Physical (masticatory parameters, sex and body mass index - BMI); environmental (with or without distraction) and psychological (stress levels) v...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - February 16, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Sex Differences, Duration of Stay in the United States, and Serious Psychological Distress: The Case of Middle Eastern Immigrants in the United States
Using data from the 2002-2012 National Health Interview Surveys, this study examines the association between duration of stay in the United States and serious psychological distress (SPD) among Middle Eastern (ME) immigrants and tests whether this association differs by sex. Results show that although ME immigrant women with longer duration are significantly more likely to report SPD than US-born white women, the SPD of ME immigrant men do not significantly differ from that of US-born white men. These findings emphasize the harmful influence of a longer duration of stay in the United States on the SPD of ME immigrant women...
Source: Family and Community Health - February 16, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A comparison of the effects of mirror therapy and phantom exercises on phantom limb pain
Authors: Anaforoğlu Külünkoğlu B, Erbahçeci F, Alkan A Abstract Background/aim: Although mirror therapy (MT) and phantom exercises (PE) have been shown to reduce pain, the efficacy of these methods in terms of pain, quality of life (QoL), and psychological status (PS) has not been investigated and compared to date. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is any difference between MT and PE in the treatment of phantom limb pain (PLP). Materials and methods: Forty unilateral transtibial amputees (aged 18–45 years) participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - February 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research

Existentially Oriented Group Intervention for Patients With Heart Failure: Intervention Development and Preliminary Assessment
Conclusions: On the basis of our preliminary findings, the “existentially oriented group intervention for patients with heart failure” is recommended to be further tested among patients coping with HF. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 16, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Interventions Source Type: research

Psychological Safety in Nursing Simulation
Conclusions Findings indicated that providing prebriefing and considering students' level of simulation experience in sharing their recorded video may help ensure a psychologically safe environment. An instrument measuring psychological safety and evidence-based guidelines to ensure a safe learning environment needs to be developed. (Source: Nurse Educator)
Source: Nurse Educator - February 16, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

Body image dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity seeking bariatric surgery: exploring the burden of new mediating factors.
This study aims to examine possible psychiatric predictors of BID. In particular, we explored the burden of new associated factors such as early trauma and attachment style (AS), which have not been assessed in previous literature. METHODS: In this study, 536 patients with extreme obesity (mean Body Mass Index, BMI=43 kg/m2, SD=6.62) undergoing presurgical psychiatric evaluations as part of a mandatory workup before surgery were chosen as participants. A semi-structured clinical interview was performed to assess psychiatric diagnosis and patients' history of early trauma. BID was assessed using the Body Shape Questionn...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Quality of Life of Adolescents with Homozygous Sickle-Cell Disease Managed at the Brazzaville Teaching Hospital (Congo)].
Authors: Babela JRM, Mberi FDM, Ikobo LCO, Nika ER, Ngoulou BVS, Mandilou SVM Abstract Adolescence is a particular age group in terms of psychological and somatic changes. Thus, the experience of a chronic disease such as sickle-cell disease is different compared to the younger child who depends entirely on his parents. The purpose of this study is to assess the quality of life and to identify the determinants of good quality of life of such teenagers. A cross-sectional study of adolescents living with sickle-cell disease has been carried out at the Teaching Hospital of Brazzaville, from March to September 2016. It...
Source: Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique - February 16, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Bull Soc Pathol Exot Source Type: research

The CORE service improvement programme for mental health crisis resolution teams: results from a cluster-randomised trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The CRT service improvement programme did not achieve its primary aim of improving patient satisfaction. It showed some promise in improving CRT model fidelity and reducing acute in-patient admissions.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 30761976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review of the current evidence regarding interventions for anxiety, PTSD, sleepiness and fatigue in the law enforcement workplace.
Authors: Lees T, Elliott JL, Gunning S, Newton PJ, Rai T, Lal S Abstract Law enforcement is inherently stressful, and police officers are particularly vulnerable to mental and physical disorders. As such, researchers are currently assessing intervention strategies that may combat or manage these psychological, physical and mental issues. To review most recent information regarding anxiety, PTSD, and sleepiness and fatigue and identify the interventions and treatments proposed to overcome work related stressors and associated mental illnesses inflicting law enforcement officers. The EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE and PsycINFO...
Source: Industrial Health - February 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Dyadic coping, marital adjustment and quality of life in couples during pregnancy: an actor-partner approach.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of assessing dyadic coping strategies of couples during pregnancy and targeting them in the psychological support offered to couples as a way of improving their marital adjustment, and consequently, their quality of life. PMID: 30755030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology)
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research

Agency and high school science students' motivation, engagement, and classroom support experiences
Publication date: May–June 2019Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 62Author(s): Erika A. Patall, Keenan A. Pituch, Rebecca R. Steingut, Ariana C. Vasquez, Nicole Yates, Alana A.U. KennedyAbstractAgentic engagement is a potential gateway to improving the classroom climate and adolescent students' motivation. The current investigation provided the first test of daily and short-term longitudinal relations between U.S. high school science students' agentic engagement during class and their psychological need satisfaction, other forms of engagement (behavioral, cognitive, emotional), and perception...
Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology - February 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Relations among Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Engagement, and Work Satisfaction: A Social Cognitive View
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Contemporary Educational PsychologyAuthor(s): Helena Granziera, Harsha N. PereraAbstractAlthough recent research has examined the links between (a) teacher self-efficacy and teacher engagement and (b) teacher engagement and job satisfaction, comparatively little is known about the longitudinal interplay among teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs, work engagement, and job satisfaction. Using short-term longitudinal data from almost 600 teachers, we redress this gap in the literature by examining a social-cognitive reciprocal-effects model linking teachers’ se...
Source: Contemporary Educational Psychology - February 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A state-of-the-art review on Facilitating Sustainable Agriculture through Green Fertiliser TechnologyAdoption: Assessing Farmers Behavior
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Trends in Food Science & TechnologyAuthor(s): Nadia Adnan, Shahrina Md Nordin, Mohamad Ariff Bahruddin, Ahmad Hussen TareqAbstractGreen technology is the means of improving towards the rising environmental concern. The implication of green fertilizer technology (GFT) is the need for the modern development of environmentally friendly technology, also to increase the production level among all the agriculture crops. It is especially needed for paddy production, as it has always been considered as an important commodity because it is the main staple food for the n...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - February 15, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

