Commentary on: Management of unidentified and unclaimed bodies: a comparison of model from four countries in the Asia Pacific Region
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 26, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of pheniramine in alternative biological matrices by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
In this study, pheniramine was quantified in both conventional and alternative specimens of twenty chronic drug abusers, aged 16 –50 years, who were positive for pheniramine in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs by gas chromatography with mass spectral detection in positive electron impact mode. Pheniramine was extracted from biological specimens using solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography tandem ma ss spectrometry was employed for quantification. Chromatographic separation was carried out on a Poroshell120EC-18 (2.1 mm × 50 mm × 2.7 µm) column using water-acetonitrile in formic acid (0...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 26, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of antibiotics ceftriaxone and levofloxacin on the growth of Protophormia terraenovae (Diptera: Calliphoridae)
In this study the effects of different concentrations of antibiotics levofloxacin and ceftriaxone on maggot development, weight, length, and mortality were examined. The maggot length and weight were significantly increased by therapeutical doses of levofloxacin and ceftriaxone. The maggot development time was significantly decreased in every levofloxacin treatment compared to the control. The time to start pupation was significantly increased in the control compared to the antibiotic treatments. Levofloxacin significantly increased the survivability of the maggots. Every levofloxacin treatment significantly improved the r...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 26, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Commentary on: Management of unidentified and unclaimed bodies: a comparison of model from four countries in the Asia Pacific Region
(Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology)
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 26, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The micro CT evaluation of crown and root pulp volume versus dentin thickness in teeth in postmortem interval (PMI)
AbstractDetermining the postmortem interval (PMI) is one of the main study subjects of forensic sciences. The main purpose of this prospective in vitro study that was the Micro-CT evaluation of teeth crown and root pulp volume versus dentin thickness in terms of PMI determination. The study involved 60 female Wistar rats, with weights ranging from 270 to 320  g. These rats were grouped into six different post-mortem period categories. Following the animals’ sacrifice, they were subjected to a natural putrefaction period, with a control group, in the grounds of a sheltered garden. Hemi-mandible samples were then extracte...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 21, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Corpse or not? Two peculiar cases of misidentification
SummaryIrrespective of whether they are intended for collectors or for the fetish market, dolls are being produced to look more and more realistic with such a degree of life-like detail that they can be mistaken for a real person. This paper reports two cases of misidentification due to this increasing similarity: In the first case, a sex doll was mistaken for a corpse; in the second case, a corpse was mistaken for a doll. While in the latter case, only medical laypersons were at the discovery site, in the first case, an emergency doctor had issued a medical certificate of death for the purported corpse. The medicolegal ex...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 15, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sustainable and economical alternatives to fragment capture materials in explosive and ballistic trials
AbstractStrawboard has been utilised as a fragmentation capture material since the 1960s, mainly employed to capture fragments from explosives and explosive devices from arena trials of munitions. As this material has historically been calibrated to a known standard, it has a proven record of allowing research establishments to ascertain the velocity of a fragment based on the depth of penetration of the strawboard. During the time of calibration, strawboard was used as a common building material which was both widely available and relatively affordable; however, due to the recent economic crisis and geopolitical supply is...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 12, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of post-mortem drug concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid and blood
This study aimed to compare the concentration of various xenobiotics in both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood. We examined 175 autopsy cases covering a wide range of ages, causes of death, and drug ingestion histories, with cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples available for toxicological testing. Analytes studied included opioids, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and illicit substances such as cannabinoids, stimulants and new psychoactive substances, including synthetic cathinones and synthetic cannabinoids. We found that concentrations in CSF were generally lower than in blood. A significant correlati...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 12, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Sustainable and economical alternatives to fragment capture materials in explosive and ballistic trials
AbstractStrawboard has been utilised as a fragmentation capture material since the 1960s, mainly employed to capture fragments from explosives and explosive devices from arena trials of munitions. As this material has historically been calibrated to a known standard, it has a proven record of allowing research establishments to ascertain the velocity of a fragment based on the depth of penetration of the strawboard. During the time of calibration, strawboard was used as a common building material which was both widely available and relatively affordable; however, due to the recent economic crisis and geopolitical supply is...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 12, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of post-mortem drug concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid and blood
This study aimed to compare the concentration of various xenobiotics in both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood. We examined 175 autopsy cases covering a wide range of ages, causes of death, and drug ingestion histories, with cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples available for toxicological testing. Analytes studied included opioids, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and illicit substances such as cannabinoids, stimulants and new psychoactive substances, including synthetic cathinones and synthetic cannabinoids. We found that concentrations in CSF were generally lower than in blood. A significant correlati...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 12, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Dental color measurement to estimate age in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractAge estimation is a major challenge in anthropology and forensic odontology laboratories, as well as in judicial settings, as one of the tools used in human identification. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of age estimation methods based on the accurate measurement of tooth color changes. A systematic review was carried out following the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and in compliance with Cochrane criteria recommendations (PROSPERO registration number CRD 42022343371). An electronic search was performed in the following databases: Pubm...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 8, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Acute necrotizing duodenitis in diabetic ketoacidosis
We report a case of isolated AND with an unusual morphology not previously reported. A man in his 60s was found dead at home who died from pneumonia complicated by DKA. The gastroin testinal tract showed isolated patchy and discrete AND in which macroscopically resembled WLs, but microscopy resembled ANE with florid necrosis and acute inflammation. This case, together with the literature, documented AND can be macroscopically diffuse or discrete resembling ANE or WLs respective ly but microscopically resemble ANE. Furthermore, the potential of these lesions being found in isolation in DKA raises the possibility of both gen...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - March 6, 2024 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research