An exploratory study of the relationship between the use of the Learning Commons and students' perceived learning outcomes
This study proposes and empirically tests a model explicating the impact of the Learning Commons on university students' learning behaviors and skills development. Adapting the information literacy instruction model that is based on expectation disconfirmation theory, a series of hypotheses were developed, and data were collected through an online survey at a Hong Kong university. Responses from 388 students were subjected to a partial least squares structural equation modeling analysis. The results suggest that expectation disconfirmation theory can be applied in the domain of the Learning Commons, and that the degree to ...
Source: The Journal of Academic Librarianship - May 26, 2019 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: research

Investigating the contribution of NPSR1, IL-6 and BDNF polymorphisms to depressive and anxiety symptoms in hemodialysis patients
This study examined the association of polymorphisms of genes encoding these proteins with depression and anxiety in a representative group of Jordanian HD patients.MethodsA total of 302 HD patients were involved in the study and categorized into three groups based on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS-D or HADS-A scores as follows: normal (
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Future Considerations for Pediatric Cancer Survivorship: Translational Perspectives from Developmental Neuroscience
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Developmental Cognitive NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Rebecca M. Jones, Siobhan S. PattwellAbstractBreakthroughs in modern medicine have increased pediatric cancer survival rates throughout the last several decades. Despite enhanced cure rates, a subset of pediatric cancer survivors exhibit life-long psychological side effects. A large body of work has addressed potential mechanisms for secondary symptoms of anxiety, post-traumatic stress, impaired emotion regulation and cognitive deficits in adults. Yet, absent from many studies are the ways in which cancer treatment can impa...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - May 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Ordinal skills influence the transition in number line strategies for children in Grades 1 and 2
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 185Author(s): Chang XuAbstractHow do children place numbers on a line where only the endpoints are marked? Previous researchers have shown that the differential estimation patterns on the number line task reflect different strategies used by children. What factors influence their transition from less efficient to more efficient strategies? Children in Grade 1 (n = 66) and Grade 2 (n = 80) completed a 0–100 number line task at two time points of the school year. Their ordinal skills (i.e., number ordering) and spatial skil...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - May 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Toddlers’ sensitivity to phonetic detail in child speech
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 185Author(s): Dana E. Bernier, Katherine S. WhiteAbstractYoung language learners acquire their first language(s) from the speech they are exposed to in their environment. For at least some children (e.g., those in daycare), this environmental speech includes a large quantity of speech from other children. Yet, we know little about how young learners process this type of speech and its status as a source of input. Across two experiments, we assessed 21- to 23-month-olds’ processing of a child’s speech using the preferential ...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - May 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Statistical Physics Of Opinion Formation: Is it a SPOOF?
We describe relations between models of opinion formation, developed by physicists, and theoretical models of social response, known in social psychology. We draw attention to issues that are interesting for social psychologists and physicists. We show examples of studies directly inspired by social psychology like: “independence vs. anticonformity” or “personality vs. situation”. We summarize the results that have been already obtained and point out what else can be done, also with respect to other models in SPOOF. Finally, we demonstrate several analytical methods useful in SPOOF, such as the conc...
Source: Comptes Rendus Physique - May 25, 2019 Category: Physics Source Type: research

