Milk and dairy products can help prevent chronic disease

(University of Granada) Á ngel Gil, Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Granada, has recently coordinated a study reviewing worldwide scientific literature on the role of dairy products in health and in the prevention of chronic diseases (cardiovascular, metabolic syndrome, colon or bladder cancer, and type 2 diabetes). The review also covers the effects of dairy products on growth, bone mineral density, generation of muscle mass, and during pregnancy or breastfeeding
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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We examined whether advanced MRI analysis techniques have the capacity to detect brain injury (particularly white matter injury) caused by chronic hypoxia-induced fetal growth restriction in newborn preterm lambs.MethodsSurgery was undertaken in twin bearing pregnant ewes at 88–90 days gestation (term = 150 days) to induce FGR in one fetus. At 127 days gestation (~32 weeks human brain development), FGR and control (appropriate for gestational age, AGA) lambs were delivered by caesarean section, intubated and ventilated. Conventional and advanced brain imaging was conducted within the first two hours of li...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Megan D. CogburnAbstractOver the last two decades, there has been a global push to improve maternal health by increasing numbers of facility births in low- and middle-income countries like Tanzania. While recent scholarship has interrogated the increasing hegemony of numbers and metrics in global health, few have ethnographically explored how this push for numbers and its accompanying technologies affect the lived experiences of parturients and those who care for them during pregnancy and childbirth in rural communities. Based o...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Claudia Herrera, Carine Truyens, Eric Dumonteil, Jackeline Alger, Sergio Sosa-Estani, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Luz Gibbons, Alvaro Ciganda, Maria Luisa Matute, Concepcion Zuniga, Yves Carlier, Pierre BuekensAbstractTrypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, exhibits a high genetic variability and has been classified into six discrete typing units (DTUs) named TcI-TcVI. This genetic diversity is believed to be associated with clinical characteristics and outcomes, but evidences supporting such associations ha...
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionElevated AURKB expression was strongly correlated to TMZ resistant acquisition and poor prognosis, furthermore, targeting AURKB would be a potential therapeutic target for GBM patients.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Purpose: Among eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, identify whether baseline characteristics impact the benefit of ranibizumab over panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in DRCR.net Protocol S. Methods: Participants had proliferative diabetic retinopathy, visual acuity of 20/320 or better, and no previous PRP. Eyes were randomized to PRP or intravitreous 0.5-mg ranibizumab. Results: Ranibizumab was superior to PRP for change in visual acuity and development of vision-impairing central-involved diabetic macular edema over 2 years (P
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Multispectral imaging displayed an excellent agreement with fundus fluorescein angiography in DR grading, which suggested that it might serve as a new diagnostic technique and an informative tool for evaluating DR.
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Purpose: To quantify retinal microvascular alterations using optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic patients, and to evaluate the accuracy of decreased vessel density (VD) in predicting early diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: One hundred and two eyes of 51 diabetic patients and 92 eyes of 46 individuals without diabetes were examined. Duration of diabetes, insulin therapy, blood pressure, HbA1C, dyslipidemia, axial length, and the presence of DR were recorded. Retinal VD was measured using optical coherence tomography angiography. The effect of risk factors on VD and on DR was assessed using multivaria...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection combined with cataract surgery in the treatment of patients with cataract and coexisting diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Pertinent comparative studies were identified through systemic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register up to March 1, 2016. Outcome measures included corrected distance vision acuity, central macular thickness, and progression of DR and maculopathy. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, United Kingdom). Results: Six studies describin...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
This study aimed at determining if first trimester serum biomarkers could predict adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with villitis (VUE) and chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE).Study designBetween January 2013 and June 2018, we selected from pathology department files placentas with VUE or CIUE associated with VUE and control placentas with available first trimester Down syndrome screening results. First trimester PAPP-A and βhCG levels were recorded. Placental growth factor (PlGF) levels were measured in patients with an available first trimester serum sample. Histological findings in placentas, cou...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
The objective of this article is to document whether DIRT can accurately map the position of the perforators and measure their influence on the perfusion of the flap in order to select the best perforators to improve the outcome of breast reconstructions with free DIEP flaps. A systematic review of the literature published between January 1998 and November 23th 2018 was conducted regarding the possible benefit of dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) in DIEP-flap breast reconstructions.The databases PubMed and Web of Science were used to search for qualified articles. Inclusion criteria were women who underwent a breast rec...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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