Is serum sclerostin a marker of atherosclerosis in patients with chronic kidney disease –mineral and bone disorder?
AbstractPurposeThe complexity of chronic kidney disease –mineral and bone disorder (CKD–MBD) led to many preclinical and clinical trials. The role of sclerostin in renal pathophysiology remained unresolved, and question whether sclerostin is related to cardiovascular (CV) outcome in patients with CKD is still open. Our aim was to evaluate the possibl e association between serum sclerostin levels and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in CV pathophysiology through various CKD stages.MethodsEighty-eight patients in various CKD stages were involved in this analysis. CKD-EPI (Chronic kidney disease Epidemiology ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Correction to: Prevalence of hypertension and diabetes after exposure to extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy in patients with renal calculi: a retrospective non-randomized data analysis
The ninth author name was incorrectly published in the original publication. The correct name should read as ‘Cédric Poyet’. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparisons of percutaneous versus retroperitoneoscopic cryoablation for renal masses
ConclusionsOur results confirm that both cryoablation methods (PCA and RCA) are safe and effective for renal cell carcinoma. Favourable oncological control was achieved in both groups if the renal tumour size was ≤ 4 cm. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Topical rectal antiseptic at time of prostate biopsy: how a resident patient safety project has evolved into institutional practice
ConclusionsWhat started as a resident quality safety project 5  years ago has demonstrated a reduction in infections and hospital admissions following TRUS PNB. Our institutional practice now routinely uses povidone-iodine or chlorhexidine as an adjunct to oral quinolones for TRUS PNB perioperative prophylaxis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Combination of three miRNA (miR-141, miR-21, and miR-375) as potential diagnostic tool for prostate cancer recognition
ConclusionsOur results support previous findings on the possibility of discriminating prostate cancer patients from healthy controls by detecting miRNA (miR-141-3p, miR-21, and miR-375). Further insights into miRNA abundance and characteristics are necessary to validate the panel of miRNA as surrogate markers in diagnosis of prostate cancer. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The impact of overweight in the efficiency and complications of midurethral sling in patients with stress urinary incontinence: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractAimsTo compare the efficiency and complications of normal weight and overweight women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after surgery.MethodsWe searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library Databases to identify all compared results, including those involving the terms normal weight, overweight, body mass index (BMI), and SUI. After treatment with surgery, the efficiency (subjective cure rate, objective cure rate, UDI-6, and IIQ-7) and complications were compared between the normal weight and overweight groups.ResultsThe study inclusion criteria were met by 20 studies involving 3829 patients. The data synt...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 14, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ghrelin and acyl ghrelin levels are associated with inflammatory and nutritional markers and with cardiac and vascular dysfunction parameters in hemodialysis patients
This study aims to elucidate the metabolic factors influencing endogenous ghrelin/acyl ghrelin levels and to analyze the relation between endogenous ghrelin/acyl ghrelin levels and cardiac and vascular function markers in hemodialysis patients.MethodsThe cross-sectional study was conducted in hemodialysis patients (n = 88); 50 of them were men, mean age 61.1 ± 13.5 years, 17% had diabetes. We assessed nutritional and inflammatory status and analyzed the determinants of ghrelin/acyl ghrelin and their relation with cardiac and vascular function.ResultsGhrelin is correlated with IL-1 &b...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The diagnostic value of human epididymis protein 4 as a novel biomarker in patients with renal dysfunction
In this study, we investigated the diagnostic value of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in acute and chronic renal dysfunction and analyzed the correlation between HE4 levels and the results of routine renal function tests. We aimed to provide evidence to establish HE4 as a novel biomarker of renal injury and its appropriate application as a marker of ovarian cancer.MethodsWe collected 259 serum samples from hospitalized patients with different causes of renal damage. HE4 serum levels were detected by chemiluminescence and the levels of serum creatinine, urea, and cystatin C were tested by conventional clinical chemical me...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Survival outcomes of locally advanced prostate cancer in patients aged & lt;  50 years after local therapy in the contemporary US population
AbstractPurposeTo assess survival outcomes of locally advanced prostate cancer (LAPC) in patients aged
