Diagnosis of Acute Chagas Disease in a Belizean Child with Evidence of a Multiclonal Trypanosoma cruzi Infection
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2022 Nov 14;107(5):992-995. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.22-0338. Print 2022 Nov 14.ABSTRACTIn January 2020, we instituted acute febrile illness surveillance in 11 hospitals and clinics across Belize. Within 3 months, we diagnosed an acute case of Chagas disease by polymerase chain reaction in a 7-year-old child in the northern part of the country. Phylogenetic analyses of the parasite from the acute blood specimen revealed a multiclonal Trypanosoma cruzi infection, including parasites from the TcII (25.0% of haplotypes), TcIV (2.5% of haplotypes), and TcV (72.5% of haplotypes) discrete typing units. The family re...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - November 17, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kristy O Murray Miguel A Salda ña Sarah M Gunter Russell Manzanero Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez Claudia Herrera Julie M Thompson Adrianna Maliga Kim Bautista Allison Lino Ella Hawes Shannon E Ronca Francis Morey Rafael Chacon Fuentes Beatriz Lopez Eric Dumo Source Type: research

Validation of the Kriol and Belizean English Adaptation of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale for Use With Adolescents in Belize
To validate a culturally-adapted Kriol and Belizean English version of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) through comparison with clinical diagnoses made using the Kiddie Schedule of Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - November 15, 2022 Category: Child Development Authors: Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Jill W. Ahs, Andreas Lundin, Myrthe van den Broek, Juliet Simmons, Paulette Wade, Bruce Chorpita, Jennifer Harris Requejo, Brandon A. Kohrt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Evaluating the Clinical Impact of a Novel Pediatric Emergency Medicine Curriculum on Asthma Outcomes in Belize
This study assesses the clinical impact of a pediatric emergency medicine curriculum on management of pediatric asthma emergencies at KHMHA in Belize City, Belize. Methods We conducted a randomized chart review of pediatric (aged 2–16 y) visits for asthma-related diagnosis at the KHMHA ED between 2015 and 2018 to assess the training module's clinical impact. Primary outcomes included time to albuterol and steroids. Secondary outcomes included clinical scoring tool (Pediatric Respiratory Assessment Measure [PRAM]) usage, ED length of stay, usage of chest radiography, return visit within 7 days, and hospital admissi...
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - November 1, 2022 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Global burden and temporal trends in incidence and mortality of oesophageal cancer
CONCLUSIONS: We have identified trends in mortality and incidence differed among European countries, whereas declining trends were identified in most non-European countries. However, increasing trends were identified in specific subgroups of some countries, such as men in Thailand. For populations with rising mortality and incidence trends, more preventative efforts are required.PMID:36272715 | DOI:10.1016/j.jare.2022.10.007 (Source: Adv Data)
Source: Adv Data - October 22, 2022 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bolun Zhou Fenglong Bie Ruochuan Zang Moyan Zhang Peng Song Lei Liu Yue Peng Guangyu Bai Qilin Huai Yuan Li Liang Zhao Shugeng Gao Source Type: research

Incorporating COVID-19 into Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance Systems, Belize, Kenya, Ethiopia, Peru, and Liberia, 2020 –2021
D. C. Shih et al. (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - October 17, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

How the sea fireflies of the Caribbean are shining new light on evolution
In the 18th century, the French naturalist Godeheu de Riville was sailing across the Indian Ocean when he came upon a remarkable sight. The sea “was covered over with small stars; every wave which broke about us dispersed a most vivid light, in complexion like that of a silver tissue electrified in the dark,” he recounted in his journal. When de Riville examined the sparkling water with his microscope, he discovered that the “small stars” were tiny crustaceans now known as ostracods. Centuries later, in 1980, marine biologist James Morin was scuba diving just after sunset in the Virgin Islands when he noticed...
Source: Science of Aging Knowledge Environment - August 25, 2022 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Prostate cancer awareness, knowledge, and perception of screening among men aged 40 –70 in the Belize district
ConclusionEarly detection and treatment of prostate cancer is important for reducing mortalities in men. Despite showing good knowledge of prostate cancer, the majority of men surveyed were afraid of screening for prostate cancer. A campaign to sensitize men on the need for screening is important for early prostate cancer detection in Belize. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 24, 2022 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating Health Inequality in Five Caribbean Basin Countries Using EQ-5D-5L
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that the EQ-5D-5L instrument can easily be added to national surveys. Inequality measures from this study can be used as baseline values for comparisons with future similar surveys in these five countries to infer changes in health inequality as measured by EQ-5D outcomes. These can be used to track the performance of policy initiatives aimed at specific demographic groups. (Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy)
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - August 22, 2022 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mentally exhausted? Study blames buildup of key chemical in brain
You know the feeling. You’ve been cramming for a test or presentation all day, when suddenly you can’t remember simple things, like what you ate for breakfast, or where exactly Belize is. Now, a study hints at why we get so unraveled after hours of hard mental labor: a toxic buildup of glutamate, the brain’s most abundant chemical signal. The study isn’t the first to try to explain cognitive fatigue—and it is bound to stir up controversy, says Jonathan Cohen, a neuroscientist at Princeton University who wasn’t involved with the work. Many scientists once thought doing difficult mental tasks used up more e...
Source: Science of Aging Knowledge Environment - August 11, 2022 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Translation and Adaptation of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale: A Qualitative Study in Belize
Adapting data collection instruments using transcultural translation and adaptation processes is essential to ensure that respondents comprehend the items and the original meaning is retained across languages and contexts. This approach is central to UNICEF ’s efforts to expand the use of standard data collection tools across settings and close the global data gap on adolescent mental health. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - August 4, 2022 Category: Child Development Authors: Liliana Carvajal, Katherine Ottman, Jill W. Ahs, Geffrey Nan Li, Juliet Simmons, Bruce Chorpita, Jennifer Harris Requejo, Brandon A. Kohrt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

New records of < em > Triatoma huehuetenanguensis < /em > in an urban area of Southwest Mexico
J Vector Borne Dis. 2022 Jan-Mar;59(1):86-90. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.331410.ABSTRACTThe recently described Triatoma huehuetenanguensis, has been reported in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras. In Mexico, the species has been collected primarily in rural areas; it has the potential to colonize human dwellings, however, its contribution to Chagas outbreaks remains unclear. In 2021, T. huehuetenanguensis was first observed at Tuxtla Gutierrez city, Chiapas; then a collection for the species was performed. A total of 308 houses were inspected in the intra and peridomestic structures. Only 3 houses (0.97%) were infested. Tr...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - June 16, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carlos A Espinosa-Gonzalez Eduardo D ávalos-Becerril Fabi án Correa-Morales Cassandra Gonz ález-Acosta Royer L ópez-Bello J Miguel Alvarado-Estrada Luis M Esquinca-Calvo Claudia V Garc ía-Gutiérrez Cinthia A G ómez-Maldonado Eduardo Cuevas-Gonz ál Source Type: research