Education, diet, and incident cardiovascular disease: ecological interactions and conclusions
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): David R Jacobs, Daan Kromhout (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic status and risk of cardiovascular disease in 20 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) study
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Annika Rosengren, Andrew Smyth, Sumathy Rangarajan, Chinthanie Ramasundarahettige, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Khalid F AlHabib, Alvaro Avezum, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Jephat Chifamba, Sadi Gulec, Rajeev Gupta, Ehi U Igumbor, Romaina Iqbal, Norhassim Ismail, Philip Joseph, Manmeet Kaur, Rasha Khatib, Iolanthé M Kruger, Pablo Lamelas, Fernando LanasSummaryBackgroundSocioeconomic status is associated with differences in risk factors for cardiovascular disease incidence and outcomes, including mortality. However, it is unclea...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Now is the time for shorter all-oral regimens for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Kwonjune J Seung, Cathy Hewison (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of standard dose paracetamol versus placebo as antipyretic therapy on liver injury in adult dengue infection: a multicentre randomised controlled trial
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Vasin Vasikasin, Thanawith Rojdumrongrattana, Worayon Chuerboonchai, Thanawhan Siriwiwattana, Wittaya Thongtaeparak, Suchada Niyasom, Nawarat Lertliewtrakool, Sitawee Jitsiri, Dhitiwat ChangpradubSummaryBackgroundDengue is a common cause of acute liver failure in tropical countries. Paracetamol is the recommended antipyretic for dengue. Related observational studies in dengue have suggested that excessive paracetamol intake is related to hepatic injury. We aimed to evaluate whether standard dose paracetamol as an antipyretic in dengue i...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The true meaning of leaving no one behind
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): The Lancet Global Health (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding the full clinical spectrum of childhood diarrhoea in low-income and middle-income countries
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Michelle J Groome, Umesh D Parashar (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dementia prevention in low-income and middle-income countries: a cautious step forward
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Richard Walker, Stella-Maria Paddick (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Americas: a region that ages with disparity
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Pamela Serón, Fernando Lanas (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global lung health: the dangers of mild lung function impairment
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Rosa Faner, Alvar Agusti (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Are expensive vaccines the best investment in low-income and middle-income countries?
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Lone Simonsen, Maarten van Wijhe, Robert Taylor (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Paracetamol for dengue fever: no benefit and potential harm?
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Jacqueline Deen, Lorenz von Seidlein (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inequities in cervical cancer care in indigenous Peruvian women
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Paul E Nevin, Patricia J Garcia, Magaly M Blas, Deepa Rao, Yamilé Molina (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender-neutral HPV vaccination in Africa – Authors' reply
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Onyema Greg Chido-Amajuoyi, Joël Fokom Domgue, Chisom Obi-Jeff, Kathleen Schmeler, Sanjay Shete (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of the Bolsa Familia Programme on tuberculosis treatment outcomes
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Leonardo de Paula Martins, Daisson José Trevisol, Fabiana Schuelter-Trevisol (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of the Bolsa Familia Programme on tuberculosis treatment outcomes – Authors' reply
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Barbara Reis-Santos, Janaina Gomes Nascimento Oliosi, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The incidence, aetiology, and adverse clinical consequences of less severe diarrhoeal episodes among infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: a 12-month case-control study as a follow-on to the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS)
We report a 1-year, multisite, age-stratified, matched case-control study following on to the GEMS study. Six sites (Bamako, Mali; Manhiça, Mozambique; Basse, The Gambia; Mirzapur, Bangladesh; Kolkata, India; and Bin Qasim Town, Karachi, Pakistan) participated in this study. Children aged 0–59 months at each site who sought care at a sentinel hospital or health centre during a 12-month period were screened for diarrhoea. New (onset after ≥7 diarrhoea-free days) and acute (onset within the previous 7 days) episodes of diarrhoea in children who had sunken eyes, whose skin lost turgor, who received intravenous...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Population attributable fractions for risk factors for dementia in low-income and middle-income countries: an analysis using cross-sectional survey data
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Naaheed Mukadam, Andrew Sommerlad, Jonathan Huntley, Gill LivingstonSummaryBackgroundNine potentially modifiable risk factors (less childhood education, midlife hearing loss, hypertension, and obesity, and later-life smoking, depression, physical inactivity, social isolation, and diabetes) account for 35% of worldwide dementia, but most data to calculate these risk factors come from high-income countries only. We aimed to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) for dementia in selected low-income and middle-income countries (...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing the cardiovascular disease burden for people of all ages in the Americas region: analysis of mortality data, 2000–15