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A novel method for prediction of stone composition: the average and difference of Hounsfield units and their cut-off values
ConclusionsHUdiff and HUave were significant predictors of mineral complexity. HUdiff of
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Impact of hemoglobin variability on cardiovascular mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients
AbstractPurposeAlthough the association between anemia and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients is well established, whether hemoglobin variability (Hgb-Var) affects the prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the association between Hgb-Var and cardiovascular mortality in Chinese hemodialysis patients.MethodsThis retrospective study included 252 patients starting hemodialysis in Xin Hua Hospital between January 2009 and December 2015. Patients were divided into three tertiles based on Hgb-Var, as reflected by SD Hgbmean, SD Hgbrange, and Hgbdeflection during a 12-month evaluation period after hemodial...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Initiation of the inflammatory response after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury during renal transplantation
AbstractIschemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) occurs commonly during renal transplantation. It has been well demonstrated that the inflammatory response has an important role in the pathogenesis and pathological processes of IRI. However, the signaling events that trigger the activation of the inflammatory response are less clear. Accumulated evidence has identified the role of various injury factors released from or exposed in ischemic, damaged, or dying cells, which serve as initiators of the inflammatory response and exacerbate kidney injury after renal IRI. Signaling pathways triggered by these endogenous molecules that ac...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Variations of the renal function parameters in rectal cancer patients with a defunctioning loop ileostomy
ConclusionRenal function impairment is an important event that the surgeon has to take into consideration when deciding upon opting for a loop ileostomy to temporarily defunction a colorectal anastomosis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Non-invasive evaluation of botulinum-A toxin treatment efficacy in children with refractory overactive bladder
AbstractObjectiveWe aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravesical onabotulinum toxin A (onaBoNTA) injections for the treatment of children diagnosed with refractory overactive bladder (OAB) by using non-invasive methods.MethodsA total of 31 pediatric patients with a mean age of 10.2  years received intravesical onaBoNTA injection at the dose of 10 U/kg (max: 200 U). Twenty-one patients who failed to respond to the first injection, received second injection 6 months after the first one. The patients were retrospectively evaluated after the 1st and the 2nd injections by means o f standardized questionna...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - July 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Histopathologic and molecular comparative analyses of intravesical Aurora kinase-A inhibitor Alisertib with bacillus Calmette –Guérin on precancerous lesions of bladder in a rat model
ConclusionsAlthough intravesical ALS treatment has similar antiproliferative effects like BCG, ALS  + BCG combined treatment led to a best histopathologic and apoptotic response. Consequently, BCG combined with Aurora-A inhibition may provide a new intravesical treatment modality in the prevention of bladder carcinogenesis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The effect of periodontal disease treatment in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
ConclusionPeriodontal disease is an important source of inflammation in diabetic CAPD patients and treatment of periodontal disease can be monitored by inflammatory markers including TNF-alpha, PTX-3, IL-6, and Hs-CRP. TNF-alpha may be useful and more sensitive monitoring inflammation in healthy patients and diabetic patients after periodontal treatment. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dynamic assessment of human sperm DNA damage I: the effect of seminal plasma-sperm co-incubation after ejaculation
ConclusionsCo-incubation of semen samples in seminal plasma after ejaculation increases iatrogenic sperm damage. This effect is statistically significant after 2  h of co-incubation. Subsequently, for ART purposes seminal plasma must be quickly removed after ejaculation–liquefaction, to avoid a higher susceptibility of sperm DNA towards fragmentation. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The value of the Brazilian a çai fruit as a therapeutic nutritional strategy for chronic kidney disease patients
AbstractA çai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) fruit from the Amazon region in Brazil contains bioactive compounds such as α-tocopherol, anthocyanins (cyanidin 3-glycoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside), and other flavonoids with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, the prebiotic activity of anthocyanins in modulating the composition of gut microbiota has emerged as an additional mechanism by which antho cyanins exert health-promoting effects. Açai consumption may be a nutritional therapeutic strategy for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients since these patients present with oxidative stress, in...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Down-regulation of GRP78 alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute kidney injury
