Comparison of thermal injury depth of the prostate between plasma kinetic electrode, holmium laser, green light laser and Nd:YAG laser
ConclusionHolmium laser might have less thermal damage to tissue, although it still needs more research including clinical study. Our results will provide clinicians with some alternative basis for the application. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 22, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urinary MCP-1 and TWEAK as non-invasive markers of disease activity and treatment response in patients with lupus nephritis in South Africa
ConclusionOur study shows that uMCP-1 and uTWEAK are elevated in patients with active LN, correlated with the remission status (response to treatment) at the end of induction therapy and can, therefore, be useful for monitoring disease activity and treatment response. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 18, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effects of metabolic syndrome on renal function after radical nephrectomy in patients with renal cell carcinoma
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of concomitant metabolic syndrome (MetS) on renal function in patients with RCC after radical nephrectomy.MethodsMedical records of 310 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy for clear-cell RCC at 900th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force, PLA from December 2012 to January 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and CKD stages were calculated at one week preoperative as baseline and then at postoperative 1  week, 3 months, 12 months and 24 months. MetS patients were identified and enrolled in the MetS group (n...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 18, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nutritional status improvement in elderly CKD patients: a systematic review
ConclusionThis is the first systematic review of the literature, so far, on the subject, involving elderly CKD patients. The quality of trials is low, very heterogenic in patients, methods and outcomes. However, we found a positive effect of dietary interventions on the nutritional status of most patients studied, highlighted by improvement in serum albumin and SGA, the most measured outcomes. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 18, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Clear cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a systematic review
ConclusionClear cell carcinoma is an uncommon subtype of bladder cancer which can be diagnosed by histology and immunohistochemical staining result. The majority of patients presented with muscle invasion and had a poor survival despite aggressive treatment. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 18, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renoprotective effects of estrogen on acute kidney injury: the role of SIRT1
AbstractAcute kidney injury (AKI) is a common syndrome associated with high morbidity and mortality, despite progress in medical care. Many studies have shown that there are sex differences and different role of sex hormones particularly estrogens in kidney injury. In this regard, the incidence and rate of progression of kidney diseases are higher in men compared with women. These observations suggest that female sex hormone may be renoprotective. Silent information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) is a histone deacetylase, which is implicated in multiple biologic processes in several organisms. In the kidneys, SIRT1 inhibits...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 17, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of renal-specific oral nutritional supplements compared with diet counseling in malnourished hemodialysis patients
ConclusionDietary advice combined with ONS especially ONCE dialyze was associated with improved MIS, serum albumin, dietary energy and macronutrient intake among patients with kidney failure on maintenance hemodialysis.Clinical trial registrationTCTR20200801001. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 16, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The prevalence and associated factors of nonadherence to antihypertensive medication in secondary healthcare
ConclusionIn this group of severely hypertensive patients with high cardiovascular risk, only patient-related characteristics were associated with NA. Our findings highlight the need for effective actions to optimize clinical outcomes in similar healthcare programs. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 16, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Genuine- and induced-oligometastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: clinical features and clinical outcomes after progressive site-directed therapy
ConclusionsPSDT can be a promising treatment option for genuine-OM-CRPC. The procedure might also be considered effective for induced-OM-CRPC, although there was less therapeutic benefit of PSDT in patients with induced-OM-CRPC than in patients with genuine-OM-CRPC. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 16, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients in the city of Zonguldak, Turkey
ConclusionEarly detection will lower mortality. In this study, with a low prevalence of COVID-19, the importance of early screening of both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients was shown to be highly important. Further studies are still needed to find out the most appropriate medical management. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 15, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Gadolinium-based contrast media exposure and the possible risk of subclinical kidney damage: a pilot study
ConclusionOur pilot study seems adequate in terms of feasibility and encourages us to focus our future research on renal proximal tubule, as the principal site of subclinical kidney damage after Gadolinium exposure. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 13, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Can curcumin supplementation reduce plasma levels of gut-derived uremic toxins in hemodialysis patients? A pilot randomized, double-blind, controlled study
ConclusionThe oral supplementation of curcumin for three months seems to reduce p-CS plasma levels in HD patients, suggesting a gut microbiota modulation. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 12, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Osteocalcin and vascular calcification in hemodialysis patients: an observational cohort study
AbstractBackgroundVascular calcification contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis.AimsTo study the relationship between osteocalcin and vascular calcification.Methods160 patients with ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis and 60 age-and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. Serum vitamin K2 and osteocalcin both intact and undercarboxylated were measured. Transthoracic echocardiography was done for valvular calcification and thickening, and carotid duplex was done for carotid intimal medial calcification and thickening.ResultsHemodialysis patients have higher median serum vitamin K2 (p 