What Do Primary Healthcare Providers and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners in Palestine Need to Know about Exercise for Cancer Patients and Survivors: A Consensual Study Using the Delphi Technique.
Conclusion: Formal consensus was achieved for the first time on a core list of knowledge items on how exercises and physical activities might stimulate anticancer immunity. This core list might be considered at the time of developing training/educational interventions and/or continuing education for primary healthcare providers and CAM practitioners. Future studies are still needed to investigate if such consensual lists might improve congruence in cancer care continuum and improve survival rates and wellbeing of cancer patients and survivors. PMID: 31118968 [PubMed] (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Associations between attachment anxiety and intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization: Consideration of genetic covariation
Publication date: 1 September 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 147Author(s): Nicole Barbaro, Brian B. Boutwell, Todd K. ShackelfordAbstractAdult attachment anxiety shows consistent and robust associations with intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and IPV victimization. Prior research, however, has not investigated whether this association would be robust to genetic covariation between the traits of interest. We expand the limited research regarding genetic influences on IPV by examining the extent to which accounting for potential genetic covariation between IPV and attachment anxiety can ...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moderating effect of emotional awareness on the association between maltreatment experiences and resilience
In this study, we investigated the effects of different emotion regulation strategies on psychological resilience. Among a total of 360 participants, 89 maltreatment and 112 no-maltreatment subjects were included in the analysis of a questionnaire survey. An additional cognitive reappraisal task was conducted in 25 maltreatment and 25 age-, gender-, and education-matched no-maltreatment subjects. The maltreatment group reported greater difficulties in identifying emotion, such as lack of emotional awareness or clarity. Moderation analysis revealed that lack of emotional awareness has a significant effect on the relationshi...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Updating impressions: The differential effects of new performance information on evaluations of women and men
Publication date: May 2019Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Volume 152Author(s): Madeline E. Heilman, Francesca Manzi, Suzette CaleoAbstractIn three experimental studies we investigated whether changes in performance would have different consequences on the competence perceptions and performance evaluations of women and men whose earlier performance had been unmistakably successful or unsuccessful. We reasoned that the ambiguity created by new performance information that was inconsistent with previous performance information would facilitate stereotype-based gender bias. The results provided su...
Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Deception as competence: The effect of occupational stereotypes on the perception and proliferation of deception
Publication date: May 2019Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Volume 152Author(s): Brian C. Gunia, Emma E. LevineAbstractDeception is common but widely condemned. The current research examines why. Integrating theories of selling, stereotypes, and negotiation—and challenging much research and rhetoric on deception—we document that perceivers do not always disapprove of deceivers. Instead, they conclude that deceivers will be competent in certain occupations: those in which a selling orientation (SO) is stereotypically seen as integral to the job. We first introduce SO as an occupationa...
Source: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Volume 16Author(s): (Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity)
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reviewer Acknowledgement 2018
Publication date: March 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Volume 16Author(s): (Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity)
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Comparing Hierarchical Models of Personality Pathology
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Research in PersonalityAuthor(s): Whitney R. Ringwald, Joseph E. Beeney, Paul A. Pilkonis, Aidan G.C. WrightAbstractTwo dimensional, hierarchical classification models of personality pathology have emerged as alternatives to traditional categorical systems: multi-tiered models with increasing numbers of factors and models that distinguish between a general factor of severity and specific factors reflecting style. Using a large sample (N=840) with a range of psychopathology, we conducted exploratory factor analyses of individual personality disorder criteria t...
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Person-culture fit boosts national pride: A cross-cultural study among 78 countries
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Research in PersonalityAuthor(s): Hongfei Du, Anli Chen, Peilian Chi, Ronnel B. KingAbstractIndividuals whose personal values match the values of the culture to which they belong to have a better evaluation of themselves. However, whether individuals who experience person-culture fit endorse more positive evaluations of the cultures they belong to (e.g., nationality) remains an open question. We tested whether person-culture fit in terms of values (i.e., value congruence) would be associated with national pride (N = 171,528). Response surface analyses showed ...
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Top Incomes and Subjective Well-being
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Economic PsychologyAuthor(s): Michal BrzezinskiAbstractWe use data from the World Wealth & Income Database, the European Values Surveys and World Values Surveys to estimate the relationship between income inequality as measured by top income shares and subjective well-being in a sample of 35 countries observed between 1980s and 2010s (139 surveys and more than 200,000 respondents). Results show that top 1% income shares are positively associated with happiness, while that the relationship with life satisfaction is less certain. The positive link between t...
Source: Journal of Economic Psychology - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychological cycle shifts redux: Revisiting a preregistered study examining preferences for muscularity
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Evolution and Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Steven W. Gangestad, Tran Dinh, Nicholas M. Grebe, Marco Del Giudice, Melissa Emery ThompsonAbstractJünger et al. (2018) conducted a preregistered study examining whether women particularly prefer muscular bodies when conceptive in their cycles. Despite an impressive number of participants and within-woman observations, they found no evidence for a preference shift; rather, they claimed, conceptive women find all male bodies more attractive. We preregistered a separate study very similar to Jünger et al.'s, with specified...
Source: Evolution and Human Behavior - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Transanal versus transabdominal specimen extraction in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: a retrospective analysis from China.
Conclusions: Laparoscopic TSE is recommended in the treatment of rectal cancer with similar oncologic outcomes compared with conventional TASE. It is mini-invasive surgery and has the advantage of better cosmetic results. There is a need for further randomized studies to refine the applicability of laparoscopic TSE in rectal cancer. PMID: 31118984 [PubMed] (Source: Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques)
Source: Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques - May 25, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne Source Type: research

