Hurt people hurt people: using a trauma sensitive and compassion focused approach to support people to understand and manage their criminogenic needs
Jon Taylor, Kerensa Hocken The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to argue that to address those factors that contribute to the probability of offending, the origins of such factors should be understood, and interventions that recognise the functional aspects of criminogenic capacities should be developed. The paper provides a theoretical basis for trauma sensitive practice by providing an evolutionary understanding of human harmfulness alongside a summary of the impact of adversity and abuse on the developing child. The paper proposes an ove...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - September 8, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Jon Taylor Kerensa Hocken Source Type: research

Inequalities in women ’s medium or low secure mental health settings: a scoping review
Inequalities in women’s medium or low secure mental health settings: a scoping review Aile Trumm, Kristina Brenisin, Kieran Breen The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The more disadvantaged members of society generally experience poorer outcomes following the development of mental ill-health. The purpose of this paper is to scope the literature and synthesise findings on the inequalities and mental health within secure mental health settings. Six electronic databases were searched to identify relevant studies. These were included if they examined the ass...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - September 3, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Aile Trumm Kristina Brenisin Kieran Breen Source Type: research

The influence of therapy alliance and treatment motivation in patients with Cluster B personality disorders on incidents in forensic hospitals
Maartje Clercx, Vivienne de Vogel, Marike Lancel, Marije Keulen-de Vos The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Nonspecific factors such as therapy alliance and treatment motivation have been shown to be predictive of therapy outcome. However, research investigating these factors among patients with personality disorders, or studies in the context of mandated treatment showed mixed results. A new theory furthermore speculates there may be differences between early formed therapeutic alliance (trait-like) versus alliance formed on the longer term (state-like). This p...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 24, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Maartje Clercx Vivienne de Vogel Marike Lancel Marije Keulen-de Vos Source Type: research

Does the good lives model work? A systematic review of the recidivism evidence
Jenna Zeccola, Sally Fiona Kelty, Douglas Boer The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of good lives model (GLM) interventions on the recidivism outcomes of convicted offenders. The review adhered to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis and Cochrane guidelines. Digital databases were searched and articles reporting outcomes of the GLM amongst convicted offenders and outcomes including recidivism data and pre-post measures of dynamic risk were included in a narrative synthesis. ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 22, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Jenna Zeccola Sally Fiona Kelty Douglas Boer Source Type: research

People hurt people: reconceptualising criminogenic need to promote trauma sensitive and compassion focussed practice
Jon Taylor, Kerensa Hocken The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to outline the human capacity for harmfulness and details the role of trauma and adversity in the consolidation of harmful capacities. The paper is a theoretical overview and offers a rationale for developing more trauma sensitive practices. The paper proposes compassion focussed therapy (CFT) as an overarching approach to organising interventions. The paper invites practitioners to develop a holistic approach to forensic interventions incorporating a collaborative formulati...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 10, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Jon Taylor Kerensa Hocken Source Type: research

The effects of COVID-19 on self-harm in a high-secure psychiatry hospital
This study demonstrates the substantial challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic to secure psychiatric services. Having an awareness of how the pandemic can impact on self-harm is important, as it allows the correct balance of restriction of our patients’ liberty to a degree deemed necessary to control the pandemic and the delivery of effective patient care. The key clinical implications include the importance of direct face-to-face patient contact, effective communication, therapeutic interventions and activities, the psychological impact of quarantine and the influence the pandemic can have on an individual’s func...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 5, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Alexander Challinor Kathryn Naylor Patrick Verstreken Source Type: research

Fit in your genes: an introduction to genes and epigenetics for forensic practitioners
This article aims to introduce forensic practitioners to basic concepts in genetics and epigenetics so that they are able to engage with the relevant literature and understand the far-reaching implications for forensic practice. It is becoming increasingly useful for forensic practitioners to appreciate how life experiences are encoded into biology through epigenetics. This paper highlights the potential of genetic and epigenetic research to provide major contributions to real-world practice in the coming years. It provides a modern biopsychosocial perspective on harmful behaviour and helps deepen the understanding of o...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 3, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Jamie Stephen Walton Source Type: research