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 12, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Sex modulates the association of radial artery augmentation index with renal function decline in individuals without chronic kidney disease
ConclusionThe rAI might help screen for those at high risk of early rapid RFD in women without CKD. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 12, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Hypokalemia in peritoneal dialysis patients in Thailand: the pivotal role of low potassium intake
This study aims to investigate the major determinants of hypokalemia in Thai PD patients.MethodsA cross-sectional study was performed in chronic PD patients at 4 PD centers in Bangkok, Thailand. Hypokalemia was defined if the average serum potassium level during the last 3 consecutive visits was  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 11, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Thyroid function in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome
AbstractBackgroundAlbumin is the major protein excreted in urine in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS). However, low-molecular-weight proteins including some binding proteins are also excreted. Thyroid hormone and its binding globulins are excreted in urine in excess in nephrotic syndrome. Therefore, it has been postulated that patients with nephrotic syndrome may show hypothyroidism, subclinical or overt.MethodsIn this prospective observational study, patients of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome aged 1 –40 years of both gender were included. Serum T3, T4 and TSH were assayed at diagnosis and repeated at 12 ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 11, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Advances in the role and mechanism of zonulin pathway in kidney diseases
AbstractThe intestinal barrier is the first line of defense against foreign antigens. Tight junctions play an important role in maintaining the function of the intestinal wall. Zonulin is the only physiological protein discovered in recent years that can reversibly regulate tight junctions in human body. It changes the permeability of intestinal epithelial cells by regulating the state of tight junctions. Increased intestinal permeability can lead to abnormal activation of intestinal mucosal immune and bacterial translocation, then inducing systemic inflammation. It has already been reported that zonulin plays an important...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 11, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Systemic inflammation response index predicts all-cause mortality in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis
In this study, we investigated whether SIRI at diagnosis could estimate the cross-sectional disease activity and predict poor prognosis during follow-up in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV).MethodsWe reviewed the medical records of 224 immunosuppressive drug-na ïve AAV patients and obtained clinical and laboratory data both at diagnosis and during follow-up. SIRI was calculated using the following equation: SIRI = peripheral blood neutrophil count × monocyte count/lymphocyte count.ResultsThe median age of AAV patients at diagnosis was...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 11, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone status in community-dwelling elderly patients with mild-to-moderate kidney impairment
AbstractIntroductionEvidence on vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) status in patients with early kidney impairment is limited. We aimed to determine the associations among kidney function, vitamin D, and PTH status in community-dwelling elderly patients with mild-to-moderate kidney impairment.MethodsCommunity-dwelling elderly patients were enrolled in this Institutional Review Board approved cross-sectional study. The eligibility criteria were as follows: age  >  60 years, no recent hospitalization within the past 12 months, no conditions that affect vitamin D status including vitamin D supp...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 9, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular safety of mirabegron in individuals treated for spinal cord injury- or multiple sclerosis-induced neurogenic detrusor overactivity
ConclusionsOur results suggest that mirabegron can be safely used in the treatment of patients with SCI- and MS-induced NDO. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 8, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Lingual versus buccal mucosal graft for augmentation urethroplasty: a meta-analysis of surgical outcomes and patient-reported donor site morbidity
ConclusionThe evidence suggests no overall significant difference between LMG and BMG with regard to urethroplasty outcomes at 1-year follow-up. While patients undergoing LMG urethroplasty have a higher chance of experiencing difficulty with speech and difficulty with tongue protrusion within 1  month of surgery, the BMG group is more likely to experience early donor site swelling and mouth opening difficulty within 30 days post-op, as well as oral numbness for up to 6 months. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 7, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The retrospective study of perioperative application of dexamethasone and furosemide for postoperative anti-inflammation in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy
ConclusionThe perioperatively combined application of dexamethasone and furosemide was beneficial for alleviating postoperative inflammatory reaction and caused a better clinical outcome of a shorter postoperative hospital stay. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 7, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urology and nephrology: etymology of the terms
AbstractEarlier than has been thought, multiple seventeenth- and eighteenth-century authors used the termurologia, perhaps independently, to cover the established science of “the urines”. Two early eighteenth-century authors, Schurig and Fezer, seemingly prepared manuscripts, both most probably lost, with the term in the very title. Mid-nineteenth-century uses reflected growing, especially Anglophone, interest in microscopic urinalysis. Only toward the end of the ni neteenth century didurology take on the sense ofgenito-urinary medicine and surgery. This expanded sense ofurology may be dated back to 1896, speci...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 6, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Coexistent light chain deposition disease, light chain cast nephropathy, and vascular light chain amyloidosis in a patient with IgD lambda multiple myeloma
