Want to do better science? Admit you’re not objective
Nature, Published online: 09 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00669-2When science is viewed in isolation from the past and politics, it’s easier for those with bad intentions to revive dangerous and discredited ideas. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 9, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Angela Saini Source Type: research

Scaling rocky heights to learn a plant’s survival secrets
Nature, Published online: 09 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00673-6Rose A. Marks abseils down South African cliffs to understand how the ‘resurrection’ plant stays alive for years during droughts. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 9, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Abdullahi Tsanni Source Type: research

Coronavirus latest: global infections pass 100,000
Nature, Published online: 09 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00154-wUpdates on the respiratory illness that has infected tens of thousands of people and killed several thousand. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 9, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Author Correction: SLC19A1 transports immunoreactive cyclic dinucleotides
Nature, Published online: 07 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2064-8Author Correction: SLC19A1 transports immunoreactive cyclic dinucleotides (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 7, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Rutger D. Luteijn Shivam A. Zaver Benjamin G. Gowen Stacia K. Wyman Nick E. Garelis Liberty Onia Sarah M. McWhirter George E. Katibah Jacob E. Corn Joshua J. Woodward David H. Raulet Source Type: research

A hack allows microscopes to capture the ultrafast and ultrasmall
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00644-xAgeing transmission electron microscopes get a new lease of life from an add-on. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Why does the coronavirus spread so easily between people?
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00660-xResearchers have identified microscopic features that could make the pathogen more infectious than the SARS virus — and serve as drug targets. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Smriti Mallapaty Source Type: research

‘Third-hand’ tobacco smoke fills non-smoking cinemas
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00648-7Levels of smoke-related chemicals rise sharply during age-restricted action films, but less so during a children’s flick. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Hardy microbes hint at primeval roots for a key animal protein
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00596-2Complexes that are central to nerve-cell function might predate the split between bacteria and the lineage that led to more-complex organisms. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

The race to unravel the United States’ biggest coronavirus outbreak
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00676-3As cases in Washington state soar, virologists are working around the clock to diagnose cases, reveal routes of transmission and test treatments. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Amy Maxmen Source Type: research

Daily briefing: Tropical rainforests’ ability to absorb carbon has peaked
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00678-1We are destroying tropical rainforests’ ability to uptake carbon from the atmosphere — and these ecosystems could actually become a source of emissions. Plus: the first person to have a CRISPR–Cas9 gene therapy administered directly into their body, and children are just as likely to get infected with the coronavirus as adults. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Flora Graham Source Type: research

Australian junior scientists report damaging lack of support at work
Nature, Published online: 06 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00687-0System built on short-term contracts and grants causes many to consider leaving. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 6, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Chris Woolston Source Type: research

Daily briefing: Climate change made Australian fires at least 30% more likely
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00665-6Human-induced climate change increased by at least 30% the risk of the weather conditions that drove extreme fires in Australia last year. Plus: proposed law will make the European Union carbon-neutral by 2050, and all about the new golden age of neutron-star physics. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Flora Graham Source Type: research

Coronavirus close-up, faded star and orchestral operation — February’s best science images
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00639-8The month’s sharpest science shots, selected by Nature’s photo team. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Emma Stoye Source Type: research

CRISPR treatment inserted directly into the body for first time
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00655-8Experiment tests a gene-editing therapy for a hereditary blindness disorder. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Heidi Ledford Source Type: research

Working Scientist podcast: How the academic paper is evolving in the 21st century
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00383-zAdam Levy delves into the article of the future, examining the rise of lay summaries, the pros and cons of preprint servers, and how peer review is being crowd-sourced and opened up. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

The busy lives of academics have hidden costs — and universities must take better care of their faculty members
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00661-wHilal A. Lashuel’s experiences have taught him that maintaining good mental health and balancing life and work is a struggle everywhere in academia. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Hilal A. Lashuel Source Type: research

