Comparison of three oral selenium compounds in cancer patients: Evaluation of differential pharmacodynamic effects in normal and malignant cells

ConclusionsAt the 400 μg dose level no substantial changes in PD parameters were noted. Extrapolating from pre-clinical data, the dose examined in this cohort was too low to achieve the Se plasma concentration (≥ 5 μM) expected to elicit significant PD effects. Recruitment of a subsequent cohort at higher doses to exceed this PK threshold is planned.
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia and is clinically heterogeneous. Integration of oral targeted therapies (OTTs) in the management of CLL has fundamentally altered CLL treatment pathways and improved outcomes for patients with CLL. We review the cost-effectiveness of OTTs in the treatment of CLL. We used MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) terms and keywords to search the National Library of Medicine online MEDLINE database (PubMed) for articles related to cost-effectiveness of OTTs in CLL care. Oral targeted therapies add considerable expense to the treatment of CLL for patients and the hea...
Source: The Cancer Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia and is clinically heterogeneous. Integration of oral targeted therapies (OTTs) in the management of CLL has fundamentally altered CLL treatment pathways and improved outcomes for patients with CLL.We review the cost-effectiveness of OTTs in the treatment of CLL. We used MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) terms and keywords to search the National Library of Medicine online MEDLINE database (PubMed) for articles related to cost-effectiveness of OTTs in CLL care.Oral targeted therapies add considerable expense to the treatment of CLL for patien...
Source: Cancer Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: The Lancet HaematologyAuthor(s): Anne-Sophie Michallet, Marie-Sarah Dilhuydy, Fabien Subtil, Valerie Rouille, Beatrice Mahe, Kamel Laribi, Bruno Villemagne, Gilles Salles, Olivier Tournilhac, Alain Delmer, Christelle Portois, Brigitte Pegourie, Veronique Leblond, Cecile Tomowiak, Sophie de Guibert, Frederique Orsini, Anne Banos, Philippe Carassou, Guillaume Cartron, Luc Mathieu ForneckerSummaryBackgroundIn patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, achievement of a complete response with minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% (ie,
Source: The Lancet Haematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractApoptosis, the process of programmed cell death, occurs normally during development and aging. Members of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) family of proteins are central regulators of apoptosis, and resistance to apoptosis is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Targeting the apoptotic pathway via BCL2 inhibitors has been considered a promising treatment strategy in the past decade. Initial efforts with small molecule BH3 mimetics such as ABT-737 and ABT-263 (navitoclax) pioneered the development of the first-in-class Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved oral BCL2 inhibitor, venetoclax. Venetoclax was approved for th...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions The clinical trials discussed here, which include several trials investigating novel therapeutic targets, demonstrate that translational research in pemphigus and pemphigoid is a fast-growing field. We thus expect that several novel treatments will be shortly available for the treatment of pemphigus and pemphigoid patients. Given the high, and thus far unmet, medical need in this field (110), this is highly encouraging and will hopefully improve the quality of life of the affected patients. In addition to the compounds and targets described here, several new targets have been recently identified in preclinical...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Objective: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Cognitive Function-Concerns® (PROMIS®-CF-Concerns) assesses self-reported cognitive complaints. Construct validity data for the CF-Concerns are few. To add to the literature, an analysis of criterion validity for cognitive complaints (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer—Cognitive Functioning subscale [EORTC-CF]) and cognitive performance (neuropsychological tests of memory [NIH Toolbox Auditory Verbal Learning Test] and verbal fluency [Controlled Oral Word Association Test]) and discriminant validity (self-reports o...
Source: Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions In this review, we collected all the information concerning the OMICs studies performed on HS patients aimed at unraveling the mechanisms at the basis of the disease or associated to clinical severity and/or the successful response to pharmacological treatment (including biological drugs). The general picture of the OMICs contribution in the context of HS is not so clear and/or rich of clinical useful information, since most of the studies focused only on one aspect (genome, transcriptome, or proteome) of the disease, enrolling small numbers of patients (this is quite limiting for the genetic studies) from di...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we identified a novel Bcl-2 inhibitor by QSAR screening, which exerted significant cytotoxic activity in breast cancer cells through inducing mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Introduction Apoptosis is a process of cellular suicide through which unwanted or unhealthy cells are eliminated during organism development or cellular stress (Reed, 2002; Fernald and Kurokawa, 2013). Deregulated apoptosis is a characteristic of cancers (Doi et al., 2012; Roizen, 2012). The B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family is composed of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins, plays pivotal role in the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Yi He†, Wenyong Long† and Qing Liu* Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China Super-enhancers (SEs) refer to large clusters of enhancers that drive gene expressions. Recent data has provided novel insights in elucidating the roles of SEs in many diseases, including cancer. Many mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis and progression, ranging from internal gene mutation and rearrangement to external damage and inducement, have been demonstrated to be highly associated with SEs. Moreover, translocation, formation, deletion, or duplication of SEs themselves co...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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