Activities of daily living, life orientation, and health-related quality of life among older people in nursing homes: a national cross-sectional study in China
ConclusionA sizeable proportion of older people had ADL disability and negative life orientation, and HRQoL was poor among older Chinese people in nursing homes. Life orientation partially mediates the relationship between ADLs and HRQoL. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Trend in health-related quality of life and health utility and their decrements due to non-communicable diseases and risk factors: analysis of four population-based surveys between 1998 and 2015
AbstractPurposeTo revisit the population norms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health utility for the Hong Kong general population, compare these scores over past health surveys, and assess the association of scores with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors.MethodsHRQoL data measured by the standard Short Form 12 Health Survey-version 2 (SF-12v2) were extracted from the surveys in 1998, 2003/2004, 2008/2009 and 2014/2015. SF-12v2 data were mapped to the Short-form 6-dimension (SF-6D) preference-based measure to generate the health utility scores. Population weighting based on the sex and ag...
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patterns of racial/ethnic disparities in baseline health-related quality of life and relationship with overall survival in patients with colorectal cancer
ConclusionThese findings suggest that racial/ethnic disparities in CRC survival may be related to differences in HR-QoL. Identified mediators of HR-QoL could supplement current CRC management strategies to improve patients ’ survival. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life of women after HPV testing as triage strategy for an abnormal Pap smear: a nested randomized pragmatic trial in a middle-income country
AbstractBackgroundInformation obtained in studies on the impact of human papilloma virus (HPV) testing on health-related quality of life is contradictory.ObjectiveTo assess the impact on health-related quality of life of the HPV test, colposcopy, and cytology as triage strategies after a cytology with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) in Medell ín, Colombia.MethodsWe carried out a nested analysis on the randomized pragmatic trial (ASCUS-COL). Women with ASCUS were assigned randomly to one of the 3 arms (Pap smear, colposcopy, HPV). Participants completed a questionnaire at baseline, two we...
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Measurement properties of preference-based measures for economic evaluation in COPD: a systematic review
ConclusionGeneric preference-based measures ’ sensitivity to change and ability to discriminate between different disease severities in COPD was poorly supported. Future research may consider examining the development of COPD-specific preference-based measures that may allow for a more accurate detection of change and discrimination among d isease severities to facilitate cost-effectiveness evaluations. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations of light-intensity physical activity with quality of life, functioning and fatigue after colorectal cancer
ConclusionHigher levels of LPA were longitudinally associated with better HRQoL and less fatigue in CRC survivors up to two years post-treatment. Further prospective studies using accelerometer data are necessary to inform development of interventions targeting LPA. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The influence of trait mindfulness on depression in multiple sclerosis: potential implications for treatment
This study seeks to add to existing literature on depression and illness intrusiveness in chronic disorders by examining, (1) how the perceived intrusiveness of multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to depression, (2) and the mediating role trait mindfulness plays in this relationshipMethodsParticipants (N = 755) were persons with MS (PwMS) recruited through the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) registry (a larger study). Participants completed the Illness Intrusiveness Ratings Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. A mediation model assessed if tra...
