Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1782: A Review on Curability of Cancers: More Efforts for Novel Therapeutic Options Are Needed

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1782: A Review on Curability of Cancers: More Efforts for Novel Therapeutic Options Are Needed Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11111782 Authors: Shuncong Wang Yewei Liu Yuanbo Feng Jian Zhang Johan Swinnen Yue Li Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized disease or treatment-sensitive cancers and therefore their contributions to cancer curability are relatively limited. The prognosis for cancer patients varies among different cancer types with a five-year relative survival rate (RSR) of more than 80% in thyroid cancer, melanoma, breast cancer, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The most dismal prognosis is observed in patients with small-cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, oesophagal cancer, acute myeloid leukemia, non-small cell lung cancer, and gastric cancer with a five-year RSR ranging between 7% and 28%. The current review is intended to prov...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Authors: Montazeri K, Bellmunt J Abstract Introduction: Since the approval of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), there has been continuing and significant progress in urothelial cancer (UC) treatment. However, only about one fifth of UC patients respond to ICI. Recently, erdafitinib was developed for treating locally advanced or metastatic UC (mUC) with FGFR3 or FGFR2 alterations, accounting for 15-20% of patients. Erdafitinib is the first targeted therapy ever approved for mUC.Areas covered: This review summarizes the preclinical and clinical data on erdafitinib for UC. PubMed search and relevant articles presen...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Jakubowska K, Koda M, Kisielewski W, Kańczuga-Koda L, Famulski W Abstract The presence of tumor cells in the large intestine stimulates hypoxia and local inflammatory mediators that activate numerous inflammatory cells, including a diverse lymphoid tumor cell population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) located in the invasive primary tumor, surrounding deposits of tumor cells and those present in distal metastatic cells in the liver of patients with colorectal cancer. Furthermore, the correlation of TILs with anatomical parameters was assessed. The study ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the beneficial effect of endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsy over that of mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsy for decision-making regarding prostatectomy in males with a high risk of prostate cancer. Data regarding endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsies and mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsies of 1,094 males with elevated specific prostate antigen, were included. Radical prostatectomy was performed in males aged
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Toma M, Beluşică L, Stavarachi M, Apostol P, Spandole S, Radu I, Cimponeriu D Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease preventable in up to 50% of the patients by lifestyle modifications. The preventive strategy for the decrease in the incidence and mortality of CRC is based on understanding the relations between the environmental and genetic factors. The most important identified risk factors for CRC are aging, personal and familial history of CRC or adenomas, hereditary colon cancer syndromes, dietary patterns, and inflammatory bowel disease. The purpose of this review is to update data referring ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: CD200 has a great impact in diagnosing B- chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, especially when we want to determine the origin of a CD19, CD5 positive population and distinguish between CLL and MCL. CD 23 is a reliable marker in those cases, but, as we showed, CD23 might have a lower specificity than CD200 for CLL. We added CD200 in our panels in order to diagnose chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, not to replace CD 23, but to improve and save time in our diagnostic process. The high expression of CD200 in CLL and HCL could open the option for new- targeted therapy (anti-CD200). PMID: 31803290 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: Choosing the type of approach is related to surgeon experience, although 79-94% of the surgeons prefer the transabdominal lateral approach. We believe that with an experienced surgical team, there is no difficulty in performing adrenalectomy by transabdominal approach, with no significantly prolonged operating time, even though the patient has previously had abdominal surgery. PMID: 31803289 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Authors: Ivanescu AM, Oprea M, Momanu R, Coles E, Colita A, Lupu AR Abstract Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is still one of the most common hematologic malignancies. Finding a curative solution is the objective of numerous followed cases and clinical trials. Diagnosis is based on the interlocking of classic elements and newly identified prognostic factors but time to first treatment is still an open issue. CD38, ZAP 70, IgHV gene mutational status and cytogenetic changes are proven negatively influence the evolution of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Whether through aggressive rapid evolution or by the difficulty of ob...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Authors: Oprea MM, Ivanescu AM, Colita A, Coles E, Momanu RC, Berbec N, Lupu AR Abstract Biological complexity of mechanisms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHAI) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia B (CLL) and the relation cause / effect between these two diseases has been extensively researched, but currently is still far from being completely understood. It is known that the immune system has an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases but also in the chronic lymphoproliferative malignancies. In this process of autoimmunity associated with immunodeficiency, the CLL neoplastic cells, the non-malignan...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
We present our experience during 5 years, in which we treated 245 patients with AML, of which we could genetically characterize 48 cases (26 females, 22 males) with a median age of 52 years. Cytogenetic analysis was performed by GTG banding on cultures of marrow cells treated with colcemid. Molecular analysis used RT-PCR performed on ABI 9700 platform in order to identify the following fusion genes: E2A-PBX1, TEL-AML1, AML1-ETO, PML-RARα, MLL-AF4, CBFC-MYH11, BCR-ABL, SIL-TAL, and MLL-AF9as well as mutations in Flt3, NPM1, WT1 genes. Fourteen patients were older than 60 years. In 12 we performed cytogenetic analysis ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
We present the case of a 61-year-old male patient, diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia in 2007, who developed myelodysplastic features three years later and then acute myeloid leukemia. At diagnosis, the blood tests showed leucocytosis, with lymphocytosis in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Due to the negative prognostic factors, the patient received treatment with an alkylating agent (FC protocol) and then with alemtuzumab. Three years after being diagnosed with CLL, the patient presented with malaise, recent faintness and fever, with severe anemia and thrombocytopenia. The results from the bone marrow aspira...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
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