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 6, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease predicts poor outcomes of COVID-19 patients
AbstractPurposeThe recent outbreak of COVID-19 rapidly spread worldwide. Comorbid diseases are determinants of the severity of COVID-19 infection and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore the potential association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the severity of COVID-19 infection.MethodsThe study included 609 consecutive adult patients (male: 54.52%, mean age: 59.23  ± 15.55 years) hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 in a tertiary level hospital. Data were collected from the electronic health records of the hospital. The patients were separated into two groups: Group I i...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 4, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Risk factors for delayed graft function and their impact on graft outcomes in live donor kidney transplantation
ConclusionDGF is a major determinant of poor graft functional outcomes, independent of rejection. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 4, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of nutritional and hydration status in patients undergoing twice and thrice-weekly hemodialysis: a silent drama in developing countries
AbstractPurposeIn low and middle- income countries, due to lack of financial resources, the number of patients receiving one or two hemodialysis (HD) sessions a week has increased, leading to a large number of complications. Protein-energy wasting (PEW) and overhydration (OH) are common complications; nevertheless, the evidence regarding the nutritional status of patients receiving 2 and 3 weekly dialysis sessions is scarce. Thus, our objective was to compare the nutritional and hydration status of patients with two and three HD sessions. Secondarily, we aimed to compare hospitalizations, infectious complications and morta...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 4, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Impact of low serum hemoglobin on development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE)
ConclusionsLow Hb is an independent risk factor for post-TACE CIN. Therefore, HCC patients with low Hb levels should be closely monitored before and during TACE. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 4, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The correlation of anti- β2-glycoprotein I antibody with complement activation in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy
ConclusionAnti- β2-GPI antibody was associated with alternative complement activation in patients with IMN. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pharmacologic and interventional paradigms of diuretic resistance in congestive heart failure: a narrative review
AbstractDiuretic volume reduction continues to be the mainstay of congestive heart failure (CHF) management globally. However, diuretic resistance is a critical topic that lacks standardized evidence-based management guidelines accounting for mechanisms of diuretic resistance, renal function, and co-morbidities. Major healthcare utilization consequences result from this. The authors herein reconcile the definition of renal functional decline with emphasis on biomarker-driven assessment. Novel goal-directed treatment approaches are reviewed including hypertonic saline, acetazolamide, sodium-glucose transporter inhibition, s...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Physical performance and health-related quality of life among older adults on peritoneal dialysis: a cross-sectional study
AbstractPurposeIdentifying performance-based tests that meaningful for patients may facilitate the implementation of rehabilitation programs. The primary aim of this study was to determine the independent associations between different performance-based tests and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among elderly peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted in China. Patients on PD who were 60  years of age or above were included. HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36. Physical function was determined by handgrip strength, timed up and go (TUG) test, 5...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Use of treatment pathway improves neoadjuvant chemotherapy use in muscle-invasive bladder cancer
ConclusionsIn this review of 20  years of experience, we report a dramatic rise in the use of NAC after adoption of a multidisciplinary pathway that is associated with expected survival benefits. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Relationship between early serum sodium and potassium levels and AKI severity and prognosis in oliguric AKI patients
This study included data of all patients from the MIMIC-III. We used the urine output criteria in the KDIGO as diagnostic criteria for oliguric AKI. Patients admitted to the ICU several times only included their initial ICU admission results. Patients younger than 18  years old, diagnosed with AKI stage 3, ICU stays less than 24 h or without corresponding laboratory results or data were excluded. The included patients were divided into four groups based on the interquartile range of serum sodium and potassium. We evaluated the serum sodium and potassium levels before AKI diagnosis and AKI severity and prognosis t...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Mortality in chronic kidney disease patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractAt the beginning of 2020, the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) led to a worldwide pandemic and mass panic. The number of infected people has been increasing exponentially since, and the mortality rate has also been concomitantly increasing. At present, no study has summarized the mortality risk of COVID-19 in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to conduct a literature review and meta-analysis to understand the frequency of mortality among CKD patients infected with COVID-19. A comprehensive systematic search was conducted on the PubMed, Embase, and ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adaptation, validity and reliability of geriatric self-efficacy index for urinary incontinence (GSE-UI) in geriatric incontinents
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the GSE-UI for use with a Turkish population and to determine its validity and reliability.Methods120 elderly with UI aged 60 and over years (mean 72.89  ± 9.59 years) participated in this study. An interview was held to determine the type, severity and frequency if any, incontinence. Then, the Mini-Mental State Examination, IIQ-7, UDI-6 and I-QOL questionnaires were administered to the participants. After translating the tool to Turkish, test and retest was performed with an interval of 7–14 days.ResultsThe ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Enhanced Bruton ’s tyrosine kinase activity in the kidney of patients with IgA nephropathy