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Content validity of the ASQoL for use in a non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis population: a qualitative study
ConclusionsOur results represent an important first step in confirming the relevance of the concepts in the ASQoL to patients with nr-axSpA, supporting quantitative assessment of ASQoL validity in this population. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - July 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pain catastrophizing mediates the negative influence of pain and trait-anxiety on health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia
ConclusionsPatients with FMS exhibited markedly lower HRQoL than healthy individuals. While pain catastrophizing was inversely related to several domains of HRQL, associations were positive for cognitive distraction. Catastrophizing mediates the negative influence of clinical pain and trait-anxiety on HRQoL. Therefore, cognitive behavioral treatments focused on adaptive management and control of catastrophizing and negative emotional states may be helpful. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Validation and calibration of the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system: Pediatric PROMIS ® Emotional Distress domain item banks, Portuguese version (Brazil/Portugal)
ConclusionThe results obtained indicate the adequacy of the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version (Brazil/Portugal) of the Anger, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms item banks of the Pediatric PROMIS® Emotional Distress domain. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A moderated mediation model of perceived stress, negative emotions and mindfulness on fertility quality of life in women with recurrent pregnancy loss
This study aimed to investigate the level of fertility related quality of life (FertiQoL) in women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), and to further examine moderated mediation effects of dispositional mindfulness and negative emotions on the relationship between perceived stress and FertiQoL.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted with 262 participants recruited from the infertility outpatient clinics. A self-administered, structured questionnaire including the Simplified Chinese version of FertiQoL tool, the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10), the Chinese Version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predictors of health-related quality of life among military HIV-infected individuals
AbstractObjectivesTo determine long-term predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and evaluate the treatment effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HRQOL in the US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS) cohort.MethodsParticipants were a nested cohort of the NHS who responded to the Rand Short Form 36 questionnaire administered from 2006 to 2010. Physical component summary scores (PCS) and mental component summary scores (MCS) were computed using standard algorithms. HAART-status was categorized as non-protease inhibitor-based (NPI-HAART), protease inhibitor-based (PI-HAART), HAART-na ï...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of a single-item visual analog scale measuring goals of care in patients with advanced cancer
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a single-item visual analog scale (VAS) to measure goals of care in patients with advanced cancer.MethodsData were obtained from 378 patients with diagnoses of advanced lung, gastrointestinal, or pancreatic cancer. Goal of care was measured at baseline and every 3  months until patient death or completion of the 15-month study period. A single-item VAS ranging from 0 (quality of life is all that matters) to 100 (length of life is all that matters) was used to measure patients’ goals of care for all study subjects; a subsample ...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patient experiences of an electronic PRO tailored feedback system for symptom management following upper gastrointestinal cancer surgery
ConclusionPatients recovering at home following major cancer surgery regarded electronic symptom-monitoring and feedback as acceptable and beneficial. Patients perceived that the system enhanced information provision and provided a direct link to their care team. Patients felt that the system provided reassurance at a time of uncertainty and isolation, enabling them to feel in control of their symptoms and recovery. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Can survey data facilitate local priority setting? Experience from the Igunga and Nzega districts in Tanzania
This study aimed to investigate whether a local survey applying EQ-5D and SAGE could provide data valuable in setting priorities.MethodologyA cross-sectional household survey was used to collect information from a total of 1,899 elderly individuals aged 60  years and over living in the Nzega and Igunga districts using the WHO-SAGE and EQ-5D questionnaires. QALY weights were generated using the average of an EQ-5D index. A multivariable regression model was performed to analyse the effect of socioeconomic factors and self-rated health status on the EQ -5D index, using a linear regression model.ResultsThe confidence int...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life after injury: examining the roles of perceived daily-life stress and injury perceptions
ConclusionThese findings underscore the importance of perceived daily stress, gender, and injury perceptions as key factors for explaining variance in HRQL following injury. In addition to their conceptual contributions, the findings have clinical implications for treating injured populations. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How the EQ-5D utilities are derived matters in Chinese diabetes patients: a comparison based on different EQ-5D scoring functions for China