Ethnic disparity in mental health legislation at the point of inpatient entry: pilot review in detained adolescents with developmental disorders
This study aims to explore ethnic differences in MHA sections and the factors accounting for this, in an adolescent inpatient developmental disorder service. File reviews were conducted to explore differences in MHA status, as well as demographic, clinical and risk factors that may account for this, between 39 white British and ethnic minority adolescents detained to a specialist inpatient developmental disorder service. Consistent with adult literature, adolescents of an ethnic minority were overrepresented in the sample and were significantly more likely to be detained on Part III or “forensic” sections...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - August 2, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Deborah J. Morris Elanor Lucy Webb Lowri Foster-Davies Paul M. Wallang David Gibbs Peter D. McAllister Farshad Shaddel Source Type: research

Drama education as part of a good lives model treatment approach
Nienke Verstegen, Wineke Smid, Jolijn van der Schoot The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Forensic psychiatric treatment is aimed at reducing violence risk factors (Bonta and Andrews, 2017) and achieving positive, prosocial life goals (Willis et al., 2013). Drama education can be provided as part of this treatment, but the evidence base is scarce. Therefore, the present study aims to provide insight into experiences with drama education as part of forensic psychiatric treatment. A qualitative study was conducted, based on participant observation and 16 interv...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - July 10, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Nienke Verstegen Wineke Smid Jolijn van der Schoot Source Type: research

Access to non-violent pornography in a secure forensic hospital
Thomas Nally, Jane L. Ireland, Kimberley McNeill, Philip Birch, Carol A. Ireland The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to explore non-violent pornography within secure hospital settings. It includes a systematic review (n = 40 papers), followed by a qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews (n = 24, 6 patients and 18 staff) and staff focus groups (n = 22 staff). The systematic review identified six themes, as follows: pornography is inconsistently defined, pornography exposure can increase general aggression, porno...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - July 8, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Thomas Nally Jane L. Ireland Kimberley McNeill Philip Birch Carol A. Ireland Source Type: research

“That’s the way my Wednesdays always go”: reverse-order instructions insufficient to mitigate schema-consistent errors in alibi generation
“That’s the way my Wednesdays always go”: reverse-order instructions insufficient to mitigate schema-consistent errors in alibi generation Joseph Eastwood, Mark D. Snow, Stuart Freedman The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of innocent suspects to produce accurate alibis, as well as to identify procedures police interviewers can use to increase the probability of generating accurate alibis. In Study 1, 54 university students had a lecture (target event) end at either the normal time (schema g...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - July 7, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Joseph Eastwood Mark D. Snow Stuart Freedman Source Type: research

Victim empathy-based content in aggression treatment: exploring impact within a secure forensic hospital
This study aims to explore the impact of inclusion of victim empathy-based content in offender treatment. This study first presents a systematic review of 20 papers before proceeding to consider qualitative interviews with therapists (n = 7) and forensic patients (n = 5), who had completed a long-term violence therapy (Life Minus Violence – Enhanced, LMV-E©). The research explored perceptions of forensic patients and treatment facilitators when completing victim empathy work and explored any negative effects this may have. Findings from the systematic review indicated five themes: interventions incorporati...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - July 7, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Thomas Nally Jane L. Ireland Leah Greenwood Carol A. Ireland Philip Birch Source Type: research

Accessing and engaging with primary health care services following discharge from forensic secure services: the perspectives of service users and mental health practitioners
This study highlights some of the unique challenges in forensics around improving physical health outcomes for individuals with SMI. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - July 2, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Emily Samuels Nicola Moran Source Type: research

Working in a prison: Challenges, rewards, and the impact on mental health and well-being
Sophie Dennard, Derek K. Tracy, Aaron Beeney, Laura Craster, Fiona Bailey, Anisah Baureek, Michael Barton, Jeanette Turrell, Sarah Poynton, Vafo Navkarov, Radha Kothari The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Prisons are uniquely challenging working environments. Staff are often exposed to direct and indirect trauma, impacting negatively on their mental well-being. Due to the limited research into prison staff experience, this paper aims to explore what staff find most challenging, how they cope, what support they would like and rewarding aspects of their work. ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - June 21, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Sophie Dennard Derek K. Tracy Aaron Beeney Laura Craster Fiona Bailey Anisah Baureek Michael Barton Jeanette Turrell Sarah Poynton Vafo Navkarov Radha Kothari Source Type: research