Mesoscopic Neural Representations in Spatial Navigation
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Trends in Cognitive SciencesAuthor(s): Lukas Kunz, Shachar Maidenbaum, Dong Chen, Liang Wang, Joshua Jacobs, Nikolai AxmacherRecent evidence suggests that mesoscopic neural oscillations measured via intracranial electroencephalography exhibit spatial representations, which were previously only observed at the micro- and macroscopic level of brain organization. Specifically, theta (and gamma) oscillations correlate with movement, speed, distance, specific locations, and goal proximity to boundaries. In entorhinal cortex (EC), they exhibit hexadirectional modulation, whic...
Source: Trends in Cognitive Sciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Social Science Research, Volume 81Author(s): (Source: Social Science Research)
Source: Social Science Research - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

China's dusty lung crisis: Rural-urban health inequity as social and spatial injustice
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Lee LiuAbstractThis paper examines the rural-urban inequities in pneumoconiosis (dusty lung) deaths in China from 2002 to 2016 and possible causes for such inequities in the framework of social and spatial justice. The research reveals alarming results that have not been reported before. Pneumoconiosis death rates for rural men increased twice as fast as those among urban men. The rural rates were particularly higher among middle-aged men, but lower in older age groups, as compared to urban rates. There were dramatic increases in ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Goals for living with a chronic condition: The relevance of temporalities, dispositions, and resources
ConclusionsThe way goals were constructed was structured over time by present experiences superimposed on past experiences and access to resources. These findings help broaden understandings of the tensions between patient and professionals’ goals for living well with chronic conditions and draw attention to the need for structural change to support people to live well with their chronic conditions. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social network analysis of group position, popularity, and sleep behaviors among U.S. adolescents
ConclusionPopularity may have hidden costs for girls' sleep, while social isolation seems to be detrimental for boys' sleep. These results suggest that a social network perspective is valuable for studying sleep health and might inform targeted interventions to improve adolescents' sleep outcomes. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion regulation as a mediator between sleep quality and interpersonal aggression
Publication date: 1 October 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 148Author(s): Mitchell Kirwan, D.W. Svenson, Scott M. Pickett, Michele R. ParkhillAbstractSufficient sleep quality is paramount for physical and mental health, and poor sleep quality effects an individual's aggressive behaviors and ability to properly regulate their emotions. However, little research has examined the relationship between sleep, emotion regulation, and aggressive interpersonal behaviors, such as trait physical aggression, verbal aggression, relationship violence, and sexual assault perpetration. Thus, the present study so...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Adverse racial climates in academia: Conceptualization, interventions, and call to action
Publication date: December 2019Source: New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 55Author(s): Monnica T. WilliamsAbstractRacial conflict at universities across the US has been the focus of academic concern and media attention, yet often administrators and faculty do not understand the problems or know how to approach solutions. Drawing from many branches of psychological science, this paper describes how an oppressive academic climate results in negative outcomes for students and faculty of color, such as psychological distress, grievances, discrimination lawsuits, faculty turnover, and student dropout. Described are some empiricall...
Source: New Ideas in Psychology - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Socialization of a student teacher on teaching practice into the discursive community of the classroom: Between a teacher-centered and a learner-centered approach
Publication date: September 2019Source: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, Volume 22Author(s): Kateřina LojdováAbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the socialization of a student teacher on teaching practice into the discursive community of the classroom. Discourse analysis of interviews and video recordings of classes taught by a student teacher and cooperating teacher was conducted. The results showed interpretative repertoires of classroom management of the cooperating teacher and the student teacher, where those of the student teacher are more learner-centered. However, during the teachin...
Source: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trajectories of insecurity: Young adults' employment entry, health and well-being
