Neuroprotective effects of melatonin on erectile dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats
ConclusionsMelatonin treatment helps improve erectile function and ameliorate neuropathy and fibrosis in diabetic rats. These may be associated with reductions in oxidative stress, p38MAPK signaling pathway, and neuropathy. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial to the paper entitled “pharmacotherapy of premature ejaculation: a systematic review and network meta-analysis”
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Is there a relationship between phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsOur meta-analysis indicated that PDE5I treatment in men following RP did not increase the risk of BCR. The results preliminarily suggested that the use of PDE5I for erectile dysfunction after RP was oncologically safe. Nevertheless, more large sample cohort studies are needed to validate this conclusion. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of low-intensity shock wave therapy in penile rehabilitation post nerve-sparing radical cystoprostatectomy: a randomized controlled trial
This study included 152 sexually active men with muscle invasive bladder cancer. After bilateral NS-RCP with orthotopic diversion by a single expert surgeon between June 2014 and July 2016, 128 patients were available categorized into three groups: LI-ESWT group (42 patients), phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) group (43 patients), and control group (43 patients).ResultsMean age was 53.2  ± 6.5 years. Mean ± SD follow-up period was 21 ± 8 months. During first follow-up FU1, all patients of the three groups had insufficient erection for vagina...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy followed by robot-assisted and minimum incision endoscopic radical prostatectomy in patients with high-risk prostate cancer: comparison of perioperative and oncological outcomes at single institution
This study aimed to estimate the impact of surgical procedures on perioperative and oncological outcomes in patients with high-risk PCa who received neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy (CHT) prior to radical prostatectomy (RP).MethodsIn this retrospective study, we focused on patients with high-risk PCa who received neoadjuvant CHT followed by RP. The enrolled patients were divided into the following two groups according to surgical procedure: the robot-assisted RP (RARP) group and minimum incision endoscopic RP (MIE-RP) group. The primary endpoint was biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS).ResultsA total of 522 high-ri...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A negative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging finding does not guarantee the absence of significant cancer among biopsy-proven prostate cancer patients: a real-life clinical experience
ConclusionsIn the real-life clinical setting, mpMRI demonstrated limited performance in the prediction of favorable and insignificant prostate cancer as a negative mpMRI could not guarantee the absence of unfavorable pathology among PCa patients. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Correction to: Comparisons of percutaneous versus retroperitoneoscopic cryoablation for renal masses
In the original publication, Prof. Lin-Nei Hsu ’s institution was incorrectly published as ‘Tainan Municipal An-Nan Hospital’ in affiliation 4. The correct affiliation should read as ‘Department of Urology, An-Nan Hospital, China Medical University, Tainan, Taiwan’. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pharmacotherapy of premature ejaculation: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
ConclusionsWe recommend the initial use of dapoxetine 30  mg OD for PE because it has been tested in largest and better designed clinical trials rather than it is more effective than the other drugs studied. TAs and tramadol 50 mg OD can be used as a viable alternative to oral treatment with SSRIs. PDE5is combined with SSRIs are more effective than SSRI s monotherapy but are also associated with more side effects. PDE5is OD can be recommended to PE patients with ED. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urinary proteomics reveals association between pediatric nephrolithiasis and cardiovascular disease
ConclusionUsing a proteomic approach, we found a significant association between hypercalciuric and hypocitraturic nephrolithiasis and CVD in children. The shared risk factors among both diseases are endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis caused by abnormal coagulation, adhesion, disturbance of lipid transport and metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation. Further understanding of the pathophysiological link between nephrolithiasis and CVD is necessary for developing new therapeutic targets. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Both insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome accelerate the progression of chronic kidney disease among Chinese adults: results from a 3-year follow-up study
AbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MetS) has been found to be associated with an increased risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between insulin resistance (IR), which is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of MetS, and CKD is still unclear in Chinese adults and needs further investigation.MethodsThis 3-year follow-up study included 3237 middle-aged and elderly Chinese without CKD at baseline. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 60 –90 mL/min/1.73 m2 was defined as the mildly reduced eGFR; CKD was defined as eGFR  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Thiamine status in end-stage chronic kidney disease patients: a single-center study
ConclusionsThe proportion of end-stage CKD patients with low blood thiamine concentration is high. Low physical function (low BI score) is an independent risk factor of thiamine deficiency. Clinicians should be aware of thiamine deficiency in end-stage CKD patients, especially those with low physical function. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Sclerostin: a biomarker for chronic kidney disease and vascular disease with added or independent value?