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Shah Ebrahim, Ramon Martinez, Martin McKee, Pedro OrdunezSummaryBackgroundIn accordance with the age parameters specified in Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4, current policy and monitoring of non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality trends focus on people aged 30–69 years. This approach excludes the majority of NCD deaths, which occur at older ages. We aimed to compare cardiovascular mortality for different age groups in the WHO Region of the Americas.MethodsWe extracted mortality data from the Pan Ame...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality and cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity in individuals with impaired FEV1 (PURE): an international, community-based cohort study
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): MyLinh Duong, Shofiqul Islam, Sumathy Rangarajan, Darryl Leong, Om Kurmi, Koon Teo, Kieran Killian, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Andreas Wielgosz, Sanjeev Nair, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Johannes Lodewykus du Plessis, Ehimario U Igumbor, Jephat ChifambaSummaryBackgroundThe associations between the extent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) impairment and mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, and respiratory hospitalisations are unclear, and how these associations mi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sustaining pneumococcal vaccination after transitioning from Gavi support: a modelling and cost-effectiveness study in Kenya
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): John Ojal, Ulla Griffiths, Laura L Hammitt, Ifedayo Adetifa, Donald Akech, Collins Tabu, J Anthony G Scott, Stefan FlascheSummaryBackgroundIn 2009, Gavi, the World Bank, and donors launched the pneumococcal Advance Market Commitment, which helped countries access more affordable pneumococcal vaccines. As many low-income countries begin to reach the threshold at which countries transition from Gavi support to self-financing (3-year average gross national income per capita of US$1580), they will need to consider whether to continue pneumo...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender-neutral HPV vaccination in Africa
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Ruo-Yu Zhuang, Hemant Goyal, Hua-Guo Xu (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Plaidoyer contre l'exclusion des francophones dans la recherche en santé mondiale
Publication date: Available online 15 April 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Anne Roca, Yap Boum, Isabelle Wachsmuth (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of standardised patients to assess gender differences in quality of tuberculosis care in urban India: a two-city, cross-sectional study
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Benjamin Daniels, Ada Kwan, Srinath Satyanarayana, Ramnath Subbaraman, Ranendra K Das, Veena Das, Jishnu Das, Madhukar PaiSummaryBackgroundIn India, men are more likely than women to have active tuberculosis but are less likely to be diagnosed and notified to national tuberculosis programmes. We used data from standardised patient visits to assess whether these gender differences occur because of provider practice.MethodsWe sent standardised patients (people recruited from local populations and trained to portray a scripted medical c...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A promising approach to identifying health system discrimination and bias
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Ronelle Burger (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence surveys for podoconiosis and other neglected skin diseases: time for an integrated approach
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Michael Marks, Oriol Mitja (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Geographical distribution and prevalence of podoconiosis in Rwanda: a cross-sectional country-wide survey
We report estimates of cases by district combining our mean predicted prevalence and a contemporary gridded map of estimated population density.FindingsBetween June 12, and July 28, 2017, 1 360 612 individuals—719 730 (53%) women and 640 882 (47%) men—were screened from 80 clusters in 30 districts across Rwanda. 1143 individuals with lymphoedema were identified, of whom 914 (80%) had confirmed podoconiosis, based on the standardised diagnostic algorithm. The overall prevalence of podoconiosis was 68·5 per 100 000 people (95% CI 41·0–109·7). Podoconiosis was found to be wides...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to Lancet Glob Health 2019; 7: e412–13
Publication date: Available online 25 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to Lancet Glob Health 2018; 6: e1067
Publication date: Available online 25 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

One step in the right direction: improving syphilis screening and treatment in pregnant women in Africa
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Freddy Perez, Philippe Mayaud (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A multifaceted intervention to improve syphilis screening and treatment in pregnant women in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo and in Lusaka, Zambia: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Fernando Althabe, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette K Tshefu, Ernest Banda, María Belizán, Eduardo Bergel, Mabel Berrueta, Jane Bertrand, Carl Bose, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Waldemar A Carlo, Alvaro Ciganda, France Donnay, Ezequiel García Elorrio, Luz Gibbons, Karen Klein, Jerker Liljestrand, Paul D Lusamba, Arlette K Mavila, Agustina MazzoniSummaryBackgroundDespite international recommendations, coverage of syphilis testing in pregnant women and treatment of those found seropositive remains limited in sub-Saharan Africa. W...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comprehensive care for all individuals with tuberculosis is needed now
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Riitta A Dlodlo, Einar Heldal (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing tuberculosis control priorities in high-burden settings: a modelling approach
