Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in a Boy from Belize
A 9-year-old boy from Belize presented with a 3-month history of enlarging plaques on his arm. Originating as papules, the lesions had progressed despite treatment with topical mupirocin, oral amoxicillin, and cephalexin. At presentation, physical examination revealed 2 well-circumscribed, round plaques with rolled borders and central erosion on the right forearm (Figure 1). A previous biopsy demonstrated amastigotes within histiocytes, consistent with a diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Repeat biopsy sent for polymerase chain reaction, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), confirmed inf...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karlyn Pollack, Richard Flowers, Barrett Zlotoff Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research
No detection of Zika virus infection in asymptomatic Dutch military personnel after deployment in high endemic areas (Belize, Curacao, Saint Martin) from December 2016 to December 2017
Dear Editor, at the start of the Zika outbreak we reported on imported infections in Dutch travellers . Since late 2015, a large outbreak of Zika virus disease has spread across South and Central America. Concurrently, strong evidence has emerged that the virus, which usually only causes mild disease in adults, is the cause of various degrees of fetal developmental disorders, which was dramatically illustrated by an unusual number of microcephaly cases among newborns in Brazil. An important and unanswered question to date is the actual risk of sexual transmission from (symptomatic or asymptomatic) males returning from Z...
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - September 20, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cornelis A. De Pijper, Martin P. Grobusch, Abraham Goorhuis, Cornelis Stijnis, Gerrit Koen, Janke Schinkel Source Type: research
Osteophageous insect damage on human bone from Je'reftheel, a Maya mortuary cave site in west ‐central Belize
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, EarlyView. (Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology)
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - September 14, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Gabriel D.Wrobel , JackBiggs Source Type: research
Hispidorhynchus styracurae n. sp. (trypanorhyncha: eutetrarhynchidae) from the chupare stingray, styracura schmardae (werner), from the caribbean sea, including new records of oncomegas wageneri (linton, 1890).
HISPIDORHYNCHUS STYRACURAE N. SP. (TRYPANORHYNCHA: EUTETRARHYNCHIDAE) FROM THE CHUPARE STINGRAY, STYRACURA SCHMARDAE (WERNER), FROM THE CARIBBEAN SEA, INCLUDING NEW RECORDS OF ONCOMEGAS WAGENERI (LINTON, 1890). J Parasitol. 2018 Sep 12;: Authors: Schaeffner BC Abstract Species of the eutetrarhynchid genus Hispidorhynchus Schaeffner and Beveridge, 2012 possess an uncinate macrohook on the bothrial surface of the basal swelling of each tentacle. This unique feature of the oncotaxy is only shared with the closely-related genus Oncomegas Dollfus, 1929. A new species of Hispidorhynchus...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - September 12, 2018 Category: Parasitology Authors: Schaeffner BC Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
Adipose tissue polyunsaturated fatty acids and metabolic syndrome among adult parents and their children
ConclusionsAmong Mesoamerican adults, MetS prevalence is inversely associated with adipose tissue ALA and GLA, and positively associated with EPA, DGLA, and the D6D index. Among children, metabolic risk score is positively associated with DPA, DGLA, and the D6D index. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Food Insecurity and Delinquency Among Adults in Belize City, Belize
After the presentation, the participant will be able to discuss the relationship of food security to delinquent behaviors of adults participating in the Conscious Youth Development Program in Belize. (Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association)
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Holben, M. Dees, L. Keena, M. Bass Tags: Tuesday, October 23 Source Type: research
Osteophageous Insect Damage on Human Bone from Je ’reftheel, a Maya Mortuary Cave Site in West‐Central Belize
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology)
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - August 17, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Gabriel D.Wrobel , JackBiggs Source Type: research
Identifying Areas at Greatest Risk for Recent Zika Virus Importation — New York City, 2016
In this study, we used logistic regression15 to predict weekly nowcasts16 throughout the summer of 2016 of census tracts at greatest risk of recent ZIKV importation. Nowcast results were used to inform geographically targeted activities, including performing public education, enrolling additional healthcare facilities in a sentinel surveillance system for detecting local ZIKV transmission, interpreting syndromic surveillance signals suggesting possible ZIKV-like illness, and, when reviewed in conjunction with mosquito surveillance data, informing control of Aedes spp. mosquitoes and placement of traps for continued surveil...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - July 25, 2018 Category: Epidemiology Authors: skgreene Source Type: research
Traditional medicines used by Q’eqchi’ Maya to treat diabetic symptoms and their antiglycation potential
ConclusionThe results reveal a rich botanical tradition of antidiabetic symptom treatments among the Q’eqchi’. Study of highly ranked plants revealed their activity in AGE inhibition correlated with SIV. T. guatemalensis was identified as a promising species for further evaluation and local use.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - July 10, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Traditional medicines used by Q ’eqchi’ Maya to treat diabetic symptoms and their antiglycation potential
Conclusion The results reveal a rich botanical tradition of antidiabetic symptom treatments among the Q’eqchi’. Study of highly ranked plants revealed their activity in AGE inhibition correlated with SIV. T. guatemalensis was identified as a promising species for further evaluation and local use. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - June 28, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Managing an epidemic: Zika interventions and community responses in Belize
. (Source: Global Public Health)
Source: Global Public Health - May 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deven Gray Joanna Mishtal Source Type: research
Global burden of hypoglycaemia-related mortality in 109 countries, from 2000 to 2014: an analysis of death certificates
Conclusions/interpretationMost countries in South America, Central America and the Caribbean showed the highest proportions of diabetes-related deaths attributable to hypoglycaemia and the highest rates of hypoglycaemia-related deaths. Between 2000 and 2014, rising trends were observed in Brazil, Chile and the USA for both rates and proportions of hypoglycaemia-related death, and in Argentina and Japan for proportions only. Further studies are required to unravel the contribution of clinical and socioeconomic factors, difference in diabetes prevalence and heterogeneity of death certification in determining lower rates and ...
Source: Diabetologia - May 1, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Starmerella camargoi f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella ilheusensis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella litoralis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella opuntiae f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella roubikii f.a., sp. nov. and Starmerella vitae f.a., sp. nov., isolated from flowers and bees, and transfer of related Candida species to the genus Starmerella as new combinations.
Abstract Six novel yeast species, Starmerella camargoi f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella ilheusensis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella litoralis f.a., Starmerella opuntiae f.a., sp. nov., sp. nov., Starmerella roubikii f.a., sp. nov. and Starmerella vitae f.a, sp. nov. are proposed to accommodate 19 isolates recovered from ephemeral flowers or bees in Brazil, Costa Rica and Belize. Sequence analysis of the ITS-5.8S region (when available) and the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of the rRNA gene showed that the six novel yeasts are phylogenetically related to several species of the Starmerella clade. The type strain...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - March 2, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Santos ARO, Leon MP, Barros KO, Freitas LFD, Hughes AFS, Morais PB, Lachance MA, Rosa CA Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research