ConclusionThe 3L2014 utilities is more discriminative than the 3L2018 utilities; and the two c5L utilities have no worse discriminative power compared with the 5L utilities. The choice of the approach to calculating the EQ-5D utilities is likely to affect QALY estimates. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Using a quality of life (QoL)-monitor: preliminary results of a randomized trial in Dutch patients with early breast cancer
AbstractPurposeThe diagnosis and treatment of cancer negatively affect patients ’ physical, functional and psychological wellbeing. Patients’ needs for care cannot be addressed unless they are recognized by healthcare providers (HCPs). The use of quality of life (QoL) assessments with feedback to HCPs might facilitate the identification and discussion of QoL-topics.Methods113 patients with stage I –IIIB breast cancer treated with chemotherapy were included in this randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either usual care, or usual care with an intervention consisting of a ...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Known-groups validity and responsiveness to change of the Patient Experience with Treatment and Self-management (PETS vs. 2.0): a patient-reported measure of treatment burden
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to test the known-groups validity and responsiveness to change of the Patient Experience with Treatment and Self-management (PETS, vs. 2.0), a measure of treatment burden.MethodsThe PETS and other standard measures were mailed at baseline and 12-month follow-up to adults living with multiple chronic conditions in southeast Minnesota (USA). A sample of 365 people (mean age  = 62.1 years) completed both surveys. Baseline, 12-month, and changes in PETS burden scores were examined. Clinical anchors used to test validity included number of diagnoses (2–4 vs. 5+), ...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the child perceptions questionnaire for 8 –10-year-old children
ConclusionsThe Arabic CPQ8 –10 was valid and reliable; therefore, it can be utilized with Arabic-speaking children in this age group. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Development and content validation of a questionnaire measuring patient empowerment in cancer follow-up
ConclusionsThis study documents the theoretical and empirical basis for the development of the CPEQ and its content validity. The CPEQ provides a tool for researchers to assess the level of, desire for, and enablement of empowerment among cancer patients. The next steps will be to use the CPEQ in a nationwide study of empowerment in cancer follow-up and subsequently shorten the CPEQ based on psychometric methods in order to make it more relevant in clinical studies. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life overview after different curative treatment options in muscle-invasive bladder cancer: an umbrella review
ConclusionThis umbrella review gives a comprehensive overview of the available evidence to date. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Resilience is associated with health-related quality of life in caregivers of service members and veterans following traumatic brain injury
AbstractPurposeTo examine factors related to resilience in military caregivers across caregiver health-related quality of life (HRQOL), caregiver sociodemographic variables, and service member/veteran (SMV) injury and health status.MethodsCaregivers (N = 346, Female = 96.2%; Spouse = 91.0%; Age:M = 40.6 years, SD = 9.3) of SMVs following a mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating TBI were recruited from U.S. military treatment facilities and via community outreach. Caregivers completed select TBI-CareQOL and NIH Toolbox scales, the Caregiver Appraisal...
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Proposal to extend the PROMIS ® item bank v2.0 ‘Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities’: item generation and content validity
DiscussionThe relevance, comprehensibility and comprehensiveness of the 17 proposed items were supported. Whether the proposed extension of the item bank leads to better psychometric properties of the item bank should be tested in a large-scale field study. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

SF-6D health state utilities for lifestyle, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of a large international cohort of people with multiple sclerosis
ConclusionModifiable lifestyle factors including healthy diet, increased physical activity and supplement use were associated with higher HRQOL among people with MS. The SF-6D instrument revealed significant discriminatory power in this international cohort of people with MS. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - June 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

EORTC QLU-C10D value sets for Austria, Italy, and Poland
ConclusionQLU-C10D cancer-specific utilities can now be calculated in three more countries. Differences between countries indicate that careful consideration is required when using non-country-specific value sets in economic evaluations. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sleep disturbance and quality of life in clinically stable inpatients with schizophrenia in rural China
ConclusionsThe depressive symptoms of inpatients with schizophrenia should receive more attention. More targeted interventions, such as the early identification and treatment of depression, should be promptly administered to improve the patient ’s hospitalization experience. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Development of algorithms to estimate EQ-5D and derive health utilities from WHOQOL-HIV Bref: a mapping study