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Vocational BehaviorAuthor(s): Katharina Klug, Sonja Drobnič, Hilke BrockmannAbstractYoung adults in the transition from education to employment are vulnerable to employment insecurity. We explore trajectories of employment insecurity over six years after leaving education, and investigate their associations with sociodemographic predictors, self-reported health and life satisfaction. Based on a sample of 2752 education leavers from a representative longitudinal dataset in Germany, we identify five distinct trajectories via latent class growth analysis: (1) &...
Source: Journal of Vocational Behavior - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender associations in the twentieth-century English-language literature
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Research in PersonalityAuthor(s): Daniel Schulz, Štěpán BahníkAbstractGender associations may be partly learned from print media, including literature. Using Google Books Ngram corpus, we explored the depiction of male and female characters in the twentieth-century English-language fiction. By analyzing adjective-noun bigrams, we examined adjectives used in association with “man”, “woman”, “boy”, and “girl”. Men were described in more positive terms than women. Girls were depicted more posi...
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Deceptive sustainability: Cognitive bias in people's judgment of the benefits of CO2 emission cuts
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Environmental Psychology, Volume 64Author(s): Mattias Holmgren, Alan Kabanshi, Linda Langeborg, Stephan Barthel, Johan Colding, Ola Eriksson, Patrik SörqvistAbstractPeople's beliefs in the actions necessary to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are important to public policy acceptability. The current paper addressed beliefs concerning how periods of small emission cuts contribute to the total CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, by asking participants to rate the atmospheric CO2 concentration for various time periods and emission rates. The participants...
Source: Journal of Environmental Psychology - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reinforcement learning: bringing together computation and cognition
This article will highlight recent research showing how bringing together the fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive science may benefit both. Ideas from artificial intelligence have provided helpful formal theories to account for aspects of human learning. In return, ideas from cognitive science and neuroscience can also inform artificial intelligence research with directions to make algorithms more human-like. For example, recent work shows that human learning can only be understood in the context of multiple separate, interacting memory systems, rather than as a single, complex learner. This insight is starting...
Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rhesus macaques use probabilities to predict future events
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Evolution and Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Francesca De Petrillo, Alexandra G. RosatiAbstractHumans can use an intuitive sense of statistics to make predictions about uncertain future events, a cognitive skill that underpins logical and mathematical reasoning. Recent research shows that some of these abilities for statistical inferences can emerge in preverbal infants and non-human primates such as apes and capuchins. An important question is therefore whether animals share the full complement of intuitive reasoning abilities demonstrated by humans, as well as what evolutio...
Source: Evolution and Human Behavior - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotional Reactivity of Partner Violent Men with Personality Disorder during Conflict
This study addresses negative affect, psychophysiological reactivity, and antecedents to psychological aggression within the context of intimate partner violence. One hundred and thirty-nine partner violent men were administered the SCID-II and participated in verbal conflict with their partner in a laboratory setting, during which time observed affect and psychophysiological indices were continuously recorded. Relative to men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), men with borderline personality disorder (BPD) exhibited longer periods of anger (p = .03) and lower skin conductance reactivity (p =...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The association of psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and hip and knee landing kinematics
Greater psychological readiness to return to sport is associated with the involved limb's frontal plane knee and hip range of motion during a single-leg landing biomechanics. (Source: Clinical Biomechanics)
Source: Clinical Biomechanics - May 25, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Christopher V. Nagelli, Kate Webster, Stephanie Di Stasi, Samuel C. Wordeman, Timothy E. Hewett Source Type: research

