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Researchers have finally created a tool to spot duplicated images across thousands of papers
Researchers have finally created a tool to spot duplicated images across thousands of papers, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02421-3Publishers would need to join forces to apply image-checking software across the literature. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Declan Butler Source Type: research

Bearing witness as an atom loses its quantum ‘fuzziness’
Bearing witness as an atom loses its quantum ‘fuzziness’Bearing witness as an atom loses its quantum ‘fuzziness’, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02470-8A single electron kicks an iron atom out of multiple quantum states. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

China's lust for jaguar fangs imperils big cats
China's lust for jaguar fangs imperils big cats, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02314-5Wildlife traffickers seek body parts from protected species to satisfy consumers in China. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Barbara Fraser Source Type: research

Florida residents could soon get the power to alter science classes
Florida residents could soon get the power to alter science classes, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02434-yEducation bills would allow people who live in the state to review and recommend instructional materials to be used in schools. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Giorgia Guglielmi Source Type: research

Ursula K. Le Guin: an anthropologist of other worlds
Ursula K. Le Guin: an anthropologist of other worlds, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02439-7Marleen S. Barr remembers a titan of science fiction. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 23, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Marleen S. Barr Source Type: research

Doubts raised over Australia’s plan to release herpes to wipe out carp
Doubts raised over Australia’s plan to release herpes to wipe out carpDoubts raised over Australia’s plan to release herpes to wipe out carp, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02315-4Warm water may render the virus ineffective, say researchers. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Mark Zastrow Source Type: research

Neanderthal artists made oldest-known cave paintings
Neanderthal artists made oldest-known cave paintings, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02357-8Designs at three Spanish sites are thought to predate humans' arrival in Europe by at least 20,000 years. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Emma Marris Source Type: research

Deadly brain tumour in children spreads through surprising route
Deadly brain tumour in children spreads through surprising route, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02425-zDogma had it that cancer cells travel through the brain fluid. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

An efficient deep-learning tool for detecting eye disease
An efficient deep-learning tool for detecting eye disease, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02431-1Model scans images to detect urgent signs of conditions leading to blindness. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

The secrets of DNA loops revealed on camera
The secrets of DNA loops revealed on camera, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02433-zA protein complex swiftly reels a length of DNA into a loop. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Q&A: Blazing trails through the Wild West of research metrics
Q&A: Blazing trails through the Wild West of research metrics, Published online: 22 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02398-zCassidy Sugimoto and Vincent Larivière talk about their guidebook to measuring research. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 22, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Richard Van Noorden Source Type: research

Molecules pressured to react
Molecules pressured to react, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02047-5Crystals have been made that undergo reactions when compressed. Computational simulations of these processes provide much-needed atomic-level insight into the mechanisms of mechanically induced reactions. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Stuart L. James Source Type: research

Root systems offer insight into better soils
Root systems offer insight into better soils, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02202-yRoot systems offer insight into better soils (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Doris Vetterlein Steffen Schl üter Hans-J örg Vogel Source Type: research

Evolutionary history resolves global organization of root functional traits
Evolutionary history resolves global organization of root functional traits, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25783Analyses of a global dataset of plant root traits identify an ancestral conservative strategy based on thick roots and mycorrhizal symbiosis, and an evolutionarily more-recent opportunistic strategy of thin roots that efficiently use photosynthetic carbon for soil exploration. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Zeqing Ma Dali Guo Xingliang Xu Mingzhen Lu Richard D. Bardgett David M. Eissenstat M. Luke McCormack Lars O. Hedin Source Type: research

A thermal-invisibility cloak spun from silk and ice
A thermal-invisibility cloak spun from silk and ice, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02346-xArtificial fibre inspired by polar-bear hair confers superior insulation. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

50 & 100 years ago
50 & 100 years ago, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02162-350 & 100 years ago (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Importance of investing in adolescence from a developmental science perspective
Importance of investing in adolescence from a developmental science perspective, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25770Adolescence is a distinctive developmental period involving rapid growth, learning and neurobiological changes, with the potential for both positive and negative outcomes. This Perspective summarizes our current understanding of developmental processes that occur during adolescence, as well as the learning needed to develop the skills and self-regulatory capacity necessary for becoming independent and integrating into adult society. A more nuanced understanding of the distinctive featu...
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Ronald E. Dahl Nicholas B. Allen Linda Wilbrecht Ahna Ballonoff Suleiman Source Type: research

Science needs to redefine excellence
Science needs to redefine excellence, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02183-yThe concept of research excellence is ubiquitous, but its meaning depends on context. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Race- and gender-based bias persists in US science
Race- and gender-based bias persists in US science, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02175-yMany researchers face discrimination at work — perhaps in higher proportions than do those in other professions. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