Coronavirus latest: children are as susceptible as adults, study suggests
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00154-wUpdates on the respiratory illness that has infected tens of thousands of people and killed thousands. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Publisher Correction: Single-cell and spatial transcriptomics reveal somitogenesis in gastruloids
Nature, Published online: 05 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2113-3Publisher Correction: Single-cell and spatial transcriptomics reveal somitogenesis in gastruloids (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 5, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Susanne C. van den Brink Anna Alemany Vincent van Batenburg Naomi Moris Marloes Blotenburg Judith Vivi é Peter Baillie-Johnson Jennifer Nichols Katharina F. Sonnen Alfonso Martinez Arias Alexander van Oudenaarden Source Type: research

In-sensor computing for machine vision
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00592-6An image-sensor array has been developed that acts as its own artificial neural network to capture and identify optical images simultaneously, processing the information rapidly without needing to convert it to a digital format. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Yang Chai Source Type: research

Ultrafast machine vision with 2D material neural network image sensors
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2038-xA two-dimensional semiconductor photodiode array senses and processes optical images simultaneously without latency, and is trained to classify and encode images with high throughput, acting as an artificial neural network. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Lukas Mennel Joanna Symonowicz Stefan Wachter Dmitry K. Polyushkin Aday J. Molina-Mendoza Thomas Mueller Source Type: research

Mitochondrial distress call moves to the cytosol to trigger a response to stress
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00552-0Cellular stress can result in dysfunction and disease, and mechanisms exist to combat this. Previously unknown steps have been uncovered in a pathway that signals when mitochondrial organelles are dysfunctional. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Bradford P. Tremblay Cole M. Haynes Source Type: research

Glucagon stimulates gluconeogenesis by INSP3R1-mediated hepatic lipolysis
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2074-6A role and mechanism of action are identified for INSP3R1 in the stimulation of hepatic gluconeogenesis and mitochondrial oxidation by glucagon, suggesting that INSP3R1 may be a target for ameliorating dysregulation of hepatic glucose metabolism. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Rachel J. Perry Dongyan Zhang Mateus T. Guerra Allison L. Brill Leigh Goedeke Ali R. Nasiri Aviva Rabin-Court Yongliang Wang Liang Peng Sylvie Dufour Ye Zhang Xian-Man Zhang Gina M. Butrico Keshia Toussaint Yuichi Nozaki Gary W. Cline Kitt Falk Petersen M Source Type: research

DNA-loop extruding condensin complexes can traverse one another
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2067-5Single-molecule visualization shows that condensin—a motor protein that extrudes DNA in one direction only—can encounter and pass a second condensin molecule to form a new type of DNA loop that gathers DNA from both sides. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Eugene Kim Jacob Kerssemakers Indra A. Shaltiel Christian H. Haering Cees Dekker Source Type: research

Single-particle spectroscopy for functional nanomaterials
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2048-8Single-particle spectroscopic techniques that provide insights into the fundamental photophysical properties of functional nanomaterials are reviewed. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Jiajia Zhou Alexey I. Chizhik Steven Chu Dayong Jin Source Type: research

Enhancing crystal growth using polyelectrolyte solutions and shear flow
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2042-1A method of growing crystals that does not require undisturbed solutions involves adding polyelectrolytes to the starter solution and shearing (that is, stirring). (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Jian-Ke Sun Yaroslav I. Sobolev Weiyi Zhang Qiang Zhuang Bartosz A. Grzybowski Source Type: research

Climate change made Australia’s devastating fire season 30% more likely
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00627-yBut researchers say the result is conservative, and that weather conditions that make fires more likely will continue to worsen. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Nicky Phillips Source Type: research

A safe fix for alcohol-derived DNA damage
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00462-1A by-product of alcohol metabolism can damage the genome by crosslinking opposing DNA strands. The discovery of a safe mechanism that reverses such damage might open up avenues of research for drug discovery. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Irene Gallina Julien P. Duxin Source Type: research

Asynchronous carbon sink saturation in African and Amazonian tropical forests
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2035-0Unlike Amazonian forests, African forests have maintained their carbon sink until recently but by 2030 the African carbon sink will have shrunk by 14 per cent and the Amazonian sink will reach almost zero. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Wannes Hubau Simon L. Lewis Oliver L. Phillips Kofi Affum-Baffoe Hans Beeckman Aida Cun í-Sanchez Armandu K. Daniels Corneille E. N. Ewango Sophie Fauset Jacques M. Mukinzi Douglas Sheil Bonaventure Sonk é Martin J. P. Sullivan Terry C. H. Sunderland He Source Type: research