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - September 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Serum bilirubin level and its impact on the progression of chronic kidney disease
ConclusionsSerum bilirubin may predict the progression of CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes and preserved kidney function. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Serum vitamin D level may be a novel potential risk factor for premature ejaculation: a comparative study
AbstractPurposeTo compare serum level of vitamin D [25(OH)D] in patients with life-long premature ejaculation (LPE) versus healthy controls.MethodsHealthy married potent males were recruited from February 2017 to January 2018. Group A included 40 patients suffering from LPE who were compared versus 40 healthy controls (Group B). Participants suffering from hormonal disorders, obesity, neurological, psychological, or chronic diseases or taking medications that may affect ejaculatory function, serum level of vitamin D, or the accuracy of intra-vaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) were excluded. LPE was self-reported by th...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of guideline recommendations for antimicrobial prophylaxis in urologic procedures: variability, lack of consensus, and contradictions
ConclusionsConsensus recommendations are present for several procedures, many of which still rely on non-urologic data. Several other procedures have variability in recommendations, generally due to a lack of strong data. The use of risk factors as indication for prophylaxis in many procedures is at times ambiguous and confusing. Together, these observations indicate a need for further research to provide more robust and consistent guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis and stewardship in the field of urology. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effect of maternal folic acid supplementation on prostatitis risk in the rat offspring
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that high-dose  (2.0 mg/kg) maternal folic acid supplementation significantly increases the proportion of prostatitis and the prostatic inflammation is more obvious and severe in the rat offspring. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Perioperative major acute cardiovascular events after 180-W GreenLight laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate
ConclusionsPhysician should take in consideration the possibility of MACE or MACE-like events. The real MACE rate may be different as only half of included centers reported MACE. Since the main target of laser surgery are high-risk bleeding patients, prospective observational trials focused on detection of these possible complications are warranted. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The unexpected presence of iron in bone biopsies of hemodialysis patients
ConclusionOur study has highlighted that the presence of Fe in one-third of bone samples has unknown clinical significance. The lack of other contemporary bone biopsy study reporting Fe prevents us from comparison. The findings presented here should be specifically addressed in a future research and will require attention prior to implementation of any clinical guideline. If any proposed treatment, however, would change the bone Fe-related morbidity is undetermined. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Vitamin D and calcium kidney stones: a review and a proposal
This article attempts to review the relationship between calcium stones and vitamin D, and propose a mechanism for the association between vitamin D deficiency and calcium-based calculi according to the substantial role of inflammation and oxidative stress in calcium stone formation and also the pro-inflammatory effect of vitamin D deficiency. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Low 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level is associated with erythropoietin deficiency and endogenous erythropoietin resistance in patients with chronic kidney disease
This study included 409 patients with CKD [glomerular filtration rate (GFR)  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Cancer survivorship issues with radiation and hemorrhagic cystitis in gynecological malignancies
ConclusionsIn this review, we will present current and advanced therapeutic strategies for RC to help cancer survivors deal with long-term bladder health issues. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Androgen receptor: what we know and what we expect in castration-resistant prostate cancer
AbstractAndrogen deprivation therapy is an important therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) in aging men. Under the background of castration, it is inevitable that prostate cancer will develop into castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), which has a high mortality rate, after 2 –3 years. Androgen receptor (AR) plays a key role in PCa development and is essential to CRPC. More recent research studies have reported that the development of CRPC is largely due to altered mechanisms related to AR, so it is important for us to understand the roles of AR and detailed AR-relate d mechanisms in CRPC. The multiple AR-rela...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Can single positive core prostate cancer at biopsy be considered a low-risk disease?
ConclusionsBased on analysis of radical prostatectomy specimens, positive core PCa can lead to clinically significant disease, with considerable rates of pT3. For patients with PCa and a positive prostate biopsy core, definitive therapy such as RP should be considered. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Low serum butyrylcholinesterase is independently related to low fetuin-A in patients on hemodialysis: a cross-sectional study
AbstractPurposeFetuin-A, which plays a protective role against the atherosclerosis and progression of vascular calcification, is decreased in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Fetuin-A and serum butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) levels decrease during malnutrition. We explored whether BChE was independently related to fetuin-A in patients on HD.MethodsLaboratory data including BChE and serum fetuin-A were acquired from 230 patients on HD between August 2017 and April 2018. Nutritional status was evaluated using the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI). Abdominal aortic calcification index (ACI) was measured using computed tomog...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and nitrogen porosimetry (NP): two novel techniques for the evaluation of urinary stone hardness
ConclusionsSAXS and NP can be used to evaluate human urinary stones. They provide information on stone hardness based on their nanostructure characteristics, which may be different even among stones with similar compositions (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Experience of percutaneous nephrolithotomy with the creation of nephrostomy tract by plasma vaporization
