Incidental observation of bone modification by Crematogaster cf. liengmei (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cape Town, South Africa
AbstractDifferent taxa of insects have been reported to modify the skeletal remains of vertebrates during feeding or the creation of their larval and pupal chambers. Anecdotal reports on the modification of skeletal remains by ants exist but are rare. In this paper, a case of modification of bone due to the feeding activity of the ant,Crematogaster cf.liengmei (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), is reported. In November 2022, a bone was encountered incidentally in the vicinity of the Table Mountain National Park. The bone had been colonized by several individuals ofCrematogaster cf.liengmei. Several ants were observed feeding on an...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 13, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A death due to faulty airbag system —case report
AbstractInjuries due to automobile safety devices have been reported and we report a rare fatality due to a defective airbag system. A compact hybrid car driven by a 37-year-old male at moderate speed had crashed through an unprotected manhole. The car had moved around 200  m before it came to a halt. The passers-by had noticed that the driver was unconscious, partly leaning forward with an inflated airbag. He was pronounced dead on admission. The car had sustained minor indentation on front bumper. Autopsy revealed a circular perforated laceration on the neck associ ated with completely transected right carotid artery an...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 12, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Value of stomach content in a case of fatal child homicide
AbstractIn death investigations, the volume of gastric contents may be useful concerning the time of death estimation, or to clarify the circumstances of death. Here, the case of a 4-month-old male infant who was found dead in his mother ’s bed is presented. SIDS was assumed as the cause of death after initial police investigations. Later, autopsy results revealed that this case was a homicide due to extensive abusive head trauma. The infant had three skull fractures on the back of his head with subdural hemorrhage and cerebral oe dema. The survival time after feeding him formula and corresponding the time of death was d...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 12, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A death due to faulty airbag system —case report
AbstractInjuries due to automobile safety devices have been reported and we report a rare fatality due to a defective airbag system. A compact hybrid car driven by a 37-year-old male at moderate speed had crashed through an unprotected manhole. The car had moved around 200  m before it came to a halt. The passers-by had noticed that the driver was unconscious, partly leaning forward with an inflated airbag. He was pronounced dead on admission. The car had sustained minor indentation on front bumper. Autopsy revealed a circular perforated laceration on the neck associ ated with completely transected right carotid artery an...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 12, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Value of stomach content in a case of fatal child homicide
AbstractIn death investigations, the volume of gastric contents may be useful concerning the time of death estimation, or to clarify the circumstances of death. Here, the case of a 4-month-old male infant who was found dead in his mother ’s bed is presented. SIDS was assumed as the cause of death after initial police investigations. Later, autopsy results revealed that this case was a homicide due to extensive abusive head trauma. The infant had three skull fractures on the back of his head with subdural hemorrhage and cerebral oe dema. The survival time after feeding him formula and corresponding the time of death was d...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 12, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual dimorphism and determination using foot outlines, foot print angles, and foot indices
AbstractSex determination is one of the fundamental procedures in the forensic investigation during personal identification. Foot dimensions, prints, indices, and angles are assessment tools used by podiatrists and forensic anthropologists. The arch index remains a tool for clinical evaluation of the incidence of pes planus by clinicians. This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate sexual dimorphism and discriminate sex using foot and footprint dimensions, foot angles, and foot indices among the Ebira ethnic group of Nigeria. Bilateral foot outlines and prints were obtained from 317 females and 283 males using ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 9, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

ChatGPT ’s thoughts: comment
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 9, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual dimorphism and determination using foot outlines, foot print angles, and foot indices
AbstractSex determination is one of the fundamental procedures in the forensic investigation during personal identification. Foot dimensions, prints, indices, and angles are assessment tools used by podiatrists and forensic anthropologists. The arch index remains a tool for clinical evaluation of the incidence of pes planus by clinicians. This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate sexual dimorphism and discriminate sex using foot and footprint dimensions, foot angles, and foot indices among the Ebira ethnic group of Nigeria. Bilateral foot outlines and prints were obtained from 317 females and 283 males using ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 9, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

ChatGPT ’s thoughts: comment
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 9, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Socioeconomic and psychosocial determinants of substance misuse – a national perspective
AbstractAccurate estimates of population drug use and an understanding of the factors that influence substance choice are essential for the development of appropriate and targeted prevention strategies and campaigns. This review aims to provide an overview of the socioeconomic and psychosocial factors that influence substance use patterns within the Australian population through exploration of current and historical examples of substance misuse. Australia ’s comparatively large online drug market is reflective of the country’s relative geographic isolation and high local drug prices. Legislation, particularly relating ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Bursting of the upper jaw prosthesis and fractures of the lower jaw as indirect injury pattern caused by a headshot: a case report
AbstractGunshots to the human body can cause direct and indirect injuries. Direct injuries are a consequence of the projectile guiding its way through the body, creating a permanent wound channel and thereby damaging the penetrated as well as the adjacent tissue. In addition, the temporary wound cavity is responsible for indirect injuries occurring distant to the actual wound tract. This can potentially affect different types of tissue, like blood vessels, organs, or bones, that are not directly passed through by the projectile. For this case report, we describe a suicidal headshot to the temporal area where the extension ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

MYH11 mutation carriers manifest not only with an aortic dissection, but also with cerebrovascular, urological, and gastrointestinal disease
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Commentary on De-Giorgio F, Bergamin E, Baldi A, Gatta R, Pascali VL. Immunohistochemical expression of HMGB1 and related proteins in the skin as a possible tool for determining post-mortem interval: a preclinical study
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Socioeconomic and psychosocial determinants of substance misuse – a national perspective
AbstractAccurate estimates of population drug use and an understanding of the factors that influence substance choice are essential for the development of appropriate and targeted prevention strategies and campaigns. This review aims to provide an overview of the socioeconomic and psychosocial factors that influence substance use patterns within the Australian population through exploration of current and historical examples of substance misuse. Australia ’s comparatively large online drug market is reflective of the country’s relative geographic isolation and high local drug prices. Legislation, particularly relating ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - September 8, 2023 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research