A pathway coordinated by DELE1 relays mitochondrial stress to the cytosol
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2076-4Haploid genetic screening of cells under different types of mitochondrial perturbation shows that a pathway involving OMA1, DELE1 and the eIF2α kinase HRI communicates mitochondrial stress to the cytosol to trigger the integrated stress response. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Evelyn Fessler Eva-Maria Eckl Sabine Schmitt Igor Alves Mancilla Matthias F. Meyer-Bender Monika Hanf Julia Philippou-Massier Stefan Krebs Hans Zischka Lucas T. Jae Source Type: research

How a fly came to love the vomit fruit
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00535-1Neurogenetic tools commonly used in model organisms have now been adapted to investigate feeding behaviour in the fly Drosophila sechellia. The experiments shed light on why this fly is such a fussy eater. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Jessica L. Zung Carolyn S. McBride Source Type: research

Podcast: Ultrafast machine vision, and quicker crystal creation
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00643-yListen to the latest from the world of science, with Benjamin Thompson and Nick Howe. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Wafer-scale single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on Cu (111)
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2009-2The epitaxial growth of single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on a copper (111) thin film across a sapphire wafer suggests a route to the broad adoption of two-dimensional layered semiconductor materials in industry. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Tse-An Chen Chih-Piao Chuu Chien-Chih Tseng Chao-Kai Wen H.-S. Philip Wong Shuangyuan Pan Rongtan Li Tzu-Ang Chao Wei-Chen Chueh Yanfeng Zhang Qiang Fu Boris I. Yakobson Wen-Hao Chang Lain-Jong Li Source Type: research

Olfactory receptor and circuit evolution promote host specialization
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2073-7A neurogenetic model, Drosophila sechellia—a relative of Drosophila melanogaster that has developed an extreme specialization for a single host plant—sheds light on the evolution of interspecific differences in behaviour. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Thomas O. Auer Mohammed A. Khallaf Ana F. Silbering Giovanna Zappia Kaitlyn Ellis Raquel Álvarez-Ocaña J. Roman Arguello Bill S. Hansson Gregory S. X. E. Jefferis Sophie J. C. Caron Markus Knaden Richard Benton Source Type: research

Reply to: Life and death decisions of autonomous vehicles
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-1988-3Reply to: Life and death decisions of autonomous vehicles (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Edmond Awad Sohan Dsouza Richard Kim Jonathan Schulz Joseph Henrich Azim Shariff Jean-Fran çois Bonnefon Iyad Rahwan Source Type: research

Daily briefing: Last Ebola patient discharged in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00652-xFor the first time since the Ebola outbreak was declared in August 2018, there are no active cases in the DRC. Plus: Honeywell is launching the world’s most powerful quantum computer and a rare planetary alignment has scientists rushing to plan a mission to Neptune and Uranus. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Flora Graham Source Type: research

Decoy exosomes provide protection against bacterial toxins
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2066-6In response to infection with Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in vivo, host cells increase their secretion of exosomes containing ADAM10—vesicular structures that can provide protection by sequestering bacterial toxins. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Matthew D. Keller Krystal L. Ching Feng-Xia Liang Avantika Dhabaria Kayan Tam Beatrix M. Ueberheide Derya Unutmaz Victor J. Torres Ken Cadwell Source Type: research

Warning from the tropics: rainforests are losing their ability to help humanity
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00624-1New analysis of carbon from tropical forests suggests the need for yet faster emissions reductions. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Mitochondrial stress is relayed to the cytosol by an OMA1–DELE1–HRI pathway
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2078-2A genome-wide CRISPR interference screen shows that a signalling pathway involving OMA1, DELE1 and the eIF2α kinase HRI relays mitochondrial stress to the cytosol to trigger the integrated stress response. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Xiaoyan Guo Giovanni Aviles Yi Liu Ruilin Tian Bret A. Unger Yu-Hsiu T. Lin Arun P. Wiita Ke Xu M. Almira Correia Martin Kampmann Source Type: research