Post-Exertion Neuropsychological Testing in the Management of Sport-Related Concussion
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of physical exertion on computerized neuropsychological test performance in high school athletes as part of concussion return-to-play protocols. ImPACT data and consultation records were retrospectively reviewed among athletes undergoing their physical stepwise progression for return-to-play following sport-related concussion. Two hundred forty athletes met inclusion criteria and participated in the study. 36.7% of concussed athletes who were symptom-free and had reached an advanced stage of their return-to-play protocol demonstrated cognitive decline following a mode...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - May 25, 2019 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

A Collaborative Approach To Engaging Aboriginal People In Their Health
We must invest in our Aboriginal population and take a holistic view of their health incorporating not only physical, but psychological, cultural, social and emotional wellbeing. Indigenous Australians have hospitalisation and death rates with cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the underlying cause at twice the rate of non-Indigenous Australians. For instance, in 2015 –16, there were over 1.1 million indigenous Australians hospitalized with CVD related events, and one in three deaths were due to CVD. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - May 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Helen Mclean, Nola Naylor, Denese Griffin, Russell Simpson, Cheryl Smith, Leah Bonson, Jessica Sharp Tags: A18 Source Type: research

Does stage of illness influence recovery-focused outcomes after psychological treatment in bipolar disorder? A systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review will contribute to the literature by expanding upon previous reviews and potentially inform the psychosocial treatment of established BD. Implications include assisting clinicians, consumers and researchers to identify and select interventions most appropriate to recovery-focused goals based on individuals ’ clinical status.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016037868 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction
. (Source: Journal of Sports Sciences)
Source: Journal of Sports Sciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Chunxiao Li Russell Martindale Yanlin Sun Source Type: research

The Process of Long-Term Suicide Bereavement: Responsibility, Familial Support, and Meaning Making
AbstractThe purpose of this qualitative study was to develop understanding of the experience of long-term suicide loss survivors and begin to develop theory of the process of healing. Ten suicide loss survivors were interviewed. Our analyses identified three major categories —one harmful, one helpful, and one that helped to move from harmful to the helpful. Feelings of responsibility was the major harmful category, meaning making the helpful one, and social support the one that appeared to help move from one to the other. Suicide-related thoughts and behaviors were fo und to be both harmful and helpful at times. Many...
Source: Contemporary Family Therapy - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effects of an Adolescent Family Violence Intervention Program on Recidivism among Court-Involved Youth
AbstractChild to family violence is a significant problem, and research on effective programs is lacking. The current study evaluates Step Up, a group intervention program for youth and parents to address youth-initiated patterns of violence. In this retrospective evaluation, we compared 115 court-involved youth who participated in Step Up between 2006 and 2015 to a propensity score weighted group of court-involved youth who had never participated in the program on three outcomes: general recidivism, assault-related recidivism, and domestic violence (DV)-related recidivism. The two groups were adequately balanced on 13 var...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are illness perceptions, beliefs about medicines and Type D personality associated with medication adherence among thyroid cancer survivors? A study from the population-based PROFILES registry
. (Source: Psychology and Health)
Source: Psychology and Health - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Floortje Mols Melissa Thong Johan Denollet Wilma A. Oranje Romana T. Netea-Maier Johannes W. A. Smit Olga Husson Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Heart Failure —Female Representation in Heart Failure Studies
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe prevalence of heart failure (HF) continues to grow in the USA, and approximately 50% of these patients are women. Despite this, there has been an underrepresentation of women in HF clinical trials, which has led to limitations in understanding of sex-related differences in HF pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. The purpose of this review is to highlight the differences between men and women in various heart failure trials conducted in the last century and emphasize new findings from recent trials in the management of, and outcomes in, women with HF.Recent FindingsHF trials have shown tha...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - May 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Long View of Language Localization
For British neurologists, one case was considered to represent significant evidence regarding the organization of language in the brain in the second half of the 19th century. The interpretation of its significance was based on repeated standard clinical assessment of behavioral deficits, the use of a psychological model of processing, and lesion localization to inform understanding of clinic-pathological correlation. The aphasic deficits experienced by a single case were observed and recorded by London neurologist Henry Charlton Bastian (1837-1915) over a period of 18 years, and used as a demonstration of clinico-patholog...
Source: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy - May 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Association of psychosocial-spiritual experiences around childbirth and subsequent perinatal mental health outcomes: an integrated review.
Conclusions: New insights highlight a paucity of research in the area of perinatal mental health and psychosocial-spiritual childbirth experiences. Further research needs to include postnatal mood disorders and the possible associations with psychosocial-spiritual experiences. PMID: 31116570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology)
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - May 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research

