Improving the Lives of Millions of Mothers and Children

A group of farmers attend a field day on diversification for improved productivity and nutrition. Experts have recognised the agricultural sector’s special role in mitigating child and maternal under-nutrition in vulnerable groups through the increased availability of diversified diets. Credit: Friday Phiri/IPS By Friday PhiriPEMBA, Zambia, Apr 26 2019 (IPS) It is slightly after 3pm on a hot Wednesday afternoon in Chipata district, eastern Zambia, and a group of women are gathering for a meeting. It is Elizabeth Tembo’s turn to stand amongst the other mothers like herself and share key lessons on nutrition. It is a subject she learnt about from a project implemented by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and their partners. “Through the project, I learnt a lot of improved farming practices for producing high-nutrient crops such as cowpeas and soya beans from which my family has greatly benefited,” Tembo says in an IITA report. “And I am now happy to help other women as well, so that together, we can reduce the high prevalence of malnutrition and stunting among our children in the community,” adds the lactating mother. The Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) project under ‘The Most 1,000 Critical Days Programme,’ was implemented from 2014-2017 by the IITA in collaboration with Development Aid from People to People (DAPP) and funded by Irish Aid, UK Aid Direct and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)....
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Food & Agriculture Food Sustainability Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Nut Source Type: news

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Brain Behav Immun. 2021 Sep 22:S0889-1591(21)00553-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.09.009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInflammation is increasingly recognised to play a major role in gene-environment interactions in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The effects of aberrant immune responses to environmental stimuli in the mother and in the child can affect neuroimmune signalling that is central to brain development. Toll-like receptors (TLR) are the best known innate immune pattern and danger recognition sensors to various environmental threats. In animal models, maternal immune activation (MIA), secondary to inflammatory f...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of mothers were overweight (BMI = 25-29.9) and obese (BMI ≥ 30), which is one of the most important risk factors for gestational diabetes. Given the importance of quality of life of pregnant mothers, health policy makers are asked to provide more training for pregnant mothers on nutrition and increased physical activity to prevent gestational diabetes and improve their quality of life.PMID:34556436 | DOI:10.1016/j.pcd.2021.09.009
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Biomed Pharmacother. 2021 Sep 21;143:112183. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2021.112183. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMaternal health associated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) has been gaining significant research attention due to its severe risk and adverse health effects. GDM is the leading health disease in pregnant women. It is the most common metabolic disease and it can affect up to 25% of women during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a sensitive period that impacts both pregnant women and their unborn children's long-term health. It is a well-known fact that the leading causes of disease and mortality worldwide are diabete...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in Australia has been rising in line with the increased incidence of maternal overweight and obesity. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus, high body mass in...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CMAJ. 2021 Sep 20;193(37):E1448-E1458. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.202837.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: People whose singleton pregnancy is affected by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are at risk of future cardiovascular disease. It is unclear, however, whether this association can be extrapolated to twin pregnancies. We aimed to compare the association between HDP and future cardiovascular disease after twin and singleton pregnancies.METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study that included nulliparous people in Ontario, Canada, 1992-2017. We compared the future risk of cardiovascular disease among pregnant ...
Source: cmaj - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Gestational diabetes is a degree of glucose intolerance that is the most common metabolic complication of pregnancy and is diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy, which is not obvious before pregnancy [1]. Approximately 7% of pregnancies lead to gestational diabetes (range 2 –18%) [1–3]. Worldwide, different reports of the prevalence of gestational diabetes from 1% to 14% have been reported in different studies, and 1.3%–18.8% in Iran based on the results of some studies [4]. In general, the prevalence of gestational diabetes is increasing worldwide, with obesity and the increasing age of...
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We have identified adiponectin ubiquitination as a key mechanism by which obesity diminishes adiponectin secretion in pregnancy. This information will help us better understand the mechanisms controlling maternal insulin resistance and fetal growth in pregnancy and may provide a foundation for the development of strategies aimed at improving adiponectin production in pregnant women with obesity or gestational diabetes.PMID:34519830 | DOI:10.1210/clinem/dgab680
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that concurrent mechanisms regulate adipokine production and oxidative stress in pregnant women and that this regulation is influenced by GWG, probably due to an excessive AT accumulation.Obes Facts
Source: Obesity Facts - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2021;27(2):134-140. doi: 10.5114/pedm.2021.107166.ABSTRACTMetformin is a widely used biguanide drug recommended as a first-line antidiabetic for type 2 diabetes. Currently, metformin is used not only in the treatment of diabetes but also in other diseases. Some studies have shown that metformin causes weight loss in insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant overweight and obese patients. Metformin is an effective and safe option for women with gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes in pregnancy, and it may also increase the ovulation rate in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)....
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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