Psychologists as expert witnesses: survey results from the expert witness advisory group (EWAG)
This study aims to build on the results of previous survey studies of psychologists working as expert witnesses in identifying the current challenges faced by EWPsychs. Using a mixed-methods design, a sample 58 practicing psychologist expert witnesses were surveyed, and qualitative data was analysed using a thematic analysis approach. Six overarching themes emerged from the online survey data: training and knowledge, changes to procedure rules and Legal Aid Authority fees, quality of reports, pressures to change opinion, conflict with EWPsychs and expert witness feedback. Over a third of psychologists working as expe...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - June 15, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Leam A. Craig Source Type: research

Self-injurious behaviour in forensic mental health care: a study into the prevalence and characteristics of incidents of self-injury
Vivienne de Vogel, Nienke Verstegen The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Incidents of self-injury by forensic psychiatric patients often have a deleterious impact on all those involved. Moreover, self-injurious behaviour is an important predictor for violence towards others during treatment. The aim of this study is to analyse methods and severity of incidents of self-injury of patients admitted to forensic psychiatry, as well as the diagnoses of self-injuring patients. All incidents of self-injury during treatment in a forensic psychiatric centre recorded be...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - May 10, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Vivienne de Vogel Nienke Verstegen Source Type: research

How do forensic inpatients ’ interpersonal sensitivity to dominance and perceptions of staff coercion impact upon anger and rates of aggression?
How do forensic inpatients’ interpersonal sensitivity to dominance and perceptions of staff coercion impact upon anger and rates of aggression? Jessica Holley, James Tapp, Simon Draycott The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Coercive practices – which are used as means to manage violent/aggressive behaviour in secure forensic settings – have come under scrutiny in recent years due to their paradoxical effects on provoking further service user aggression and violence. Previous research has found relationships between increased service user aggress...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 6, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Jessica Holley James Tapp Simon Draycott Source Type: research

Assessing the risk of self-harm: the impact of safety interventions on the predictive validity of risk assessment in secure care
Alessandra Girardi, Elanor Lucy Webb, Ashimesh Roychowdhury The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp.63-74 Self-harm is a cause of concern for health-care professionals. The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) is a short-term assessment instrument used to rate the likelihood of risk behaviours, including self-harm. As result of the assessment, interventions that are implemented to reduce the risk of self-harm may reduce the strength of the predictive validity of a risk assessment tool. The aim of this study was explore the impact of risk management interventions on the capa...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 2, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Alessandra Girardi Elanor Lucy Webb Ashimesh Roychowdhury Source Type: research

Suicide prevention across the UK criminal justice system: an overview of current provision and future directions
This article represents an overview of the existing literature as well as possible future ideas for policy. It is therefore a piece that represents the viewpoint of all involved authors. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 2, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Stefanie Oliveira Antunes Verity Wainwright Neil Gredecki Source Type: research

Risk classes of patients diagnosed with substance use disorders in Dutch forensic psychiatric centers
This study informed on the heterogeneity of forensic patients with SUD and identified four homogenous classes that differ in important variables for the treatment approach. Based on these classes, a more refined treatment approach can be developed. Possible treatment approaches are discussed, but future research is needed to provide evidence. This study is the first to identify classes within forensic patients with SUD and, therefore, sets the first step to develop a tailored treatment approach based on characteristics informative for treatment. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 2, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Michele Schmitter Jeroen Vermunt Eric Blaauw Stefan Bogaerts Source Type: research

Social climate and hope amongst staff and prisoners in a high security male prison
This study aims to measure staff and prisoner ratings of social climate and their levels of hope in such an establishment. The research adopted a quantitative approach, using the EssenCES and State Hope Scale. Data was analysed using parametric and non-parametric tests to explore correlations/relationships between variables. Findings indicated that higher ratings of social climate were associated with higher levels of hope. Staff rated the social climate more favourably than prisoners, and Category B prisoners had higher levels of hope than Category A prisoners. No significant correlation was found between length of ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - January 14, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Sarah Gibson Source Type: research

Examining the relationship between neuropsychological functioning assessed during admission to a high secure psychiatric care hospital and vulnerability to long-term segregation
This study quantitatively examined the neuropsychological profiles of 80 male HSPC patients as assessed during routine admission assessments, comparing data against any subsequent LTS duration during a one-year period, and a non-LTS control (n = 27). Analysis found individuals who were willing and able to complete a routine neuropsychological admissions assessment spent significantly less time in LTS than those unable to complete the assessment. Performance within a test of novel problem solving (Key Search Test) was significantly worse in the LTS group than controls. Performance within a visual memory task (Immediate R...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - December 21, 2020 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Ishbel McMichael Olivia Tiley Josephine Broyd David Murphy Source Type: research