ConclusionsDown-regulation of GRP78 attenuated LPS-induced AKI through inhibiting immune response/oxidative stress-associated apoptosis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Long term outcomes in the use of ileal ureter for radiation-induced ureteral strictures
ConclusionUreteral substitution with ileum is an effective reconstructive option for radiation-induced ureteral strictures in carefully selected patients. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Sentinel lymph node dissection in prostate cancer using superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide: early clinical experience
AbstractPurposeSuperparamagnetic nanoparticles of iron oxide (SPION) were shown to be non-inferior to standard radioisotope tracer in breast cancer and may be used as an alternative to identify sentinel lymph nodes (SLN). The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) using SPION in prostate cancer and to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy.MethodsTwenty patients with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled in 2016. After intraprostatic injection of SPION, SLND using magnetometer was performed the following day. Extended pelvic lymph node dissection...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Assessment of creatinine and cystatin C-based eGFR equations in Chinese older adults with chronic kidney disease
AbstractIntroductionGlomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation equations using creatinine and Cystatin-C appear to be superior to those based on creatinine or Cystatin-C in older adults. We sought to compare the performances of those based on creatinine and Cystatin-C in Chinese older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).MethodsA total of 368 Chinese elderly with CKD underwent the dynamic imaging with technetium-99m diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid (99mTc-DTPA), and serum creatinine and Cystatin-C were measured on the same day. The comparison of GFR equations which were creatinine and Cystatin-C-based including ch...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nephrotoxicity of iodixanol versus iopamidol in patients undergoing peripheral angiography with or without endovascular therapy
ConclusionsOur data showed that the nephrotoxicity of iodixanol was comparable with that of iopamidol in patients undergoing peripheral angiography. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The use of anti-ulcer agents and the risk of chronic kidney disease: a meta-analysis
AbstractPurposeWe conducted a meta-analysis to explore the association between the use of different anti-ulcer agents and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in various study populations.MethodsPubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant entries up to July 1, 2017. The primary outcomes of the meta-analysis were risk ratios (RRs) of CKD, ESRD, and decline in GFR. We also investigated the heterogeneity of the meta-analysis by subgroup analysis and meta-regression analysis.ResultsA total of 662,624 individuals were en...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Is sodium thiosulfate an effective treatment for recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis? Pro and con arguments
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dorsal versus ventral strip augmented anastomotic bulbar urethroplasty: retrospective study
AbstractPurposeThe published literature shows controversies with regard to the treatment of choice for longer stricture. Augmented anastomotic urethroplasty (AAU) was described for long bulbar urethral strictures with an extended area of narrowing and fibrosis, the technique combines the advantages of both anastomosis and graft substitution. We aimed to compare the dorsal and ventral strip anastomosis in the AAU.MethodsA retrospective Review was conducted at the Department of Urology, Sohag University Hospital; we included adult patients with long bulbar urethral strictures (>  2 cm) who underwent dorsal or ...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for hypercalcemia among non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder
ConclusionHypercalcemia affects a significant proportion of pre-dialysis patients with MBD. More studies should be undertaken to evaluate other risk factors associated with hypercalcemia. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Efficacy and persistence of low-dose mirabegron (25  mg) in patients with overactive bladder: analysis in a real-world urological practice
ConclusionsLow-dose mirabegron (25  mg) improves clinical outcomes in two-thirds of OAB patients with good safety profile and high persistence in daily urological practice. The therapeutic effect is similar between the genders. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comment on the original article entitled “Ethanol lock is effective on reducing the incidence of tunneled catheter-related bloodstream infections in hemodialysis patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis”
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

24-h urine metabolic profile: is it necessary in all kidney stone formers?
