Acute Meningoencephalitis as Initial Presentation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Pediatrics
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Decrease in Infection-related Hospital Admissions During COVID-19: Why Are Parents Avoiding the Doctor?
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Orchi-epididymitis
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Acute Seizures in a 10-Year Old Boy
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Your Diagnosis, Please Source Type: research

Missed Opportunities for Prevention of Congenital Syphilis —United States, 2018
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Current Abstracts Source Type: research

Evaluation for Arboviral Infection Among Children Hospitalized in Colorado With Aseptic Meningitis and Encephalitis
Among 39 children hospitalized in Colorado with aseptic meningitis or encephalitis, 16 (41%) had an etiology identified, including 2 (5%) with West Nile virus infection. Despite extensive testing, no other arboviral infections were identified. Arboviral infection should be considered in children with neuroinvasive disease during arboviral season with testing directed toward viruses endemic to the region and type of exposure. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in Febrile Infants With Upper Respiratory Tract Symptomatology
Among 439 infants presenting with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection and temperature ≥39°C, 19 (4.3% [95% confidence interval, 2.8–6.7]) received a diagnosis of urinary tract infection (abnormal urine dipstick from a sterile urine sample and positive urine culture). Regardless of respiratory presentation, all infants presenting with a temperature of 39°C should be screened for urinary tract infection. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis DNA in Buccal Swab Samples from Children in Lima, Peru
We examined Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA detection from buccal swab samples collected from children in Lima, Peru. DNA was extracted and amplified via real-time polymerase chain reaction. Sensitivity was 21% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7%–42%) in 24 culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases and 4.6% (95% CI: 1%–13%) in 65 clinically diagnosed unconfirmed cases. Sensitivity was highest for smear-positive tuberculosis. Specificity was 99% in the 199 controls (95% CI: 96%–100%). (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With Coronavirus Disease in Children: A Multi-centered Study in Belém, Pará, Brazil
We described the characteristics of 11 children with pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome-temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2. The main clinical indications for hospital admission were vasogenic toxic shock (n = 2), Kawasaki disease (n = 4), and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (n = 5). The echocardiography findings were abnormal in 63% of cases. All patients had 2 or more organ dysfunctions, and the mortality rate was 18%. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Presence and Duration of Symptoms in Febrile Infants With and Without SARS-CoV-2 Infection
The clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection in young infants is not well understood. In this prospective cohort study, we compared the presence and duration of symptoms in febrile infants ≤60 days with (n = 7) and without (n = 16) SARS-CoV-2 infection. Overall, we observed overlapping symptoms and duration of illness, with longer length of cough and nasal congestion among the SARS-CoV-2-positive infants. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Changes in Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction–positive Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Rates in Adults and Children According to the Epidemic Stages
From March 2, 2020, to April 26, 2020, 52,588 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were performed in France, 6490 in children and 46,098 in adults. The rate of RT-PCR–positive SARS-CoV-2 tests for children (5.9%) was always less than that for adults (20.3%) but vary according to the epidemic stage. The risk ratio of RT-PCR–positive SARS-CoV-2 tests for adults compared with children was 3.5 (95% confidence interval: 3.2–3.9) for the whole study period. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Severe Neonatal Coronavirus Disease 2019 Presenting as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
This report highlights a severe case of neonatal coronavirus disease 2019 with acute respiratory distress syndrome. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Serum Responses of Children With Kawasaki Disease Against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Proteins
With recent reports showing clinical and laboratory overlap of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and Kawasaki disease (KD), we addressed the hypothesis that cross coronavirus humoral immunity leads to a parallel postinfectious phenomenon explaining similar pathologic findings in KD and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. We demonstrated no cross-reactivity in children with KD but observed some nonspecific interactions postintravenous immunoglobulin infusion. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

MIS-C After ARDS Associated With SARS-CoV-2
This is a case of an 11-year-old female who was admitted with respiratory failure, requiring intubation while testing positive for SARS-CoV-2. During her recovery, she had new onset fevers and uptrending inflammatory markers. After an evaluation of infectious causes, the diagnosis of MIS-C was made approximately 1 month after her initial symptoms. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Instructive Cases Source Type: research

Genetic Susceptibility to Life-threatening Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Previously Healthy Infants
Conclusions: Life-threatening RSV infection in previously healthy infants was significantly associated with the presence of combined SNPs in MARCO, MX1 and TLR8. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Translational Medicine Reports Source Type: research

Homelessness, Children, and COVID-19: A Looming Crisis
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Current Abstracts Source Type: research

Prevalence and Clinical Manifestations of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in a Screening Program in Madrid (PICCSA Study)
Conclusions: One in 200 neonates born in our hospital presented a cCMV infection. CMV viral load in saliva has been shown to be a simple and highly accepted screening method but should be confirmed by CMV detection in urine. In spite of the fact that half of infected children had abnormalities in cerebral imaging, diagnosis during the neonatal period would have been impossible without a screening program in most cases. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research

