IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2516: Risk Analysis for Patient Safety in Surgical Departments: Cross-Sectional Design Usefulness
Conclusions: Surgical departments were associated with a higher risk of experiencing AEs. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ver ónica Aranaz Ostáriz Mar ía Teresa Gea Velázquez de Castro Francisco L ópez Rodríguez-Arias Jos é Lorenzo Valencia Martín Carlos Aibar Rem ón Juana Requena Puche Cristina D íaz-Agero Pérez Antonio Fernando Compa ñ Rosique Jes ús María Ar Tags: Article Source Type: research

Type 2 diabetes prevalence among Andean immigrants and natives in a Southern European City
ConclusionAndean adults showed greater odds of T2DM compared with Spanish native adults in Madrid, with variation observed by age and sex. These findings emphasize the need for studying immigrant populations in a disaggregated manner to implement specific clinical and preventive approaches. (Source: Acta Diabetologica)
Source: Acta Diabetologica - April 6, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prospective cohort study of influenza vaccine effectiveness among healthcare personnel in Lima, Peru: Estudio Vacuna de Influenza Peru, 2016-2018.
uijandria JM, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Thompson MG, VIP Cohort Study Working Group Abstract BACKGROUND: The Estudio Vacuna de Influenza Peru (VIP) cohort aims to describe the frequency of influenza virus infection, identify predictors of vaccine acceptance, examine the effects of repeated influenza vaccination on immunogenicity, and evaluate influenza vaccine effectiveness among HCP. METHODS: The VIP cohort prospectively followed HCP in Lima, Peru, during the 2016-2018 influenza seasons; a fourth year is ongoing. Participants contribute blood samples before and after the influenza season and after influenza vacci...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 5, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wesley MG, Soto G, Arriola CS, Gonzales M, Newes-Adeyi G, Romero C, Veguilla V, Levine MZ, Silva M, Ferdinands JM, Dawood FS, Reynolds SB, Hirsch A, Katz M, Matos E, Ticona E, Castro J, Castillo M, Bravo E, Cheung A, Phadnis R, Martin ET, Tinoco Y, Neyra Tags: Influenza Other Respir Viruses Source Type: research

Novel compound heterozygous variant of BSCL2 identified by whole exome sequencing and multiplex ligation ‑dependent probe amplification in an infant with congenital generalized lipodystrophy.
This study reported on a 2‑month‑old male infant diagnosed with CGL with generalized lipoatrophy and skin hyperpigmentation. Whole exome sequencing (WES) identified a heterozygous small insertion (c.545_546insCCG) in Berardinelli‑Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 (BSCL2) that was inherited from the infant's mother. Copy number variation analysis using exome data suggested a heterozygous deletion involving exon 3 that was inherited from the infant's father. This finding was confirmed by multiplex ligation‑dependent probe amplification test. Gap‑PCR revealed breakpoints and confirmed a 1274 bp heterozy...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - April 4, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research

Dynamics of depressive symptoms and within-country migration among Peruvian women.
CONCLUSION: Despite a reduction in the overall burden of depressive symptoms, the migrant subgroup population has a higher probability of presenting these symptoms. Mental health strategies for migrant women are a priority in Peru. PMID: 32237886 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rural and Remote Health)
Source: Rural and Remote Health - April 4, 2020 Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research

Marine species as safe source of LC-PUFA and micronutrients: insights in new promising marine food in Peru
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): I. Loaiza, M. De Troch, G. De Boeck (Source: Food Chemistry)
Source: Food Chemistry - April 3, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Sexual dimorphism of mental foramen position in peruvian subjects: A cone-beam-computed tomography study
Conclusions: Horizontal position of the MF is not a sexually dimorphic feature and it is predominantly in line and below the second premolar tooth. Women present the MF in a more caudal position, closer to the mandibular base when compared to men. (Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research)
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yalil Augusto Rodr & #237;guez-C & #225;rdenas Manuel Casas-Campana Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guill & #233;n Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo Gustavo Armando Ruiz-Mora Maria Eugenia Guerrero Source Type: research

