Validation of the Child Feeding Questionnaire among Saudi pre-schoolers in Jeddah city.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of an Arabic version of the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ-A) in a sample of Saudi pre-schoolers and their mothers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Mothers completed questionnaires over the telephone and child anthropometry was measured objectively using standardized procedures; BMI Z-scores (BMIZ) were calculated based on the age- and sex-specific WHO growth standards and reference data. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the original seven-factor CFQ model, as well as a modified nine-factor model. Cronbach's α was calculated to ...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mosli RH Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrient composition of Australian fast-food and fast-casual children's meals available in 2016 and changes in fast-food meals between 2010 and 2016.
CONCLUSIONS: Children's meals can provide excess energy, saturated fat, sugar and Na to children's diets. Systematic reformulation of energy, saturated fat, sugars and Na would improve the nutrient composition of the meals. PMID: 31514763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wellard-Cole L, Hooper A, Watson WL, Hughes C Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Development of a diet quality index to assess adherence to Canadian dietary recommendations in 3-year-old children.
CONCLUSION: This DQI-C score is useful for ranking Canadian preschool children according to their overall diet quality. There is room for improvement for consumptions of Grain Products, Meat and Alternatives, Candy/Snacks and SSB, which could be a target for initiatives to improve diet quality of preschool children in Canada. PMID: 31511104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jarman M, Vashi N, Angus A, Bell RC, Giesbrecht GF, APrON study team Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

The politics of food in the Pacific: coherence and tension in regional policies on nutrition, the food environment and non-communicable diseases.
CONCLUSION: Understanding the priorities and positions underpinning sectoral responses can help drive a more coherent NCD response, and lessons from the Pacific are relevant to public health nutrition policy and practice globally. PMID: 31511108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dodd R, Reeve E, Sparks E, George A, Vivili P, Win Tin ST, Buresova D, Webster J, Thow AM Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Diet quality, change in diet quality and risk of incident CVD and diabetes.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher diet quality assessed using HEI-2015 and AHEI-2010 was strongly associated with lower CVD risk but not diabetes risk within a middle-aged, community-based US population. PMID: 31511110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Xu Z, Steffen LM, Selvin E, Rebholz CM Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of neighbourhood food environment on diet and obesity in China: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The neighbourhood food environment may influence diet and obesity among Chinese residents but the evidence remains preliminary. Future studies adopting an experimental study design and objective/validated environment and dietary measures are warranted. PMID: 31511114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: An R, He L, Shen MJ Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of an FFQ for South American children and adolescents from the SAYCARE study.
CONCLUSION: The SAYCARE FFQ achieved reasonable reliability and slight-moderate validity for almost all food groups intakes. Accordingly, it can be used for the purpose of ranking the intake of individuals within a population. PMID: 31511116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rendo-Urteaga T, Saravia L, Sadalla Collese T, Monsalve-Alvarez JM, González-Zapata LI, Tello F, Martínez-Oliván B, Torres-Leal FL, Moreno LA, De Moraes ACF, Carvalho HB Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of an income-generating activities programme on children and mothers' undernutrition in extreme poor rural Bangladeshi households.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The current study assessed changes in children and mothers' nutritional status before and after raising Bangladeshi households out of extreme poverty through an income-generating activities (IGA) programme. DESIGN: Extreme poor households took part in the IGA programme for 2 years and recruitment took place over four waves in annual cycles. Children and mothers were measured with regarding their nutritional status before and after the IGA programme commenced. SETTINGS: Rural Bangladesh. SUBJECTS: Three-hundred and eighty-two children under 5 years of age at recruitment, and their...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Goto R, Devine J, Mascie-Taylor CGN, Ormand J, Abdul Jabber J Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor - ERRATUM.
PMID: 31506139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomson G, Dykes F, Bilson A, Putsey J, Whitmore M, Dickens S Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of food insecurity on HIV medication adherence in the context of an integrated care programme for people living with HIV in Vancouver, Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: While food provision may reduce some health-related harms, there remains a relationship between this prevalent experience and suboptimal cART adherence in this integrated care programme. Future studies that elucidate strategies to mitigate food insecurity and its effects on cART adherence among PLHIV in this setting and in other similar environments are necessary. PMID: 31507259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Koehn K, McLinden T, Collins AB, McDougall P, Baltzer-Turje R, Miewald C, Wang L, Li J, Salters KA, Hogg RS, Parashar S Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Validation of a digitally displayed photographic food portion-size estimation aid among women in urban and rural Malawi.
