Donor-Derived Fatal Hyperinfection strongyloidiasis in renal transplant recipient

We report one case of a recent renal transplant recipient, who presented with gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, evolving into shock. The identification of Strongyloides stercoralis in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) lead us to the diagnosis of SHS. Treatment with subcutaneous ivermectin was started, however the patient did not survive. Retrospective serum donor analysis allowed us to identify the donor as the source of infection.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusions/SignificanceSevereS.stercoralis infections are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality after kidney transplantation. In endemic areas, such infection may occur late after transplantation, although it seems to be more severe when it occurs earlier after transplantation. Specific risk factors and clinical manifestations can identify patients at risk, who should receive prophylaxis or early treatment.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Despite being considered a tropical disease, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by L. infantum is also endemic in the Mediterranean Europe and represents an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. VL occurring in kidney transplant recipients is a severe event, often worsening the renal damage and leading to poor outcome. It is believed that most of VL cases in transplant recipients are caused by reactivation of a pre-existent, dormant leishmanial infection induced by the immunosuppressive drugs. Nevertheless, the prevalence of asymptomatic Leishmania infecti...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Foresto RD, Santos DWCL, Hazin MAA, Leyton ATZ, Tenório NC, Viana LA, Cristelli MP, Silva Júnior HT, Pestana JOM Abstract In 2004, a global spread of Chikungunya fever affected most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In 2016, an outbreak occurred in Northeast Brazil with hundreds of cases documented. Solid organ transplant recipients have a modified immune response to infection and the clinical course is usually different from immunocompetent patients. The diagnosis can be challenging in this population. Most reports describe patients residing in endemic areas, although we must em...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Abstract Rabies is an important neurological infection that is prevalent in tropical countries. The rabid animals can bring rabies to humans by biting. The disease can result in serious neurological problem and death is the end result. The best way is prevention of disease by postexposure prophylaxis against rabies. The effect of rabies on the renal system is little mentioned in the literature. In the previous literature, acute kidney injury was observable in half of the rabies patients. Rabies is also transmittable by organ transplantation. Although it is rare and
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives Collectively, previous studies showed that numerous types of TCMs protect against AKI via different mechanisms of action, including inhibiting inflammation, cell apoptosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, and restraining oxidative stress etc. These data support the potential application of these TCMs as novel therapeutic agents in treating patients with AKI. Although some TCMs have entered preclinical trials, it is essential to initiate pre-clinical pharmacologic and toxicologic trials and clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCMs usage. Moreover, considering that some TCMs are dele...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the genetic contribution to renal disease in Tiwi Islanders by conducting a GWAS, in which associations were tested between SNP genetic variants and single measure ACR levels. A number of nominally significantly associated SNPs were identified. These SNPs did not reach genome wide significance, probably due to the small sample size. The top eight SNPs were re-tested for association in a separately collected cohort from the same population. Four of these SNPs were significantly associated with ACR in the replication sample (p
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
The objective is to study the clinical profile of tuberculosis (TB) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is retrospective study of CKD patients who were diagnosed to have TB over a period of seven years at a tertiary care hospital. TB was diagnosed in 115 patients with an incidence of 4200/100,000. Mean age of the patients was 46.9 ± 16 years. Sixty-two patients (53.9%) were male. Causes of CKD were diabetic nephropathy and hypertension in 11.3% each, chronic glomerulonephritis in 31.3%, chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis in 39.1%, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, and post-renal transplant CKD in 3.5...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Abstract Chyluria is clinically described as passage of milky urine. Chyle is absorbed by intestinal lacteals and is composed of emulsified fats, few proteins, and fibrin in varying proportions. Parasitic chyluria is caused mainly by Wuchereria bancrofti infection. The incidence of chyluria in pregnancy is not uncommon in endemic regions. The literature pertaining tomedical management of chyluria in pregnancy is scant. The antifilarial drugs have potential teratogenic risk and are not recommended in pregnant patients. Hence, there is a management dilemma for managing patients with chyluria during pregnancy. In thi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Conclusions KTR with CHIKV infection have a clinical presentation and evolution similar to those seen in the general population. Kidney function is generally well preserved, with transitory graft dysfunction without negative impact after 3 months from the beginning of the symptoms. Previous costicosteroids use did not relate with AKI or chronic arthralgia.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
Abstract Echinococcal disease is an endemic disease for eastern Mediterranean countries. Various types of kidney involvement have been reported. Here, we report the first case of echinococcal disease on a transplanted kidney in a patient who was successfully treated with albendazole alone. The patient (a 38-year-old female) was evaluated for elevated creatinine levels 7 months after receiving a living-donor allograft. Standard immunosuppression therapy protocols were applied. Tacrolimus level was normal, and the patient was compliant with treatment. Creatinine level was 1.91 mg/dL (baseline: 1.2 mg/dL); proteinuri...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Endemics | Gastroenterology | Heart | Heart Transplant | Infectious Diseases | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Liver | Liver Transplant | Pancreas | Respiratory Medicine | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Transplant Surgery | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology