MYH11 mutation carriers manifest not only with an aortic dissection, but also with cerebrovascular, urological, and gastrointestinal disease
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Commentary on De-Giorgio F, Bergamin E, Baldi A, Gatta R, Pascali VL. Immunohistochemical expression of HMGB1 and related proteins in the skin as a possible tool for determining post-mortem interval: a preclinical study
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Fluctuating asymmetry in third molar agenesis as an aid to estimate socioeconomic status
AbstractTraditionally, dental identification techniques are used to establish identity or assist in reconstructing an individual's biological profile. However, other aspects of identity, namely socioeconomic status (SES), can be estimated through teeth. This work aims to evaluate the influence of SES on third molar agenesis in a Portuguese population. X-rays from 448 subjects (223 belonging to a high and 225 to a low socioeconomic status) were assessed and demographic data (age, sex) and dental history were registered. Frequencies and associations between the variables were analyzed using the chi-square test. For each grou...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 6, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Shaken adult syndrome due to ocean wave: an autopsy case
We report an autopsy case of shaken adult syndrome caused by ocean wave forces. A man in his 40s without any medical history was washed away by a wave during recreational fishing. He was found approximately 500  m away from the fishing point drifting on the ocean in a state of cardiopulmonary arrest and was confirmed dead, with no response to cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 3 h after the accident. The autopsy revealed no mechanical trauma to the entire body surface, including the head. Both lungs were inf lated, and pleural effusion was observed. The brain was swollen and congested, and subarachnoid hemorrhage was observe...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 2, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

e-Thrombosis: occupation-specific hazard in electronic information and technology professionals
AbstractThere are many known risk factors for the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). However, a recently observed risk factor is prolonged sitting (or immobility) for occupational dispensation. Some occupations, especially electronic information technology (IT) professionals, computer gamers, programmers, etc., are amenable to prolonged sitting periods for their work. Such a trend significantly increased in the corporate world during the covid pandemic restrictions and work-from-home policy of the IT companies. We have reported a case of the sudden death of an IT professional due...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 2, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Shaken adult syndrome due to ocean wave: an autopsy case
We report an autopsy case of shaken adult syndrome caused by ocean wave forces. A man in his 40s without any medical history was washed away by a wave during recreational fishing. He was found approximately 500  m away from the fishing point drifting on the ocean in a state of cardiopulmonary arrest and was confirmed dead, with no response to cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 3 h after the accident. The autopsy revealed no mechanical trauma to the entire body surface, including the head. Both lungs were inf lated, and pleural effusion was observed. The brain was swollen and congested, and subarachnoid hemorrhage was observe...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 2, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

e-Thrombosis: occupation-specific hazard in electronic information and technology professionals
AbstractThere are many known risk factors for the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). However, a recently observed risk factor is prolonged sitting (or immobility) for occupational dispensation. Some occupations, especially electronic information technology (IT) professionals, computer gamers, programmers, etc., are amenable to prolonged sitting periods for their work. Such a trend significantly increased in the corporate world during the covid pandemic restrictions and work-from-home policy of the IT companies. We have reported a case of the sudden death of an IT professional due...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 2, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The use of dive computers in forensic investigations of fatal breath-hold diving accidents: a case study
This study discusses the deficiency in presenting a reasonable idea to the grieving family and friends of how their beloved relative could have drowned even though he was known to be a fit and skilled diver and avid swimmer. (Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - August 30, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Placenta percreta in primigravida with unscarred uterus complicated by uterine rupture and sudden maternal and fetal death: an autopsy case report
AbstractPlacenta percreta is a rare, aggressive, and severe form of the placenta accreta spectrum. One of its most devastating effects is the sudden rupture of uterus. Uterine scarring is the leading risk factor for uterine rupture, although it can also happen, but rarely, in an unscarred uterus showing more severe repercussions. The present study reported a case of an Egyptian primigravida female, aged 29 years old, at 32 weeks of gestation who died suddenly due to uterine rupture complicating placenta percreta, the diagnosis of which was first settled during autopsy. There was no history of abdominal trauma. No medical h...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - August 26, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Postoperative rhabdomyolysis following otoplasty: an autopsy case report
In this report, we present a case study of a male patient in his forties who underwent otoplasty for ear reconstruction after the amputation of his right ear due to a physical assault. The surgery lasted for 8 h under general anesthesia, and unfortunately, the patient developed postoperative rhabdomyolysis, which resulted in severe renal failure and ultimately an unrecoverable cardiac arrest, leading to his death. The autopsy findings indicated no identifiable lesions except for organ congestion, while histopathology revealed acute tubular necrosis of the kidney and muscle rhabdomyolysis. Previous literature has explored t...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - August 25, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Lateralized hypostasis of the head on post mortem CT (PMCT) scanning of decomposed bodies —a marker for terminal position
AbstractPost-mortem CT (PMCT) scanning was performed on the bodies of two decomposed adult males who had died of natural causes. The bodies both showed changes of marked decomposition with a prominent swelling of tissues on one side of the head compared to the other. A review of police statements confirmed that this matched the positions of the bodies when they were found. Thus, post-mortem hypostasis of putrefactive fluids correlated in both cases with the positions that the bodies had been in when first located. This may be a simple way of identifying or confirming the positions of decomposed bodies after death. It may a...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - August 25, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Postoperative rhabdomyolysis following otoplasty: an autopsy case report
In this report, we present a case study of a male patient in his forties who underwent otoplasty for ear reconstruction after the amputation of his right ear due to a physical assault. The surgery lasted for 8 h under general anesthesia, and unfortunately, the patient developed postoperative rhabdomyolysis, which resulted in severe renal failure and ultimately an unrecoverable cardiac arrest, leading to his death. The autopsy findings indicated no identifiable lesions except for organ congestion, while histopathology revealed acute tubular necrosis of the kidney and muscle rhabdomyolysis. Previous literature has explored t...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - August 25, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research