CONCLUSIONS: Digital PSEA require further testing in low-income settings to improve accuracy of estimations. PMID: 31496453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Flax VL, Thakwalakwa C, Schnefke CH, Stobaugh H, Phuka JC, Coates J, Rogers B, Bell W, Colaiezzi B, Muth MK Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of anthropometric indicators to predict mortality in a population-based prospective study of children under 5 years in Niger.
CONCLUSIONS: MUAC appears to be a better predictor of mortality than other anthropometric indicators in this community-based, high-malnutrition setting in Niger. PMID: 31496465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Brien KS, Amza A, Kadri B, Nassirou B, Cotter SY, Stoller NE, West SK, Bailey RL, Porco TC, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Developing a national research agenda to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and increase safe water access and consumption among 0- to 5-year-olds: a mixed methods approach.
CONCLUSIONS: This research agenda lays the groundwork for research efforts to improve beverage patterns of young children. The methods used can be a template to develop research agendas for other public health issues. PMID: 31486348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Duffy EW, Lott MM, Johnson EJ, Story MT Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Patient experiences and provider perspectives on a hospital-based food pantry: a mixed methods evaluation study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest hospital-based food pantries may have several advantages. Hospitals with onsite food pantries must work to eliminate barriers to FI screening and pantry referral. To optimize their impact, such pantries should develop nutritional guidelines for food donations and connect patients with nutrition education resources. Future research should examine health outcomes for patients using hospital-based food pantries. PMID: 31486351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Greenthal E, Jia J, Poblacion A, James T Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of iron-fortified flour on iron status of populations worldwide.
CONCLUSIONS: Flour fortification with iron is an effective public health strategy that improves iron status of populations worldwide. PMID: 31486352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sadighi J, Nedjat S, Rostami R Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh.
CONCLUSIONS: Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. PMID: 31486355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: de Roos B, Roos N, Mamun AA, Ahmed T, Sneddon AA, Murray F, Grieve E, Little DC Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Total, added and free sugar intakes, dietary sources and determinants of consumption in Portugal: the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (IAN-AF 2015-2016).
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess total sugar (TS), added sugar (AS) and free sugar (FS) intakes, dietary sources, adherence to recommendations and determinants of consumption, in a Portuguese national sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Dietary assessment was obtained by two food diaries in children aged
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marinho AR, Severo M, Correia D, Lobato L, Vilela S, Oliveira A, Ramos E, Torres D, Lopes C, IAN-AF Consortium Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Folic acid deficiency declined substantially after introduction of the mandatory fortification programme in Queensland, Australia: a secondary health data analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of folic acid deficiency in Queensland-wide data of routine laboratory measurements, especially in high-risk sub-populations. DESIGN: Secondary health data analysis. SETTING: Analysis of routine folic acid tests conducted by Pathology Queensland (AUSLAB). PARTICIPANTS: Female and male persons aged 0-117 years with routine folic acid testing between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2015. If repeat tests on the same person were conducted, only the initial test was analysed (n 291 908). RESULTS: Overall the prevalence of folic acid deficiency decline...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Slagman A, Harriss L, Campbell S, Muller R, McDermott R Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Food literacy predictors and associations with physical and emergent literacy in pre-schoolers: results from the Training-to-Health Project.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Food literacy (FL) is a crucial need encompassing basic literacy and fundamental movement skills. The present study aimed to investigate the FL level in pre-schoolers and to evaluate the effect of potential predictors and the associations with gross motor and emergent literacy skills. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted within the Training-to-Health Project. SETTING: Kindergartens (n 21) in the Palermo City Council, Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Pre-school children aged 3-6 years (n 921) followed education sessions on nutritional topics, practical activities and compiled pre...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tabacchi G, Battaglia G, Alesi M, Paoli A, Palma A, Bellafiore M Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

A qualitative study to understand parent and physician perspectives about cow's milk fat for children.
CONCLUSIONS: Parents provide, and physicians recommend, a variety of cow's milks for children and hold mixed interpretations of the role of cow's milk fat in children's diets. Clarity about its effect on child adiposity is needed to help make informed decisions about cow's milk fat for children. PMID: 31474236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vanderhout SM, Juando-Prats C, Birken CS, Thorpe KE, Maguire JL Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Reproducibility and validity of an FFQ in the Henan Rural Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that our FFQ design could be used as a representative tool to conduct a dietary evaluation of a rural population. PMID: 31474239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Xue Y, Yang K, Wang B, Liu C, Mao Z, Yu S, Li X, Wang Y, Sun H, Wang C, Li W Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Adult food consumption by household composition: an analysis of the first National Dietary Survey, Brazil, 2008-2009.