AbstractPurposeBruton ’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a vital biological molecule that contributes to immune regulation. Previous studies have showed that BTK can be detected in patients with lupus nephritis and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the role of BTK in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) has not yet been elucidated. The purpos e of this research was to investigate the role of BTK activation in macrophages in IgAN.MethodsPeripheral blood and renal tissue samples were collected from 63 patients with IgAN, and peritumoral normal tissues were collected from 20 patients after surgical resection of renal tumor for use as control. ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Analysis of the influencing factors on the quality of life of the elderly hemodialysis patients
AbstractObjectiveThe present study aims to identify factors affecting quality of life in elderly patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).MethodsA total of 656 patients undergoing MHD in 10 hospitals in Beijing were enrolled. Patients aged  ≥ 65 years were allocated to the elderly group; patients aged 
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The potential effect of cardiac function on pulmonary hypertension, other risk factors, and its impact on survival in dialysis patients
ConclusionOur study shows that PH is frequent in dialysis patients. It is influenced by inflammation, CKD-MBD biomarkers associated with diastolic and also systolic left and right ventricle dysfunction. Pulmonary hypertension, inflammation, vascular stiffness, and left ventricular hypertrophy are interrelated and all contribute to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among dialysis patients. Easy to implement, cardiac imaging at the bedside and in outpatient clinics offers a positive perspective in early diagnosis of cardiac abnormalities and immediate approach to this condition, so is highly recommended in the dialysis ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Serum uromodulin levels, MR imaging findings, and their relationship with eGFR-based CKD staging in ADPKD patients
ConclusionThese findings are consistent with previous studies that reported that serum uromodulin may be a good biomarker for demonstrating renal function in the early stages of CKD, before eGFR levels deteriorate. Serum uromodulin level may be useful in demonstrating renal functions in the follow-up of individuals with ADPKD. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Endogenous testosterone as a predictor of prostate growing disorders in the aging male
AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the associations of endogenous testosterone with prostate growing disorders (PGD) including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCA).MethodsThe study population was composed by 1176 cases including 371 BPH subjects (31.5%) without cancer who underwent prostate transurethral resection from January 2017 to November 2019 and 805 patients (68.5%) with PCA who underwent surgery from November 2014 to December 2019. The association of endogenous testosterone, which was measured before surgery, with the risk of PGD was evaluated by statistical methods.ResultsIn the study populati...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Does the use of video improve patient satisfaction in the consent process for local-anaesthetic urological procedures?
ConclusionPortable video media proved superior to SVC in improving satisfaction in the consent process for common outpatient urological procedures performed under local anaesthesia. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Gender difference in the association of chronic kidney disease with visceral adiposity index and lipid accumulation product index in Korean adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
This study was conducted to assess gender difference in the association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with visceral adiposity index (VAI) and lipid accumulation product index (LAP) in Korean adults.Materials and methodsThe study was performed using data from the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and included 4947 adults aged 20  years or older.ResultsThere were several key findings in the present study. First, overall, after adjusting for related variables (including age), CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors in older patients with biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy
ConclusionLower eGFR, heavier proteinuria, and more severe RPS glomerular lesions were associated with ESRD in older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and DN. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The efficacy of rehabilitation for elderly hemodialysis patients: a retrospective, single center study
ConclusionHemodialysis patients may benefit from inpatient rehabilitation. Although mortality was higher, efficacy of rehabilitation for hemodialysis patients is comparable to non-dialysis patients and is no less effective. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Interference of S100A16 suppresses lipid accumulation and inflammation in high glucose-induced HK-2 cells
ConclusionThese results suggested that S100A16 knockdown might protect against HG-induced lipid accumulation and inflammation in HK-2 cells through regulating SCAP/SREBP1 signaling. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

C3 glomerulopathy and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: an updated review of the literature on alternative complement pathway disorders
AbstractThe complement system plays a significant role within the pathological process of C3 glomerulopathy (C3GP) and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). In daily practice, clinicians should differentiate the subgroups of C3GP because of they should apply different treatment modalities. In the past, C3GP was considered as a part of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). MPGN is defined as glomerular capillary thickening secondary to the synthesis of the new glomerular basement membrane and mesangial cellular hyperplasia with mesangial matrix expansion. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is an ultra-rare d...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A rare case report of reversible acute kidney injury due to hyperuricemia alone
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Extra-intestinal sodium polystyrene sulfonate crystal-induced inflammatory pseudotumour in an asymptomatic haemodialysis patient
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Does immunoscore have a significant effect on survival for non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma as well as clear cell renal cell carcinoma?
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Plasma bicarbonate and total carbon dioxide: terms to be employed with precision
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - January 3, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research