Listening to women: relational approaches to female offender management
Aisling O’Meara, Meinir Edwards, Jason Davies The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp.1-12 The purpose of this paper is to explore women’s experiences of criminal justice systems to inform the development of guidance on working with women. A two-part, independent samples and qualitative study using semi-structured interviews incorporating both interpretive phenomenological analysis and thematic analysis was conducted. In Study 1, semi-structured interviews were conducted with six women on probation in the community and data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological a...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - November 30, 2020 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Aisling O ’Meara Meinir Edwards Jason Davies Source Type: research

A multi-site survey of forensic nursing assessment
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 2, Page 124-138, May 2019. Purpose A major difficulty identified many years ago in psychiatric care is the shortage of appropriate instruments with which to carry out valid and reliable therapeutic assessments which are behaviourally based and therefore appropriate for use in a variety of contexts. The aim of this project was to ascertain the utility of a forensic nursing risk assessment tool - Behavioural Status Index (BEST-Index). The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach A multi-site cross-sectional survey was undertaken using mixed method desig...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - May 21, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of a transition intervention in a secure setting
This study used a repeated design to explore the effectiveness of a person-centred intervention with 18 transitioning individuals in a medium-secure hospital. Three self-report questionnaires were used to capture data relating to anxiety, coping strategies and how individuals feel about the transition pre- and post-intervention. Whole data sets were achieved in 16 cases. Findings Following the transition intervention, individuals felt more at ease with the transition ahead of them, their use of adaptive coping strategies had significantly increased and their trait anxiety had significantly lowered. Research limitations/imp...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual health principles and the procurement of sexual services: evidence of the interface between sexual health and criminal justice
This study is unique as it brings together principles of sexual health as a tool for examining the procurement of sexual se rvices, a practice that is demonised in many parts of the globe. A consequence of this study is its presentation of a novel understanding for the social practice of procurement that aides in both challenging the stigmatisation and criminalisation of sex work. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A quantitative analysis of attitudes toward pornography use in secure hospitals: sexual, violent and non-offenders
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the attitudes of staff members in secure hospitals and the general population towards pornography use and their decision-making regarding access to pornography. Design/methodology/approach A between participants design was used whereby 324 participants, including 162 staff members and 162 people of general population, answered an online questionnaire. Vignettes were presented of six hypothetical patients in a secure hospital, based on gender (male/female) and offence type (sexual/violent/non-offender). Participants were re...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 9, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

“I’m not different, I’m still a human being […] but I am different.” An exploration of the experiences of transgender prisoners using interpretative phenomenological analysis
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The treatment and placement of transgender individuals within the UK prison system has garnered considerable political and media attention. The purpose of this paper is to present an analysis of the experiences of three transgender women located within a male, category C prison in England. Design/methodology/approach Participants were interviewed and their accounts analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Findings Three overarching themes emerged from the data set: participants ’ experiences of transition; their identity within custody and the ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 9, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Exploring factors affecting attitudes towards rape survivors: the role of sexuality and religiosity
This study indicates: (1) the effect of social correlates other than gender on rape myths; (2) the effect sexuality has on the perception of rape myths; and (3) the effect religiosity has on the perception of rape myths. This study also reveals implications for the reporting, prosecution and conviction of rape cases that may be subject to bias and discrimination due to victim characteristics other than gender. Originality/value Attitudes towards rape survivors based on social correlates other than gender have received little attention within existing literature and research. This paper adds to this discussion by considerin...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 9, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Applicability of the DUNDRUM-1 in a forensic Belgium setting
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 85-94, January 2019. Purpose Criteria to determine in which level of security forensic patients should receive treatment are currently non-existent in Belgium. Research regarding the assessment of security level is minimal and few instruments are available. The DUNDRUM toolkit is a structured clinical judgement instrument that can be used to provide support when determining security level. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the applicability and validity of the DUNDRUM-1 in Flanders. Design/methodology/approach The DUNDRUM-1 was scored for 50 male patients ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - March 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Victimisation and addictive careers amongst women in Malta
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 71-84, January 2019. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical analysis of the pathways of female addicts within the Maltese context by highlighting the complex interrelatedness between substance abuse and victimisation. This paper proposes that female addiction and victimisation trajectories unfold in a non-linear fashion, heavily influenced by particular socio-psychological processes. Design/methodology/approach Guided by a career approach conceptual framework, this study was carried out through an in-depth exploration of the victimisation and ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - March 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Service evaluation of the need for care and clinical risk management procedures using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) secure
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 61-70, January 2019. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore whether the current forensic mental health inpatient population within a medium secure unit is more or less complex (i.e. clinical and risk presentations) than former years using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) secure. Additionally, the use of the HoNOS secure as a service-wide measure is discussed in terms of its usefulness. Clinical implications and recommendations are offered for the continued use of the HoNOS secure in services more widely. Design/methodology/approach A retrospec...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - March 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Integrated substance use rehabilitation in a secure forensic facility
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 50-60, January 2019. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to inform the development of an evidence-based and effective rehabilitation programme to address substance use disorders in a population of patients with severe mental illness and mental disorders detained in a secure forensic psychiatric facility. A clinical review identified a high prevalence of substance use disorders in the patient population at a secure forensic facility in Sydney, Australia with only a limited number of patients being assessed and offered interventions for substance use problems. Design...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - March 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