CONCLUSIONS: There are differences in food consumption based on the presence of children and adolescents in the household, with greater variation according to gender and household income. PMID: 31475661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rodrigues PRM, Monteiro LS, Cunha DB, Sichieri R, Pereira RA Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Obesity à la carte? Children's meal options in German full-service restaurants.
CONCLUSIONS: The range of dishes on offer for children in German restaurants is severely lacking in variety and in need of improvement from a nutritional point of view. Considering the growing importance of restaurants as food environments, there is a need to improve the presentation of menus and the meals offered. PMID: 31475666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Schneider S, Hilger-Kolb J, Rüsing L Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Socio-economic and cultural disparities in diet among adolescents and young adults: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The socio-economic gradient in adolescent diets requires confirmation by higher-grade studies of a wider set of food groups and must be extended to young adult populations. Future nutritional interventions should involve the most vulnerable adolescent populations, taking account of socio-economic status and migration. PMID: 31466544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Desbouys L, Méjean C, De Henauw S, Castetbon K Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Does message framing matter for promoting the use of nutritional warnings in decision making?
CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present work suggest that nutrition messages aimed at increasing awareness of nutritional warnings may increase consumers' visual attention and encourage more heathful choices. The framing of the messages only had a minor effect on their efficacy. PMID: 31462332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vidal G, Machín L, Aschemann-Witzel J, Ares G Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Is neighbourhood social deprivation in a Brazilian city associated with the availability, variety, quality and price of food in supermarkets?
CONCLUSIONS: Supermarkets and similar establishments are less dense in areas of greater social deprivation and have lower prices of healthy foods, but the variety and quality of those foods are worse, compared with areas of low vulnerability. We found worse HFSI for supermarkets located in areas with greater vulnerability. Those findings can guide specific public policies improving the urban food environment. PMID: 31462336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leite MA, Assis MM, Carmo ASD, Costa BVL, Claro RM, Castro IR, Cardoso LO, Netto MP, Mendes LL Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indigenous Australian children aged 0-3 years and association with sociodemographic, life circumstances and health factors.
CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of Indigenous children in this sample consumed SSB from an early age. Health provider information needs to be relevant to the context of families' lives. Health system strategies must be paired with upstream strategies, such as holistic support programmes for families, reducing racism and improving water quality. PMID: 31455456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thurber KA, Long J, Salmon M, Cuevas AG, Lovett R Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Local traditional foods contribute to diversity and species richness of rural women's diet in Ecuador.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary diversity and the nutrient contribution of traditional foods (locally cultivated and wild) by conducting a food intake study in rural Ecuador. DESIGN: Repeated 24 h recalls over a 14 d interval and frequency of consumption served to simulate the usual diet by the Multiple Source Method. Data on missing visits (n 11) were imputed using multivariate imputation by chained equations. The intakes of three macro- and six micronutrients were reported. Nutrient Adequacy Ratios, Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR), Dietary Species Richness (DSR) and Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Penafiel D, Cevallos-Valdiviezo H, Espinel R, Van Damme P Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Analysis of dietary patterns and cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with hypertension, high BMI and type 2 diabetes in Peru.
CONCLUSIONS: The study found more traditional diets were associated with a lower prevalence of three common chronic diseases, while prevalence of these diseases was higher with a diet high in processed foods and low in vegetables. PMID: 31456536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alae-Carew C, Scheelbeek P, Carrillo-Larco RM, Bernabé-Ortiz A, Checkley W, Miranda JJ Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Malnutrition and related risk factors in older adults from different health-care settings: an enable study.
CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates a varying relevance of certain risk factors of malnutrition in different settings. However, the relationship of the number of individual risk factors with malnutrition in all settings implies comprehensive approaches to identify persons at risk of malnutrition early. PMID: 31453792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kiesswetter E, Colombo MG, Meisinger C, Peters A, Thorand B, Holle R, Ladwig KH, Schulz H, Grill E, Diekmann R, Schrader E, Stehle P, Sieber CC, Volkert D Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Mozambique in 2005 and 2015.
net N Abstract OBJECTIVE: The ongoing demographic, nutritional and epidemiological transitions in sub-Saharan Africa highlight the importance of monitoring overweight and obesity. We aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Mozambique in 2014/2015 and compare the estimates with those obtained in 2005. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted in 2014/2015, following the WHO Stepwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance (STEPS). Prevalence estimates with 95 % CI were computed for different categories of BMI and abdominal obesity, along with age-, education- and income-adjusted ...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fontes F, Damasceno A, Jessen N, Prista A, Silva-Matos C, Padrão P, Lunet N Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Mothers' beliefs about indigenous and traditional food affordability, availability and taste are significant predictors of indigenous and traditional food consumption among mothers and young children in rural Kenya.
