Disease Burden Growing as Vector Insects Adapt to Climate Change

Dry drains will reduce the numbers of mosquitoes breeding, but now the Aedes aegypti mosquito is going underground to breed underground in available water and flying to feed. Credit: Zadie Neufville/IPSBy Zadie NeufvilleKINGSTON, Jamaica, Apr 18 2017 (IPS)There were surprised gasps when University of the West Indies (UWI) Professor John Agard told journalists at an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) meeting in late November 2016 that mosquitoes were not only living longer, but were “breeding in septic tanks underground”.For many, it explained why months of fogging at the height of Zika and Chikungunya outbreaks had done little to reduce mosquito populations in their various countries. The revelation also made it clear that climate change would force scientists and environmental health professionals to spend more time studying new breeding cycles and finding new control techniques for vector insects.“Globally, we predict that over 2.17 billion people live in areas that are environmentally suitable for ZIKV transmission." --Dr. Moritz KraemarJump to March 31, 2017 when the UWI and the government of Jamaica opened the new Mosquito Control and Research Unit at the Mona Campus in Kingston, to investigate new ways to manage and eradicate mosquitoes. Its existence is an acknowledgement that the region is looking for improved management and control strategies.Agard was reporting on a study by the late Dave Chadee, a co-author on the IPCC Fifth Ass...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Caribbean Climate Wire Climate Change Featured Headlines Health Latin America & the Caribbean Projects Water & Sanitation Chagas Disease Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) mosquitoes Zika Virus Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe aim of this case report was to highlight the importance of the perioperative teamwork, with particular attention to patient positioning before surgery, as well as professional collaboration and experience among the operators.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We describe the implementation of index testing and PNS under the Zimbabwe HIV Care and Treatment (ZHCT) project and the resulting uptake, HIV positivity rate and links to HIV treatment. METHODS: The ZHCT project has been implemented since March 2016, covering a total of 12 districts in three provinces. To assess the project's performance on index testing, we extracted data on HIV testing from the district health information system (DHIS 2) from March 2016 to May 2018, validated it using service registers and calculated monthly HIV positivity rates using Microsoft Excel. Data were disaggregated by district, province, s...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Including aPN as part of community-led HTS for key populations and their partners is feasible and effective, particularly for reaching first-time testers and undiagnosed HIV clients. Scale-up of aPN within community-led HTS for key populations is essential for achieving the United Nations 90-90-90 targets in Vietnam. PMID: 31321903 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Steroid receptor coactivators are critical regulators of human metabolism with pleiotropic and tissue-specific actions. We believe that our study will contribute to the better understanding of the complex multi-tissue interactions that are disrupted in obesity and can therefore lead in numerous cardiometabolic diseases. Further on, present findings suggest that SRC-3/AIB-1 could constitute possible future drug targets. PMID: 31322077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
;s JM Abstract SUMMARYThe genus Enterobacter is a member of the ESKAPE group, which contains the major resistant bacterial pathogens. First described in 1960, this group member has proven to be more complex as a result of the exponential evolution of phenotypic and genotypic methods. Today, 22 species belong to the Enterobacter genus. These species are described in the environment and have been reported as opportunistic pathogens in plants, animals, and humans. The pathogenicity/virulence of this bacterium remains rather unclear due to the limited amount of work performed to date in this field. In contrast, its re...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Reviews - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Clin Microbiol Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Stefan Baral, Amrita Rao, Patrick Sullivan, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Daouda Diouf, Greg Millett, Helgar Musyoki, Elvin Geng, Sharmistha MishraSummaryIn 2019, the HIV pandemic is growing and soon over 40 million people will be living with HIV. Effective population-based approaches to decrease HIV incidence are as relevant as ever given modest reductions observed over the past decade. Treatment as prevention is often heralded as the path to improve HIV outcomes and to reduce HIV incidence. Although treatment of an individual does eliminate onward t...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We describe an outbreak of imipenemase metallo-β-lactamase–producing organisms in a long-term-care facility (LTCF) amid a larger community outbreak of extended-spectrum β-lactamase–producing organisms. Transmission was propagated by inadequate infection prevention practices. We provided infection prevention recommendations and education, facilitated colonization screening, and increased interfacility communication. This outbreak demonstrates the unmet need for infection prevention education in long-term-care facilities and the importance of prompt public health response to ensure appropriate identific...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study addressed changes in Korea's IC policies and their impact on the IC advanced practice nursing education program.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
as threat of virus' spread is 'very high'
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
GIDEON what’s new summary: July 19 to July 20, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (11 updates) 11 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (39 updates) 7 Diseases32 Country notesMap The post Update: July 20, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
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