An exploration of MDT views on key factors to consider when determining a service users required level of security
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify what key factors multi-disciplinary teams (MDT) deem as most important when making the decision to move service users from one level of security (including low, medium and high secure services) to another. The researchers used the findings from this study to further develop a tool; the assessment for level of security tool (ALS), which aims to structure and streamline this decision-making process. Design/methodology/approach Data from 18 interviews (MDT staff) were analysed using the Delphi technique (Dalkey and Helmer, 1963)...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 20, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Making sense of being recalled: a grounded theory
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose A high proportion of forensic mental health service users (FSUs) are recalled to secure hospitals from conditional discharge in the community. The limited research on recall to date has preliminarily identified why FSUs are recalled, but not how they make sense of the process. The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual understanding of how FSUs make sense of being recalled to hospital. Design/methodology/approach A constructivist grounded theory approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 11 FSUs from different levels of forensic se...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 20, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

“Give it a Try”: experiences of black, Asian and minority ethnic young men in a prison-based offender personality disorder service
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose Within the current offender personality disorder (OPD) pathway in the UK, black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) populations are underrepresented. Fewer BAME offenders are engaging with services despite being proportionately identified for inclusion and referred on to the pathway. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach This qualitative study explored the experiences of 11 BAME men engaged in a prison-based OPD service for young offenders to identify the highlights and challenges of engagement within the service and to what extent they exp...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - November 27, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The multi-component model of harmful sexual behaviour for people with autism and co-morbid intellectual disabilities – a theory and practice guide
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore to what extent neuro-typical theories of sexual offending apply to clients with Levels 2 and 3 autism with a co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). The paper develops a model of harmful sexual behaviour (HSB) for this client group and makes suggestions for how these behaviours can be understood and reduced. Design/methodology/approach The revised Integrated Theory of Sexual Offending (ITSO) (Ward and Beech, 2016) is used as a starting framework to understand HSB in this client group. This attends to specific neuropsychologica...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - November 15, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Does PTSD predict institutional violence within a UK male prison population?
This study provides new research into the UK prison population. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - October 30, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Commercial sexual exploitation of children: victim characteristics
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), specifically child trafficking, prostitution, pornography, and enticement, has become a burgeoning topic over the past several decades. The purpose of this paper is to determine the characteristics of those victims who were at risk for sex trafficking, prostitution, pornography, and traveling/enticement. Design/methodology/approach This observational, survey design includes a records review of 18 victims who were identified by the FBI Miami Field Office. Case illustrations are provided for a more in-depth an...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - October 24, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Exploration of “Talking Groups” within a medium secure setting
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore patient and staff views of a new intervention “Talking Groups” within a medium secure setting. Design/methodology/approach Seven patients and eight members of staff who had attended Talking Groups in the medium secure wards participated in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. Find ings The analysis revealed four key themes related to the aims, content and perceived benefits of Talking Groups: information; relationship building; engagement and patient involvem...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - October 18, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Social competencies and the sociomoral reflectiveness of imprisoned fraudsters
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose Although fraud is widespread, little remains known about the specific psychological characteristics of fraudsters that can be used in prevention or treatment. The purpose of this paper is therefore to examine the socio-emotional competencies and moral judgement abilities of convicted fraudsters in comparison with other groups of offenders. Design/methodology/approach The investigation included imprisoned face-to-face fraudsters (n=11), imprisoned violent offenders (n=10) and non-offenders who had completed the Emotional Competence Questionnaire and the Sociomoral Re...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - October 16, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The prevalence of mental health difficulties in a sample of prisoners in Trinidadian prisons referred for anger management