CONCLUSIONS: A majority of the mothers reported that they and their children did not consume as much ITF as the mothers would have liked. Further studies should examine strategies to improve availability and affordability of ITF, as well as develop recipes that are acceptable to mothers and children. PMID: 31453794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gewa CA, Onyango AC, Obondo Angano F, Stabile B, Komwa M, Thomas P, Krall J Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Examining differences in school hour and school day dietary quality among Canadian children between 2004 and 2015.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to: (i) evaluate changes in Canadian children's dietary quality during school hours and on school days between 2004 and 2015; and (ii) explore whether changes in dietary quality over time were moderated by sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Nationally representative 24 h dietary recall data were obtained from the 2004 (n 4827) and 2015 (n 2447) Canadian Community Health Surveys. Dietary quality was measured using the Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI) which evaluates respondents' compliance with 2007 national dietary recommendations, and the school-HEI whi...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tugault-Lafleur CN, Barr SI, Black JL Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Greater adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet is associated with later breast development and menarche in peripubertal girls.
CONCLUSIONS: Consuming a Mediterranean-like diet may be associated with older age at thelarche and menarche. Further research is necessary to confirm our findings in other US paediatric populations and elucidate the mechanism through which Mediterranean-like diet may influence puberty timing. PMID: 31439055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Szamreta EA, Qin B, Rivera-Núñez Z, Parekh N, Barrett ES, Ferrante J, Lin Y, Bandera EV Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

An expos é of the realpolitik of trade negotiations: implications for population nutrition.
CONCLUSIONS: Moving forward requires policy makers, researchers and health advocates to use various strategies including: reframing the role of trade agreements to include health outcomes; reforming the process to allow greater access and voice to health arguments and stakeholders; establishing cross-government partners through accountable committees; and building circles of consensus and coalitions of sympathetic public-interest actors. PMID: 31439059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Friel S, Baker P, Thow AM, Gleeson D, Townsend B, Schram A Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Factors affecting safe and healthy diet in older adults in Italy: results of a preliminary study performed in a community-dwelling sample.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest it is necessary to increase the awareness of older adults in the matter of healthy diet and food safety. Specific and targeted educational interventions for the elderly and their caregivers could improve the adoption of recommended food safety practices and safe nutritional behaviours among older adults. PMID: 31439061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Laurenti P, De Meo C, Sacchini D, Spagnolo AG, Moro D, Varacca A, Landi F, Manes-Gravina E, Sgadari A, Bernabei R, Barbara A, Ricciardi W, de Waure C Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Vitamin D sufficiency in young Brazilian children: associated factors and relationship with vitamin A corrected for inflammatory status.
Group Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess sociodemographic, nutritional and health conditions associated with vitamin D sufficiency among young Brazilian children living at different latitudes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with a four-level model of inflammation to correct micronutrient concentrations. Prevalence ratios (PR; 95 % CI) were estimated for factors associated with vitamin D sufficiency (≥50 nmol/l), adjusting for child's sex, age, skin colour, stunting and vitamin A+D supplementation. SETTING: Primary health-care units in four Brazilian cities located at lower (7°59'26·9016″...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lourenço BH, Silva LL, Fawzi WW, Cardoso MA, ENFAC Working Group Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Social life characteristics in relation to adherence to the Mediterranean diet in older adults: findings from the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Aging and Diet (HELIAD) study.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that high MD adherence is associated with good social life, suggesting a clustering of health-promoting lifestyle factors in older adults. PMID: 31439074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mamalaki E, Anastasiou CA, Kosmidis MH, Dardiotis E, Hadjigeorgiou GM, Sakka P, Scarmeas N, Yannakoulia M Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

How to use replicate weights in health survey analysis using the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey as an example.
CONCLUSIONS: Correct incorporation of the sampling weights and sample design is crucial for valid inference from survey data. PMID: 31422783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Birrell CL, Steel DG, Batterham MJ, Arya A Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of the Community Eligibility Provision on meal counts and participation in Pennsylvania and Maryland National School Lunch Programs.