National trends in age-standardized incidence and mortality rates of acute kidney injury in Peru.
CONCLUSIONS: During the study period, incidence of AKI increased and mortality decreased, with heterogeneous variations among regions. PMID: 32227068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - April 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research

Lepidiline A Improves the Balance of Endogenous Sex Hormones and Increases Fecundity by Targeting HSD17B1
ConclusionLA improved the balance of endogenous sex hormones and increased fecundity by targeting HSD17B1. This underlying mechanism of action provides a useful insight into the application of maca in the regulation of dietary nutrition and healthy fertility.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - April 1, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Chuanjing Cheng, Fukui Shen, Guoyu Ding, Aina Liu, Simeng Chu, Yuejiao Ma, Xiaotao Hou, Erwei Hao, Xiaoying Wang, Yuanyuan Hou, Gang Bai Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Is salt substitution ready for prime time?
Nature Reviews Cardiology, Published online: 27 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41569-020-0365-0Salt substitutes hold great potential for the control of blood pressure and prevention of chronic disease, but the evidence base remains inadequate. Data from a community-based trial in Peru add to this evidence base and support the conduct of large-scale trials to drive the global uptake of salt substitution. (Source: Nature Reviews Cardiology)
Source: Nature Reviews Cardiology - March 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bruce Neal Matti Marklund Source Type: research

Characterization of distinct strains of an aphid-transmitted ilarvirus (Fam. Bromoviridae) infecting different hosts from South America.
Abstract Potato yellowing virus (PYV, original code SB-22), an unassigned member of the Genus Ilarvirus Family Bromoviridae, has been reported infecting potatoes in Peru, Ecuador and Chile. It is associated with symptomless infections, however yellowing of young leaves has been observed in some potato cultivars. Thirteen potato and yacon isolates were selected after routine screening of CIP-germplasm and twenty-four were identified from 994 potato plants collected in Peru whereas one was intercepted from yacon in the UK. These isolates were identified using high throughput sequencing, ELISA, host range, RT-PCR. He...
Source: Virus Research - March 25, 2020 Category: Virology Authors: Silvestre R, Fuentes S, Risco R, Berrocal A, Adams I, Fox A, Cuellar WJ, Kreuze J Tags: Virus Res Source Type: research

Spatio-temporal co-occurrence of hotspots of tuberculosis, poverty and air pollution in Lima, Peru
AbstractGrowing evidence suggests pollution and other environmental factors have a role in the development of tuberculosis (TB), however, such studies have never been conducted in Peru. Considering the association between air pollution and specific geographic areas, our objective was to determine the spatial distribution and clustering of TB incident cases in Lima and their co-occurrence with clusters of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and poverty. We found co-occurrences of clusters of elevated concentrations of air pollutants such as PM2.5, high poverty indexes, and high TB incidence in Lima. These findings suggest an in...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - March 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Fecal Contamination of Drinking Water Was Associated with Diarrheal Pathogen Carriage among Children Younger than 5 Years in Three Peruvian Rural Communities.
ha CA Abstract Drinking water contamination is a frequent problem in developing countries and could be associated with bacterial pathogen carriage in feces. We evaluated the association between the risk of drinking water and bacterial carrier status in children younger than 5 years in a cross-sectional study conducted in 199 households from three Peruvian rural communities. Fecal samples from children were screened for pathogenic Aeromonas, Campylobacter, and Vibrio species, as well as for Enterobacteriaceae, including pathogenic Escherichia coli. The drinking water risk was determined using E. coli as an indicato...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - March 23, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Loyola S, Sanchez JF, Maguiña E, Canal E, Castillo R, Bernal M, Meza Y, Tilley DH, Oswald WE, Heitzinger K, Lescano AG, Rocha CA Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Viral hepatitis in the Peruvian Amazon: Ethnomedical context and phytomedical resource
Publication date: 12 June 2020Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 255Author(s): Vincent Roumy, Lastenia Ruiz, Juan Celidonio Ruiz Macedo, Andrea-Luz Gutierrez-Choquevilca, Jennifer Samaillie, Leonor Arévalo Encinas, Wilfredo Ruiz Mesia, Hivelli Ericka Ricopa Cotrina, Céline Rivière, Sevser Sahpaz, Simon Bordage, Guillaume Garçon, Jean Dubuisson, Sebastien Anthérieu, Karin Seron, Thierry Hennebelle (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - March 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Malaria in Gold Miners in the Guianas and the Amazon: Current Knowledge and Challenges
AbstractPurpose of ReviewFollowing Paraguay and Argentina, several countries from the Amazon region aim to eliminate malaria. To achieve this, all key affected and vulnerable populations by malaria, including people working on gold mining sites, must be considered. What is the situation of malaria in these particular settings and what are the challenges? This literature review aims to compile knowledge to answer these questions.Recent FindingsThe contexts in which gold miners operate are very heterogeneous: size and localization of mines, links with crime, administrative status of the mines and of the miners, mobility of t...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - March 21, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Patch Testing Results From the Massachusetts General Hospital Contact Dermatitis Clinic, 2007-2016.
CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance of ACD trends is essential to detect emerging sensitizers. Patch testing is an important diagnostic tool for detection of ACD to commonly encountered and potential allergens. PMID: 32209868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dermatitis)
Source: Dermatitis - March 21, 2020 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tam I, Schalock PC, González E, Yu J Tags: Dermatitis Source Type: research