A rossum’s best friend
A rossum’s best friendA rossum’s best friend, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02153-4Creative differences. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Alvaro Zinos-Amaro Source Type: research

How to make replication the norm
How to make replication the norm, Published online: 21 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02108-9The publishing system builds in resistance to replication. Paul Gertler, Sebastian Galiani and Mauricio Romero surveyed economics journals to find out how to fix it. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Paul Gertler Sebastian Galiani Mauricio Romero Source Type: research

Correction
Correction, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02164-1Correction (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Italian election leaves science out in the cold
Italian election leaves science out in the cold, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02223-7Researchers hold out little hope that the next government will improve their underfunded research system. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Alison Abbott Source Type: research

A new light on comets, the embodied brain and a nature cure for dislocation: Books in brief
A new light on comets, the embodied brain and a nature cure for dislocation: Books in brief, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02232-6Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week’s best science picks. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Barbara Kiser Source Type: research

As a Saudi woman scientist, I’m tired of negative stereotypes
As a Saudi woman scientist, I’m tired of negative stereotypesAs a Saudi woman scientist, I’m tired of negative stereotypes, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02163-2I’ve encountered even more prejudice as a researcher from the Middle East than as a woman working in Saudi Arabia, says Malak Abedalthagafi. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Malak Abedalthagafi Source Type: research

Physicists plan antimatter’s first outing — in a van
Physicists plan antimatter’s first outing — in a vanPhysicists plan antimatter’s first outing — in a van, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02221-9Researchers intend to transport the elusive material between labs and use it to study the strange behaviour of rare radioactive nuclei. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Elizabeth Gibney Source Type: research

Deep learning for biology
Deep learning for biology, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02174-zA popular artificial-intelligence method provides a powerful tool for surveying and classifying biological data. But for the uninitiated, the technology poses significant difficulties. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Sarah Webb Source Type: research

‘Brains in a dish’ show how wrinkles form
‘Brains in a dish’ show how wrinkles form‘Brains in a dish’ show how wrinkles form, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02259-9Uneven growth of brain layers helps to create characteristic folds. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Correction
Correction, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02167-yCorrection (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Indonesian scientists hamstrung by year-long funding delay
Indonesian scientists hamstrung by year-long funding delay, Published online: 20 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02118-7The country's dedicated science fund has failed to raise enough money to finance projects. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 20, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Dyna Rochmyaningsih Source Type: research

A vampire bat’s secrets to blood-sucking
A vampire bat’s secrets to blood-suckingA vampire bat’s secrets to blood-sucking, Published online: 19 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02228-2Gory diet might poison bats without aid from microbiome. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 19, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

How bacteria build a deadly toxin
How bacteria build a deadly toxin, Published online: 19 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02199-4Insights into an enzyme could yield new anaesthetics. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 19, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

The slippery cause of huge underwater landslides
The slippery cause of huge underwater landslides, Published online: 19 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02247-zAncient layers of buried algae may represent a weak link. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 19, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Skin electronics from scalable fabrication of an intrinsically stretchable transistor array
Skin electronics from scalable fabrication of an intrinsically stretchable transistor array, Published online: 19 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25494A scalable process is described for fabricating skin-like electronic circuitry that can be bent and stretched while retaining desirable electronic functionality. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 19, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Sihong Wang Jie Xu Weichen Wang Ging-Ji Nathan Wang Reza Rastak Francisco Molina-Lopez Jong Won Chung Simiao Niu Vivian R. Feig Jeffery Lopez Ting Lei Soon-Ki Kwon Yeongin Kim Amir M. Foudeh Anatol Ehrlich Andrea Gasperini Youngjun Yun Boris Murmann Jeffe Source Type: research

The Milky Way’s big sister gets shrunk down to size
The Milky Way’s big sister gets shrunk down to sizeThe Milky Way’s big sister gets shrunk down to size, Published online: 16 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02192-xThe Andromeda galaxy might be only half as massive as thought. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 16, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

Ocean-wide sensor array provides new look at global ocean current
Ocean-wide sensor array provides new look at global ocean current, Published online: 16 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02113-yInitial findings hint at the complexity of currents in the North Atlantic that drive the world's weather. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 16, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Jeff Tollefson Source Type: research

CRISPR’s powers unleashed for disease detection
CRISPR’s powers unleashed for disease detectionCRISPR’s powers unleashed for disease detection, Published online: 16 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02200-0Two techniques use the popular gene editor for good — and one can be used far from the laboratory. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 16, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research

The limitations of Steven Pinker’s optimism
The limitations of Steven Pinker’s optimismThe limitations of Steven Pinker’s optimism, Published online: 16 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02148-1Ian Goldin questions a simplistic model for our complex era. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 16, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Ian Goldin Source Type: research

