Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction-linked neurodegenerative disorders.
Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction-linked neurodegenerative disorders. Neurol Res. 2016 Nov 3;:1-10 Authors: Islam MT Abstract Reactive species play an important role in physiological functions. Overproduction of reactive species, notably reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species along with the failure of balance by the body's antioxidant enzyme systems results in destruction of cellular structures, lipids, proteins, and genetic materials such as DNA and RNA. Moreover, the effects of reactive species on mitochondria and their metabolic processes eventually cause a rise in ROS/RNS levels, leading to oxidation of mitochondrial proteins, lipids, and DNA. Oxidative stress has been considered to be linked to the etiology of many diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) such as Alzheimer diseases, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Friedreich's ataxia, Huntington's disease, Multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson's diseases. In addition, oxidative stress causing protein misfold may turn to other NDDs include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Kuru, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome, and Fatal Familial Insomnia. An overview of the oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction-linked NDDs has been summarized in this review. PMID: 27809706 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Schep LJ, Slaughter RJ, Glue P, Gee P Abstract Cannabis is one of the most widely used recreational drugs in the world. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive principal constituent of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa). It is taken either orally or by inhalation, resulting in sedation, euphoria, relaxation and loss of social inhibition. Adverse effects from higher doses can include fear, distrust and a profound state of unease, hallucinations, ataxia, stupor and seizures. Long-term use can result in respiratory and cardiovascular toxicity and has been associated with a range of psychiatric condit...
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Brenda Bertado-Cortés, Claudia Venzor-Mendoza, Daniel Rubio-Ordoñez, José Renán Pérez-Pérez, Lucy Andrea Novelo-Manzano, Lyda Viviana Villamil-Osorio, María de Jesús Jiménez-Ortega, María de la Luz Villalpando-Gueich, Nayeli Alejandra Sánchez-Rosales, Verónica García-Talavera
Authors: Han HJ, Park HJ, Yun U, Choi YC PMID: 33029983 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: The Korean MDS-UPDRS has the same overall structure as the English MDS-UPDRS. Our translated scale can be designated as the official Korean MDS-UPDRS. PMID: 33029970 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Subcortical gray-matter structures are involved in the neurodegenerative process of ALS before cognitive impairment becomes evident. PMID: 33029965 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: We have performed a validation study of the Korean version of a disease-specific functional rating scale for SBMA patients. The SBMAFRS is a useful tool for clinical practice and as a potential outcome measure for Korean SBMA patients. PMID: 33029964 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Paramagnetic rims might be a characteristic MRI finding for MS, and therefore they have potential as an imaging marker for differentially diagnosing MS from NMOSD using 3-T MRI. PMID: 33029961 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS The expression of lncRNAs in peripheral blood differed significantly in PD patients and controls. These differentially expressed lncRNAs may play a role in the development of PD. PMID: 33031356 [PubMed - in process]
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with freezing of gait (FOG) can suddenly lose their forward moving ability leading to unexpected falls. To overcome FOG and avoid the falls, a real-time accurate FOG detection or prediction system is desirable to trigger o...
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a sudden cessation of locomotion in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). A FOG episode can lead to falls, decreased mobility, and decreased overall quality of life. Prediction of FOG episodes provides an opportunity for intervention...