Diabetes is associated with genotypically drug-resistant tuberculosis
Diabetes is associated with failure of tuberculosis (TB) treatment, but it is unclear whether this is related to genotypic drug resistance of the infecting mycobacteria. We used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to examine 1365 known drug resistance mutations in 896 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from TB patients that were screened for diabetes using HbA1c testing as part of the TANDEM project [1]. Ethical approval was received from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and institutional review boards in Indonesia and Peru. In Peru we selected all available M. tuberculosis isolates from TANDEM patients (44 wi...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - March 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ruesen, C., Chaidir, L., Ugarte-Gil, C., van Ingen, J., Critchley, J. A., Hill, P. C., Ruslami, R., Santoso, P., Huynen, M. A., Dockrell, H. M., Moore, D. A. J., Alisjahbana, B., van Crevel, R. Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research

Juniperus communis essential oil limit the biofilm formation of Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare on polystyrene in a temperature-dependent manner
. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Health Research)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Health Research - March 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dolores Peru č Brigita Ti ćac Dalibor Brozni ć Željka Maglica Mladenka Šarolić Ivana Gobin Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2038: Malocclusion, Dental Caries and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life: A Comparison Between Adolescent School Children in Urban and Rural Regions in Peru
This study aims to assess the prevalence of caries and malocclusion in urban and rural areas of Peru and to compare them with patients’ oral health perception. A total of 1062 adolescents were examined in five schools of rural (Titicaca) and urban (Lima and Cuzco) areas in Peru. Decay Missing Filled Teeth’s Surfaces, the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need and the Child Oral Health Impact Profile short form-19 (COHIP-SF 19) were used to assess caries, severity of malocclusion and Oral Health Quality of Life, respectively. Significant differences in the prevalence (p = 0.001) and degree of cari...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cadenas de Llano-P érula Ricse Fieuws Willems Orellana-Valvekens Tags: Article Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and its associated factors among hospital and community populations in Lambayeque, Peru
CONCLUSIONS The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis among pregnant women is high. The risk factors are dependent on environmental determinants. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - March 17, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

How one country is grappling with mercury emissions from artisanal gold shops
Peru seeks to keep rudimentary gold refining from exposing communities to neurotoxic metal (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - March 16, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Paula Dupraz-Dobias, special to C&EN Source Type: research