Effect of Contact Precautions on Staphylococcus aureus and Clinical Outcomes of Colonized Patients in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), yet little is known about the effect of contact precautions and clinical outcomes of colonized patients. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all neonates from August 2014 to November 2018 colonized with either methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) or methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and select noncolonized patients at two neonatal intensive care units at the University of California, Los Angeles. Outcomes during two time periods (during and after the use of contact precautions) were assessed. Results: A tota...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research

Malassezia Hepatic Abscess in a Neonate
We present a presumed case of Malassezia liver abscess associated with lipid infusion via a mispositioned umbilical venous catheter. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research

Two Cases of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Pediatric Oncohematologic Patients in Spain
Since December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection has spread worldwide. We all are concerned about immunocompromised children, especially hematologic and oncologic pediatric patients. We want to share our experience with 2 pediatric cancer patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Both presented mild disease and good outcome. No respiratory symptoms were identified, but both developed diarrhea, one probably secondary to lopinavir/ritonavir. Pediatric cancer patients may have milder disease than adults, but larger studies are needed to make conclusions. (Source: Th...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Immunology and Host Response Source Type: research

Hospitalization in South African Adolescents With Perinatally Acquired HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy
We described the incidence and causes of hospitalization in participants enrolled in the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort in South Africa. Methods: Data collected from July 2013 to October 2018 from PHIV+ and HIV− adolescents were analyzed. Participants were assessed every 6 months and data on intercurrent hospitalization were abstracted. Causes of hospitalizations were classified according to ICD-10 codes. Descriptive statistics, time-to-event analysis and Poisson regression were used to describe causes and incidence and to determine incidence rate ratios for factors associated with hospitalization. Re...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research

Evidence of Dose Variability and Dosing Below the FDA and EMA Recommendations for Intravenous Colistin (Polymyxin E) Use in Children and Neonates
Intravenous colistin (polymyxin E) has renewed interest as a last-line treatment against antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections, despite limited literature on pediatric prescribing practices. Point-prevalence surveys were used to obtain intravenous colistin prescribing data from 78 children and neonates, showing high variability, and 60.3% received doses below the Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency recommendations. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research

A Survey on National Pediatric Antibiotic Stewardship Programs, Networks and Guidelines in 23 European Countries
Conclusions: Fragmented implementation of PAS programs, no agreed metrics, lack of established PAS competencies and national PAS networks along with inexistent funding is alarming in view of existing high rates of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research

Cost Study of a Cluster Randomized Trial on a Clinical Decision Rule Guiding Antibiotic Treatment in Children With Suspected Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in the Emergency Department
Conclusions: Implementation of a decision rule-based treatment strategy in children with suspected lower RTI was cost-saving, due to a reduction in hospitalization and parental absenteeism. Given the high frequency of this disease in children, the decision rule has the potential to result in a considerable cost reduction at population level. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research

Progress Toward a Global Vaccine Data Network
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Special Article Source Type: research

Increasing Tuberculosis Rates and Association With Migration in Children Living in Campania Region, Southern Italy: A 10-Year Cohort Study
Background: Italy is classified as a low tuberculosis (TB) incidence country (rate 6.5/100,000 inhabitants). However, the Campania Region Pediatric Reference Centre (CRRC) observed an increase in TB, contemporarily with a rise in migration. Our aim was to investigate trends in TB notification rates, association with migration, and changes in clinical outcomes of children living in Campania. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study (January 1, 2009–December 31, 2018), including children (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Kawasaki Disease in South Korea: A Nationwide Survey 2015–2017
Conclusion: Peak incidence of KD in South Korea was 202.2 per 100,000 younger than 5 years population (2015), and the incidence of giant coronary artery aneurysm decreased to 0.09% (2017). (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Association of Serotype With Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns Among Shigella flexneri Isolates From Pakistan: The Importance of Serotype 2b
Conclusion: The most frequent S. flexneri serotype was 2b while 1d and Y was first time reported in Pakistan. High frequency of MDR serotypes of S. flexneri is a serious threat in diarrhea endemic regions and thus require urgent strategies for its continuous monitoring and prevention. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

The Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Denmark 2009–2014 Highlights Targets for Prevention
Background: In Western Europe, most pediatric tuberculosis (TB) cases occur among immigrants; however, data are rarely stratified by first/second-generation immigrants and many cases may be preventable. Methods: This was a nationwide study of children (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Epidemiologic and Molecular Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated From Hospitalized Pediatric Patients
Background: We aimed to determine molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus isolates cultured from hospitalized pediatric patients. Methods: All accessible S. aureus isolates cultured from hospitalized pediatric patients were analyzed for staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types, Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) encoding genes and antibiotic resistance patterns. Results: A total of 132 S. aureus isolates, 102 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) (81.8%), 30 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) (18.2%) were included in the study. Sixty of 132 (45.5%) S. aureus isolates were cultured from...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