ConclusionsMapping EQ-5D-3L responses or deriving health utilities directly from WHOQOL-HIV Bref responses can be a valid alternative for settings with no preference-based health utility data. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Standardized assessment, information, and networking technologies (SAINTs): lessons from three decades of development and testing
ConclusionTechnologies that evolve to include the characteristics described here will deliver more effective tools for patients, providers, payers, and policymakers and give patients control over sharing their data with those who need it in real time. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Calibration of a physical functioning item bank for measurement of health-related quality of life in Singapore
ConclusionThe 55-item Singapore PF item bank provides an adequate tool for measuring the lower end of PF, with greatest potential utility in healthcare settings where restoration to normal physical functioning is the goal of intervention. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between racial discrimination and health-related quality of life and the impact of social relationships
ConclusionThis study provides evidence that social relationships may moderate the impact of racial discrimination on mental health and should be integrated into health promotion efforts. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Letter to editor regarding “RespOnse Shift ALgorithm in Item response theory (ROSALI) for response shift detection with missing data in longitudinal patient-reported outcome studies”
(Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The impact of resilience on healthy aging with multiple sclerosis
ConclusionResilience contributed minimally (but significantly) to healthy aging. Older participants scoring higher on resilience reported healthier lifestyle behaviors (more exercise, better diet) and social/financial support compared to lower scoring respondents. Our findings suggest that self-management programs for older persons with MS should focus on three key factors to foster healthy aging: depression, fatigue and resilience. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Potentially inappropriate medications use and its association with health-related quality of life among elderly cardiac patients
This study aimed to determine the association between PIMs use and HRQoL among elderly cardiac outpatients.MethodA descriptive, non-experimental, cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2018 to September 2018 in two outpatient departments of tertiary-care hospitals in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The population under study were patients aged  ≥ 65 years with at least one cardiovascular condition taking at ≥ 1 prescribed medication. Patients with PIMs were identified by using Beers criteria. HRQoL was assessed using EuroQoL-5 dimension (EQ-5D) and EuroQoL-visual analogue sc...
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does the single-item self-rated health measure the same thing across different wordings? Construct validity study
ConclusionThe three SRH forms were not equivalent in terms of construct validity. Studies examining the evolution of SRH over time with surveys using different forms should use the linear coding scheme to maximise equivalence between SRH forms. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors associated with poor-to-moderate quality of life among pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia
ConclusionNearly one-quarter of Malaysian women with GDM have poor-to-moderate QOL. GDM women with a family history of depression and/or anxiety, family history of GDM, and those who received insulin, with or without OHA, and/or are on diet modification were associated with poor-to-moderate QOL.Trial registration: NMRR-17-2264-37814. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Calidad de Vida: a systematic review of quality of life in Latino cancer survivors in the USA
DiscussionFindings from this review point to the need for more systematic and tailored interventions to address HRQOL needs among this growing cancer survivor population. Future HRQOL research on Hispanics/Latinos should evaluate variations in HRQOL needs across cancer types and Hispanic/Latino subgroups and assess HRQOL needs during metastatic and end-of-life disease phases. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Genetic polymorphisms and haplotypes of BRCA1 gene associated with quality of life and survival among patients with non-small-cell lung cancer
AbstractPurposeQuality of life (QoL) and prognosis of lung cancer (LC) patients are poor. Previous studies focused less on the relationship between genetic factors and the QoL of LC patients. The current study is intended to explore the association of SNPs and haplotypes of BRCA1 and the QoL and survival of patients with LC.MethodsQOL of 291 non-small-cell LC patients was measured by EORTC Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire ‐Lung Cancer 13 (QLQ-LC13) before discharge. Three tag SNPs of the BRCA1 gene (rs1799966, rs3737559, rs8067269) were detected using an improved multip...
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mapping the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) onto the Assessment of Quality of Life 8D (AQoL-8D) utility scores
This study aims to develop a mapping algorithm between the MLHFQ and the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) 8D utility instrument in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).MethodsMLHFQ and AQoL-8D data were collected on 61 Australian adults with idiopathic DCM or other non-hypertrophic cardiomyopathies. Three statistical methods were used as follows: ordinary least squares (OLS) regression, the robust MM estimator, and the generalised linear models (GLM). Each included a range of explanatory variables. Model performance was assessed using key goodness-of-fit measures, the mean absolute error (MAE), and the root-mean-...