Multiplex Human Malaria Array: Quantifying Antigens for Malaria Rapid Diagnostics.
Abstract Malaria antigen detection through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) is widely used to diagnose malaria and estimate prevalence. To support more sensitive next-generation RDT development and screen asymptomatic malaria, we developed and evaluated the Q-Plex™ Human Malaria Array, which quantifies the antigens commonly used in RDTs-Plasmodium falciparum-specific histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2), P. falciparum-specific lactate dehydrogenase (Pf LDH), P. vivax -specific LDH (Pv LDH), and Pan malaria lactate dehydrogenase (Pan LDH), and human C-reactive protein (CRP), a biomarker of severity in malaria. At thr...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - March 16, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Jang IK, Tyler A, Lyman C, Rek JC, Arinaitwe E, Adrama H, Murphy M, Imwong M, Proux S, Haohankhunnatham W, Barney R, Rashid A, Kalnoky M, Kahn M, Golden A, Nosten F, Greenhouse B, Gamboa D, Domingo GJ Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in access barriers to seeking health services in four Latin American countries.
Conclusions: The effect of national policy initiatives on equity to accessing health services should be the object of future analysis. There is also a need for research on national and regional monitoring of access barriers and explanatory factors for why people do not seek care, even when having a health problem. PMID: 32165889 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - March 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

A morphometric analysis of the lungs of high-altitude ducks and geese.
We examined the morphology of the lungs of five species of high-altitude resident ducks from Lake Titicaca in the Peruvian Andes (yellow-billed pintail [Anas georgica], cinnamon teal [Anas cyanoptera orinomus], puna teal [Anas puna], speckled teal [Anas flavirostris oxyptera], and ruddy duck [Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea]) and compared them with those of the high-altitude migratory bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) and the low-altitude migratory barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis). We then determined the relationship between mass-specific lung volume, the volume densities of the component parts of the lung, and previously re...
Source: Journal of Anatomy - March 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Bakkeren C, Smith E, York JM, Chua B, McCracken KG, Milsom WK Tags: J Anat Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and asthma among Peruvian children and adolescents
Asthma is one of the conditions that contributes to the global burden of respiratory diseases and has been previously associated with diet intake. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship betwe... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 14, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Carla E. Tarazona-Meza, Corrine Hanson, Suzanne L. Pollard, Karina M. Romero Rivero, Rocio M. Galvez Davila, Sameera Talegawkar, Carlos Rojas, Jessica L. Rice, William Checkley and Nadia N. Hansel Tags: Research article Source Type: research

β-D-glucan from marine yeast Debaryomyces hansenii BCS004 enhanced intestinal health and glucan-expressed receptor genes in Pacific red snapper Lutjanus peru
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Martha Reyes-Becerril, Miriam Angulo, Veronica Sanchez, Crystal Guluarte, Carlos Angulo (Source: Microbial Pathogenesis)
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - March 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Falls Among the Elderly in Peruvian Andean Communities and the Rural far South of Brazil: Prevalence and Associated Factors
AbstractFalls are the fifth leading cause of death and are one of the main causes of hospitalization. The literature about falls prevalence among older adults living in rural/remote communities in South America is scarce. To compare falls prevalence among the elderly in the Andes, Peru, and in the rural area of the municipality of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Two separate cross-sectional studies were conducted in Peru, Andes (N  = 413), and Brazil, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul state (N = 1029). We stratified all data analysis according to location (Andes/Rio Grande). Characteris...
Source: Journal of Community Health - March 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1842: Courses on Basic Occupational Safety and Health: A Train-the-Trainer Educational Program for Rural Areas of Latin America
neses Radon Integrating basic occupational health services into primary care is encouraged by the Pan American Health Organization. However, concrete initiatives are still scarce. We aimed to develop a training program focusing on prevention of occupational risks for primary healthcare professionals. This train-the-trainer program was piloted at four universities in Chile and Peru. Occupational health or primary healthcare lecturers formed a team with representative(s) of one rural primary healthcare center connected to their university (Nparticipants = 15). Training started with a workshop on participatory diagnosi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Garrido Encina Solis-Soto Parra Bauleo Meneses Radon Tags: Article Source Type: research