[Emotional and Psychological Peculiarities in Glaucoma].
Authors: Emmerich GM PMID: 30763973 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - February 15, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

An exploratory study of societal values in social participation across nations
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Abu H. AyobAbstractParticipation in philanthropic activities is often perceived as a quality of “good society”. However, the existing literature lags in recognizing those types of societal values that explain collective engagement in such events. Hence, this cross-national research attempts to examine empirically the societal values associated with the prevalence of membership in humanitarian and charitable organizations across nations. Drawing on the World Values Survey data across two-time periods, seven values are...
Source: The Social Science Journal - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Government of Malawi's unconditional cash transfer improves youth mental health
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Gustavo Angeles, Jacobus de Hoop, Sudhanshu Handa, Kelly Kilburn, Annamaria Milazzo, Amber Peterman, Sara Abdoulayi, Gustavo Angeles, Clare Barrington, Kristen Brugh, Sudhanshu Handa, Kelly Kilburn, Adria Molotsky, Frank Otchere, Susannah Zietz, Peter Mvula, Maxton Tsoka, Jacobus de Hoop, Tia Palermo, Amber PetermanAbstractWe explore the impacts of Malawi's national unconditional cash transfer program targeting ultra-poor households on youth mental health. Experimental findings show that the program significantly improved men...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cross-country analysis of alternative five factor personality trait profiles
Publication date: 1 June 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 143Author(s): Zsuzsanna Kövi, Anton Aluja, Joseph Glicksohn, Angel Blanch, Julien Morizot, Wei Wang, Oumar Barry, Michel Hansenne, André Carvalho, Mauricio Valdivia, Olivier Desrichard, Thomas Hyphantis, Jérôme Rossier, Vilfredo De Pascalis, Elizabeth León-Mayer, Aleksei Piskunov, Adam W. Stivers, Fritz Ostendorf, Đorđe Čekrlija, Tarek BellajAbstractThe aim of our study was to examine the typical personality profiles of the Alternative Five Factor Model with its new factor-facet version questionnaire (Zuck...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Active choice, implicit defaults, and the incentive to choose
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision ProcessesAuthor(s): John Beshears, James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte C. MadrianAbstractHome-delivered prescriptions have no delivery charge and lower copayments than prescriptions picked up at a pharmacy. Nevertheless, when home delivery is offered on an opt-in basis, the take-up rate is only 6%. We study a program that makes active choice of either home delivery or pharmacy pick-up a requirement for insurance eligibility. The program introduces an implicit default for those who don’t make an active choice: phar...
Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The misleading Dodo Bird verdict. How much of the outcome variance is explained by common and specific factors?
Publication date: August 2019Source: New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 54Author(s): Giulio de Felice, Alessandro Giuliani, Sibel Halfon, Silvia Andreassi, Giulia Paoloni, Franco F. OrsucciAbstractThe literature on psychotherapy research makes use of the so-called "Dodo Bird Verdict" to show that therapeutic change owes more to common factors than to specific techniques. According to the bulk of the empirical literature, common factors explain 30–70% of therapy outcome variance, while specific factors account for between 5% and 15%. This formulation is based on the assumption that common and specific factors a...
Source: New Ideas in Psychology - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial
Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Urogynecological effects of menopause.
Authors: Bulchandani S, Toozs-Hobson P Abstract The menopause signifies a period after significant hormonal change that affects all estrogen-sensitive tissues. This change may result in symptoms affecting any part of the urogenital system. These changes can significantly affect women's health and quality of life. The menopause is associated with lower urinary tract symptoms, vulvovaginal symptoms and pelvic organ prolapse. In this article, we have aimed to describe the symptomatology along with pathophysiology of the effects of menopause on urogynecological problems affecting women's health. Other factors apart fro...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - February 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Male hormonal contraception: a safe option?
Authors: Walton MJ, Anderson RAA Abstract Hormonal male contraception is based on the administration of testosterone alone or more likely with a progestogen. Testosterone has been used for several decades for the treatment of male hypogonadism, with an excellent safety record. Use as part of a contraceptive regimen by healthy people for prolonged periods will necessitate careful re-examination of safety issues. Although potential male contraceptive regimens have been investigated for many years, there have been mostly small-scale studies unable to assess safety. This is now changing, with larger studies of regimens...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - February 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Long-term prevalence and predictors of prolonged grief disorder amongst bereaved cancer caregivers: A cohort study.
CONCLUSION: For almost 20% of caregivers, the symptoms of PGD appear to persist at least three years post bereavement. These findings support the importance of screening caregivers upon the patient's admission to palliative care and at six months after bereavement to ascertain their current mental health. Ideally, caregivers at risk of developing PGD can be identified and treated before PGD becomes entrenched. PMID: 30767818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Palliative and Supportive Care)
Source: Palliative and Supportive Care - February 15, 2019 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Zordan RD, Bell ML, Price M, Remedios C, Lobb E, Hall C, Hudson P Tags: Palliat Support Care Source Type: research