ConclusionsFirst-time stone formers, either with or without AC are likely to demonstrate LUV as their primary metabolic abnormality in 24-UMP. Therefore, 24-UMP may be postponed until recurrent stone event. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Association between preoperative hydration status and acute kidney injury in patients managed surgically for kidney tumours
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative dehydration and intraoperative hypotension were associated with postoperative acute kidney injury in patients managed surgically for kidney tumours.MethodsA retrospective analysis of 184 patients who underwent nephrectomy at a single centre was performed, investigating associations between acute kidney injury after nephrectomy, and both intraoperative hypotension and preoperative hydration/volume status. Intraoperative hypotension was defined as mean arterial pressure  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 5, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The prevalence of hepatitis C and B among patients on hemodialysis and on renal transplantation waiting list in Poland has significantly decreased during the last 10  years
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Kidney function and cognitive decline in frail elderly: two faces of the same coin?
AbstractBackground and aimsCognitive and renal impairment are pervasive among elderly frails, a high-risk, geriatric sub-population with peculiar clinical characteristics. In a series of frail individuals with non-advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), we aimed at assessing the entity of functional, general health and cognitive impairment and the possible relationship between these types of dysfunction and the severity of renal impairment.Methods2229 geriatric subjects were screened for frailty and CKD. Severity of CKD was assessed by eGFR (CKD-EPI formula). Frailty was established by the Fried Index. Functional, general h...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Predicted versus observed 30-day perioperative outcomes using the ACS NSQIP surgical risk calculator in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of the American College of Surgeons NSQIP Surgical Risk Calculator for predicting risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes for patients undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).MethodsA single institution, multi-surgeon, prospectively maintained database was queried for patients undergoing PN for RCC from 1998 to 2015. 21 preoperative factors were analyzed for each patient with predicted risk for 30-day complications, mortality, and length of stay (LOS) calculated. Differences between the mean predicted risk and observed rate of surgical ou...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - June 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diagnosis and management of non-calcium-containing stones in the pediatric population
We present a review of diagnosis and management of non-calcium-containing stones in the pedia tric population, in hopes of providing more clarity to providers and promoting a consideration of non-calcium stone composition with all children presenting with urolithiasis. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 30, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Core needle biopsy clarify the histology of the small renal masses and may prevent overtreatment
ConclusionCore needle biopsies of solid renal masses  ≤ 4 cm have excellent accuracy and may be used to select the correct treatment. Importantly, they may serve to prevent overtreatment of benign tumors. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 30, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Transcriptome analysis supports viral infection and fluoride toxicity as contributors to chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka
ConclusionsBased on the molecular pathway analysis in CKDu patients and review of literature, viral infections and fluoride toxicity appear to be contributing to the molecular mechanisms underlying CKDu. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Which should be the correct treatment for monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance with complement alternative pathway dysregulation (C3 glomerulopathy and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome): clone-directed or anticomplement therapy?
