Effect of educational intervention based on PRECEDE-PROCEED model combined with self-management theory on self-care behaviors in type 2 diabetic patients
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Farbod Ebadifard Azar, Mahnaz Solhi, Fatemeh Darabi, Alireza Rohban, Mitra Abolfathi, Nazila NejhaddadgarAbstractAimsDiabetes mellitus is a chronic and progressive disease which requires ongoing medical care as well as patient’s self-care skills to prevent acute complications. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model combined with self-management theory on self-care behaviors in type 2 diabetic patients.MethodsIn this semi-experimental study, 86 t...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Overweight, the major determinants of metabolic syndrome among industrial workers in Kerala, India: Results of a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsMS prevalence was high among Industrial workers who generally have good access to health care. Overweight and other predictors of MS need to be addressed to reduce MS prevalence in this population. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Documented hypoglycemia is associated with poor short and long term prognosis among patients admitted to general internal medicine departments
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Eyal Leibovitz, Israel Khanimov, Julio Wainstein, Mona BoazAbstractAimTo study the association of documented hypoglycemia with length of stay, 30-day mortality, and 1-year mortality, among patients with and without diabetes admitted to internal medicine units.MethodsThe electronic medical records of all patients hospitalized in internal medicine departments at E. Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel, between 1/1/2010 and 31/12/2013, were reviewed. Data extracted included all glucose measureme...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

An investigation of the association between the level of prolactin in serum and type II diabetes
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Najmeh Manshaei, Feloria Shakibaei, Mohammad Fazilati, Hossein Salavati, Masoud Negahdary, Abbasali PalizbanAbstractAs a hormone secreted from the pituitary gland, prolactin (PRL) plays an important role in increasing beta cell proliferation, stimulating the secretion of insulin, preventing the activities of caspases on pathways that cause apoptosis in the Langerhans' islands, and moderating the immune system in regulating the whole body's sensitivity to insulin. Therefore, PRL level changes i...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The impact of heart disease risk factors on the age of 30 to 80 Years Old Patients- Residing in and around Khulna district of Bangladesh
ConclusionThis population of male and female presented the Impact of Heart Disease Risk Factors in all ages, being necessary the implementation of measures that stimulate changes in the daily habits and improve health conditions. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Lifestyle and diabetes among Muslim population of Manipur
ConclusionsThis study informs the need of physical activity for those individuals who were physically inactive and had diabetes, as increasing BMI may lead to other non-communicable diseases. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

DPP4 activity is related to body weight and central fat in postmenopausal women
ConclusionDPP4 was not increased in PM but is associated with body weight and body fat centralization. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The potential of transdermal nitric oxide treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy and diabetic foot ulcers
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): David M. Walton, Stephen D. Minton, Alonzo D. CookAbstractThe Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 29 million Americans have diabetes, and 70% of diabetic patients develop diabetic peripheral neuropathy [1,2]. Up to 27% of the direct medical cost of diabetes may be attributed to DPN [3]. A 2013 article from the American Diabetes Association reported a $176 billion direct medical cost of diabetes in 2012 [4]. DPN patients often suffer from shooting and burning pain in their distal li...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Neutrophil extracellular traps: The core player in vascular complications of diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Alexander BerezinAbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important metabolic disease with major threat for public health and increased risk of premature death. The prevalence of DM steadily rises in developing and developed countries achieving the epidemic level. Manifestation and progression of DM corresponds to developing vasculopathies, such as retinopathy, micro- and macro angiopathies, which negatively influence on clinical outcomes and quality-of-life. Although there are remarkable di...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Among young Sri Lankan patients with diabetes, how do lipid profiles differ between those with and without metabolic syndrome?