[Genetic characterization of rice endophytic bacteria (Oryza sativa L.) with antimicrobial activity against Burkholderia glumae].
In conclusion, strains of the genus Bacillus and Burkholderia are potential biocontrol agents against B. glumae. PMID: 32147231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia)
Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia - March 11, 2020 Category: Microbiology Tags: Rev Argent Microbiol Source Type: research

Composition of amino acids and related nitrogenous nutrients in feedstuffs for animal diets.
Abstract We analyzed the composition of amino acids (AAs) in oligopeptides, proteins, and the free pool, as well as creatine, agmatine, polyamines, carnosine, anserine, and glutathione, in animal- and plant-derived feedstuffs. Ingredients of animal origins were black soldier fly larvae meal (BSFM), chicken by-product meal, chicken visceral digest, feather meal, Menhaden fishmeal, Peruvian anchovy fishmeal, Southeast Asian fishmeal, spray-dried peptone from enzymes-treated porcine mucosal tissues, poultry by-product meal (pet-food grade), spray-dried poultry plasma, and spray-dried egg product. Ingredients of plant...
Source: Amino Acids - March 11, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Li P, Wu G Tags: Amino Acids Source Type: research

Establishing Context to Build Capacity: A Qualitative Study to Determine the Feasibility, Utility, and Acceptability of a Complex Trauma Training for Psychologists Working in Urban Migrant Communities in Northern Peru.
This study sought to determine the utility of such a training and identify areas for cultural adaptation. Six focus groups were conducted with CMHC psychologists. Findings revealed that, while a culturally-adapted training in trauma-focused treatment is desired, sociocultural barriers to ensuring the physical and psychological safety of the service user must be considered, as well as provider barriers including short treatment packages, insufficient physical infrastructure, and unstable work conditions. PMID: 32157516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kohrt BK, Murray MP, Cabel Salinas L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Dispersal patterns of < i > Trypanosoma cruzi < /i > in Arequipa, Peru
by Alexander S. F. Berry, Renzo Salazar-S ánchez, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Katty Borrini-Mayorí, Claudia Arevalo-Nieto, Claudia Chipana-Ramos, Melina Vargas-Maquera, Jenny Ancca-Juarez, César Náquira-Velarde, Michael Z. Levy, Dustin Brisson Anthropogenic environmental alterations such as urbanization can threaten native populations as well as create novel environments that allow human pests and pathogens to thrive. As the number and size of urban environments increase globally, it is more important than ever to understand the dispers al dynamics of hosts, vectors and pathogens of zoonotic diseas...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - March 9, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Alexander S. F. Berry Source Type: research

Redressing Forced Sterilisation: The Role of the Medical Profession.
Abstract Forced sterilisation has been used by many states to control or diminish minority groups. Examples of forced sterilisation include the Nazis against Jewish, Roma and Sinti peoples and the Imperial Japanese Army in Korea during the Second World War, its historic use against Native Americans in the United States and more recent practice in Peru and the First Nations people in Canada. While it is prohibited under international criminal law, forced sterilisation often involves medical practitioners with little reflection on the context and drivers of such violations within the profession. PMID: 32150320 ...
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - March 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gilmore S, Moffett L Tags: BJOG Source Type: research

Contraceptive Use Behavior Change After an Unintended Birth in Colombia and Peru.
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended birth is associated with change in contraceptive behavior. Efforts to understand postpartum contraceptive choices of women who have had an unintended birth should take into account contraceptive behavior at more than one point in women's reproductive lives. PMID: 32142469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health)
Source: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health - March 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health Source Type: research