School-based Streptococcal A Sore-throat Treatment Programs and Acute Rheumatic Fever Amongst Indigenous Māori: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions: School-based programs with indigenous Māori health workers’ sore-throat swabbing and GP/Nurse support reduced first-presentation ARF incidence in Māori students in highest-risk settings. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Legionnaires’ Disease in Pediatric Patients, Control Measures and 5-Year Follow-up
Conclusions: Control measures led to decreased risk of infection, but not to eradication of Legionellae. It is necessary to extend the diagnostics for Legionella infection in hospitalized children with pneumonia, especially in hospitals with colonized water system. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Pediatric Bartonella henselae Infection: The Role of Serologic Diagnosis and a Proposed Clinical Approach for Suspected Acute Disease in the Immunocompetent Child
Conclusion: Concerns about the serologic diagnosis of CSD include the use of low titers for positivity, incomplete diagnostic evaluation, and the lack of convalescent serologic testing. We propose a clinical guide to assist in managing suspected cases of CSD. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Saccharomyces boulardii in Infants and Children With Acute Diarrhea
Conclusion: S. boulardii CNCM I-3799 supplementation in children with acute diarrhea was shown effective in reducing the duration and severity of diarrhea in infants and children. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Conclusions: This systematic review delineates and summarizes clinical features, management, and outcomes of MIS-C associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Although most children required intensive care and immunomodulatory therapies, favorable outcomes were reported in the majority with low-mortality rates. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Containment of a Large SARS-CoV-2 Outbreak Among Healthcare Workers in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Conclusions: In the present study, a large outbreak within a team of healthcare workers of a PICU, affecting almost one fifth of the entire personnel is documented, along with detailed insights about how the outbreak was contained and how operability of the unit was maintained. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

A Fond Farewell to Dr. George McCracken
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Special Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Examination for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Cat-scratch Disease
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Expanding the Differential in a Global Pandemic
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

COVID-19 in South American Children: A Call For Action
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Acute Kidney Injury and COVID-19: Attention to Inflammatory Phenotype
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Hematuria in a 7-year-old Internationally Adopted Male
No abstract available (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Your Diagnosis, Please Source Type: research

Pediatric Endobronchial Ultrasound-Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Under Conscious Sedation for Suspected Tuberculosis in London
Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of childhood death and morbidity worldwide. The diagnosis in the pediatric population remains challenging due to the paucibacillary nature of the disease. Intrathoracic lymphadenopathy is one of the most common manifestations of primary disease but is often difficult to sample. A retrospective case review was performed of children (younger than 16 years) suspected with intrathoracic TB lymphadenopathy who underwent an endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) between January 2010 and 2020 in a London TB center. Ten children between 11 years 4 months and ...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Peripheral Facial Nerve Palsy in Children With Enterovirus Infection
Enteroviruses are one of the leading causes of central nervous system infections, but their causative role in peripheral facial nerve palsy is unresolved. We used data from a large national Enterovirus Surveillance Database to identify cases of facial nerve palsy, showing a rate of 3.8% of patients with facial nerve palsy to have enterovirus infection. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

A Case of Postmalaria Neurologic Syndrome and Pediatric Literature Review
We describe the case of a 7-year-old child who presented with an afebrile lymphocytic meningoencephalitis. The notion of a previously treated malaria episode and the absence of malaria during current episode led us postmalaria neurologic syndrome diagnosis with secondary spontaneous outcome. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With COVID-19 With Neurologic Manifestations in a Child: A Brief Report
We report the case of a 4-year-old child with a post-infectious multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19, with a Kawasaki-like shock and prominent neurologic features, for whom a cytokine storm and reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor were well documented. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 Encephalitis in a 20-year old Healthy Female
We report a 20-year-old female with SARS-CoV-2 encephalitis who presented with 4 days of upper respiratory symptoms, fevers and sudden acute altered mental status. An extensive work up led to the most likely cause for the neurologic decompensation to be viewed as SARS-CoV-2 symptomology. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Severe COVID-19 Children
There are growing evidence of clinical manifestations other than acute respiratory syndrome in severe acute respiratory syndrome associated with coronavirus 2-infected children. In our multicenter retrospective analysis, we observed among 127 severe acute respiratory syndrome associated with coronavirus 2 positive children that the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms was more frequently associated with severe and critical phenotype (P = 0.029). Moreover, having gastrointestinal symptoms was more frequently reported in patients who developed cardiac impairment. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Follow-up Study of Long-time Positive RT-PCR in Stool Specimens From Asymptomatic Children Infected With SARS-CoV-2
In the current study, we report on 4 children with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, of which 3 of them were asymptomatic. These patients had both pharyngeal swabs and anal swabs testing during hospital or after discharge. All the 4 children showed long-time positive viral RNA in the stool specimens after pharyngeal swabs turned negative during the follow-up stage, especially in the asymptomatic children. The positive RNA in stool specimens of asymptomatic children last for more than 54 days after admission or 30 days after discharge. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Rhabdomyolysis and Acute Kidney Injury as Leading COVID-19 Presentation in an Adolescent
We report the case of a COVID-19-infected adolescent presenting severe rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury without any fever or respiratory symptoms. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - September 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research