Improving the Lives of Millions of Mothers and Children
A group of farmers attend a field day on diversification for improved productivity and nutrition. Experts have recognised the agricultural sector’s special role in mitigating child and maternal under-nutrition in vulnerable groups through the increased availability of diversified diets. Credit: Friday Phiri/IPS By Friday PhiriPEMBA, Zambia, Apr 26 2019 (IPS) It is slightly after 3pm on a hot Wednesday afternoon in Chipata district, eastern Zambia, and a group of women are gathering for a meeting. It is Elizabeth Tembo’s turn to stand amongst the other mothers like herself and share key lessons on nutrition. It is a subject she learnt about from a project implemented by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and their partners. “Through the project, I learnt a lot of improved farming practices for producing high-nutrient crops such as cowpeas and soya beans from which my family has greatly benefited,” Tembo says in an IITA report. “And I am now happy to help other women as well, so that together, we can reduce the high prevalence of malnutrition and stunting among our children in the community,” adds the lactating mother. The Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) project under ‘The Most 1,000 Critical Days Programme,’ was implemented from 2014-2017 by the IITA in collaboration with Development Aid from People to People (DAPP) and funded by Irish Aid, UK Aid Direct and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)....
Authors: Sandoval C, Wu G, Smith SB, Dunlap KA, Satterfield MC Abstract Severe undernutrition and famine continue to be a worldwide concern, as cases have been increasing in the past 5 years, particularly in developing countries. The occurrence of nutrient restriction (NR) during pregnancy affects fetal growth, leading to small for gestational age (SGA) or intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) offspring. During adulthood, SGA and IUGR offspring are at a higher risk for the development of metabolic syndrome. Skeletal muscle is particularly sensitive to prenatal NR. This tissue plays an essential role in oxidati...
Women with PCOS often struggle to conceive, but a new study links weight loss following bariatric surgery in very obese PCOS patients to high rates of pregnancy and live births.Reuters Health Information
I do not have to stress how important a role food and eating play in our lives. Food is at the base in Maslow’s hierarchy of our needs; it is essential for our survival. It shows perfectly the creativity of humankind: food exists in the richest variety of ingredients, forms, shapes, tastes and colors all over the world from the Greenlandic kiviak (dozens of small birds stuffed into a seal fermented under a rock) through the Liquid Pea Sphere of molecular gastronomy to the tagliatelle with hand-cut meat ragout from the world’s best restaurant, Osteria Francescana. The advent of novel digital health tools will ra...
Conclusions: Childhood obesity diagnosis-related hospitalizations, charges, and costs increased substantially during 2006–2016, and obesity diagnosis is associated with higher hospitalization charges and costs. Our findings provide clinicians and policymakers with additional evidence of the economic burden of childhood obesity and further justify efforts to prevent and manage the disease.
Aberrant fetal programming in gestational diabetes (GDM) appears to increase the risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The inability to identify accurately GDM in the first trimester has thwarted ascertaining whether early therapeutic interventions reduce the predisposition to these prevalent medical disorders.
A telehealth lifestyle intervention substantially decreased excess gestational weight gain (GWG) among pregnant women who were overweight or obese and improved insulin resistance markers, a trial in The Lancet Diabetes&Endocrinology reported.
ConclusionsNo evidence of foetal cardiac programming related to GDM or maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was observed in early childhood. Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with early weight gain. Child adiposity in early childhood is independently associated with increased left atrial volume, but its implications for long-term left ventricle diastolic function and cardiovascular health remain unknown.
This study aimed to assess whether lifestyle is associated with glycemic health of high-risk women 5 years postpartum, taking into account the pre-pregnancy BMI.MethodsThe RADIEL study enrolled before or in early pregnancy 720 women with pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and/or prior GDM. The follow-up visit 5 years postpartum included questionnaires and measurements of anthropometrics, blood pressure, and physical activity (PA) as well as analyses of glucose metabolism, lipids, and inflammatory markers. We measured body composition (Inbody) and calculated a Healthy Food Intake Index (HFII) fr...
CONCLUSIONS: A clearly distinct metabolic profile was detected in GDM, which deviated even more if the patient was receiving medical treatment. This suggests a need for more intense follow-up and therapy for women with GDM during pregnancy and postpartum to reduce their long-term adverse health risks. PMID: 32705820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Nutrition &Diabetes, Published online: 23 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41387-020-00129-wMaternal pre-pregnancy overweight and gestational diabetes and dietary intakes among young adult offspring
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