ConclusionsBased on zero blood transfusion rate, no major complication, and shorter post-operative stay duration (2.6  days), the PV technique is safe and effective for less blood loss in comparison with other techniques for creating the nephrostomy tract for PCNL. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Management of failed hypospadias: choosing the right method and achieving optimal results
ConclusionFailed hypospadias repairs were often due to the underestimation of the penile conditions at the prior surgery. The results indicated that two-staged strategies were preferred for treating complex situations during the intermediate period of our study. Staged buccal mucosa graft Bracka urethroplasty and two-stage urethroplasty with additional buccal mucosa graft augmentation of the dorsal urethral plate severed as reliable approaches in complex hypospadias cases and could improve the overall success rate. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of two detection systems for circulating tumor cells among patients with renal cell carcinoma
ConclusionWe discovered that ISET is more suitable than the CSS for detecting CTCs in RCC patients. The presence of CTCs/CTMs in RCC patients correlated with higher TNM stages, suggesting that the presence of CTCs could be a prognostic marker in RCC patients. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Docetaxel-rechallenge in castration-resistant prostate cancer: defining clinical factors for successful treatment response and improvement in overall survival
ConclusionDespite novel hormonal drugs, docetaxel still plays an important role in the treatment of mCRPC. Patients with partial-PSA-response at rechallenge or a treatment-free interval  >  3 m benefit most from docetaxel re-exposure. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Transplant nephrectomy after graft failure: is it so risky? Impact on morbidity, mortality and alloimmunization
ConclusionThe risk of bleeding, and therefore of transfusion, constitutes the major challenge of this surgery in patients eligible for retransplantation. Even if transfusions in this context of transplant nephrectomy had no significant impact on alloimmunization, this high-risk surgery, whenever possible, must be performed electively in a well-prepared patient. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

miR-129-5p inhibits gemcitabine resistance and promotes cell apoptosis of bladder cancer cells by targeting Wnt5a
ConclusionsTaken together, our findings indicate that miR-129-5p and Wnt5a may be novel therapeutic targets for overcoming gemcitabine resistance in bladder cancer treatment. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

PAX2 may induce ADAM10 expression in renal tubular epithelial cells and contribute to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
ConclusionsPAX2 directly increased expression of ADAM10, the presence of which contributed to EMT in renal tubular epithelia and hence plays an important role in renal fibrosis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Are there any metastases to the chest in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients on follow-up computed tomography?
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to retrospectively determine whether there are metastases to the chest in patients with primary non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma in the bladder on the follow-up computed tomography (CT).MethodsWe analyzed 328 patients with follow-up chest CT for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder diagnosed between January 2004 and September 2013. We divided patients into four groups: Ta (n = 74), T1 (n = 78), carcinoma in situ (CIS,n = 25), and ≥ T2 (n = 151). We used the chest CT to determine whether there were positive f...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Predictors of bone fractures in a single-centre cohort of hemodialysis patients: a 2-year follow-up study
ConclusionsIn a group of hemodialysis patients from one centre, T-score in proximal femur, low vitamin D, low BMI, and high FRAX for major osteoporotic fracture were associated with low-trauma fractures, however, in multi-variate analysis only low BMI remained a significant predictor of fracture risk. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Association between MCP-1 2518 A & gt;G gene polymorphism and chronic kidney disease
In conclusion, AA genotype may be a protective factor against CKD susceptibility in Caucasians. AG genotype may be a risk factor for CKD risk in Cauca sians. However, more studies are needed in the future. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 14, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The association between autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and cancer
AbstractAutosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is considered as a tumor-like disease because there are many biological similarities between ADPKD and cancer. However, the commonalities between them are provocative, particularly under the conditions of recent clinical studies. In this paper, we review clinical studies about the association between cancer and ADPKD, and compare the biological characteristics between them, with focusing on cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, apoptosis, and polarity. With detailed literature reviewing, we believe that ADPKD patients have a higher risk of tumorigenesis...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 14, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prophylactic selective arterial embolization for renal angiomyolipomas: efficacy and evaluation of predictive factors of significant shrinkage
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic selective arterial embolization (SAE) of angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and to find out predictive factors of significant shrinkage of AMLs after SAE.MethodsPatients receiving prophylactic SAE for renal AMLs with complete medical records were included. The changes of the size, urine erythrocyte counts, and serum creatinine of all patients pre- and post-embolization were assessed. Demographic data, symptoms, the background of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), aneurysms, enhancement features, initial tumor sizes, and serum creatinine pre-embolization were estimated as predictiv...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Elevated hydrostatic pressure stimulates ATP release which mediates activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome via P2X 4 in rat urothelial cells
AbstractPartial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) is a prevalent urological condition commonly accompanied by increased intravesical pressure, inflammation, and fibrosis. Studies have demonstrated that pBOO results in increased NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1 activation and that ATP is released from urothelial cells in response to elevated pressure. In the present study, we investigated the role of elevated pressure in triggering caspase-1 activation via purinergic receptors activation in urothelial cells. Rat urothelial cell line, MYP3 cells, was subjected to hydrostatic pressures of 15  cmH2O for 60  min, or 4...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Erectile and ejaculatory functions changes following bipolar versus monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate: a prospective randomized study