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Gaya W. Katulanda, Harsha A. Dissanayake, Prasad Katulanda, David R. Matthews, Brian ShineAbstractAimsMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Apolipoproteins are emerging as powerful predictors of CVD. We aimed to study associations of metabolic syndrome and apoB, apoAI, apoB/AI ratio in young Sri Lankans with type 2 diabetes.Materials & methodsBlood samples were available from 690 patients with type 2 diabetes in Sri Lanka Young Diabetes Study, and wer...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of diabetes – an Indian perspective
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Rashmi B. Prasad, Emma Ahlqvist, Leif Groop (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 11, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Glycated hemoglobin targets and glycemic control: Link with lipid, uric acid and kidney profile
ConclusionDiabetic patients regardless of glycemic control according to current guidelines have a greater average lipid and kidney profile than the optimum target. Therefore both are equally at greater risk for cardiovascular diseases, nephropathy, and other diabetic complications. Greater patient monitoring of these parameters is recommended to lower the risk of comorbidities and complications. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Evaluation of Serum Adiponectin Levels in Diabetic Nephropathy
ConclusionSerum adiponectin level can be a good predictor of diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of smoking in Sudanese individuals with diabetes and associated complications: Population-based study
ConclusionAlmost third of the population with diabetes are smokers (33.9%). Smoking is statistically associated with IHD, high triglyceride and HbA1c. Therefore, smoking cessation schemes should be advocated by health authorities and the public in Sudan. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and associated factors among psychiatric patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, South West Ethiopia
This study was conducted at Jimma University Specialized hospital psychiatric ward from May 15 to July 16, 2015. A cross-sectional study design and consecutive sampling technique were used. A single population proportion formula was used to include a total of 360 psychiatric patients. An interview administered structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic and some clinical data. Anthropometric data were collected based on standard guild line for anthropometric measurement. Five milliliter of venous blood was collected from ante-cubital fossa after overnight fasting for 8 h. Semi-automated clinical chemis...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Outcome of focused pre-Ramadan education on metabolic and glycaemic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Lobna F. El Toony, Dina Ali Hamad, Omar Mohammed OmarAbstractBackgroundRamadan fasting is associated with the risk of acute complications including hypoglycaemia. Therefore, patients' education before Ramadan and follow up during Ramadan is essential for safe fasting.ObjectivesTo evaluate the effect of pre-Ramadan education program on biochemical parameters and the risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodsA prospective interventional controlled design was carried...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association between dairy consumption, dietary calcium intake and general and abdominal obesity among Iranian adults
ConclusionDietary calcium intake was positively associated with general obesity in men, but not in women. No significant association was seen between dairy consumption and general or central adiposity. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Empowerment of type 2 diabetic patients visiting Fuladshahr diabetes clinics for prevention of diabetic foot
This study was carried out with the aim of empowering patients with type 2 diabetes to prevent diabetic foot in the city of Fuladshahr, Isfahan, Iran.MethodsThis is a quasi-experimental study. 104 eligible patients were randomly assigned to two groups: intervention group and control group. The data were collected through a form of profile, empowerment questionnaire, and foot care behavior checklist. The questionnaires were completed by the two groups in the pre-intervention, 1 and 3 months after the end of the intervention. Data were analyzed in SPSS22 using independent t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square, ANOVA, LSD post ho...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

AMPK induced memory improvements in the diabetic population: A case study
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & ReviewsAuthor(s): Alicia Halikas, Kelly J. GibasAbstractDiabetics in mid-life carry a 1.5 times higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease than those diagnosed with diabetes (T2D) later in life [1]. Recent research points to accelerated cognitive decline within a range of 20%–50% for middle-aged diabetics as compared to non-diabetic populations [2,3]. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a type 2 diabetes (T2D) precursor, is also linked to MCI and AD pathologies via hypo-metabolic brain circuitry that inh...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effect of Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation on cardiovascular markers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Mohammad Hassan Golzari, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Ehsan Ghaedi, Hamed Mohammadi, Mahmoud DjalaliAbstractAimsCardiovascular complications are one of main cause of increased mortality and morbidity among Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. Altered metabolism of sulphur amino acids in diabetes reflected as increases in concentration of methionine and cysteine/cystine in the blood which known as a markers of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). The aim of present study was to determine the effect of Eico...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Molecular and culture based assessment of bacterial pathogens in subjects with diabetic foot ulcer
ConclusionsWe have shown that PCR-based diagnostic methods improved the identification compared to conventional methods and highlight the incorporation of PCR due to shorten turnaround time translating into improved clinical outcomes. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The effects of folate supplementation on lipid profiles among patients with metabolic diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionsFolate supplementation did not affect blood pressures and lipid profiles among patients with metabolic diseases. Additional prospective studies regarding the impact of folate supplementation on blood pressures and lipid profiles in patients with metabolic diseases are necessary. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Challenges in diagnosing and monitoring diabetes in patients with chronic liver diseases