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adiponectin is related to markers of endothelial dysfunction and neoangiogenesis in diabetic patients
AbstractPurposeAdiponectin an adipokine, produced by mature adipocyte, has an important effect on several aspects of endothelial function, including leukocyte adhesion (mediated by adhesion molecules like intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) endothelial cell selective adhesion molecule ESAM). Recently, it has been linked to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-modulated angiogenesis. ESAM might also be involved in modulating VEGF-dependent actions. We studied relationship of adiponectin to ESAM, ICAM1, and VEGF in type 2 diabetic patients (T2DP) with or without microvascular complications.MethodsIncident T2DP ref...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diuretic renography in hydronephrosis: a retrospective single-center study
ConclusionsThe combination of ultrasound and MAG3 provides the necessary anatomical and functional information to follow the degree of obstruction and to decide between surgical intervention and conservative follow-up. Our study supports a threshold of 20  mm rather than 15 mm for severe obstruction and a low DRF. An APD threshold greater than 15 mm did not have a predictive value in DRF estimation. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The application of a single-use fiberoptic flexible ureteroscope for the management of upper urinary calculi
AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical outcomes with a Chinese single-use fiberoptic flexible ureteroscope (YouCare Tech) from a prospective database.Materials and methodsA prospective study was conducted in a single center in China between January 2016 and October 2017. All consecutive patients who underwent flexible ureteroscopy performed by YouCare flexible ureteroscope were analyzed. Patients ’ demographics, clinical characteristics, intraoperative parameters, postoperative complications, and stone-free rate were evaluated and recorded. Stone-free status was defined as no visible stones or clinically insignifi...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Exploring sex-specific differences in the presentation and outcomes of ANCA-associated vasculitis: a nationwide registry-based cohort study
AbstractPurposeSex-specific differences in the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) stratified by histological classification have not been previously investigated.MethodsPatients with biopsy-verified pauci-immune necrotizing GN and positive ANCA serology in the Norwegian Kidney Biopsy Registry between 1991 and 2012 were included. Patients with ESRD during follow-up were identified from the Norwegian Renal Registry. ESRD-free survival stratified by histological classifications was investigated.ResultsWe analyzed 358 patients, of...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation in dialysis patients: is there a place for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants?
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) occurs approximately in 3% of general population, with greater prevalence in elderly. Non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant agents (NOACs) according to the current European guidelines are recommended for patients with AF at high risk for stroke as a first-choice treatment. NOACs are not inferior to warfarin or some of them are better than warfarin in reducing the rate of ischemic stroke. Moreover, they significantly reduce the rate of intracranial hemorrhages, major bleedings, and mortality compared with warfarin. Nevertheless according to ESC guidelines, NOACs are not recommended in p...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors for positive urine culture at the time of pediatric urologic surgery
AbstractPurposeUrinary tract infections are relatively common in pediatric patients. Unrecognized bacteriuria at the time of urologic surgery puts patients at increased risk for perioperative complications. Many pediatric urologists obtain preoperative or intraoperative urine cultures prior to surgery, but data are lacking regarding rates and risk factors for positive intraoperative urine cultures. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pediatric urologic surgery to examine factors associated with positive intraoperative urine cultures.Materials and methodsCharts of patients of age 0 –18&nbs...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pyeloduodenal fistula complicating xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypertension and diabetes after exposure to extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy in patients with renal calculi: a retrospective non-randomized data analysis
ConclusionCompared to the SHS data set SWL was in general associated with hypertension and diabetes. However, no clear difference between patients after SWL to the kidney compared to SWL to the distal ureter was seen and thus the data do not support a causal relationship. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A holistic approach to factors affecting depression in haemodialysis patients
AbstractDepression in dialysis populations is affected by co-morbid diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immune dysfunction, and it also includes high suicide risk and frequent hospitalizations. Depressive disorders have a close association with malnutrition and chronic inflammation, as well as with cognitive impairment. Impaired cognitive function may be manifested as low adherence to dialysis treatment, leading to malnutrition. Additionally, chronic pain and low quality of sleep lead to high rates of depressive symptoms in haemodialysis patients, while an untreated depression can cause sleep disturbanc...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

How common is Balkan endemic nephropathy among immigrants in endemic regions?
ConclusionWhile 30  years ago, BEN was reported equally among immigrants and natives, currently it is diagnosed in some BEN family members in the eighth decade of life, but extremely rarely in immigrants also in old age. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Change in kidney function after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with primary aldosteronism: identification of risk factors for decreased kidney function
ConclusionsRenal function deteriorated significantly after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with PA. Clinicians must pay attention to postoperative renal function in PA patients at elevated risk of developing decreased kidney function. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

RE: Evaluation of hyoscine N -butyl bromide efficacy on the prevention of catheter-related bladder discomfort after transurethral resection of prostate: a randomized, double-blind control trial
(Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research