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Juan F Vesga, Timothy B Hallett, Michael J A Reid, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Raghuram Rao, Sunil Khaparde, Paresh Dave, Kiran Rade, Maureen Kamene, Eunice Omesa, Enos Masini, Newton Omale, Elizabeth Onyango, Philip Owiti, Muthoni Karanja, Richard Kiplimo, Sofia Alexandru, Valentina Vilc, Valeriu Crudu, Stela BivolSummaryBackgroundIn the context of WHO's End TB strategy, there is a need to focus future control efforts on those interventions and innovations that would be most effective in accelerating declines in tuberculosis burden. Usi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Leveraging health diplomacy to end the tuberculosis epidemic
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Michael Reid, Eric Goosby, Sebastian Kevany (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring quality of care for all women and newborns: how do we know if we are doing it right? A review of facility assessment tools
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Vanessa Brizuela, Hannah H Leslie, Jigyasa Sharma, Ana Langer, Özge TunçalpSummaryBackgroundEnsuring quality of care during pregnancy and childbirth is crucial to improving health outcomes and reducing preventable mortality and morbidity among women and their newborns. In this pursuit, WHO developed a framework and standards, defining 31 quality statements and 352 quality measures to assess and improve quality of maternal and newborn care in health-care facilities. We aimed to assess the capacity of globally used, large-s...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring what matters for maternal and newborn health
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Nadia Diamond-Smith, Patience Afulani (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Access to medicines—business as usual?
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): The Lancet Global Health (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal and neonatal outcomes after caesarean delivery in the African Surgical Outcomes Study: a 7-day prospective observational cohort study
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): David Bishop, Robert A Dyer, Salome Maswime, Reitze N Rodseth, Dominique van Dyk, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Janat T Tumukunde, Farai D Madzimbamuto, Abdulaziz M Elkhogia, Andrew K N Ndonga, Zipporah W W Ngumi, Akinyinka O Omigbodun, Simbo D Amanor-Boadu, Eugene Zoumenou, Apollo Basenero, Dolly M Munlemvo, Coulibaly Youssouf, Gabriel Ndayisaba, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, Veekash GobinSummaryBackgroundMaternal and neonatal mortality is high in Africa, but few large, prospective studies have been done to investigate the risk factors associated with th...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Benefits of male circumcision for MSM: evidence for action
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Jillian Pintye, Jared M Baeten (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Severe mental disorders among prisoners in low-income and middle-income countries: reaching the difficult to reach
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Oye Gureje, Jibril Abdulmalik (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding causes of stillbirth: moving in the right direction
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Elizabeth M McClure, Robert L Goldenberg (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Making caesarean section safer for African mothers
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Anna J Dare (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The ethical imperative to treat NCDs during research in Africa
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Majaliwa Mzombwe, Bernard Desderius, Saidi Kapiga, Luke Smart, Robert Peck (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of assisted vaginal birth to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections and improve maternal and perinatal outcomes
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Barbara Nolens, Manuela Capelle, Jos van Roosmalen, Glen Mola, Josaphat Byamugisha, John Lule, Arfang Faye, Thomas van den Akker (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A practical approach to universal health coverage
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Joia S Mukherjee, Jean Claude Mugunga, Adarsh Shah, Abera Leta, Ermyas Birru, Cate Oswald, Gregory Jerome, Charles Patrick Almazor, Hind Satti, Robert Yates, Rifat Atun, Joseph Rhatigan, Gary Gottlieb, Paul E Farmer (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing the global burden of preterm births
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Jasper V Been, Christopher Millett (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing the global burden of preterm births
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Bellington Vwalika, Joan T Price, Alan Rosenbaum, Jeffrey S A Stringer (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing the global burden of disease in childhood – Authors' reply
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Joshua P Vogel, Saifon Chawanpaiboon, A Metin Gülmezoglu, study authors (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

WASH: a basic human right and essential intervention for child health and development
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Fiona Russell, Peter Azzopardi (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The burden of diabetes in India
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Sachin Atre (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Circumcision to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of global data
Publication date: April 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 4Author(s): Tanwei Yuan, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Nai-Ying Ko, Yong Cai, Yingqing Chen, Jin Zhao, Linghua Li, Junjie Xu, Jing Gu, Jinghua Li, Chun Hao, Zhengrong Yang, Weiping Cai, Chien-Yu Cheng, Zhenzhou Luo, Kechun Zhang, Guohui Wu, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew E Grulich, Yuantao HaoSummaryBackgroundMen who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide. Previous reviews investigating the role of circumcision in preventing HIV and other STIs among MSM were inconclusive. Many new stu...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research