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Telma E. Silva, Marcelo F. Ronsoni, Leonardo L. SchiavonAbstractThe prevalence and mortality of diabetes mellitus and liver disease have risen in recent years. The liver plays an important role in glucose homeostasis, and various chronic liver diseases have a negative effect on glucose metabolism with the consequent emergence of diabetes. Some aspects related to chronic liver disease can affect diagnostic tools and the monitoring of diabetes and other glucose metabolism disorders, and clinician...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome prevalence in the Iranian adult’s general population and its trend: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
ConclusionThe findings revealed the trend of MetS prevalence is declining although steady in the last 10 years. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Oxidative stress biomarkers in type 2 diabetes mellitus for assessment of cardiovascular disease risk
ConclusionsThe pathways and biomarkers were analysed to show their role as contributing factors to CVD development and a summary is made regarding the assessment of cardiovascular risk in T2DM individuals. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Glycated albumin in chronic kidney disease: Pathophysiologic connections
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Alok Raghav, Jamal AhmadAbstractNephropathy in diabetes patients is the most common etiology of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Strict glycemic control reduces the development and progression of diabetes-related complications, and there is evidence that improved metabolic control improves outcomes in subjects having diabetes mellitus with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Glycemic control in people with kidney disease is complex. Changes in glucose and insulin homoeostasis may occur as a ...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Like two peas in a pod: Metabolic syndrome and epicardial obesity
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Zeynep Cerit (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Relationship of serum leptin with some biochemical, anthropometric parameters and abdominal fat volumes as measured by magnetic resonance imaging
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Nawal S. Hijjawi, Ali M. Al-Radaideh, Kholoud I. Al-Fayomi, Nisreen A. Nimer, Hadeel A. Alabadi, Rana M. Al-Zu’bi, Lana M. Agraib, Sabika S. Allehdan, Reema F. TayyemAbstractsAimsTo measure the level of leptin in volunteers and correlate it with several anthropometric, biochemical variables and abdominal fat volumes.MethodsThe level of leptin was investigated in 167 disease-free volunteers. Serum levels of IL-6, adiponectin, and resistin, blood lipid profile (cholesterol, low-density lipo...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) likes Alzheimer’s disease
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Ilgin Yildirim Simsir, Utku Erdem Soyaltin, Sevki CetinkalpAbstractGlucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a 30 amino acid long peptide hormone derived from the proglucagon gene and secreted in the distal small intestine when food enters the duodenum. GLP-1 is also produced in the central nervous system (CNS), predominantly in the brainstem, and subsequently transported to a large number of regions in the CNS. Neuronal cells in nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) can synthesize GLP-1 and extends to hyp...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The 24-month metabolic benefits of the healthy living partnerships to prevent diabetes: A community-based translational study
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that a community diabetes prevention program in participants with prediabetes results in metabolic benefits and a reduction in the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome in the intervention group compared to the enhanced usual care group. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

TNF-α/IL-10 ratio: An independent predictor for coronary artery disease in North Indian population
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Reena Kumari, Sandeep Kumar, M. Kaleem Ahmad, Rajeev Singh, Akshayaya Pradhan, Sharad Chandra, Sudhir KumarAbstractBackground/AimCytokines are responsible for the modulation of immunological and inflammatory processes and play a significant role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are considered as a pro inflammatory and interleukin-10 (IL-10) anti inflammatory have been shown to predict the risk of incident of CAD. Aim of present stud...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Leisure time physical activity patterns in Odisha, India
ConclusionThe over-all results of this study indicate that the participants’ choices of leisure time physical exercises are based on their personal choices and beliefs. The exercise intensities undertaken do not meet the global recommended intensities, especially in those above 38 years of age. Professionals and facilities to engage the public in the WHO recommended intensities of physical activity needs to be established. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Eating breakfast and snacks while television viewing are associated with some cardio metabolic risk factors among Iranian children
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Saeed Ghobadi, Shiva FaghihAbstractAimWe aimed to investigate the association of eating meals while television viewing (TVV) and screen-based behaviors with cardio metabolic risk factors (CRFs) among school-aged children in Shiraz.Materials and methodsThis cross-sectional study was done on 409 primary school children (217 boys), aged 6–9 years. Physical activity, time spent on screen-based behaviors and frequency of eating meals while TVV were measured using a questionnaire. Anthropometri...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Sugar intake in Sudanese individuals was associated with some features of the metabolic syndrome: Population based study
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Eman F El-Sayed, Heitham Awadalla, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Amel A Sulaiman, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mohamed H AhmedAbstractAimThe aim of this study was to assess the level of sugar intake among Sudanese individuals.Materials and methodsA cross-sectional study with 323 participants. Respondents were grouped by the total intake of added sugars into two groups, one group with sugar intake more than 200 calories per day and other group with sugar intake less than 200 calories per day. Demograp...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Cost of diabetic care in India: An inequitable picture
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Jaya Prasad Tripathy, B.M. PrasadAbstractAimDiabetes is a growing public health problem in India which is soon going to become the ‘diabetes capital’ of the world. It requires regular care and follow up. We aimed to estimate the household out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure and catastrophic expenditure due to hospitalization and outpatient care as a result of diabetes.Materials and methodsSecondary analysis of nationally representative data for India collected by National Sample Survey ...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effect of metformin combined with lifestyle modification versus lifestyle modification alone on proinflammatory-oxidative status in drug-naïve pre-diabetic and diabetic patients: A randomized controlled study