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the prevalence of mental health disorder symptoms in a sample of prisoners in Trinidadian prisons who volunteered to attend anger management groups. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted using the 90-item Symptom Check-List revised (SCL-90-R) which was administered to prisoners in groups within the prison system. In total 132 prisoners (about 9 per cent of the prison population) completed the measure. The effect sizes of prisoners ’ similarities to a psychiatric inpatient group and their differences from a ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - October 16, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The sequencing of interventions with offenders: views of offender managers and supervisors
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the views and opinions of offender supervisors and offender managers regarding the sequencing of interventions for prisoners in England. More specifically, the research aims to gain an understanding of any barriers to implementing desired practice. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten participants located across four HM prisons in the West Midlands. Questions were designed to gather information and views regarding: current practice in the area of sequencing of interventions; opinions o...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - June 22, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Witness interview strategy for critical incidents (WISCI)
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose High-profile critical incidents involving multiple witnesses, particularly terrorist attacks, have increased over the years. The purpose of this paper is to describe the components of a witness interview strategy for this type of investigation. Central to these cases is a need for a triage system which deals with a large number of witness/victim interviews that must be conducted fast time. Design/methodology/approach This paper was developed based on the experience of the authors who provide practical advice and support to these types of investigations and a dialogu...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - June 14, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Psychosocial approaches for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings: a rapid review
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the psychosocial approaches that have been studied and for which positive outcomes have been reported for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings. Design/methodology/approach A rapid review of the literature was undertaken. A search was conducted on MEDLINE and PsycNET electronic databases. Each identified approach was analyzed to define their types and components. Findings In total, 24 studies pertaining to 18 different psychosocial approaches were identified. Half of the studies used...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 24, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Psychologists ’ understanding of the factors influencing successful treatment in a secure forensic environment
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose Literature suggests that mentally disordered offenders are considerably more difficult to treat and slower to respond to psychological treatment. Less is known about the particular factors that can contribute to this resistance. A more comprehensive understanding of the factors that treating psychologists feel can promote or inhibit progression through rehabilitative treatment may increase the likelihood of positive clinical outcomes. This paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach Four practising psychologists employed within a male medium- and...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - April 11, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Socially creative activities in Psychologically Informed Planned Environments: engaging and relating in the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose Major developments in the management of and intervention for people with significant personality difficulties who have offended are continuing, most recently with the implementation of the Offender Personality Disorder (Department of Health/National Offender Management Service (DoH/NOMS), 2011) Pathway. Included in this, is the Psychologically Informed Planned Environment model, currently being implemented in Prisons and Probation Approved Premises. This model includes the provision of “socially creative activities” (Benefield et al., 2018), opportunitie...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Expression of concern
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Concerns have been raised with Emerald surrounding the following article: “Outcomes of secure forensic older adult inpatients compared to younger adult inpatients”, Journal of Forensic Practice (JFP), https://doi.org/10.1108/JFP-09-2017-0035”. Emerald has removed this article pending further investigation. We apologise to the readers of JFP for any inconvenience caused. (Source: Journal of Forensic Practice)
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 16, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual aggression in sport
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the sexual aggression in sport literature, including an analysis of interventions delivered to athletes that focus on the role of the coach and wider sporting community. The paper will also discuss the limitations of applying such prevention methods and possible directions for future research. Design/methodology/approach This paper provides an overview of research investigating the prevalence of sexually aggressive behaviour perpetrated by athletes, theoretical explanations of their sexual misconduct, and the ap...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 14, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Staff support procedures in a low-secure forensic service
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose Staff working in forensic inpatient settings are at increased risk of harm perpetrated by patients. Support offered in response to such incidents can have a significant impact on how staff recover. The purpose of this paper is to explore how staff support procedures implemented in one low-secure forensic service impacted on staff recovery. Design/methodology/approach In total, 11 members of staff who had direct patient contact volunteered from an opportunity sample. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with each participant, asking about experiences of abuse at...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - February 9, 2018 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research