AbstractObjectivesTo compare monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (M-TURP and B-TURP, respectively) focusing on erectile and ejaculatory functions in a randomized trial.MethodsBetween January 2013 and December 2014, all consecutive TURP candidates with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were prospectively randomized 1:1 into M-TURP/B-TURP arms and followed up at 2, and 4 weeks, 6 and 12 months after surgery. All patients were assessed using IIEF-15 (International index of erectile function-15) and Ej-MSHQ (ejaculatory domain-male sexual-health inventory). Changes in IIEF-15, its subdomains and Ej-M...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Left ventricular hypertrophy predicts the decline of glomerular filtration rate in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
AbstractPurposeThe heart and kidney are of utmost importance for the maintenance of cardiovascular (CV) homeostasis. The relationship between cardiac remodeling, especially the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and renal damage reflected by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), decline in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients is unclear. And it is also unknown whether cardiac remodeling can be used to assess the eGFR decline in T2DM patients.MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed the relationship between cardiac remodeling especially the LVH and the eGFR decline for 265 patients with T2DM, who were diagnosed bet...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effect of daprodustat on anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease: a meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundThe efficacy of daprodustat for the treatment of anemic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains controversial. The aim of the study is to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of daprodustat for anemic patients with chronic kidney disease.MethodsWe searched Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Clinical Trial Registries for randomized controlled trials comparing daprodustat with placebo for anemic patients with CKD.ResultsFour studies were included. Compared with placebo groups, daprodus...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Discontinuation of renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients with severe acute kidney injury: predictive factors of renal function recovery
ConclusionThe decision regarding the appropriate time to wean acute RRT is complex, integrating numerous clinical variables and renal functional parameters. Cessation of RRT should largely be individualized in critically ill patients. Large randomized multicentre trials are needed to definitively answer the vitally important question of whether inappropriate discontinuation of RRT in ICU patients with AKI-D impacts patient outcomes. Future work should integrate novel kidney damage and repair biomarkers and techniques to measure real-time glomerular filtration rates. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Response to the Letter to the editor
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Case report of an ewing ’s sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the kidney
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effect of frequency of intravenous iron administration on hemoglobin variability in maintenance hemodialysis patients
AbstractTargetTo observe the effect on hemoglobin (Hb) variability with different treatment frequencies of intravenous iron in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.MethodsThere were 41 MHD patients enrolled in the cohort. The patients were separated into two groups randomly. The baseline data were collected after oral iron agents for 1  month (wash out). There were two methods of intravenous iron administration, either continuous or intermittent. For continuous administration (CA), 100 mg sucrose iron agents were given during every HD session with total dose of 1000 mg. For intermittent administration (IA...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Serum Arginase II level can be a novel indicator for erectile dysfunction in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction: a comparative study
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to compare serum level of Arginase II in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) versus healthy controls and to assess if its level is affected by severity of ED.MethodsThis is a prospective study that compared Arginase II in 40 patients with ED versus 40 healthy controls. Patients were excluded if they had any pelvic trauma or pelvic surgery, hormonal disorders, Peyronie ’s disease, smoking, drug addiction or systemic illnesses. ED was evaluated by the validated Arabic version of the abbreviated five-item form of the international index of erectile function (I...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Reply to the letter: Evaluation of hyoscine N -butyl bromide efficacy on the prevention of catheter-related bladder discomfort after transurethral resection of prostate: a prospective randomized, double-blind control trial
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A novel use of attenuation value (Hounsfield unit) in non-contrast CT: diagnosis of urinary tract infection
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the utility of attenuation value (Hounsfield unit) of the filled bladder on computed tomography (CT) images and the association of these values with simultaneously obtained urine culture results.MethodsBetween January 2016 and December 2017, retrospective data of 58 patients who were admitted to the emergency department for various symptoms were examined. All patients were evaluated with urine dipstick microscopy, urine culture, and abdominal CT simultaneously. Group 1 consisted of patients with positive urine culture (n = 28) and Group 2 consisted of patients with negative urine...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Is the plasma endocan level a reliable predictor for the severity of erectile dysfunction?
AbstractPurposeThe aim of our study was to assess the correlation between serum endocan level and erectile dysfunction (ED).MethodsA total of 92 patients were reviewed in this study after institutional review board approval. The patients ’ characteristics were recorded, including age, body mass index, blood pressure, smoking history, serum creatinine, glucose, lipid profile, total testosterone, and Beck Depression Inventory scores. ED was evaluated with the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) questionnaire and classified as sev ere, moderate, or mild. Scores of>  18 indicate normal erectile function and ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Letter to the editor
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research