Incidence rate of diabetes mellitus (type II) and its related risk factors: A 10-year longitudinal study of Yazd Healthy Heart Cohort (YHHC), Iran

Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Ahmad Karimi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Rahmanian, Seyed Mahmood Sadr Bafghi, Mohammadhosein Soltani, Leila HadianiAbstractBackground and objectivesDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, which occurs due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or resistance to insulin produced by the body. The most dangerous and Long-term complications of diabetes include renal failure, heart failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetic foot ulcers and diabetic neuropathy.Materials and methodsThis longitudinal cohort study was conducted on 1641 non-diabetic people of 2000 participants enrolled in phase I of Yazd Healthy Heart project (YHHP) aged 20-74 year-old resident of the city of Yazd. They were selected randomly through cluster sampling method and included in follow up project for ten years (2004–2014). In order to analyze the data, Chi-Square, independent t-test and logistic regression statistical models were used through the SPSS Ver20.ResultsThe incidence rate of DM type II among the people aged 20–74 years in Yazd was 21.4 per 1000 of a population-year. Univariate analysis revealed that relative risk of DM incidence increase by smoking, increasing BMI, abdominal obesity, hypertension and increased cholesterol, triglyceride and uric acid levels (pÔ...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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