Mortality and cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity in individuals with impaired FEV1 (PURE): an international, community-based cohort study

Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): MyLinh Duong, Shofiqul Islam, Sumathy Rangarajan, Darryl Leong, Om Kurmi, Koon Teo, Kieran Killian, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Andreas Wielgosz, Sanjeev Nair, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Johannes Lodewykus du Plessis, Ehimario U Igumbor, Jephat ChifambaSummaryBackgroundThe associations between the extent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) impairment and mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, and respiratory hospitalisations are unclear, and how these associations might vary across populations is unknown.MethodsIn this international, community-based cohort study, we prospectively enrolled adults aged 35–70 years who had no intention of moving residences for 4 years from rural and urban communities across 17 countries. A portable spirometer was used to assess FEV1. FEV1 values were standardised within countries for height, age, and sex, and expressed as a percentage of the country-specific predicted FEV1 value (FEV1%). FEV1% was categorised as no impairment (FEV1% ≥0 SD from country-specific mean), mild impairment (FEV1%
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 June 2020Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Neda M. Bogari, Ashwag Aljohani, Anas Dannoun, Osama Elkhateeb, Masimo Porqueddu, Amr A. Amin, Dema N. Bogari, Mohiuddin M. Taher, Faruk Buba, Reem M. Allam, Mustafa N. Bogari, Francesco Alamanni
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 September 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 256Author(s): Yuan Guo, Xiangyang Liu, Yibo Zhang, Haihua Qiu, Fan Ouyang, Yi He
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: infectious complications were the most prevalent postoperatively. The scarcity of guidelines that guide the monitoring of complications regarding monitoring frequency, follow-up time and classification makes it difficult to establish an overview of them and consequently propose intervention strategies. PMID: 32609217 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: in this theoretical reflection, we argue that in order to promote health equity and quality of care in the Unified Health System (Brazilian SUS) it is important to translate scientific knowledge to various practice settings and create opportunities for exchange with users of this knowledge, such as health professionals, managers, policy makers, patients, family members and other stakeholders. PMID: 32609213 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: discharge planning based on the NIC improves the NOC score and may interfere in the health outcomes. PMID: 32609201 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: it highlights the importance of directing health promotion for caregivers, inserting them in the care process, recognizing their needs and intensifying practices that promote empowerment for care, bypassing curative actions. PMID: 32609175 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Most of the young (≤50 years of age) CHD patients had poor management of risk factors and better controlling these risk factors would be helpful for the primary and secondary prevention of premature CHD in Guangdong province. PMID: 32608384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The study highlighted the importance of knowing the TB treatment outcome in the PPL to implement measures to reduce failure, and the contribution of supervised treatment in this process.RESUMO OBJETIVOS Calcular a taxa de casos diagnosticados com tuberculose por unidades prisionais do Esp írito Santo, apresentar as características individuais, clínicas e institucionais dos casos na população privada de liberdade (PPL) do ES e analisar a associação entre essas características e o encerramento do tratamento da tuberculose nessa população. M&Eac...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract In developed countries, it is said that "threats of infectious diseases are already thought as things of the past". However, as you can see in the case of Ebola hemorrhagic fever that occurred in West Africa, this is a big mistake. Among infectious diseases, only smallpox has been successfully eradicated worldwide. In addition to the three major infectious diseases of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, there is another group called emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Recently, neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) have been listed as threats by the WHO, as have drug-resistant bacteria. T...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research
Abstract In recent years, home medical care has been strongly promoted. As a consequence, the conditions managed in home medical care have become increasingly diverse. Heart failure is one of the most common disorders after malignant diseases. Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are often forced into hospitalization because of the inability to control symptoms with oral medications, even though they hope to stay at home. Recently, we have experienced a case where the patient required continuous administration of dobutamine at home. In order to carry out CHF care at home successfully, it is necessary to adjus...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research
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