Preschoolers’ developing comprehension of the plural: The effects of number and allomorphic variation
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 185Author(s): Benjamin Davies, Nan Xu Rattanasone, Tamara Schembri, Katherine DemuthAbstractPrevious intermodal preferential looking (IPL) studies have found that children learning English acquire knowledge of plural allomorphs incrementally. The segmental plural /-s/ (e.g., cats) is understood at 24 months of age, whereas the syllabic plural /-əz/ (e.g., buses) is not comprehended until 36 months. Production studies also show ongoing challenges with the syllabic plural /-əz/, suggesting a prolonged weaker representation for this...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - May 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Occasional acne; an acne variant.
This article is about a common skin eruption that dermatologists face regularly in their clinics. It is a form of acne that patients frequently refer to as nightshifts acne, stress acne or airplane acne (after experiencing a prior occasion that might aggravate it). Physical or psychological stress is not the only causative factor, therefore we took into consideration of naming it based on its presentation irrespectively of the skin proneness to acne and self-limiting tendency, we name the entity as "occasional acne". This article will discuss the similarities and differences between this entity and other forms of...
Source: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology - May 24, 2019 Category: Dermatology Tags: Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol Source Type: research

Alcohol and the Liver: The Return of the Prodigal Son.
Authors: Campollo O Abstract With the discovery of direct-acting antivirals and the prospective of viral hepatitis becoming curable, alcohol liver disease (ALD) is back to primetime. In the last 20 years, there have been many advances in the understanding of the biology, the psychology and the social and environmental factors associated with this long-known medical problem. Recent information about regional, ethnic, cultural and genetic factors seem to be relevant for the Latin American (LA) population. New approaches based on the new concepts and current information will render better results in the overall manage...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research

The Field Researcher’s Handbook: A Guide to the Art and Science of Professional Fieldwork, David J. Danelo. Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC (2017), $16.31 paperback. ISBN 9781626164451
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Aparajita Banerjee (Source: The Social Science Journal)
Source: The Social Science Journal - May 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Learning Loop Model of Collaborative Decision-Making in Chronic Illness
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Sarah D. Ronis, Lawrence C. Kleinman, Kurt C. StangeAbstractShared decision-making is a core attribute of quality health care that has proved challenging to implement and assess in pediatric practice. Current models of shared decision-making are limited, including their capacity to incorporate multiple stakeholders; to integrate downstream effects of subacute or minor decisions; and to account for the context(s) in which such decisions are being made and enacted. Based on a review of literature from organizational psychology, cognitive sc...
Source: Academic Pediatrics - May 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The round-the-clock technique for correction of gynecomastia.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated the safety and reliability of a new technique that allows mastectomy through an imperceptible 3-mm incision. We obtained high patient satisfaction scores using our surgical technique, and patients reported considerable improvement in their social, physical, and psychological well-being after surgery. PMID: 31113185 [PubMed] (Source: Archives of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Archives of Plastic Surgery - May 24, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Arch Plast Surg Source Type: research

Psychologic Distress and Anxiety in Mothers of Children With Gastroesophageal Reflux Undergoing Antireflux Surgery
Conclusions: Mothers of children undergoing antireflux surgery reported reduced levels of psychological distress and state anxiety 12 months after the operation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research