Alcohol-derived DNA crosslinks are repaired by two distinct mechanisms
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2059-5DNA interstrand crosslinks induced by acetaldehyde are repaired by both the Fanconi anaemia pathway and by a second, excision-independent repair mechanism. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Michael R. Hodskinson Alice Bolner Koichi Sato Ashley N. Kamimae-Lanning Koos Rooijers Merlijn Witte Mohan Mahesh Jan Silhan Maya Petek David M. Williams Jop Kind Jason W. Chin Ketan J. Patel Puck Knipscheer Source Type: research

Recurrent interactions in local cortical circuits
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2062-xComputational modelling, imaging and single-cell ablation in layer 2/3 of the mouse vibrissal somatosensory cortex reveals that recurrent activity in cortical neurons can drive input-specific amplification during behaviour. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Simon Peron Ravi Pancholi Bettina Voelcker Jason D. Wittenbach H. Freyja Ólafsdóttir Jeremy Freeman Karel Svoboda Source Type: research

Tropical carbon sinks are saturating at different times on different continents
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00423-8A survey of tree establishment, growth and mortality shows that the rate at which Amazonian tropical forests take up carbon dioxide has slowed since the 1990s, whereas signs of a potential slowdown in Africa appeared only in 2010. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Anja Rammig Source Type: research

EU champions bold new climate law
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00647-8Legislation would empower the European Commission to set short-term emissions targets, but is set to be unpopular with member states. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Quirin Schiermeier Source Type: research

Tunable correlated Chern insulator and ferromagnetism in a moiré superlattice
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2049-7A topological Chern insulating state is reported to emerge from strong correlations in flat moiré bands in a graphene superlattice and by applying a vertical electric field the Chern number is switched. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Guorui Chen Aaron L. Sharpe Eli J. Fox Ya-Hui Zhang Shaoxin Wang Lili Jiang Bosai Lyu Hongyuan Li Kenji Watanabe Takashi Taniguchi Zhiwen Shi T. Senthil David Goldhaber-Gordon Yuanbo Zhang Feng Wang Source Type: research

Strange-metal behaviour in a pure ferromagnetic Kondo lattice
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2052-zThe ferromagnet CeRh6Ge4 is found to exhibit strange-metal behaviour at a quantum critical point, suggesting that changes in the pattern of quantum entanglement, not antiferromagnetism, underlie the development of strange metals. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Bin Shen Yongjun Zhang Yashar Komijani Michael Nicklas Robert Borth An Wang Ye Chen Zhiyong Nie Rui Li Xin Lu Hanoh Lee Michael Smidman Frank Steglich Piers Coleman Huiqiu Yuan Source Type: research

Life and death decisions of autonomous vehicles
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-1987-4Life and death decisions of autonomous vehicles (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Yochanan E. Bigman Kurt Gray Source Type: research

Emissions: world has four times the work or one-third of the time
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00571-xNew synthesis shows what a wasted decade means for the climate pact made in Paris. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Niklas H öhne Michel den Elzen Joeri Rogelj Bert Metz Taryn Fransen Takeshi Kuramochi Anne Olhoff Joseph Alcamo Harald Winkler Sha Fu Michiel Schaeffer Roberto Schaeffer Glen P. Peters Simon Maxwell Navroz K. Dubash Source Type: research

China’s research-evaluation revamp should not mean fewer international collaborations
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00625-0An end to narrow metrics-based evaluation is welcome — but China’s researchers must continue to publish with colleagues from around the world. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Surviving Hiroshima, humanity’s footprints, and the truth about stem cells: Books in brief
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00591-7Andrew Robinson reviews five of the week’s best science picks. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Andrew Robinson Source Type: research

China’s live-chicken trade might help to spread flu viruses
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00608-1Genomic analysis finds a match between poultry trading patterns and the spread of avian influenza. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research

Coronavirus nixes conference, twilight zone beckons and a faded star brightens
Nature, Published online: 04 March 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00589-1The latest science news, in brief. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - March 4, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: research