WHO issues warning about rise of drug-resistant gonorrhoea
Conclusion The increase in antimicrobial resistance towards drugs used to treat gonorrhoea is reaching a critical stage, especially given how common the infection is worldwide, with an estimated 78 million new cases in 2012. This study raises concerns around an important topic while also proposing strategies to help address the slow pace of research and development of new drugs. The prevention of gonorrhoea is equally, if not more, important. The most effective way to prevent gonorrhoea is to always use a condom during sex, including anal and oral sex. Read more advice about sexually transmitted infections and how to prevent them. Links To The Headlines Gonorrhoea fast becoming 'untreatable', WHO experts warn. Sky News, July 7 2017 Oral sex spreading unstoppable bacteria. BBC News, July 7 2017 Gonorrhoea becoming 'untreatable', experts warn. ITV News, July 7 2017 Untreatable gonorrhoea 'superbug' spreading around world, WHO warns. The Guardian, July 7 2017 Links To Science Global Antibiotics Research and Development Partnership. Multi-drug-resistant gonorrhoea: a research and development roadmap to discover new medicines. July 2017 (PDF, 230kb)
Distal forearm fracture is the most common fracture in childhood. Patients with this type of injury suffer from meaningful pain after Emergency Department (ED) discharge. Previous studies demonstrated that short arm (below-the-elbow) casts perform as well ...
ConclusionRectal surgery in inflammatory conditions is technically challenging. Close rectal dissection is an alternate approach available to colorectal surgeons in these cases to minimize pelvic morbidity and optimize postoperative outcomes.
LUNG cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the UK, and symptoms may be difficult to spot in its early stages. These are the warning signs of the lung condition, including chest pain and coughing up blood.
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Arunnjah Vivekanandarajah, Karen A. Waters, Rita MachaalaniAbstractCigarette smoking during pregnancy is the largest modifiable risk factor for adverse outcomes in the infant. Investigations have focused on the psychoactive component of cigarettes, nicotine. One proposed mechanism leading to adverse effects is the interaction between nicotine and its nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Much data has been generated over the past three decades on the effects of cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) on the expression of ...
This report argues that thousands of predominately-male patients are being made to suffer in pain and, in rare cases, are at risk of death due to the NHS restricting access to groin hernia operations. The research findings, produced in conjunction with the British Hernia Society reveals that 57 per cent of clinical commissioning groups are denying patients quick access to the procedure. This is despite the fact that the only curative treatment for patients with a groin hernia is surgery
This article focuses on creating an orderly approach to history taking, examination, and ordering appropriate investigations when caring for a child with joint complaints. It classifies complaints as those with and without pain, swelling, or fever and of short or long duration. It recommends an approach to the physical examination and both suggests and discourages various laboratory and imaging studies.
This article provides an overview of the epidemiology and impact of CMP, the steps in a comprehensive pain assessment, and the management of the most common CMPs.
Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an innate immune system disorder that predominantly affects children. It can present as part of a syndrome or in isolation. It presents as bone pain with or without fever or objective swelling at the site. It is difficult to diagnose. Laboratory studies can be normal, whereas a biopsy reveals sterile osteomyelitis. Osteolytic or sclerotic bone changes may be seen on radiographs. However, MRI is more sensitive for detecting CNO and is considered the gold standard for monitoring the disease. Treatment depends on disease severity and includes nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, bis...
Official NHS guidance warns pregnant women not to smoke cigarettes because it can damage their baby. Those who feel they are unable to stop completely are advised to use nicotine replacement.
STOMACH bloating can be caused by certain foods in your diet, or by eating too much in one go. You can get rid of trapped wind pain or a swollen belly by avoiding eating this “nutritious” food.
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