CRISPR hack transforms cells into data recorders
CRISPR hack transforms cells into data recorders, Published online: 15 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02068-0Gene-editing tool can be harnessed to give a close-up view of life's most basic processes. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 15, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Heidi Ledford Source Type: research

Ocean tides could have driven ancient fish to walk
Ocean tides could have driven ancient fish to walk, Published online: 15 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02034-wEvolution of land-walking animals may have started with fish that were stranded in tidal pools. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 15, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Alexandra Witze Source Type: research

Household chemicals rival vehicles as smog source
Household chemicals rival vehicles as smog source, Published online: 15 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02132-9Consumer and industrial products are a significant source of urban air pollution. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 15, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Cally Carswell Source Type: research

Astroglial Kir4.1 in the lateral habenula drives neuronal bursts in depression
Astroglial Kir4.1 in the lateral habenula drives neuronal bursts in depression, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25752The lateral habenula (LHb) is a region of the brain that is associated with aversion and other negative emotions. Hailan Hu and colleagues present a pair of papers in this week's issue on the role of burst firing in LHb neurons in depression in rats. First, they show that ketamine, a drug that can be used as an antidepressant, blocks LHb neuron bursting activity, and that both NMDAR and low-voltage-sensitive T-type calcium channels (T-VSCCs) are required for the drug to be effective. In...
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Yihui Cui Yan Yang Zheyi Ni Yiyan Dong Guohong Cai Alexandre Foncelle Shuangshuang Ma Kangning Sang Siyang Tang Yuezhou Li Ying Shen Hugues Berry Shengxi Wu Hailan Hu Source Type: research

TGFβ attenuates tumour response to PD-L1 blockade by contributing to exclusion of T cells
TGFβ attenuates tumour response to PD-L1 blockade by contributing to exclusion of T cellsTGFβ attenuates tumour response to PD-L1 blockade by contributing to exclusion of T cells, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25501In humans, TGFβ signalling is associated with lack of response to immunotherapy in immune-excluded tumours; in mouse models of this immune phenotype, robust tumour infiltration by T cells and tumour regression are observed only when checkpoint inhibition is combined with inhibition of TGFβ signalling. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Sanjeev Mariathasan Shannon J. Turley Dorothee Nickles Alessandra Castiglioni Kobe Yuen Yulei Wang Edward E. Kadel III Hartmut Koeppen Jillian L. Astarita Rafael Cubas Suchit Jhunjhunwala Romain Banchereau Yagai Yang Yinghui Guan Cecile Chalouni James Zia Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors
Corrigendum: Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25498Corrigendum: Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Fumiji Saito Kouyuki Hirayasu Takeshi Satoh Christian W. Wang John Lusingu Takao Arimori Kyoko Shida Nirianne Marie Q. Palacpac Sawako Itagaki Shiroh Iwanaga Eizo Takashima Takafumi Tsuboi Masako Kohyama Tadahiro Suenaga Marco Colonna Junichi Takagi Thoma Source Type: research

Retraction: Asia’s glaciers are a regionally important buffer against drought
Retraction: Asia’s glaciers are a regionally important buffer against droughtRetraction: Asia’s glaciers are a regionally important buffer against drought, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/nature25779Retraction: Asia’s glaciers are a regionally important buffer against drought (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Hamish D. Pritchard Source Type: research

The two faces of a magnetic honeycomb
The two faces of a magnetic honeycomb, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-01747-2Quantum spin liquids are long-sought exotic states of matter that could transform quantum computing. Signatures of such a state have now been observed in a compound comprising iridium ions on a honeycomb lattice. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Martin Mourigal Source Type: research

Coordinate international Earth observations for maximum impact
Coordinate international Earth observations for maximum impact, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02067-1Coordinate international Earth observations for maximum impact (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Barbara J. Ryan Source Type: research

The quantum internet has arrived (and it hasn’t)
The quantum internet has arrived (and it hasn’t)The quantum internet has arrived (and it hasn’t), Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-01835-3Networks that harness entanglement and teleportation could enable leaps in security, computing and science. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Davide Castelvecchi Source Type: research

US bill illustrates how conservation triage can lead to extinctions
US bill illustrates how conservation triage can lead to extinctions, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-02064-4US bill illustrates how conservation triage can lead to extinctions (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Guillaume Chapron Yaffa Epstein Jos é Vicente López-Bao Source Type: research

A guide to juggling fieldwork and pregnancy
A guide to juggling fieldwork and pregnancy, Published online: 14 February 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-01851-3It can be tricky to plan and carry on fieldwork when you’re pregnant, but there are ways to smooth the path. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 14, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Emily Sohn Source Type: research