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Nailya Bulatova, Violet Kasabri, Amenah Qotineh, Taiba AL-Athami, Al-Motassem Yousef, Salah AbuRuz, Munther Momani, Aymen ZayedAbstractBackgroundTargeting biomarkers of oxidative-proinflammatory stress may result in improvement of modifiable metabolic syndrome, pre-diabetes and diabetes risk factors and subsequent risk reduction.Methods64 newly diagnosed antihyperglycemic treatment-naïve prediabetic and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients were randomly assigned using block design to e...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Thyroid hormones, lipid profile and anthropometric changes after programmed weight loss in Palestinian obese adult females
ConclusionsLow calorie diet and moderate intensity therapeutic exercise significantly improved the deteriorated health indicators in the cases which justifies the necessity for introducing such low calorie diet coupled with moderate exercise (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Paraoxonase-1 is a better indicator than HDL of Atherosclerosis – A pilot study in North Indian population
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Kamna Singh, Ritu Singh, Sudhir Chandra, Sanjay TyagiAbstractObjectivesThe present study aims to evaluate the levels of HDL and Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and their correlation in atherosclerotic patients with and without diabetic mellitus (DM) as well as in control subjects in Northern Indian population.Materials and methodsWe analyzed lipid profiles and Serum PON1 levels by automated analyzer and ELISA, respectively. Study subjects (N = 150) were divided in three groups; Group I: Atheroscleroti...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Patients lacking glycemic control place more burdens on health services with the use of medications
ConclusionPatients with unsatisfactory glycemic control are more expensive for the municipal health system. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effect of parental history of diabetes on markers of inflammation, insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in first degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionshsCRP and cIMT are significantly higher in the first degree relatives of type2 diabetes mellitus patients than controls. Individuals with history of T2DM in both parents have significantly worse glycemic status, increased cIMT and adverse cardiovascular risk profile than those with T2DM history in only single parent. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Adherence to blood pressure and glucose recommendations in chronic kidney disease hospital inpatients: Clinical inertia and patient adherence
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Fergus William Gardiner, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin WangAbstractAimsTo determine the extent to which targets for blood pressure (BP) (
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of thyroid disorders in North Indian Type 2 diabetic subjects: A cross sectional study
ConclusionsIn addition to glycemic status, screening of thyroid disorder should be routinely done in type 2 diabetic subjects along with other comorbid conditions. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Renin angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockers usage among type II diabetes mellitus patients—A Retrospective Study
ConclusionRAAS blockers usage among T2DM patients was higher in primary care versus tertiary care settings. Majority of the patients did not receive optimal dose of RAAS blockers. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Hematological profile associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Youssouf Kachekouche, Madjda Dali-Sahi, Djamel Benmansour, Nouria Dennouni-MedjatiAbstractBackgroundHematological changes affecting blood cells and the coagulation factors are shown to be associated with diabetes mellitus. We investigated some of the hematological risk factors implicated in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodsThe study conducted in western Algeria on a sample of 1852 subjects, 1059 with type 2 diabetes and 793 witnesses, were evaluated for peripheral blood parame...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

High prevalence of obesity among nursing personnel working in tertiary care hospital
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): M. Aslam, A.A Siddiqui, G. Sandeep, S.V. MadhuAbstractAimTo find out the prevalence of obesity and glucose intolerance among nurses working in tertiary care hospital.MethodsStudy was conducted in 496 apparently healthy females comprising two groups. Group B had 290 nurses and control group A had 206 age matched female subjects of general population. Detailed performa was filled which included anthropometry, systemic examination and other details. Fasting plasma glucose was done followed by oral...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Early postpartum metabolic syndrome in women with or without gestational diabetes: Results from Life after Gestational Diabetes Ahvaz cohort study
ConclusionThe rate of metabolic syndrome in women with or without GDM at 6–12 weeks postpartum is high particularly in women with high BMI. An early postpartum prevention and screening program for cardiovascular risk factors is important for women with GDM. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Low serum uric acid concentration augments insulin effects on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Leonardo M. Porchia, M. Elba Gonzalez-Mejia, Enrique Torres-Rasgado, Guadalupe Ruiz-Vivanco, Ricardo Pérez-FuentesAbstractAimInsulin and uric acid were shown affect the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), but no studies examine their interaction. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine their biological interaction in subjects from central Mexico.Methods433 subjects were enrolled for a cross-sectional study. MetS was defined according to the Harmonizing Definition. Hyperurice...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of diabetes distress in patients of diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care centre
ConclusionThe present study suggests that emotion related diabetes distress was more prevalent among diabetic patients. Lower education level and the presence of diabetic complications contribute as risk factors for high diabetes distress. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The current state of knowledge, perception and practice in diabetes management during fasting in Ramadan by healthcare professionals
ConclusionsThe healthcare professionals had good knowledge and were capable in managing Muslims with diabetes during fasting themselves. They identified pre-Ramadan education by an experienced multidisciplinary team as a platform to prepare and support healthcare professionals for managing this challenging annual practice. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research