CONCLUSIONS: School-level implementation of CEP is associated with increases in total school meal participation. Current funding structures may prevent broader adoption of the programme by schools with fewer students eligible for FR meals. PMID: 31409436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pokorney PE, Chandran A, Long MW Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Feasibility of a farm-to-WIC intervention.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an intervention consisting of a WIC-based farmers' market, nutrition education, recipe demonstrations and tastings, and handouts could be implemented as intended and the acceptability of the programme to recipients. The availability, variety and prices of fruits and vegetables (F&V) and the Farmers' Market Nutrition Program voucher redemption rate at the site with market (relative to the rate among fourteen other WIC agency sites) also were examined. DESIGN: Site-level data were used to evaluate programme implementation. Acceptability was assessed with participant da...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Di Noia J, Monica D, Sikorskii A, Gonzalez K, Abuhadba L Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents: results from the I.Family survey.
ortia Abstract OBJECTIVE: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) among adolescents falls below recommendations in many Western countries. The impact of social and emotional aspects of family life on adolescent dietary behaviour may contribute to this, yet remains under-investigated. The present study examines the association between adolescents' perceptions of emotional home atmosphere (EHA) and their F&V consumption frequency. DESIGN: An FFQ was used to assess F&V consumption frequency. EHA was assessed by an eight-item measure with three subscales: perceived home warmth, strictness and relat...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ghazy Elsayed HA, Lissner L, Mehlig K, Thumann BF, Hebestreit A, Pala V, Veidebaum T, Solea T, Moreno L, Molnár D, Wisnuwardani RW, Lauria F, Hunsberger M, IDEFICS and I.Family consortia Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Food insecurity, acculturation and diagnosis of CHD and related health outcomes among immigrant adults in the USA.
CONCLUSIONS: Recent and long-term food-insecure immigrants are more vulnerable to CHD and related health outcomes than those in the USA for 5-14 years. Further research is needed to understand why. PMID: 31405405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Smith MD, Coleman-Jensen A Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Association between hours worked in paid employment and diet quality, frequency of eating out and consuming takeaways in the UK.
CONCLUSIONS: Working hours may not be the main factor driving poor-quality diets among this sample of UK adults in employment. Focusing on consumption of foods prepared outside the household may not be the most efficient way to improve diet quality as effort is needed at all levels. Although it is unclear what is driving the differences in nutrient intakes according to household composition, they are important to consider when developing interventions to improve healthy eating. PMID: 31407640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sam L, Craig T, Horgan GW, Macdiarmid JI Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

A comparison of the modelled impacts on CVD mortality if attainment of public health recommendations was achieved in metropolitan and rural Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: Achieving public health recommendations in Australia would result in large declines in CVD mortality. Despite declines in overall CVD mortality under this scenario, an inequality in CVD burden would persist for rural populations. The order of risk factor priorities would differ by rurality. PMID: 31407641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alston L, Jacobs J, Allender S, Nichols M Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Sustainable, resilient food systems for healthy diets: the transformation agenda.
PMID: 31407652 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lawrence MA, Baker PI, Pulker CE, Pollard CM Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

National general truck drivers' strike and food security in a Brazilian metropolis.
CONCLUSIONS: The general truck drivers' strike was correlated with a reduction in the availability of food and, consequently, increases in price and possibly restrictions on access. The strike demonstrated the dependence of metropolises on road transportation and the conventional market. We speculate that initiatives aiming to shorten the food supply chain and promote food sovereignty and resilience of the supply circuits could be important. PMID: 31397244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lopes MS, Araújo ML, Lopes ACS Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of iodine status pre- and post-mandatory iodine fortification of bread in South Australia: a population study using newborn thyroid-stimulating hormone concentration as a marker.
CONCLUSIONS: Using TSH as a marker, South Australia would be classified as mild iodine deficiency post-fortification in contrast to iodine sufficiency using median urinary iodine concentration as a population marker. Re-evaluation of the current TSH criteria to define iodine status in populations is warranted in this context. PMID: 31397245 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wassie MM, Yelland LN, Smithers LG, Ranieri E, Zhou SJ Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

The politics of voluntary self-regulation: insights from the development and promotion of the Australian Beverages Council's Commitment.
CONCLUSIONS: The soft drink industry uses self-regulation to bolster its reputation and influence nutrition policy. Strategic timing plays a key role in the political influence of self-regulation. PMID: 31397246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lacy-Nichols J, Scrinis G, Carey R Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Demographic and socio-economic predictors of diet quality among adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations of demographic and socio-economic factors with diet quality among population subgroups in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of 2017 B&H dietary survey data. Diet quality was assessed by the Prime Diet Quality Score (PDQS) utilizing data from two non-consecutive 24 h diet recalls. Socio-economic variables were extracted from the 2015 B&H Household Budget Survey. Homogeneity of means across population subgroups was evaluated using multivariable regression. SETTING: B&H population survey. PARTICIPANTS: A populat...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gicevic S, Gaskins AJ, Fung TT, Rosner B, Sabanovic E, Milesevic J, Kadvan A, Kremic E, Willett W Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research