Viral hepatitis in the Peruvian Amazon: Ethnomedical context and phytomedical ressources
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Vincent Roumy, Lastenia Ruiz, Juan Celidonio Ruiz Macedo, Andrea-Luz Gutierrez-Choquevilca, Jennifer Samaillie, Leonor Arévalo Encinas, Céline Rivière, Sevser Sahpaz, Simon Bordage, Guillaume Garçon, Jean Dubuisson, Sebastien Antherieu, Karin Séron, Thierry Hennebelle (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - March 6, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of Fasciola hepatica in Spain and Peru
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2020Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Tran Nhat Thang, Severo Vázquez-Prieto, Román Vilas, Esperanza Paniagua, Florencio M. Ubeira, Madoka Ichikawa-Seki (Source: Parasitology International)
Source: Parasitology International - March 6, 2020 Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

The fourth national anti-tuberculosis drug resistance survey in Peru
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - March 5, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Quispe, N. Asencios, L. Obregon, C. Vel ásquez, G. E. Mitnick, C. D. Lindeborg, M. Jave, H. Solari, L. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Guaroa Virus and Plasmodium vivax Co-Infections, Peruvian Amazon
C. Siles et al. (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - March 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Association between arterial hypertension and depressive symptoms: Results from population ‐based surveys in Peru
ConclusionsThere is an association between hypertension and depressive symptoms, but this varies depending on time since diagnosis. Thus, individuals with
Source: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Villarreal ‐Zegarra, Antonio Bernabe‐Ortiz Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Relative Prevalence of Contact Allergens in North America in 2018.
CONCLUSIONS: The CAMP database can be used to determine the relative prevalence of contact allergens, to help develop North American core screening patch test series, and to document the medical necessity of more comprehensive patch testing for patients with recalcitrant contact allergy. CAPSULE SUMMARY: PMID: 32168142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dermatitis)
Source: Dermatitis - March 1, 2020 Category: Dermatology Authors: Scheman A, Patel KR, Roszko K, Severson D, Brod B, Jacob SE, Lloyd R, Nedorost ST, Watsky KL, West DP Tags: Dermatitis Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 262: The Metabolization Profile of the CYP2D6 Gene in Amerindian Populations: A Review
Conclusion: the metabolization profiles of the Amerindian populations reviewed in the present study do not diverge in any major way from those of other populations from around the world. Given the paucity of the data available on Amerindian populations, further research is required to better characterize the metabolization profile of these populations to ensure the development of adequate therapeutic strategies. (Source: Genes)
Source: Genes - February 28, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Luciana P. C. Leit ão Tatiane P. Souza Juliana C. G. Rodrigues Marianne R. Fernandes Sidney Santos Ney P. C. Santos Tags: Review Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Spanish Language version of the Asthma Trigger Inventory.
Conclusion: Coherent trigger domains are readily identified and measured reliably by a Spanish-language ATI version. However, factor structures vary between samples from different Hispanic/Latino cultural and geographic domains. Culturally adapted versions of this instrument are therefore required for Hispanic/Latino population studies. PMID: 32089019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - February 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Patients ’ preferences of cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment outcomes: Findings from an international qualitative study
Conclusions/SignificanceThe study results provide a rich insight into important outcomes for CL treatments, as well as related topics, from the perspective of a diverse patient population. Among the outcomes identified, we argue that those related to quality of life as well as recurrence should be included to a greater extent for assessment in clinical trials, and discuss the suitability of measurement instruments such as the Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI). Interviews also point out the potential need to address concerns related to parasitological cure or scar formation, such as social stigmatization and disabili...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - February 24, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Astrid C. Erber Source Type: research

