4 things everyone needs to know about measles
We are in the midst of a measles outbreak here in the US, with cases being reported in New York City, New York state, and Washington state. In 2018, preliminary numbers indicate that there were 372 cases of measles — more than triple the 120 cases in all of 2017 — and already 79 cases in the first month of 2019 alone. Here are four things that everyone needs to know about measles. Measles is highly contagious This is a point that can’t be stressed enough. A full 90% of unvaccinated people exposed to the virus will catch it. And if you think that just staying away from sick people will do the trick, think again. Not only are people with measles infectious for four days before they break out with the rash, the virus can live in the air for up to two hours after an infectious person coughs or sneezes. Just imagine: if an infectious person sneezes in an elevator, everyone riding that elevator for the next two hours could be exposed. It’s hard to know that a person has measles when they first get sick The first symptoms of measles are a high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis), which could be confused with any number of other viruses, especially during cold and flu season. After two or three days people develop spots in the mouth called Koplik spots, but we don’t always go looking in our family members’ mouths. The characteristic rash develops three to five days after the symptoms begin, as flat red spots that start o...
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Conclusions: Our results revealed that PCSK9 inhibition may moderately improve breast cancer outcomes while having no harmful effects in tumor-bearing mice. PMID: 31110521 [PubMed]
Authors: Momtazi-Borojeni AA, Nik ME, Jaafari MR, Banach M, Sahebkar A Abstract Introduction: Inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) is an effective therapeutic tool for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). There is no available evidence on the efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibitors in non-cardiovascular diseases, particularly cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of PCSK9 inhibition on cancer endpoints in mice bearing colon carcinoma, using a nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine. Material and methods: The prepared nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine was subcuta...
The latest Ebola outbreak has killed nearly 1,100 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo. At the epicenter of the outbreak, there's a danger that may be even greater than the disease. Debora Patta reports.
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Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Ariane Coelho Ferraz, Thaís de Fátima Silva Moraes, Waleska Stephanie da Cruz Nizer, Michelli dos Santos, Antônio Helvécio Tótola, Jaqueline Maria Siqueira Ferreira, Sidney Augusto Viera-Filho, Vanessa Gonçalves Rodrigues, Lucienir Pains Duarte, Cintia Lopes de Brito Magalhães, José Carlos de MagalhãesAbstractMayaro virus (MAYV) is a sublethal arbovirus transmitted by mosquitoes with possible installation of an urban cycle in the Americas. Its infection causes disabling arthralgia...
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