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Nonrestorative sleep scale: a reliable and valid short form of the traditional Chinese version
ConclusionThe 9-item Chinese NRSS is a reliable and valid tool to measure nonrestorative sleep for epidemiological studies. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life scores of typically developing children and adolescents around the world: a meta-analysis with meta-regression
Conclusions about HRQL are difficult to make as the participants are likely drawn from different countries. A global estimate of HRQL with estimates of variation would permit pooling of data from diverse sources. The aim was to estimate a global HRQL score of typically developing children and adolescents on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL ™) and to identify sources of variation across studies.MethodsA systematic search was conducted in December 2018 on four databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Inclusion criteria were all population health studies or validation studies using the self-report...
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Identifying clinically meaningful severity categories for PROMIS pediatric measures of anxiety, mobility, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in juvenile idiopathic arthritis and childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
ConclusionThis study resulted in clinical thresholds for severity categories for PROMIS Pediatric measures of anxiety, mobility, fatigue, and depressive symptoms, providing greater interpretability of scores in JIA and cSLE populations. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life of type 2 diabetes patients hospitalized for a diabetes-related complication
ConclusionsThe HRQoL of T2DM inpatients with a complication was considerably impaired. Our estimates provide supplementary data for public health and cost-effectiveness modeling, and increase the breadth of knowledge of HRQoL in T2DM. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with advanced melanoma receiving immunotherapies in real-world clinical practice settings
AbstractBackgroundPembrolizumab (PEMBRO) and ipilimumab  + nivolumab (IPI + NIVO) are approved advanced melanoma (AM) immunotherapies. To address limited health-related quality of life (QoL) real-world evidence with immunotherapies in AM, we compared QoL in AM patients receiving either treatment in clinical practice.MethodsA prospective US observational study enrolled adult AM patients initiating first-line PEMBRO or IPI  + NIVO between June 2017 and March 2018. Endpoints included the QLQ-C30 global health score (GHS) and EuroQol visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) scores. Mean changes we...
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Better sleep, better life? How sleep quality influences children ’s life satisfaction
ConclusionChildren who sleep well have happier lives than those with more disturbed sleep. Given the modifiable nature of children ’s sleep quality, this study offers evidence to inform future interventional studies on specific mechanisms to improve children’s well-being. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Caregiver burden and health-related quality of life among primary family caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionFamily-focused interventions for caregivers of institutionalized persons with schizophrenia that include psychological support and peer support groups are recommended to enhance mutuality and family coping strategies, reduce caregiver burden, and improve HRQoL. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The association of stroke severity with health-related quality of life in survivors of acute cerebrovascular disease and their informal caregivers during the first year post stroke: a survey study
ConclusionThe informal caregivers and survivors with TIA did not report lower than expected HRQoL. Increasing stroke severity was associated with decreasing HRQoL among survivors, but had limited predictive value among caregivers. Other factors may therefore be better indicators of ‘at risk’ caregivers. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Proxy reliability of the 12-item world health organization disability assessment schedule II among adult patients with mental disorders
In this study, 205 pairs of patients with mental disorders and primary family caregivers were consecutively recruited from one inpatient mental health department in a large hospital in China. All participants completed the 12-item version WHODAS 2.0 to assess patients ’ functioning in the 30 days prior to the hospitalization. Measurement invariance, including configural, metric and scalar invariance, was tested across patient and proxy groups, using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis. Agreement between patients and proxies was examined by paired Wilcoxon tests and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC)....
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Early and sustained improvement in fatigue-related quality of life following red blood cell transfusion in outpatients
ConclusionPatient-reported fatigue varies widely among older adult outpatients with hematologic disorders. Nonetheless, trajectory modeling suggests that most anemic patients can expect a noticeable improvement in fatigue in the first few days after transfusion that generally is sustained up to 4  weeks. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Global mapping of interventions to improve quality of life of patients with depression during 1990 –2018
ConclusionIt is necessary to increase support of the treatment of depression in LMICs as well as applied non-pharmacological interventions to patients with depression. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - April 28, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research