Mercury emissions from Peruvian gold shops: Potential ramifications for Minamata compliance in artisanal and small-scale gold mining communities.
er AM Abstract Ratification of the Minamata Convention on Mercury has led to the establishment of Peruvian regulations limiting mercury concentrations in air to 2000 ng/m3over a 24-hr measurement period. As a result, three communities in Madre de Dios, Peru were mapped during October 2017 to determine Hg0 vapor concentrations in the air. The town of Tres Islas exhibited Hg0 concentrations less than 200 ng/m3: the minimum risk level defined by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. These low concentrations were reflective of a town in the region with limited exposure to artisanal and small-...
Source: Environmental Research - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moody KH, Hasan KM, Aljic S, Blakeman VM, Hicks LP, Loving DC, Moore ME, Hammett BS, Silva-González M, Seney CS, Kiefer AM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effects of high altitude on respiratory rate and oxygen saturation reference values in healthy infants and children younger than 2 years in four countries: a cross-sectional study
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Mary E Crocker, Shakir Hossen, Dina Goodman, Suzanne M Simkovich, Miles Kirby, Lisa M Thompson, Ghislaine Rosa, Sarada S Garg, Gurusamy Thangavel, Eric D McCollum, Jennifer Peel, Thomas Clasen, William Checkley, HAPIN InvestigatorsSummaryBackgroundIn resource-limited settings, pneumonia diagnosis and management are based on thresholds for respiratory rate (RR) and oxyhaemoglobin saturation (SpO2) recommended by WHO. However, as RR increases and SpO2 decreases with elevation, these thresholds might not be applicable at all altitudes. W...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Redescription of the larva, and description of the nymphal and adult stages of Ornithodoros peruvianus Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969 (Acari: Argasidae).
This study aimed to redescribe the larva of O. peruvianus based on unfed specimens, and to describe nymphs, the male and the female of this species. Ticks were collected on the walls inside three caves in northern Chile. Two females laid eggs in the laboratory. Part of the unfed larvae was separated for morphological and morphometrical analyses, and the remaining specimens were fed upon laboratory mice in order to obtain subsequent nymphal and adult stages. The first nymphal stage (N1) moulted either to male or to a second nymphal stage (N2) without feeding. Obtained N2 moulted either to male or female after one meal. PCR ...
Source: Systematic Parasitology - February 20, 2020 Category: Parasitology Authors: Muñoz-Leal S, González-Acuña D, Labruna MB, Venzal JM Tags: Syst Parasitol Source Type: research

Social innovation in diagnostics: three case studies
ConclusionsInterventions in Malawi, Peru, and China suggest social innovation increases uptake of diagnostics. The same tools and principles utilized in these cases can be adapted for use in other contexts. Such diagnostic innovations may help improve identification of and linkage to care for many diseases. The approach presents a unique opportunity to better address public health issues and increase accessibility in LMIC health systems. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - February 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ultrasound reference values for the calcaneus of children and adolescents at moderate altitudes in Peru.
CONCLUSION: The students living at a moderate altitude showed slightly higher values in bone parameters in relation to the international reference. This pattern depicted a population with a better state of bone health. The proposed percentiles may be used to categorize adequate to at risk bone parameters based on age and sex. PMID: 32084442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Jornal de Pediatria)
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - February 18, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gómez-Campos R, Sulla-Torres J, Andruske CL, Campos LFCC, Luarte-Rocha C, Cossio-Bolaños W, Cossio-Bolaños MA Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research

Mayaro virus in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Conclusions: This report demonstrates that MAYV surveillance efforts are limited in comparison to the virus's presence in Latin America and the Caribbean, highlighting the importance of enhancing arboviral surveillance systems in the affected countries. PMID: 32051685 [PubMed] (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

CD1b Tetramers Broadly Detect T Cells That Correlate With Mycobacterial Exposure but Not Tuberculosis Disease State
The non-polymorphic nature of CD1 proteins creates a situation in which T cells with invariant T cell receptors (TCRs), like CD1d-specific NKT cells, are present in all humans. CD1b is an abundant protein on human dendritic cells that presents M. tuberculosis (Mtb) lipid antigens to T cells. Analysis of T cell clones suggested that semi-invariant TCRs exist in the CD1b system, but their prevalence in humans is not known. Here we used CD1b tetramers loaded with mycolic acid or glucose monomycolate to study polyclonal T cells from 150 Peruvian subjects. We found that CD1b tetramers loaded with mycolic acid or glucose monomyc...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - February 14, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research